Bio Winter Midterm

Question 1 of 33

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What is a gene?

Select one of the following:

  • A strand of DNA that serves as an instruction manual for how to make necessary proteins for the body

  • A strand of DNA that acts as a 3D printer

  • A notable feature or quality in a person

Question 2 of 33

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What are genes made up of?

Select one of the following:

  • DNA

  • Ribosomes

  • mRNA

  • tRNA

Question 3 of 33

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Where are genes located in the cell?

Select one of the following:

  • Ribosomes

  • DNA

  • Chromosomes

Question 4 of 33

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What are chromosomes?

Select one of the following:

  • Compact units in which double helices are packaged into

  • Compact units in which DNA are packaged into

  • Compact unites in which mRNA are packaged into

Question 5 of 33

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What percentage of an organism's chromosomes are inherited from each of the organism's parents (in sexually reproducing organisms)?

Select one of the following:

  • 30%

  • 40%

  • 50%

  • 60%

Question 6 of 33

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What is a trait?

Select one of the following:

  • A type of cell that carries oxygen from the brain to the lungs

  • A part of the double helix

  • A notable quality or feature of a person

Question 7 of 33

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Most traits are complex as opposed to single.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 33

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How does a molecule hold information?

Select one of the following:

  • The double helix’s ladder’s rungs are built with the A, C, T, and G DNA alphabet.

  • It sends it to the ribosomes when it can't hold it anymore.

  • It stores it in the mRNA

Question 9 of 33

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How are genes related to proteins?

Select one of the following:

  • Each gene in the DNA encodes information about how to make a specific protein.

  • Each ribosomes encodes information about how to make a specific protein.

  • Each nucleotide encodes information about how to make a specific protein.

Question 10 of 33

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What is mRNA

Select one of the following:

  • They are portable copies of genes. The cell's "flash drive".

  • 3-D “machines, tools, and structures,” printed by ribosomes. The working “apps” of the cell. What is being printed.

  • The cell's hard drive

  • The molecular symbols of the genetic code

Question 11 of 33

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What do ribosomes do?

Select one of the following:

  • Print off proteins

  • Store all the cell's nucleotides

  • Create mRNA

Question 12 of 33

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All species have the same number of chromosomes.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 33

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The number of chromosomes relate directly to the complexity of an organism

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 33

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The cell's hard drive is/are the...

Select one of the following:

  • Ribosomes

  • DNA

  • Double helices

  • Proteins

  • Nucleus

Question 15 of 33

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The cell's software is/are the....

Select one of the following:

  • DNA

  • Ribsomes

  • Proteins

  • Nucleus

Question 16 of 33

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What are the letters of the nucleotides?

Select one or more of the following:

  • A

  • R

  • G

  • T

  • N

  • C

  • Q

Question 17 of 33

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The "app(s)" of the software/the instructions for printing proteins is/are...

Select one of the following:

  • mRNA

  • tRNA

  • Nucleotides

  • Genes

Question 18 of 33

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The portable copies of the softwares "apps" is/are...

Select one of the following:

  • mRNA

  • tRNA

  • Proteins

  • Nucleotides

  • DNA

Question 19 of 33

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The cell's 3D printers that are able to translate mRNA code are...

Select one of the following:

  • Proteins

  • Ribosomes

  • Nuclei

  • Nucleotides

Question 20 of 33

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Truckers that bring amino acid supplies to ribosomes are...

Select one of the following:

  • tRNA

  • mRNA

  • Nucleotides

  • Proteins

Question 21 of 33

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The things (machines, tools, and structures) that are being printed by the ribosomes are....

Select one of the following:

  • mRNA

  • DNA

  • Genes

  • Proteins

  • Transcriptions

Question 22 of 33

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What is the process of transcription?

Select one of the following:

  • When mRNA is coded to print protein

  • Putting DNA genes on mRNA flash drives

  • When tRNA is sent to the ribosomes

  • When the ribosomes begin printing proteins

Question 23 of 33

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What is the process of translation?

Select one of the following:

  • When tRNA is sent out to the ribosomes

  • Putting DNA genes on mRNA flash drives

  • When the ribosomes print proteins

  • When mRNA coded message prints proteins

Question 24 of 33

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What are the two functions of DNA?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Printing proteins

  • mRNA production

  • Cell replication

  • Ribosome replication

Question 25 of 33

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What is the correct order of the printing process in cells?

Select one of the following:

  • -Make an mRNA copy of the gene
    -Unzip the double helix at the required gene
    -Send the mRNA copies to the ribosomes
    -Ribosomes read the mRNA code, print the protein, tRNA brings the amino acids to the ribosomes

  • -Unzip the double helix at the required gene
    -Make an mRNA copy of the gene
    -Send the mRNA copies to the ribosomes
    -Ribosomes read the mRNA code, print the protein, tRNA brings the amino acids to the ribosomes

  • -Make an mRNA copy of the gene
    -Unzip the double helix at the required gene
    -Send the mRNA copies to the ribosomes
    -Ribosomes read the mRNA code, print the protein, tRNA brings the amino acids to the ribosomes
    -Make an mRNA copy of the gene

  • -Make an mRNA copy of the gene
    -Send the mRNA copies to the ribosomes
    -Unzip the double helix at the required gene
    -Ribosomes read the mRNA code, print the protein, tRNA brings the amino acids to the ribosomes

Question 26 of 33

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What is the correct order of the process of DNA replication?

Select one of the following:

  • -Proofread the new copies for errors in the nucleotides
    -Unzip the double helix
    -Add new nucleotides to each side, creating two new double-helices, each identical to the originals.

  • -Add new nucleotides to each side, creating two new double-helices, each identical to the originals.
    -Proofread the new copies for errors in the nucleotides
    -Unzip the double helix

  • -Unzip the double helix
    -Add new nucleotides to each side, creating two new double-helices, each identical to the originals.
    -Proofread the new copies for errors in the nucleotides

Question 27 of 33

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A protein’s __________ is determined by its shape

Select one of the following:

  • Amino acids

  • Order of mRNA nucleotides in a message

  • Order of DNA nucleotides in a gene

  • Function

Question 28 of 33

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A protein’s _______ is determined by its order of amino acids

Select one of the following:

  • Order of mRNA nucleotides in a message

  • Order of DNA nucleotides in a gene

  • Shape

  • Function

Question 29 of 33

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_________ in a protein is determined by the order of mRNA nucleotides.

Select one of the following:

  • The order of amino acids

  • The order of mRNA nucleotides in a message

  • The order of DNA nucleotides in a gene

  • Shape

Question 30 of 33

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__________ is determined by the order of DNA nucleotides in a gene.

Select one of the following:

  • The order of DNA nucleotides in a gene

  • The order of mRNA nucleotides in a message

  • Shape

  • Function

Question 31 of 33

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What are the two groups in the amino acid structure?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Carboxylic

  • Ameanic

  • Amino

  • Carbonic

  • Sulfuric

  • Sulfate

Question 32 of 33

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How many types of amino acids are there?

Select one or more of the following:

  • 20

  • 15

  • 10

  • 30

Question 33 of 33

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How many chromosomes do humans have?

Select one or more of the following:

  • 30

  • 46

  • 48

  • 38

  • 40

  • 36

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Bio Winter Midterm

jamiepearl
Quiz by , created almost 2 years ago

Quiz on Bio Winter Midterm, created by jamiepearl on 28/12/2014.

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Created by jamiepearl almost 2 years ago
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