Chapter 2

Question 1 of 16

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A theory differs from a fact in that a theory

Select one of the following:

  • proves how different influences affect a particular phenomenon

  • attempts to explain and give some logical order to observations

  • is a collection of facts about a particular phenomenon

  • shows a relationship among facts about a particular phenomenon

Question 2 of 16

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The biological theory of aging uses a genetic perspective and suggests that aging is a programmed process in which:

Select one of the following:

  • each person will age exactly like those in the previous generation

  • a “biological clock” ticks off a predetermined number of cell divisions

  • genetic traits can overcome environmental influences

  • age-related physical changes are controlled only by genetic factors

Question 3 of 16

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The Gene Theory of aging proposes that

Select one of the following:

  • the presence of a “master gene” prolongs youth

  • genes interact with each other to resist aging

  • specific genes target specific body systems to initiate system deterioration

  • the activation of harmful genes initiates the aging process.

Question 4 of 16

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The theory that identifies an unstable molecule as the causative factor in aging is the _____ theory.

Select one of the following:

  • free radical

  • molecular

  • neuroendocrine

  • cross link

Question 5 of 16

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The nurse assesses that the patient who uses good health maintenance practices believes in the aging theory known as the _____ theory.

Select one of the following:

  • wear and tear

  • free radical

  • neuroendocrine

  • molecular

Question 6 of 16

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The nurse describes the neuroendocrine theory of aging as a complex process of

Select one of the following:

  • relating thyroid function to age-related changes

  • the effects of adrenal corticosteroids, which inhibit the aging process

  • stimulation and/or inhibition of the hypothalamus, causing age-related changes

  • adrenal medulla inhibition of epinephrine, causing age-related changes

Question 7 of 16

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The nurse explains that psychosocial theories differ from biologic theories in that psychosocial theories

Select one of the following:

  • focus on methods to delay the aging process

  • are directed at decreasing depression in the older adult

  • are organized to enhance the perception of aging

  • attempt to explain responses to the aging process.

Question 8 of 16

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The major objection to the disengagement theory is that the theory:

Select one of the following:

  • justifies ageism

  • addresses the diversity of older adults

  • does not clarify the aging process

  • diminishes the self-esteem of the older adult

Question 9 of 16

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The 80-year-old who teaches Sunday school every week and delivers food for Meals on Wheels is following _____ theory.

Select one of the following:

  • Newman's developmental

  • The life course

  • the activity

  • the disengagement

Question 10 of 16

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The nurse would recognize successful aging according to Jung’s theory when the nurse notes that a resident at a long-term care facility

Select one of the following:

  • takes special care to dress for dinner in a manner that pleases his tablemates.

  • asks permission to sit on the patio with other residents.

  • asks persons in his hall if his television is bothering them

  • wears a large cowboy hat at all times because he likes it.

Question 11 of 16

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The older adult female patient is positive that the free radical lipofuscin can be counteracted by:

Select one of the following:

  • avoiding animal fat.

  • use of antioxidants.

  • building up muscle mass

  • outdoor exercise.

Question 12 of 16

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A recently widowed woman moved to an assisted living community because of her hypertension and joined a group to learn how to do water color painting with other women her age. The nurse assesses that the patient is following the aging theory of:

Select one of the following:

  • Jung

  • Havighurst

  • Erikson

  • Newmon

Question 13 of 16

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The nurse’s list of age-related illnesses thought to cause the accumulation of free radicals includes __________. (Select all that apply.)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Arthritis

  • Colon Cancer

  • Osteoporosis

  • Diabetes

  • Atherosclerosis

Question 14 of 16

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The nurse emphasizes that the relatively new theory that correlates restricted caloric intake to slowing of the aging process would probably extend the life span of the person, provided that the person __________. (Select all that apply.)

Select one or more of the following:

  • consistently eats high-nutrient, low-calorie foods

  • maintains a regular exercise program

  • consumes 2000 to 3000 mL of fluid a day

  • supports the diet with adequate fat-soluble vitamins

  • eats only organically grown foods

Question 15 of 16

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The nurse points out that the positive outcomes from a “life review,” according to Erikson, would include __________. (Select all that apply.)

Select one or more of the following:

  • wisdom and integrated self-image

  • comparing self with others

  • understanding self and relationships

  • seeking another’s opinion of his or her achievement

  • acceptance of self

Question 16 of 16

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When a patient asks what can be done to neutralize the free radicals in his system, the nurse responds that antioxidant therapy is thought to inhibit free radicals. Antioxidants include __________. (Select all that apply.)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Fruits

  • Vegetables

  • Organ Meat

  • Folic Acid

  • Vitamin D

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nursing fairy
Quiz by , created about 2 years ago

college Geriatrics Quiz on Chapter 2, created by nursing fairy on 19/10/2014.

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Created by nursing fairy about 2 years ago
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