IBS - Embryology Quiz

Question 1 of 33

Medal-premium 1

What does the Morula become?

Select one of the following:

  • A distinct inner and outer cell mass

  • A trilaminar embryo

  • The epiblast and hypoblast

Question 2 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The inner cell mass differentiates into which two structures?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Epiblast

  • Hypoblast

  • Ectoderm

  • Mesoderm

  • Endoderm

Question 3 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The primitive streak indicates that gastrulation is occurring.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 33

Medal-premium 1

What is gastrulation?

Select one of the following:

  • The migration of epiblast cells to the primitive streak which then migrates down and displaces the hypoblast, forming a trilaminar embryo consisting, in descending order, of the ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm.

  • The folding of the parietal and visceral layers of the lateral plate mesoderm in order to form the precursors to the bone and wall of the gut tube respectively.

  • The formation of the notochord from the notochordal plate in a cranial to caudal sequence.

Question 5 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The Ectoderm is destined to become what structures?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Tooth enamel

  • Nervous system

  • Epidermis

  • Gastrointestinal tract

  • Respiratory system

  • Muscle

  • Cardiovascular system

Question 6 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The Mesoderm is destined to become which structures?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Connective tissue

  • Cardiovascular system

  • Muscle

  • Blood cells

  • Respiratory system

  • Nervous system

  • Epidermis

Question 7 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The Endoderm is destined to become which structures?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Gastrointestinal tract

  • Respiratory system

  • Urinary system

  • Epidermis

  • Connective tissue

  • Cardiovascular system

Question 8 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The Notochord is important in signal secretion for nervous system development.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The primitive node is the "organiser" of the trilaminar embryo, and releases signalling molecules like NODAL, BMP4 and Noggin.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Neurulation is the formation of the neural tube. The embryonic plate elongates and folding creates a neural groove and neural plate. Somites, ridges either side of the groove form. Continued folding leads to a tube structure forming. The anterior and posterior neuropores then close, forming a neural tube.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 11 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The notochord release BMP that patterns the ventral side of the neural tube.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 33

Medal-premium 1

BMP is released which patterns the dorsal side of the neural tube.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Spina Bifida is caused by what?

Select one of the following:

  • Failure of the neural tube to close

  • Failure of neural crest cells to migrate

  • Failure of gastrulation

Question 14 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Mutations in SHH can lead to what?

Select one of the following:

  • Cyclopsia due to lack of bilateral symmetry

  • Inverted organ symmetry due to lack of wafting

Question 15 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The mesoderm differentiates into which layers?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Somatic

  • Intermediate

  • Lateral plate - Parietal and Visceral layers

  • Occipital

  • Frontal

  • Posterior

Question 16 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Folding of the parietal layer of the lateral plate mesoderm produces the precursor to the GI tract.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 17 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Somites differentiate into what three 'tomes'?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Dermatome

  • Myotome

  • Sclerotome

  • Epitome

  • Gastrotome

  • Echinotome

Question 18 of 33

Medal-premium 1

HOX genes are not responsible for coding for particular segments of body structures

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 19 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Pharyngeal arches are located where?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Ectodermal side - ridges

  • Endodermal side - ridges

  • Endodermal side - pits

  • Ectodermal side - pits

Question 20 of 33

Medal-premium 1

There are 5 pharyngeal arches; 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 21 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Neural crest cell migration is important in forming the ectodermal placodes. The crest cells aid in the formation of sensory ganglia of certain cranial nerves. Which cranial nerves are these and what conditions may result due to migration failure?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CN 5, 7, 9 and 10

  • CN 5, 7, 8 and 10

  • CN 1, 3, 10 and 12

  • CN 2, 4, 9 and 11

  • Digeorge syndrome

  • Robin syndrome

  • Anencephaly

  • Down's Syndrome

Question 22 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Migrated neural crest cells can form 'cartilages' in the arches such as Meckel's cartilage. What is its function?

Select one of the following:

  • Precursor template for the mandible

  • Signal secretion for the developing embryo

  • Formation of the sensory ganglia in the arches

Question 23 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which cranial nerve innervates the 1st pharyngeal arch?

Select one of the following:

  • Trigeminal

  • Facial

  • Glossopharyngeal

  • Vagus

Question 24 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which cranial nerve innervates the 2nd pharyngeal arch?

Select one of the following:

  • Trigeminal

  • Facial

  • Glossopharyngeal

  • Vagus

Question 25 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which cranial nerve innervates the 3rd pharyngeal arch?

Select one of the following:

  • Trigeminal

  • Facial

  • Glossopharyngeal

  • Vagus

Question 26 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which cranial nerve innervates the 4th and 6th pharyngeal arches?

Select one of the following:

  • Trigeminal

  • Facial

  • Glossopharyngeal

  • Vagus

Question 27 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which components of the skull are made from the 1st pharyngeal arch?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Zygomatic bone

  • Maxilla

  • Mandible

  • Temporal bone

  • Hyoid bone

  • Styloid process

Question 28 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which components of the skull are made from the 2nd pharyngeal arch?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Hyoid bone

  • Styloid process

  • Stylohyoid ligament

  • Zygomatic bone

  • Cricoid cartilage

Question 29 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which components of the skull are made from the 4th and 6th pharyngeal arches?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Thyroid cartilage

  • Cricoid cartilage

  • Styloid process

  • Maxilla

  • Temporal bone

Question 30 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The medial and lateral nasal prominences join together to make the nose.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The fusion of the medial nasal prominences forms the secondary palate

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 32 of 33

Medal-premium 1

The maxillary prominences fuse together to form the secondary palate

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 33 of 33

Medal-premium 1

What condition(s) are caused by failure of the nasal, mandibular and maxillary prominences to fuse?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Cleft palate

  • Spina Bifida

  • DiGeorge

  • Robin

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IBS - Embryology Quiz

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Quiz by , created almost 2 years ago

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Created by jp950 almost 2 years ago
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