What was the problem with employment at the end of the 19th century?
What was the Sweated Trades?
Why were the wages of the Sweated Trades so low?
In 1890 what did the Anglican Christian Social Union do to try and combat the Sweated Trades? What effect did it have?
What was published in 1872? How did it change attitudes towards the poor?
What was the general attitude towards the poor before the 1890's?
Name 3 social reformers acting in the 1890's.
Who was Charles Booth?
How did he become interested in social reforms?
Why did he carry out investigations?
What were some of Charles Booth's main findings?
What was the poverty line- and who came up with this phrase?
Why was Booth's reports taken more seriously than other before him?
When was his report published?
Booth % of population who were:
*loafers, criminals, occasional labourers
*Casual work, widows, deserted women
*Casual workers, vulnerable 2 trade conditions
*Casual & low paid regular workers
Who was Seebohm Rowntree?
What did he publish and when?
What did it contain?
Rowntree's % on causes of poverty:
*Death of wage earner
*Illness/ old age
What were Rowntree's main findings?
Why did Rowntree's findings have a big impact?
Who was John Galt?
What did John Galt do?
When did the liberals win a landslide election?
What issues did they speak about before the election and in what order of popularity?
What is New Liberalism?
Why did Rowntree's work have a particularly powerful impact on the Liberals?
What impact did Rowntree have on the Liberals?
Where was the increasing information about poverty in the 1900's coming from?
The scale of the problem
Life expectancy for poor people in 1900 and now
No. of deaths per 1000 in 1900 and now
Top 10% of population owned ...... % of the countries wealth
Explain how the Boer War influenced the Liberals to introduce welfare reforms?
How did the need for an effective workforce encourage Liberal reforms?
How did Lloyd George influence welfare reforms?
How did Winston Churchill influence welfare reforms?
How did political rivalry influence the Liberals to introduce welfare reforms?
Name 7 reasons for the why the Liberals introduced welfare reform.
What measures did the Liberals introduce for children?
What measures did the Liberals introduce for the old?
What measures did the Liberals introduce for the unemployed?
What was The National Insurance Act of 1911?
The opposition to the reforms from: