lack a shared definition
are less accurate than shaded relief in depicting terrain
can be detected by remote sensing
aren't useful for depicting mountainous regions
connect points of equal elevation above sea
Low population growth resulting from high CBR and very high CDR is characteristic of stage _____ of the demographic transition.
In the 1970's, the government of India used this method to reduce the population growth rates in certain areas of the country.
forced sterilization of males
free housing for small families
the study of population growth.
the mapping of population characteristics.
the study of population.
the study of the relationship between government and population.
none of these answers.
A population pyramid with a wide base and a narrow top is indicative of
low infant mortality.
countries in Stage IV of the demographic transition.
low dependency ratio.
Since 1950, this part of the developing world has seen a dramatic increase in population:
Areas away from the coasts.
Which of the following characteristics of a national population is NOT evident from its population pyramid?
infant mortality rate
all are present.
Which of the following is not one of Ernst Ravenstein's Laws of migration?
Urban residents are less migratory than inhabitants of rural areas.
The majority of migrants move short distances.
The majority of urban migrants are uneducated.
Every migration flow generates a return or counter-migration.
All are part of Ravenstein's law.
U.S. immigration quotas are an example of:
an intervening opportunity.
an intervening obstacle.
a natural barrier.
a migratory barrier.
The age group in the U.S. that is most likely to move is
retirees, 65-69 years.
youth, 10-14 years.
young adults 20-24 years.
empty nesters, 50-59 years.
all have an equal chance to move.
Almost everywhere on Earth, Total Fertility Rate (TFRs) are
influenced by precipitation levels.
staying about the same.
All of the following are possible maternal morbidity issues EXCEPT:
In 1789, a British economist named Thomas Malthus published an essay in which he claimed that while population increased at what he called a geometric rate, the means of subsistence grew only at
an arithmetic (linear) rate.
an unpredictable rate.
a rate depending on the particular culture involved.
a declining rate.
The process of migrants moving into a specific location because relatives or members of the same culture have already migrated and settled there is known as:
In the past 30 years, the number of undocumented immigrants in the U.S.:
has increased because of the demand for menial laborers in the U.S. has grown.
has increased because of more relaxed border security since September 11, 2001
has decreased because of greater border security.
has decreased because of poor economic conditions in the U.S.
both [has increased because of the demand for menial laborers in the U.S. has grown] and [has increased because of more relaxed border security since September 11, 2001].
Which statement about overpopulation is true?
Overpopulation can only occur in less-developed areas.
Overpopulation is achieved when the physiological density reaches more than 1,000/km.
Overpopulation occurs when an area's population is greater than its carrying capacity.
Overpopulation is unlikely because food production potential is unlimited.
All of these answers.
The importance of the spatial approach that geographers use in their studies is that it shows
human activity only
the arrangement and organization of things on the surface to the earth
the political impact of boundaries
movement of humans and animal only
the history of an area
Which one of the following map projections distort shapes, distance, relative size, and/ or direction from one place to another on Earth?
I. the Robinson Projection
II.the Mercator projection
III. the Peters projection
II and III only
I and II only
I, II, and III
The tendency for some migrations to fail leads to
spatial search migration.
Of the following countries, which has the lowest crude density?
During the 20th Century, nearly all countries experienced
rural to urban migration.
The part of Earth's surface that is physically suitable for permanent human settlement is known as
Gender studies of migration indicate that men ______ than women.
have more employment choices and income
are more mobile
all of these answers
In New York, Puerto Ricans moved into the Jewish neighborhood of East Harlem and assumed a dominant presence in the neighborhood. This process is best described as:
The inflections and tones unique to a very specific area is called:
Jerusalem is a sacred place for
Christians, Jews, and Muslims
Which is not a feature of Islamic sacred architecture?
Adoption of Roman models of design
Frescoes depicting the life of the prophet
Geometric and calligraphic ornamentation
Repurposing of some former churches/cathedrals
The most distinctive contrast between folk and popular culture is that
folk culture is limited in geographical range and only spreads through hierarchical diffusion.
folk cultures are restricted to primitive, pre-literate territories of developing countries; popular cultures are universal in developed, industrialized states.
folk culture is typically hostile to all things that are external.
folk culture is, in general, authoritarian and repressive; popular culture reflects progressive, democratic influences.
folk culture reflects the traditional way of life of groups isolated from and resistant to outside influences; popular culture simply implies the general mass of people conforming to ever-changing fads and common modes of behavior.
The Western Wall is sacred to this faith:
A single attribute of a culture is called a
Which one of the following is considered a pull factor in regard to migration?
