There are 2 classifications of joints
Joints that don’t move, are fixed and have no joint cavity are called
Joints that are freely moveable and are joints together by ligaments are called
Joints that are slightly moveable and are found in the vertebrae are called
What covers the end of a bone at a synovial joint?
What does synovial fluid do?
Lubricates the joint
Encloses the joint structure
Provides stability to the joint
Is a shock absorber
What does articular cartilage do?
What do ligaments do?
Provide nourishment for the cartilage
Protects the bone ends
There are 5 types of synovial joint
The ball and socket joint allows for the greatest range of motion
A condyloid joint is similar to a pivot joint
A hinge joint allows for flexion and extension only
Saddle joints do not allow for abduction and adduction
Pivot joints allow for pronation and supination
A hinge joint is only found in the elbow
Plantar flexion is point the toes to the floor
Supination is where the movement of the palm of the hand faces downward
Select the correct definition of flexion
Movement where the angle between two bones increases
Movement where the angle between two bones decreases
Movement of a body segment away from the midline of the body
movement of a body segment toward the midline of the body
Select the correct definition for abduction
Movement of the spine laterally away from the midline of the body
Movement of a body segment toward the midline of the body
The forward movement of the scapula that results in ‘hunching’ of the shoulders is called what?