Problem solving quiz

Question 1 of 23

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What does problem solving involve?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Reasoning
    Judgement
    Decision making

  • Ideas
    Thought
    Knowledge

Question 2 of 23

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Who defined a problem as having a goal but not knowing how to reach it?

Select one of the following:

  • Duncker (45)

  • Gilhooly (99)

  • Luger (76)

Question 3 of 23

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A problem is a gap between?

Select one of the following:

  • Current state and goal state

  • Knowledge and actions

Question 4 of 23

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What 3 components do problems have?

Select one of the following:

  • Starting state
    Goal state
    Actions between

  • A beginning
    A middle
    An end

Question 5 of 23

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Protocol Analysis is?

Select one of the following:

  • Writing down what you think

  • Thinking out loud

Question 6 of 23

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What does protocol analysis tell us?

Select one of the following:

  • What the person is thinking

  • The p.s. strategies adopted by individuals

  • How well a person is at info. processing

Question 7 of 23

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Who hypothesised that when medical experts use contextual info in diagnosing patients biomedical knowledge is suppressed?

Select one of the following:

  • Duncker

  • Gauss

  • Gilhooly et al

Question 8 of 23

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What is the hallmark of the Gestaltists in p.s?

Select one of the following:

  • Insight

  • Outsight

  • Upsight

Question 9 of 23

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What according to the Gestaltists can lead to a solution?

Select one of the following:

  • Restructuring

  • Emphasis

  • Search processes

Question 10 of 23

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Who investigated restructuring and how did they do it?

Select one of the following:

  • Duncker (45) - X-ray problem

  • Simon & Hayes (76) - Tower of Hanoi puzzle

  • Luchins and Luchins (59) - Water jar problem

Question 11 of 23

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What causes insight not to be achieved?

Select one of the following:

  • Misconceptions

  • Misleading representations

  • Lack of knowledge

Question 12 of 23

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What causes the SET effect?

Select one of the following:

  • Habitual ways of tackling a problem & unwarranted assumptions about the problem

  • Failure to perceive the problem

Question 13 of 23

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What experiments investigated the SET effect?

Select one of the following:

  • The water jar problem (Luchins & Luchins)
    The 9-dot problem

  • The tower of Hanoi problem
    The hobbits and Orcs problem

Question 14 of 23

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Who investigated functional fixity?

Select one of the following:

  • Duncker (45) The candle problem

  • Luchins and Luchins (59) The water jar problem

  • Simon and Hayes (76) The tower of Hanoi puzzle

Question 15 of 23

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What is functional fixity?

Select one of the following:

  • A block in p.s caused by failing to fully perceive the object in question

  • Fixing a problem by finding a solution

  • Finding a new way to solve a problem

Question 16 of 23

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What is a state space diagram

Select one of the following:

  • A diagram of the problems state at each move junction

  • A diagram of the end goal and how it is achieved

Question 17 of 23

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What does isomorphic mean?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Problems have the same underlying structure

  • Problems have identical state space diagrams

  • Problems are represented in the same way

Question 18 of 23

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What is the isomorphic problem created by Simon & Hayes called and what other problem was it similar to?

Select one or more of the following:

  • The monster change & the monster move problem

  • The tower of Hanoi problem

  • The tower of London problem

  • The 9 dot problem

Question 19 of 23

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Which did people find harder to solve - the monster change or the monster move problem

Select one or more of the following:

  • Move

  • Change

Question 20 of 23

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Which rules influence problem difficulty?

Select one of the following:

  • Internal and external representation

  • Abstract representations

Question 21 of 23

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Within the information processing approach p.s is seen as a what?

Select one of the following:

  • Search process

  • Internal representation

Question 22 of 23

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Where do search processes hold goals and intermediate results?

Select one of the following:

  • limited capacity working memory

  • Long term memory

Question 23 of 23

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What is progressive deepening?

Select one of the following:

  • Searching a limited length of sequence and then back up

  • Gradual search of each stage

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Problem solving quiz

mcmenace
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

Quiz on Problem solving quiz, created by mcmenace on 26/08/2013.

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Created by mcmenace over 3 years ago
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