Politics

Question 1 of 32

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What is power?

Select one of the following:

  • The ability to control or impose your will upon others.

  • Having the physical might over people.

  • A right or benefit that is given to some people and not to others.

  • The power to give orders and make decisions.

Question 2 of 32

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What is politics? (You can select more than one)

Select one or more of the following:

  • The activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate between parties having power.

  • Who gets what, when, how, and why.

  • The authoritative allocation of values for a society.

  • A particular set of Political beliefs or principles.

  • Interactions between states and the international system.

Question 3 of 32

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What is comparative politics?

Select one of the following:

  • The study of phenomena across states.

  • The study of interactions between states and the international system.

  • The study of good decision making.

  • The study of governments, justice, liberty, prosperity, rights, and war.

Question 4 of 32

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Which branch of the government is responsible for implementing laws?

Select one of the following:

  • Executive

  • Judicial

  • Legislative

  • Executive and legistalative

Question 5 of 32

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One or two houses of representatives in the legislative branch is referred to as...

Select one of the following:

  • uni- or bicameral

  • unitary or federal

  • codified or non-codified

  • ministries or cohabitation

Question 6 of 32

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What is the "modernisation theory?"

Select one of the following:

  • The idea that democracy occurs as a result of economic growth and cultural changes.

  • The idea that democracy promotes economic growth due to more political freedom.

  • As countries become more secular, they experience more economic growth.

  • As countries democratise and experience economic growth, dramatic cultural changes will occur.

Question 7 of 32

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What was Huntington's theory on global conflicts?

Select one of the following:

  • Global clashes occur as a result of a difference in economic interests.

  • Cultural characteristics will become more homogenised over time and less global conflicts will occur.

  • Individuals are born with certain characteristics, and these cultural characteristics will drive future conflicts.

  • Global conflicts do not occur as a result of clash of civilisations, as they don't actually exist as previously described in discourse.

Question 8 of 32

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What are the differences between Marx and Weber's opinion on political identity?

Select one of the following:

  • Weber saw political identity as an ingrained part of our cultural identity, while Marx believed that economic interests was ingrained in political identity and our cultural identity.

  • Weber believed that it was political identity which would be the driving force in global conflicts, while Marx believed that it was economic identity.

  • Marx saw political cleavage as the driving force that effected economic interests, while Weber saw it as the cultural class-consciousness that influenced political identity.

  • Marx believes economic interests shapes political identity, while Weber believes it is cultural interests that shapes political identity.

Question 9 of 32

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What was Madison's Dilemma?

Select one of the following:

  • Politicians are self-interested and governments should have a system of checks & balances.

  • States have usually been in contact with each other throughout history, which implies that the adoption of particular political systems cannot be isolated to a few select variables.

  • Humans are self-interested, but also desire the feeling of belonging, which explains why nationalism was such a late development.

  • The state only has power so long as its citizens believe in it.

Question 10 of 32

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What was the democratisation sequence in the "transition paradigm?"

Select one of the following:

  • Breakthrough, opening, reform

  • Opening, breakthrough, consolidation

  • Collapse, opening, reform

  • Breakdown, opening, reform

Question 11 of 32

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What was the "collective action problem?"

Select one of the following:

  • A situation where individuals have private incentives, but decide to participate in an action that benefits all members of the group.

  • A situation where the legislature cannot come to a mutual agreement over a policy or law.

  • A situation where individuals have private incentives not to participate in an action that benefit all members of the group.

  • A situation where there is internal conflict within a party, and therefore a collective idea can be pursued.

Question 12 of 32

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According to Hobbes, without a common power, society would exist in a state of...

Select one of the following:

  • peace and harmony

  • primordalism

  • cautious mistrust

  • anarchy/human nature

Question 13 of 32

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Which concepts did Locke's "Two Treaties on Government" expand upon?

Select one of the following:

  • The social contract and "divine right of kings"

  • The "divine rights of kings" and political identity

  • The social contract and political identity

  • The powers of the executive and legislative branch

Question 14 of 32

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According to the ideological state apparatuses...

Select one of the following:

  • economics reinforces ideological beliefs.

  • ideological differences between states creates conflicts.

  • states with a strong ideology tend to be authoritarian.

  • state institutes reproduce the conditions of a capitalist state.

Question 15 of 32

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What are the ideas behind "good and bad governance?" (you can select more than one)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Good governance is not necessarily moral governance.

  • Governance affects the quality of life

  • Form of government is predetermined by choice

  • We can distinguish between good and bad governance

Question 16 of 32

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Why was Machiavelli's "Il Principe" so influential?

Select one of the following:

  • It was the first sarcastic account of a political structure.

