What is the meaning of the root of the word for pharmacology (pharmakon) in the early Greek language?
What is an apothecary?
a greenhouse for growing medicinal plants
a publication listing common medical preparations available in individual hospitals or communities
a science dealing with the preparation of herbal medications
forerunner of today's pharmacists in England
During what time frame of American history did the boundaries between physician and pharmacist become clearly delineated?
1492-1535 (settling of America)
1776-1784 (American Revolution)
1861-1865 (Civil War)
1914-1918 (World War I)
1939-1945 (World War II)
What organization was established in 1852 to counter the encroachment of other medical areas into pharmacy?
American Medical Association (AMA)
American Pharmaceutical Association (APhA)
Pharmaceutical Manufacturers of America (PMA)
International Association of Formulators and Dispensers (IAFD)
What is another term for a drug's United States Adopted Name (USAN)?
What did the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 require of new drugs before they could be marketed in the United States?
What phase of clinical trials is carried out after the drug has been approved for marketing?
When is a drug studied in patients who have the condition that the drug is intended to treat?
Drugs from which FDA Pregnancy Category can safely be used in pregnant patients?
Into how many schedules are controlled substances categorized in the United States?
What is not true of FDA-approved generic drugs?
They must contain the same active ingredients as the original drug.
Although they may have a new generic name or USAN, generic drugs may keep the trade name of the original drug.
Generic drugs must be identical in strength, dosage form, and route of administration to the original drug.
They must have the same indications as the original drug.
Manufacturers of foods containing which ingredients may make health claims regarding the disease-fighting action of the food?
The first London pharmacopoeia, compiled in 1618,
contained recipes for various medical treatments.
eliminated many ridiculous drug preparations.
scientifically described and classified 600 plants by substance.
advocated curing illnesses with an herbal compound of an opposing quality.
described how drugs work on the body.
What event forced American physicians and druggists to make their own drugs?
French and Indian War
War of 1812
World War I
The first chemical agent used to treat a disease was
Which task might a pharmacy technician in a hospital pharmacy perform?
prepare sterile IVs and chemotherapy compounds
conduct a "tech check tech" in the preparation of medicine carts
educate nurses about pharmacy-related issues
prepare and educate
all of them
What is the source of thyroid?
Professionals and consumers can report serious adverse drug reactions to
A Black Box warning
alerts prescribers to the known problems with the use of the drug.
allows the prescriber to weigh the advantage of using this drug with its risks.
is on thousands of drugs on the market.
all of them.
A rating system devised by the FDA to establish the therapeutic equivalent of generic drugs is the
What can drugs combine with in addition to receptors?
What does the abbreviation ADME stand for?
agonist, dose, mechanism, endogenous
antagonist, distribution, mechanism, external
absorption, drug, metabolism, endogenous
absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination
What form of a drug crosses cell membranes easily?
both ionized and nonionized drugs cross cell membranes easily
neither ionized nor nonionized drugs readily cross cell membranes
By what process can one drug increase the metabolism of both itself and other drugs?
What term is used to describe the phenomenon in which elevating a dose of drug no longer improves the clinical effect for that drug?
peak vs. trough effect
What is the elimination process of most drugs in which a constant fraction of the drug is eliminated per unit of time?
If a drug has a half-life of 6 hours and a starting blood concentration of 100 mg/kg, how long will it take until the concentration of the drug in the blood is 25 mg/kg?
What term is used to describe a severe response to a chemical that is characterized by life-threatening respiratory distress and shock?
Which statement is not true about receptors?
Receptors are protein molecules.
Receptors are located in extra-cellular fluid.
There are different types of receptors throughout the body.
Receptors and chemical messengers must have complementary structures to bind.
Receptors play a role in blood clotting and smooth muscle contraction.
What statement is true about lipids?
They are protein molecules.
They generally attract water.
They generally repel water.
They are not part of the cell membrane.
Which route of administration does not require absorption?
The first main phase of the pharmacokinetic process is
absorption of drug into bloodstream.
absorption of drug by the liver.
distribution of drug to organs and tissues.
metabolism of drug by the liver.
Which process involves bringing a drug to its sites of action?
The rate at which a drug is eliminated from a specific volume of blood per unit of time is referred to as its
duration of action
Some drugs may be administered by injection because they have substantial
How can the length of time required to achieve a drug's therapeutic level be shortened?
accelerate the duration of action
analyze a patient blood sample and adjust dosage accordingly
vary doses and dosing intervals
administer a loading dose
A drug's clearance is important for determining the
Taking more of your prescription painkillers than prescribed is an example of
The label "Do not take with antacids" is placed on a prescription container to warn patients of a potential
adverse side effect.
drug interaction and allergic response.
A person on calcium for osteoporosis also needs to take Vitamin D. Without Vitamin D, the calcium cannot get into the bone. The relationship between calcium and Vitamin D is an example of