New Orleans residents fleeing Katrina
persecution of Jews in Nazi Germany
high unemployment in Appalachia
nomads fleeing famine and spreading desert in the Sahel
amenities of living in Australia
Which of the following graphs exhibit a J-curve?
Global Infant Mortality Rates over time.
Global Dependency Ratio rate over time.
Global Birth Rates over time.
Global Population Growth over time.
Countries with aging populations attempt to stimulate economic growth to lessen the effect of rising medical and retirement costs by
promoting emigration of the elderly
cutting social security.
encouraging increased birth rate.
investing in health care
The cultural landscape
is equivalent to a culture realm or a single trait social region
represents the real extent of a hearth region
includes internal ideas of a grouping of people
summarizes the nonmaterial aspects of a society
includes house types, cities, agricultural fields, transportation networks, parks, and cemeteries
The image is what type of artifact of which cultural influence?
The four major population clusters in the world include all of the following regions EXCEPT:
the importance of spatial approach that geographers use in their studies is that it shows:
human activities only
arrangement and organization of things on the surface of to the Earth
the political impact of boundaries
movements of humans and animals only
history of an area
which one of the following map projections distort shapes distance is relative size and back / or direction from one place to another on earth?
I. the Robinson projection
II. the Mercator projection
III. the Peters projection
Only II and III
Only I and II
Only I, II, and III
Distortion can be defined as
A technique for giving each location on the earth a corresponding place on a flat surface
The process of calculating map scale
The error in accuracy that occurs in all maps
A mathematical formula for translating cultural understanding of rivers
A spherical, scaled model of the Earth
Human geographers focus __________________
On how we organize space a society
On how we interact with each other in places and across space
On how people make places
All of these
Comic projections are often used to depict hemispheres or small parts of the earth because
The cone is the development surface closet in form to one half of a globe
They can be mathematically adjusted to preserve conformality and equivalence
A straight line drawn anywhere on the map is a line of constant compass bearing
Scale is smaller provide additional details
Distance along all standard parallels are true
An individual's activity space is primarily affected by
Age, income status, and physical appearance
Politics, religion, and nationality
Stage in life, mobility, and oppirtunity
Incom3, sex and ethinicity
Health, education, and employment
The spread of speciality coffee shops across the US in 1990s is an example of:
The idea that culture modify the natural landscape to fit their needs is known as the
Acculturation is the term applied to
the curriculum objective of U.S. public school
the process by which one culture group adopts the characteristics of another dominant group
the process of melding traits or traditions of two different cultures into a composite acceptable to both originating groups
immigrant communities that maintain distinctive languages and religions
the rise of a social group from savagery to civilizations
The Yellow River is to Chinese philosophy as the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are to __________
Which of the following U.S. regional associations is incorrect?
This is the process by which a less dominate culture adopts the traits of a more dominate culture so completely that the two cultures become indistinguishable.
Pidgin and creole languages are distinguished from one another by the fact that pidgin
is always a second language for all its speakers; creole has become a distinctive first language of a society
is any invented language of Asia; creole is based on French and found in the Caribbean
may be based on any European language; creole is always a French dialect
none, they are the same
is a simplified European language taught to native populations; creole is a simplified native language
The above form of architecture is most likely to be found:
Tibetan Buddhism is of the _________ type
This hearth saw the domestication of millet and rice more than 7,000 years ago:
Indus River Valley
The three subsystem of a culture are:
religious, political, and educational.
culture trait, culture complex, and cultural landscape.
sociology, religion, and morphology.
ideas, beliefs, and knowledge.
none of these.
Which statement about culture is true?
Cultures is learned behavior that is passed from one generation to the next.
Cultures are dynamic and always changing.
Cultural traits are a reflection of a group's values.
Culture is the traditions and beliefs of a group of people.
All of these.
The above depicted house is in what style?
Cape Cod style
A single component of a culture
Believed to be the original hearth of culture:
Which statement concerning the globalization of Western culture is true?
Western culture is often spread through movies and other media.
Backlash against Western culture has resulted in violence in some areas.
Many foreign cultures have adopted Western traits like clothing and religion.
Some areas of the world have actively resisted Western culture traits.
A common language that is used among speakers of different languages for the purposes of trade and commerce is called:
Jerusalem is to Christians as _________ is to Hindus
Considered the most holy place in Islam
Which of the following European countries has a rather sharp division between Flemish speakers in the north and Walloon speakers in the south
Which of the following is NOT an example of expansion diffusion?
none of these
Culture is spread by
war and occupation.
television and other media.
all of these.
group people into categories such as Irish, Hispanic, and Asian.
are based on ethnicity and/or nationality.
limit the intellectual capabilities of a child from birth.
have been dismissed by most anthropologists and geneticists.
are based on detailed genetic analyses.
