Introduction to Psychology Mid-Term

Question 1 of 94

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Aristotle suggested that a meal makes us sleepy by causing heat to collect around the

Select one of the following:

  • Heart

  • Throat

  • Brain

  • Stomach

Question 2 of 94

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Wilhelm Wundt's laboratory work involved experimental studies of______.

Select one of the following:

  • Mental Processes

  • Social Influence

  • Personality Development

  • Animal Intelligence

Question 3 of 94

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Introspection was the basic research tool used by _______________in order to study people's inner sensations and mental images.

Select one of the following:

  • John B.Watson

  • Charles Darwin

  • Edward Titchener

  • B.F Skinner

Question 4 of 94

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Looking inward and reporting your immediate sensations, images, and feelings is called ___________.

Select one of the following:

  • Introspection

  • Cognitive Neuroscience

  • Behaviorism

  • Humanistic Psychology

Question 5 of 94

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The biopsychosocial approach emphasizes the importance of having a single academic perspective to guide research.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 94

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A major principle underlying the SQ3R study method is that people learn and remember material best when they actively process it.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 94

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A psychologist who studies how worker productivity might be increased by changing office layout is engaged in applied research.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 94

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Behavioral perspective emphasizes the learning of observable responses.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 94

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The way we encode, process, store and retrieve information is the privacy concern of

Select one of the following:

  • Cognitive

  • Intuitive

Question 10 of 94

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________is a psychologist and a physician.

Select one of the following:

  • Psychiatrist

  • Listener

Question 11 of 94

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A Greek philosopher who believed in intelligence was inherited by

Select one of the following:

  • Plato

  • Aristotle

  • Socrates

Question 12 of 94

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The principle of informed consent is most directly relevant to people's right to

Select one of the following:

  • Chose whether they wish to participate in a research study

  • Know whether they are assigned to an experimental or control group

  • Replicate the results of a research study

  • Be fully debriefed following their participation in research

Question 13 of 94

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The personal values of psychologists are likely to influence their choice of__________.

Select one of the following:

  • Topics of investigation

  • Research methods

  • Explanatory Theories

  • All of these

Question 14 of 94

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Psychologists study animals because___________.

Select one or more of the following:

  • They want to understand how different species think and behave

  • Animal Physiology is often simpler and easier to understand

  • It give them insight into human behavior

Question 15 of 94

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Psychologists report that genders in their risk of_________,

Select one of the following:

  • Alcohol experience

  • Relationships

  • Study habits

  • Negative Behavior

Question 16 of 94

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Psychologists report that genders differ in their risk of eating disorders.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 17 of 94

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The transmission of political practices and religious customs to other generations best illustrates the placebo effect.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 94

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The purpose of experiments is to recreate behaviors exactly as they occur in every day life.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 19 of 94

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Men and women exhibit similar overall intelligence and well-being.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 94

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As a science, psychology is objective and value-free/

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 21 of 94

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A normal curve would be LEAST likely to characterize a large random sample of

Select one of the following:

  • Family incomes

  • Mortgage

  • Taxes

  • Rent

Question 22 of 94

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The standard deviation is a measure of

Select one of the following:

  • Variation

  • Discrimination

Question 23 of 94

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In any distribution of scores, and equal number of scores are both greater than and less than

Select one of the following:

  • The medium

  • The biggest

  • The smallest

  • Neither

Question 24 of 94

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The cells that serve as the basic building blocks of our body's information system are called____________.

Select one of the following:

  • Neurons

  • Neurotransmitters

  • Ventricles

  • Genes

Question 25 of 94

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The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce an(a)_________.

Select one of the following:

  • Glial Cell

  • Action Potential

  • Myelin sheath

  • Interneuron

Question 26 of 94

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In terms of evolutionary development, the older region of the brain are those that regulate______.

Select one of the following:

  • Memory

  • Emotion

  • Breathing

  • Foresight

Question 27 of 94

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The left cerebral hemisphere is typically superior to the right in _________.

Select one of the following:

  • Spatial Reasoning

  • Speech Production

  • Visual Perception

  • Musical Abilities

Question 28 of 94

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Aristotle believed that the mind was most intimately connected with the head.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 29 of 94

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The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveals that a person's abilities and traits are called Phrenology.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 30 of 94

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Charles Sherrington was the first to suggest that different regions of the brain control different aspects of behavior.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 94

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Psychologists who work from the biological perspective are most likely to focus on the links between physiological activity and psychological events.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 32 of 94

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The part of the neuron that transmits neural messages to other neurons or to muscles or to glands is called_______.

