Pharmacology Quiz 1

Question 1 of 40

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What is the meaning of the root of the word for pharmacology (pharmakon) in the early Greek language?

Select one of the following:

  • Sleep

  • Antibiotic

  • Magic spell

  • History

  • Antidote

Question 2 of 40

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What is an apothecary?

Select one of the following:

  • a greenhouse for growing medicinal plants

  • a publication listing common medical preparations available in individual hospitals or communities

  • a science dealing with the preparation of herbal medications

  • forerunner of today's pharmacists in England

Question 3 of 40

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During what time frame of American history did the boundaries between physician and pharmacist become clearly delineated?

Select one of the following:

  • 1492-1535 (settling of America)

  • 1776-1784 (American Revolution)

  • 1861-1865 (Civil War)

  • 1914-1918 (World War I)

  • 1939-1945 (World War II)

Question 4 of 40

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What organization was established in 1852 to counter the encroachment of other medical areas into pharmacy?

Select one of the following:

  • American Medical Association (AMA)

  • American Pharmaceutical Association (APhA)

  • Pharmaceutical Manufacturers of America (PMA)

  • International Association of Formulators and Dispensers (IAFD)

Question 5 of 40

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What is another term for a drug's United States Adopted Name (USAN)?

Select one of the following:

  • chemical

  • generic

  • trade

  • brand

Question 6 of 40

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What did the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 require of new drugs before they could be marketed in the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • safety

  • efficacy

  • nonaddictiveness

  • affordability

Question 7 of 40

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What phase of clinical trials is carried out after the drug has been approved for marketing?

Select one of the following:

  • phase I

  • phase II

  • phase III

  • phase IV

  • phase V

Question 8 of 40

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When is a drug studied in patients who have the condition that the drug is intended to treat?

Select one of the following:

  • phase I

  • phase II

  • phase III

  • phase IV

Question 9 of 40

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Drugs from which FDA Pregnancy Category can safely be used in pregnant patients?

Select one of the following:

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

  • X

Question 10 of 40

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Into how many schedules are controlled substances categorized in the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

  • 5

  • 6

Question 11 of 40

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What is not true of FDA-approved generic drugs?

Select one of the following:

  • They must contain the same active ingredients as the original drug.

  • Although they may have a new generic name or USAN, generic drugs may keep the trade name of the original drug.

  • Generic drugs must be identical in strength, dosage form, and route of administration to the original drug.

  • They must have the same indications as the original drug.

Question 12 of 40

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Manufacturers of foods containing which ingredients may make health claims regarding the disease-fighting action of the food?

Select one of the following:

  • whole grains

  • simple carbohydrates

  • unsaturated fats

  • gluten

  • low fat

Question 13 of 40

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The first London pharmacopoeia, compiled in 1618,

Select one of the following:

  • contained recipes for various medical treatments.

  • eliminated many ridiculous drug preparations.

  • scientifically described and classified 600 plants by substance.

  • advocated curing illnesses with an herbal compound of an opposing quality.

  • described how drugs work on the body.

Question 14 of 40

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What event forced American physicians and druggists to make their own drugs?

Select one of the following:

  • French and Indian War

  • American Revolution

  • War of 1812

  • Civil War

  • World War I

Question 15 of 40

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The first chemical agent used to treat a disease was

Select one of the following:

  • carbolic acid

  • arsphenamine

  • insulin

  • prontosil

  • penicillin

Question 16 of 40

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Which task might a pharmacy technician in a hospital pharmacy perform?

Select one of the following:

  • prepare sterile IVs and chemotherapy compounds

  • conduct a "tech check tech" in the preparation of medicine carts

  • educate nurses about pharmacy-related issues

  • prepare and educate

  • all of them

Question 17 of 40

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What is the source of thyroid?

Select one of the following:

  • plants

  • animal products

  • minerals

  • synthetic materials

  • bioengineering

Question 18 of 40

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Professionals and consumers can report serious adverse drug reactions to

Select one of the following:

  • MedWatch.

  • the DEA.

  • the USP-NF.

  • the PTCB.

  • the NABP.

Question 19 of 40

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A Black Box warning

Select one of the following:

  • alerts prescribers to the known problems with the use of the drug.

  • allows the prescriber to weigh the advantage of using this drug with its risks.

  • is on thousands of drugs on the market.

  • all of them.

Question 20 of 40

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A rating system devised by the FDA to establish the therapeutic equivalent of generic drugs is the

Select one of the following:

  • pass/fail system.

  • +/- system.

  • thumbs-up system.

  • one/two system.

  • A/B system.

Question 21 of 40

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What can drugs combine with in addition to receptors?

