TFR (Total Fertility Rate)
TFR in the MENA
TFR in Iran
Consequences of Demographic change (6)
Problem with Economic Dividend in MENA?
MENA countries with highest (and lowest!) percentage of urban population
Problems of rapid urbanisation (4)
first stream of labour migration in the MENA
Second stream (where to? + 4 phases)
'Impacts'. of arab migration on sending countries (3)
'Impacts' on receiving countries (4)
Agricultural decline in MENA
first stage that led to Agricultural Decline
Second Stage which led to Agricultural Decline
Last stage of Agricultural decline
What did these SAP's prescribe?
Consequences of SAP's
Food security vs Food Self-sufficiency
The Food Gap
Water Problems (5)
MENA share on worlds oil reserves?
Creation of OPEC
(when, founding members?)
Natural resource dependency
Characteristics of Rentierism
Early challenges to Rentier States
Major current challenges
The Dubai Model
The Upstream Sector
The Downstream sector
Shift in Gulf Investments?
Why the rise of Islamism?
Liberalism's Gender Paradox
Citizenship in the gulf