Select one of the following:

  • Axon

  • Nucleus

Question 33 of 94

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Which endocrine gland regulates body growth_________.

Select one of the following:

  • Pituiary

  • Cognitive

Question 34 of 94

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Left-handers are more numerous than usual among those with__________.

Select one of the following:

  • Reading Disabilities

  • Listening Disabilities

Question 35 of 94

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The ability to recognize faces with the right hemisphere but not with the left hemisphere best illustrates________.

Select one of the following:

  • Laterization

  • Alignment

Question 36 of 94

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Prior to the twentieth century, psychology was considered to be the study of

Select one of the following:

  • The circadian rhythm

  • Neuroadaptation

  • Consciousness

  • Narcolepsy

Question 37 of 94

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The interdisciplinary study of brain activity linked with our mental processes is known as

Select one of the following:

  • Behaviorism

  • Behavior Genetics

  • Cognitive Neuroscience

  • Evolutionary Psychology

Question 38 of 94

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A large amount of our mental activity occurs outside our awareness thanks to our capacity for________________.

Select one of the following:

  • Neuronadaptation

  • Hypnagogic Sensations

  • REM Rebound

  • Dual Processing

Question 39 of 94

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You typically fail to consciously perceive that your own nose is in your line of vision. This best describes__________________.

Select one of the following:

  • Neuronadaptation

  • Change Blindness

  • Dissociation

  • Selective Attention

Question 40 of 94

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Animals with the most need to graze and the most ability to hide from danger tend to sleep less.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 41 of 94

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Neural connections supporting "muscle memories" learned while practicing tennis are strengthen by neuroadaptation

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 42 of 94

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Chronic sleep debit is most likely to promote obesity.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 43 of 94

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Night terrors are more likely to be experienced by children than by adults.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 44 of 94

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The pattern of biological functioning that occurs on a roughly 24-hour cycle is called________________.

Select one of the following:

  • Circadian

  • Circadium

Question 45 of 94

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During NREM-1 sleep, people may experience fantastic images that resemble

Select one of the following:

  • Hallucinations

  • Daydreams

Question 46 of 94

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Paradoxical sleep is to slow-wave sleep as REM sleep is to _______________.

Select one of the following:

  • NREM-3 Sleep

  • NREM-1 Sleep

Question 47 of 94

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In the US and Canada, people today sleep ______than people did a century ago.

Select one of the following:

  • Less

  • More

Question 48 of 94

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As members of the human family, we all share a common______________.

Select one of the following:

  • Temperament

  • Gender Schema

  • Biological Heritage

  • Y Chromosome

Question 49 of 94

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People's reactions to our genetic dispositions constitute part of your____.

Select one of the following:

  • Heritablity

  • Temperament

  • Individualism

  • Environment

Question 50 of 94

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The threadlike structures that contain genes are called_____.

Select one of the following:

  • Synapses

  • Schemas

  • Chromosomes

  • Genomes

Question 51 of 94

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Twin studies suggest that a strong influence on emotional instability comes from______.

Select one of the following:

  • Genetic Predisposition

  • Y Chromosome

  • Gender Schema

  • Testosterone

Question 52 of 94

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A stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child's neural connections

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 53 of 94

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Evolutionary psychology would be most helpful for understanding the social causes of human aggression.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 54 of 94

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Mutations result from random errors in gene replication

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 55 of 94

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Identical twins separated at birth and raised in completely different cultures would be most likely to have similar____________.

Select one of the following:

  • Temperaments

  • Schemas

Question 56 of 94

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Temperament is an individual's characteristic level of________________.

Select one of the following:

  • Emotional Reactivity

  • couldn't think of another answer for this question so its a freebie yay!!

Question 57 of 94

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Molecular geneticists would be most interested in studying__________.

Select one of the following:

  • Chromosomes Segments

  • Genetics

Question 58 of 94

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Today's adults are taller and heavier than those a century ago. The differences between those generational groups illustrate the impact of_______.

Select one of the following:

  • Nutrition

  • Dieting

Question 59 of 94

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One of the three major issues in developmental psychology involves a focus on___________.

Select one of the following:

  • Primary and secondary sex characteristics

  • Menarache and menopause

  • Identity and role confusion

  • Stability and change

Question 60 of 94

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Boys first begin producing sperm during__________.

Select one of the following:

  • Puberty

  • Embryonic development

  • Fetal development

  • The first year after birth

Question 61 of 94

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From 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conception, the human organism is known as a(n)____.

Select one of the following:

  • Embryo

  • Fetus

  • Zygote

  • Ovum

Question 62 of 94

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An unlearned,automatic response to a sensory stimulus is called a _________.