Select one of the following:

  • enzymes

  • transport proteins

  • nucleic acids

  • all of them

Question 22 of 40

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What does the abbreviation ADME stand for?

Select one of the following:

  • agonist, dose, mechanism, endogenous

  • antagonist, distribution, mechanism, external

  • absorption, drug, metabolism, endogenous

  • absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination

Question 23 of 40

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What form of a drug crosses cell membranes easily?

Select one of the following:

  • nonionized

  • ionized

  • both ionized and nonionized drugs cross cell membranes easily

  • neither ionized nor nonionized drugs readily cross cell membranes

Question 24 of 40

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By what process can one drug increase the metabolism of both itself and other drugs?

Select one of the following:

  • inhibition

  • bioavailability

  • first-pass

  • induction

  • affinity

Question 25 of 40

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What term is used to describe the phenomenon in which elevating a dose of drug no longer improves the clinical effect for that drug?

Select one of the following:

  • potency

  • ceiling effect

  • peak vs. trough effect

  • first-pass

  • clearance

Question 26 of 40

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What is the elimination process of most drugs in which a constant fraction of the drug is eliminated per unit of time?

Select one of the following:

  • volume distribution

  • half-life

  • first-order

  • zero-order

Question 27 of 40

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If a drug has a half-life of 6 hours and a starting blood concentration of 100 mg/kg, how long will it take until the concentration of the drug in the blood is 25 mg/kg?

Select one of the following:

  • 3 hours

  • 6 hours

  • 12 hours

  • 24 hours

Question 28 of 40

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What term is used to describe a severe response to a chemical that is characterized by life-threatening respiratory distress and shock?

Select one of the following:

  • allergic sensitivity

  • anaphylactic reaction

  • idiosyncratic reaction

  • active immunity

Question 29 of 40

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Which statement is not true about receptors?

Select one of the following:

  • Receptors are protein molecules.

  • Receptors are located in extra-cellular fluid.

  • There are different types of receptors throughout the body.

  • Receptors and chemical messengers must have complementary structures to bind.

  • Receptors play a role in blood clotting and smooth muscle contraction.

Question 30 of 40

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What statement is true about lipids?

Select one of the following:

  • They are protein molecules.

  • They generally attract water.

  • They generally repel water.

  • They are not part of the cell membrane.

Question 31 of 40

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Which route of administration does not require absorption?

Select one of the following:

  • oral

  • topical

  • rectal

  • intravenous

  • transdermal

Question 32 of 40

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The first main phase of the pharmacokinetic process is

Select one of the following:

  • absorption of drug into bloodstream.

  • absorption of drug by the liver.

  • distribution of drug to organs and tissues.

  • metabolism of drug by the liver.

Question 33 of 40

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Which process involves bringing a drug to its sites of action?

Select one of the following:

  • elimination

  • absorption

  • distribution

  • metabolism

Question 34 of 40

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The rate at which a drug is eliminated from a specific volume of blood per unit of time is referred to as its

Select one of the following:

  • duration of action

  • metabolism

  • clearance

  • distribution

Question 35 of 40

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Some drugs may be administered by injection because they have substantial

Select one of the following:

  • side effects.

  • therapeutic effects.

  • first-pass effects.

  • ceiling effects.

Question 36 of 40

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How can the length of time required to achieve a drug's therapeutic level be shortened?

Select one of the following:

  • accelerate the duration of action

  • analyze a patient blood sample and adjust dosage accordingly

  • vary doses and dosing intervals

  • administer a loading dose

Question 37 of 40

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A drug's clearance is important for determining the

Select one of the following:

  • loading dose.

  • maintenance dose.

  • ceiling effect

  • first-pass effect

Question 38 of 40

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Taking more of your prescription painkillers than prescribed is an example of

Select one of the following:

  • drug dependence.

  • drug addiction.

  • drug abuse.

  • drug tolerance.

  • drug intolerance.

Question 39 of 40

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The label "Do not take with antacids" is placed on a prescription container to warn patients of a potential

Select one of the following:

  • drug interaction.

  • allergic response.

  • adverse side effect.

  • drug interaction and allergic response.

  • all of them.

Question 40 of 40

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A person on calcium for osteoporosis also needs to take Vitamin D. Without Vitamin D, the calcium cannot get into the bone. The relationship between calcium and Vitamin D is an example of

Select one of the following:

  • addition.

  • antagonism.

  • potentiation.

  • synergism.

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Pharmacology Quiz 1

mstclair72
Quiz by , created about 2 years ago

Pharmacology Quiz on Pharmacology Quiz 1, created by mstclair72 on 21/11/2014.

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