The rejected theory that cultures are controlled by the physical geography of their surroundings was
possibilism elementary school
cultural divergence imitation
cultural convergence legisaltion
Cultural diffusion is
the innovation of a cultural trait
the idea that your own culture is superior to others
the spread of culture traits from one group to another
the isolation of a culture from the rest of the world
The northeast United States is an example of what component of culture?
The Ganges River is to Hinduism what Mount Fuji is to:
Buddhism pilgrimages to Bodh Gaya are focused on
a shrine to Khrisna
the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama
the grave of the Buddha
submersion in the Ganges River
a Bhodi tree under which the Buddha taught
The church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem marks the site of Christ's:
The above map represents the diffusion of what?
The above image represents what type of diffusion?
Which cultural phenomenon below is not an example of syncretism
The area of origin of a culture is called
The Hajj, one of the "pillars of Islam," is
abstaining from alcohol
the pilgrimage to Mecca
fasting during the holy month
the veil worn by Muslim women
The one way in which culture is NOT transmitted to younger generations is by
Hinduism arose in the __________ River Valley
Which is an example of an intrafaith (boundary) conflict
Islam is the 2nd largest religion in the world and remains strong near its hearth. This is an example of:
"Little Sweden" in Lindsborg, Kansas is a good example of:
Religions are important keys to human geographic understanding because
each major world religion is identified with a specific parent language.
they are one of the very few aspects of human culture totally divorced from the environments they occupy.
all individuals utilize religion in some way to create a belief in the after life and in a deity.
religious beliefs intimately affect all facets of culture.
with their emphasis upon charity and the afterlife, religions play a universal pacifying role.
The _________ of a group of people includes the things they construct.
________________ culture is conceived as small, incorporating a homogeneous population, typically rural, and cohesive in cultural traits.
Over 425 Hutterite communities exist in each of the following states and provinces except:
The ideology of Zionism has as its goal
a homeland for the Muslim peopl
the elimination of the Orthodox division within the faith
the merger of the three modern divisions of Judaism
the merger of Judaism with other religions
a homeland for Jewish people
which of the following map projections shows the realitive sizes of earth's landmasses most accurately?
Buckminster FUller projection
Which of the following statements about latitude is true?
Latitude lines are always parallel to each other on a globe
Latitude lines intersect at the north and south poles
Latitude is a measure of distance and of the equator
On a globe, lines of latitude intersect parallels of longitude at right angles
Latitude varies from 0 degrees too 180 degrees
Human geography is the study of
the psychology of the human race using maps
the physical process of the Earth
the culture of the human race minus environmental influences
how humans evolved through time
Who lives where, how they live, and why they live there
Which of the following is NOT a globe property?
lol hi - Trenton aka The Bestest
The scale on the surface of the globe is the same in every direction
All meridians are one-half the length of the equator
Parallels increase in length as one nears the poles
Meridians and parallels intersect at right angles
all are globe properties
Of these, the map using the smallest map scale would be the map of
Main Street, Small Town, Ohio
A subjective image of an area informed by individual perceptions and experiences in that area is known as a
Equal area projections are most useful for showing
the actual distances of land masses
true direction from multiple points
the actual shape of a land mass
the actual areal extent of a phenomenon on the Earth's surface
mathematically precise locations of land masses
The first political geographer who studied the state in detail was Friedrich Ratzel who postulated that the state resembles a biological organism. His organic theory identified ___________ as a state's essential life giving force .
a strong military
What is the best example of a subsequent superimposed boundary?
the border between India and Pakistan
the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland
the western portion of the United States-Canada border
the border of former British colonies in Africa
the border between Britain and France
This type of political framework has central government but each of the sub-national entities has representation and influence in the government process.
Which one of the following is an extreme manifest of centrifugal forces within a state?
none of the above
As of 2005 which major European Union nation has not entered the Euro Monetary Zone?
Which is an example of a stateless-nation?
Which of the following is consider a state?
The decentralization of political control is known as
The present number of countries and territories in the world is about:
The Palestinians are an example of a
This type of shape can provide for efficiency in administration of a country.
NAFTA is a Supranationalistic organization, which attempted to create a free trade zone in which region?
Nigerian and Arab countries
New Zealand and Australia
A permanent union of sovereign states created in order to deal with common interests of defense, trade or policy is a :
The policy by a country to establish settlements in an area and impose its political, economic, and cultural principles there is called
The Philippines is an example of a(an)_____________ state.