  • It bridged pre-modern and modern thinking.

  • It promoted authoritarian rule.

  • Machiavelli wrote it.

Question 17 of 32

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What was John Stuart Mill's "method of difference?"

Select one of the following:

  • If two or more examples have a variable in common, and all only have only one other variable in common, the variables are correlated.

  • If a dependent variable is common to all instances but one, and in that one instance, the independent variable is different, the variables are correlated.

  • If different variables results in a common outcome, it is that common outcome which shows the instances are correlated.

  • If all variables are the same, except for one, and they all have share a common outcome, then the differing variable is an outlier.

Question 18 of 32

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The independent variables of the "occupational hazards" are... (can select more than one)

Select one or more of the following:

  • necessity of occupation

  • whether the occupation furthers the interests of the occupying powers

  • commonly perceived threat

  • guarantee that the occupying force will withdraw is credible

  • success of overthrowing occupying force

Question 19 of 32

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Which factors can attribute to late state formation?

Select one of the following:

  • Military investment, agricultural production, collapse of feudalism, and enlightenment.

  • Capitalist economy, need to defend territory, shared cultural identity

  • Tax, stability of a centralised power, and democratic ideals

  • War, economics, political interests, and geographical luck

Question 20 of 32

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Which factors, that we discussed, can contribute to regime change?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Democratisation/collapse of democracy

  • Civic culture

  • Economic development

  • Conscription armies and mass education

  • Foreign policy interests of global powers and neighbours

  • Natural disasters

  • Economic crisis

Question 21 of 32

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What characterises "primordalism"?

Select one of the following:

  • Nations are naturally occurring entities, which you are born into.

  • Human nature has no objective for the greater good; it's a war of all against all.

  • Political leaders will do anything to maintain power; the end justifies the means.

  • Individuals will chose not to act for the greater good in favour for their own personal interests.

Question 22 of 32

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What are the essential components of a democratic constitutions?

Select one of the following:

  • Codified, established governmental organs, and popular sovereignty.

  • Open fair elections, accountability, reflection of national values.

  • Established governmental organs, guarantee of basic citizen rights, popular sovereignty.

  • Open fair elections, non-codified, guarantee of basic citizen rights for electorate.

Question 23 of 32

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What are the two forms of constitutionalism?

Select one of the following:

  • codified and non-codified

  • unitary and federal

  • realism and liberalism

  • presidential and parliamentary

Question 24 of 32

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Which is not an example of a hybrid regime that we discussed?

Select one of the following:

  • Electoral democracies

  • Electoral autocracies

  • competitive authoritiarianism

  • competitive democracies

Question 25 of 32

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Which is not a necessary feature of democracy?

Select one of the following:

  • Accountability

  • Elected government

  • Elections by majority rule

  • Political pluralism

Question 26 of 32

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What is it called when the President and Prime Minister's policies do not coordinate?

Select one of the following:

  • Competitive action problem

  • Constructivist

  • Unitary

  • Cohabitation

Question 27 of 32

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In the Semi-Presidential system, the president is responsible for... (can select more than one)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Appointing the Prime Minister

  • Policies

  • Dissolving parliament

  • Internal affairs

  • Nominating members of the legislature

Question 28 of 32

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In the Parliamentary system, the prime minister is responsible for... (can select more than one)

Select one or more of the following:

  • setting the agenda

  • Terminating the parliament

  • organising cabinet committees

  • allocating responsibilities

  • Appointing members of the legislature

Question 29 of 32

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In the Presidential system, the president is responsible for... (can select more than one)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Dissolving the legislature

  • implementing policies

  • foreign affairs

  • emergencies

  • appointing members of the cabinet

Question 30 of 32

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Which are characteristics of a federal state?

Select one or more of the following:

  • delegation of powers from central authorities

  • state representation

  • deconcentration of central government employees away from the capital

  • multi-layered with subunits

  • decentralisation of supplementing and executing laws

  • devolution

  • neutral capital

  • necessity of court and judicial review

  • state consent built into constitutional revision process

Question 31 of 32

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Which factors contributed to the emergence of states?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Social and philosophical changes

  • War

  • Economics

  • Collapse of trading leagues

  • Peace and non-intervention policies

  • Nationalism

Question 32 of 32

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What were the criteria for declaring statehood according to the Montevideo Convention?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Permanent population

  • UN recognition

  • Nothing

  • Recognition by other states

  • Defined territory

  • A government

  • Capacity to enter into relations with other states

  • International law

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hncampbell95
Quiz by , created about 2 years ago

Quiz on Politics, created by hncampbell95 on 17/10/2014.

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Created by hncampbell95 about 2 years ago
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