The red dots on the map represent:
Locations of earthquakes and volcanoes.
International ocean boundaries.
Places where migratory birds rest.
Biodiversity Hot Spots.
Earthquakes that occur under the water are called:
under water earthquakes
About how many Earthquakes can be felt every year?
Who proposed the Continental Drift Theory?
Sir Samford Flemming
Alfred Wegener had four proofs for his Continental Drift Theory. Which of the following is not one of his proofs?
That the tectonic plates moved due to convection currents in the Earth.
The jigsaw fit between South America and Africa
Fossils of the same plants and animals on both continents
There are mountains of similar age and structure in North America and Europe.
Ice covered places that are now warm. They must have been somewhere else when it happened.
What year did Alfred Wegener propose his Continental Drift Theory?
In the 1960s Canadian J. Tuzo Wilson proposed which theory?
Why was Wegener's Continental Drift Theory not accepted?
No one knew of any force that was powerful enough to move continents.
There was no evidence for it.
Pangaea did not exist.
No-one knew about it.
Which statement about Plate Tectonics is incorrect?
Earth’s outer shell is made up of about 20 plates.
Most plates contain a continent and an ocean.
The plates float on a layer of hot rock hundreds of kilometers below the surface.
The plates each move about a kilometer a year.
What causes the tectonic plates to move?
The continents float in the ocean.
What causes land to be built up?
What causes elevated areas on Earth to be worn down?
What are the two main causes of erosion?
wind and water
volcanoes and earthquakes
wind and volcanoes
water and earthquakes
Place the main Geologic Eras in the correct order - from oldest to newest.
Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian
Precambrian, Cenozoic, Paleozoic, Mesozoic
Cenozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian, Mesozoic
Which of the following is NOT a type of rock?
Igneous rock is formed when:
sediment is compacted and cemented
heat and pressure is applied
weathering and erosion
Metamorphic rock is formed when
rock is exposed to heat and pressure
compaction and cementation
Sedimentary Rock is formed when
Rock is exposed to heat and pressure
Sediments experience compaction and cementation
Wind and erosion
What landform is Oakville located in?
Great-Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands
What landform is Temagami, and most of Ontario and Quebec found in?
What landform is British Columbia found in?
Arctic and Hudson Bay Lowlands
Which landform would be best for Farming?
Which landform would be best for fishing?
Metallic Minerals Canadian Shield
Which landform would be best for Mining Metallic Minerals?
During the Last Ice Age, Canada was almost completely covered by glaciers.
Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding glacier formation?
Form when the snow that falls in the winter does not completely melt in the summer.
Over thousands of years, the snow becomes very thick.
The weight of the snow turns the bottom layers to ice.
The cooling of magma makes glaciers larger.
How do continental glaciers move?
As the snow accumulates, the glaciers move slowly across the landscape.
As the snow melts every year, they move forward.
They only move when it is snowing.
Continental glaciers are too large to move.
How do Alpine glaciers move?
Move down valleys from high elevations to low elevations under the force of gravity.
They move up mountains due to the large amount of ice and snow.
They do not move because they are too heavy.
They flatten all mountains, then move like continental glaciers.
Which of the following statements about how Alpine glaciers shape the land is incorrect?
Sharpen the upper portions of the mountains and give them a rugged appearance.
When they move down valleys, they scrape away the valley walls to produce broad U-shaped valleys
They can change the rivers running in the area.
They flatten all mountains to make the land flat when they melt.
How do Continental Glaciers shape the land?
Give the landscape a smoother appearance by eroding higher points on the land and filling in lower areas with the eroded material.
When they move down valleys, they scrape away the valley walls to produce broad U-shaped valleys.
They do not shape the land.
Which of the following is NOT a factor that affects climate?
Wind and Air Masses
Which Climate Factor is illustrated in the picture?
Which of the following statements about Ocean Currents is INCORRECT?
Ocean currents carry warm or cool temperatures to different places.
Currents originating near the equator are warm, near the poles, cool.
The air above the current takes the temperature of the water.
The air above the ocean is usually very dry.
Which of the following statements about Wind and Air Masses is INCORRECT?
Air takes the climatic conditions where it was formed.
Moist over water, dry over land.
Cool in cold areas, warm in warm areas.
Air and Wind Masses stay stationary all of the time.
What causes Prevailing Winds?
The rotation of the Earth, along with high and low pressure areas cause air to move in well-established patterns
The Jet Stream
What is the name of the Prevailing Wind that moves from West to East across Canada?
Polar Fronts are responsible for much of Canada's rainfall.
Elevation is often responsible for Relief Precipitation.
Which of the following statements about Maritime Climates is true?
It has more precipitation in the Winter months.
It has more precipitation in the Summer months.
The temperature range is more than 25C.
The annual rainfall is less than 1000 mm.
Which of the following statements about Continental Climates is true?
It has more precipitation in the summer months.
It has more precipitation in the winter months.
The temperature range is less than 25C.
The annual precipitation is less than 1000mm.
Which of the reasons below is NOT responsible for Canada having many different Climates?
It is a large country
It has different elevations
Coastal regions are different than inland regions
Wind and Air Masses remain stationary over different parts of the country.
Which of the following is NOT a type of precipitation?
What is happening in the picture?
Why is air cooler at higher elevations?
There is less air pressure.
It is farther from the ground, so it is colder.
It is closer to the sun, so it is actually warmer.
Air is the same temperature everywhere in the atmosphere.
What type of precipitation is shown?
What type of precipitation is shown?
What type of precipitation is shown in the picture?
When moist air rises up the windward slope of a mountain, what type of precipitation could we expect?
When heat from the sun causes warm moist air to rise, what type of precipitation would we expect?
When a cool air mass meets a warm air mass, the warmer air mass is forced up and over the cool air mass. What type of precipitation is this?