Select one of the following:

  • Neural network

  • Synapse

  • Schema

  • Reflex

Question 63 of 94

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The awareness that things continue to exist even when they are perceived is known as assimulation.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 64 of 94

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Less than normal activity in brain areas involved in mirroring other's actions has been found to be associated with autism.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 65 of 94

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Second graders who listened to music while doing math problems grasped third-grade math better the following year.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 66 of 94

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The process by which certain birds form attachments during a critical period very early in life is called imprinting.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 67 of 94

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Excess neural connections in the brain's association areas are reduced through a process of___________.

Select one of the following:

  • Pruning

  • Dancing

Question 68 of 94

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The recommended position for putting babies to sleep is______.

Select one of the following:

  • On their back

  • Fetal position

Question 69 of 94

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Poor memory for early life experiences results from a baby's relative lack of______________.

Select one of the following:

  • Maturation

  • Memory

Question 70 of 94

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Piaget is best known for his interest in the process of____________development

Select one of the following:

  • Fetal

  • Cognitive

Question 71 of 94

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Detection is to interpretation as sensation is to______.

Select one of the following:

  • Accomodation

  • Transduction

  • Perception

  • Psychokinesis

Question 72 of 94

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Which of the following represents the second of three steps basic to all sensory systems?

Select one of the following:

  • Transduction

  • Parallel processing

  • Perceptual adaptation

  • Feature detection

Question 73 of 94

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The conscious or unconscious activation of certain associates is called______.

Select one of the following:

  • Transduction

  • Priming

  • Feature detection

  • Tinnitus

Question 74 of 94

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According to Weber's law, to be perceived as different, two stimuli most differ by a constant minimum________.

Select one of the following:

  • Shape

  • Distance

  • Intensity

  • Proportion

Question 75 of 94

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Diminished sensitivity to an unchanging stimulus is known as ____________.

Select one of the following:

  • Sensory adoption

  • Stimulus adaptation

Question 76 of 94

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John Locke would have suggested that a perceptual set results in__________.

Select one of the following:

  • Prior experience

  • Knowing from birth

Question 77 of 94

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Intensity is to brightness as wavelength is to_____,

Select one of the following:

  • smell

  • Hue

Question 78 of 94

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The iris is a doughnut-shaped ring of muscle that adjusts the size of the________.

Select one of the following:

  • Pupil

  • White part

Question 79 of 94

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Bipolar cells are located in the optic nerve

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 80 of 94

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The nerve cells that responds to specific aspects of a visual stimulus, such as its shape or its movement are feature detectors.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 81 of 94

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The importance of parallel processing is best illustrated by Weber's law.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 82 of 94

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Relative motion provides a cue for perceiving the distance of objects.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 83 of 94

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The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors is called

Select one of the following:

  • Reinforcement

  • Learning

Question 84 of 94

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Who introduced the term behaviorism?

Select one of the following:

  • Edward L.Thorndike

  • John B.Watson

Question 85 of 94

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A dog's salivation at the sight of a food dish is a(n)______________.

Select one of the following:

  • Conditioned response

  • Conditioned stimulus

Question 86 of 94

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The stage of classical conditioning when a neutral stimulus first beings triggering a conditioned response called_________.

Select one of the following:

  • Association

  • Acquisition

Question 87 of 94

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Teachers who effectively shape their students' study habits are most likely to reinforce even minor improvements in students' study skills.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 88 of 94

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A positive reinforcer is anything that when removed before a response, strengthens the response.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 89 of 94

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Escape from a punishing event is a negative reinforcer

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 90 of 94

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An event that decreases the behavior that precedes it is a punishment.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 91 of 94

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An allergy triggered by the sight of plastic flowers response best illustrates the process of_______________.

Select one of the following:

  • Generalization

  • Placebo Effect

Question 92 of 94

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Alexis is addicted to drugs. The room in which she usually takes them is likely to become a(n)______________ for drug cravings.

Select one of the following:

  • Conditioned stimulus

  • Unconditioned stimulus

Question 93 of 94

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The psychologist most closely associated with the study of operant conditioning was_____________.

Select one of the following:

  • B.F Skinner

  • John B.Watson

Question 94 of 94

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The process of reinforcing successively closer approximations to a desired behavior is called____.

Select one of the following:

  • Bonding

  • Shpaing

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Introduction to Psychology Mid-Term

Yumi Suazo
Quiz by , created about 2 years ago

Introduction to Psychology Mid-term

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Yumi Suazo
Created by Yumi Suazo about 2 years ago
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