The Peace of Westphalia__________________
marked the beginning of the modern state of Europe.
created modern Pakistan after the British withdrawn.
created West Germany after WWII.
divided Africa into colonial possessions.
Which of the following states have an exclave?
Which of the following states fits the morphology description of compact?
These forces tend to bind together the citizens of a state.
Using the diagram above, which area has the greatest arithmetic density?
Which of the following is NOT associated with the World Bank in Half the Sky?
Emphasis on better hygiene
Money never got down to the villages.
Clients from poor neighborhoods.
Creating wealth for the wealthy
Multi million dollar projects.
The Total Fertility Rate of the United States for 2008 was estimated to be 2.1. What does this mean for the population of the United States?
The U.S. will experience population decline in the next thirty years.
Population growth in the U.S. is due to migration and not natural increase.
The doubling time of the United States is about 35 years.
The United States is experiencing rapid natural increase.
Births and _______ add to the population growth of a particular country.
increased agricultural output
rise in the death rate
Which of the following countries has the highest risk of death during pregnancy:
Poland's total fertility rate is 1.2. What impact will this have on Poland's population?
Poland has reached zero population growth.
Poland's population is steadily increasing.
Poland's population has a doubling time of about 23 years.
Poland's population is quickly increasing.
Poland's population is decreasing.
MIgration from a location is called
Replacement rate, the number of births needed to keep a population at a stable level without immigration, requires a total fertility of
Which population pyramid best reflects the population structure of Germany?
Which population pyramid shows a population that is slowly growing?
The problem with using arithmetic population density to investigate the population pattern of a country is that such a density figure does not take into consideration
possible loss of territory.
age of families.
annual population increases.
internal clustering of people within the country.
annexation of new territory.
Which concept of Malthus is depicted in the cartoon above?
In comparison to Asia, the percentage of the population living in urban places in Germany and the United Kingdom is
about the same as in Asia.
younger than in Asia.
less than in Asia.
greater than in Asia.
Which of the following statements does NOT pertain to chain migration?
Creates clusters of like populations in particular locations.
It may involve employment in an ethnic niche business.
It is shaped by networks of kinship and friendship.
It is typically involuntary.
The destination has been prepared by previous migration flows.
All of the following are obstacles to helping a sex slave worker EXCEPT:
Family members held.
Prior to 1990, Mohamed was not listed as a top 100 baby name in either France or the United Kingdom. Om 2012 Mohamed was the 41st most poplar baby name in France and top ranked baby name in the United Kingdom. Which of the following is most likely the cause for this transition?
Pro-natal population policies.
Stage I to Stage II demographic transition.
Higher immigrant fertility rate.
High levels of out-migration.
Catholic to Islam conversation.
Major routes of human migration before 1950 include all of the following except:
China to the United States.
Europe to Australia.
China to India.
Africa to United States.
eastern United States to western United States.
Which of the following represents the pattern of interregional African-American migration out of the Southern United States.
Most African-Americans moved to urban areas in the Northern U.S.
Most African-Americans moved to Canada to escape slavery.
Most African-Americans moved to the West Coast area of the U.S.
Most African-Americans moved to the rural areas of the Western United States.
A person who has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion is official a:
Rochel experiences car trouble during her move from Texas to California. Unable to afford care repairs, Rochel says in Tonopah, NV working at the Clown Motel in order to save money for the rest of her move. This is an example of what:
Environmental pull factor.
In Europe the marked decline of the birth rate was the result of
the effects of Industrialization, urbanization, and general modernization.
stabilization of food supplies.
World Wars I and II.
The image most closely resembles the theory of:
The population pyramid most likely represents the following country:
Carrying capacity is the:
maximum number of people an area can support using organic agricultural methods.
limit at which population can be sustained through its resources and trade.
maximum number of people an area can support using traditional agricultural methods.
maximum number of people an area can support using the theoretical limits of energy and production.
maximum number of people an area can support using all of its available resources and technology.
The long-term relocation of an individual, household, or group to a new location outside the community of origin is called
Which of the following has NOT been an obstacle to the success of microfinance?
Women holding each other accountable.
Growth of women's businesses compared to that of males.
Refusal of space to women.
Women of honor do not leave home on their own.
Unexpected deaths from AIDS.
Which one of the following is a push factor?
dissatisfaction with current job.
high-paying jobs elsewhere.
Historically, the world's population grew:
quickly until about 1000 CE, before declining between 1800 CE and the present.
quickly until about 1800 CE, before slowing down between 1800 CE and the present.
very steadily from 1000 CE until the present.
slowly until about 1800 CE, before growing quickly between 1800 CE and the present.
slowly until about 1000 CE, before growing quickly between 1000 CE and the present.
This country is most likely in what stage of the Demographic transition model?
Which statement best describes the different characteristics of population in the United States and Europe?
The arithmetic density of the United States is less than that of Europe.
Europe's population density is lower than that of the United States.
The United States has more area than Europe does.
Europe's population is smaller than that of the United States.
Europe has many more wide-open spaces than the United States has.
Which of the following statements about the Demographic Transition Model is TRUE?
Line A represents Total Population, Line B represents Death Rate, Line C represents Birth Rate.
Line A represents Birth Rate, Line B represents Death Rate, Line C represents Total population.
Line A represents Birth Rate, Line B represents Total Population, Line C represents Death Rate.
Line A represents Total Population, Line B represents Birth Rate, Line C represents Death Rate.
Line A represents Death Rate, Line B represents Birth Rate, Line C represents Total Population.
The spread of ideas, cultural traits, knowledge and skills from their place of origin to other areas where they are adopted is called:
A good example of a functional region wold be:
region of a similar climate
a city and its surrounding region
region with a different religions
region where farming practices are the same
region where everyone speaks french
Which is NOT used by geographers to determine absolute location?
Distance to nearest city
What type of boundary does the Great Wall of China best illustrate?
A boundary between two countries is a
in name only
point of separation on and below the surface only
vertical plane that cuts through the rocks below and air above
line on the ground
line shown only on maps
A weaker country that separate two powerful countries whose ideology and/or political views conflict is a
AN example of gerrymandering would be establishing
taxing bodies and districts based upon differential storm drainage and sewage problems
voting districts drawn to give one political party an unfair legislative advatnage
central city and suburban municipal boundaries
separate but equal attendance districts
electing a city mayor using popular vote
A nation-state is a country
whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a nation
whose territory is politically subdivided among two or more distinct ethnic groups
none of these
that in forgein affairs is under the control of another palce
that has a federal form of representative government
Yugoslavia was a prime example of a
The European state idea spread throughout the world through____________
League of Nations planning
world war I
The process of adjustment of the number of representatives int he U.S. House of Representatives to reflect shifts in population patterns is known as
The boundaries between which set of countries were established primarily to separate different religions?
Mexico and United States
Russia and Ukraine
India and Pakistan
Libya and Chad
France and Germany
Ratzel's organic theory was converted into a subfield of political geography called geopolitics which subsequently translated into practical national policies by some of his students. What country used geopolitics as a philosophy of expansion.
All of the following statements about the United Nations are true EXCEPT that it
is stronger than its predecessor, the League of Nations
has no authority over the military forces of individual countries
requires its members to surrender a certain degree of sovereignty
allows a forum for communication
sponsors a variety of programs and agencies
An identification with the state and an acceptance of national goals is called
Which is an example of an allocational boundary dispute?
dispute over the function of a boundary with regard to migration
dsipute over rights to resources (e.g. oil, water) crossed by international boundaries
dispute over boundaries not covered by a treaty (e.g. Yemen-Saudi Arabia
dispute over the interpretation of boundary treaty terminology
The policy of a state wanting to add territory from another state inhabited by people who have cultural links to their own state is
the gravity model
the interaction model
Which is not characteristic of unitary state governments
more successful in smaller states
capital city functions as core of power
suppression of regional subcultures
concerned with fostering diversity of regional cultural expression
Geometric boundaries, totally unrelated to any aspects of the cultural of the cultural or physical landscape, were made considerable use of by the colonial powers in ______________
The boundary between the United States and Canada west of the Great Lakes is an example of a(n)
mountain crest boundary
None of these.
A region that historically is caught between stronger colliding external forces. The region is often fractured and splintered politically and ethnically. This is an example of a(n)
The movement of power from the central government to regional governments is referred to as ___________
Which of the following terms refers to an individual or group attempt to identify and establish control over the land? This concept often leads to defense of the land.
A consequent or ethnographic boundary
is drawn across an area before it is settled
typically follows a line of latitude or longitude
drawn over cultural lines and patterns without regard
is based on a recognizable physiographic feature
coincides with some cultural divide, such as religion or language
Fragmented state can help create which type of forces within a state
The Rio Grande, which forms part of the boundary between Mexico and the United States, is an example of
an artificial boundary
a water divide
a relic boundary
a natural boundary
Which types of countries usually encompass diverse types of climates, resources, and peoples?
The exercise of state power over people and territory, and being recognized by other international states, refers to
Africa experienced a period of decolonization and creation of many new states during which time period?
Late 19th century
1950s and 60s