thedansandbruce-Chap1

Question 1 of 20

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In which of Charles Darwin’s books, did he predict through the new science of psychology “Light will be thrown on man and his history?”

Select one of the following:

  • The Selfish Gene

  • Principles of Psychology

  • On the Origins of the Species

  • How the Mind Works

Question 2 of 20

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The early roots of psychology are firmly planted in philosophy and:

Select one of the following:

  • anatomy.

  • logic.

  • dualism.

  • physiology.

Question 3 of 20

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Historians generally credit the official emergence of psychology as a science to:

Select one of the following:

  • Broca.

  • Helmholtz.

  • Wundt.

  • Titchener.

Question 4 of 20

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Why are mindbugs interesting to psychologists?

Select one of the following:

  • they reveal ways in which minds are constrained to process information

  • they explain why humans are so poor at reasoning

  • they can be used to understand human development

  • they reveal the physiological structures of the brain

Question 5 of 20

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Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, is best known for his:

Select one of the following:

  • experiments with salivating dogs.

  • experiments with head-bobbing pigeons.

  • work with clinically depressed clients.

  • experiments with rats and mazes.

Question 6 of 20

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A school teacher gives yellow smiley faces for good work in the hopes of encouraging the children to do their best. According to principles of reinforcement, smiley faces would be:

Select one of the following:

  • positive reinforcement.

  • stimuli.

  • reactionary agents.

  • negative reinforcement.

Question 7 of 20

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Dr. Rowe studies what makes adolescents conform to the behaviors and opinions of other adolescents. Which area of psychology does her research best represent?

Select one of the following:

  • cognitive psychology

  • clinical psychology

  • social psychology

  • cultural psychology

Question 8 of 20

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Nurture is to nature as experience is to:

Select one of the following:

  • adaptation.

  • nativism.

  • behaviorism.

  • phrenology.

Question 9 of 20

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The first laboratory devoted exclusively to psychology as an independent field of study opened in:

Select one of the following:

  • Berlin in 1879.

  • Berlin in 1889.

  • Leipzig in 1889.

  • Leipzig in 1879.

Question 10 of 20

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Which school of psychology was most concerned with the adaptive importance of mental processes?

Select one of the following:

  • structuralism

  • behaviorism

  • functionalism

  • empiricism.

Question 11 of 20

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The branch of psychology that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings is called:

Select one of the following:

  • humanistic psychology.

  • Gestalt psychology.

  • cognitive psychology.

  • idealistic psychology.

Question 12 of 20

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Which psychologists insisted that psychology focus entirely on the study of behavior—what people do—rather than what people experience?

Select one of the following:

  • functionalists

  • behaviorists

  • structuralists

  • Gestalt psychologists

Question 13 of 20

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The advent of in the 1950s had an enormous conceptual impact on the development of cognitive psychology.

Select one of the following:

  • statistical programming

  • stimulus-response

  • conditioning

  • computers

Question 14 of 20

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Aristotle is to philosophical empiricism as Plato is to:

Select one of the following:

  • philosophical structuralism.

  • nativism.

  • phrenology.

  • physiology.

Question 15 of 20

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Which of the following people used the method of introspection to scientifically focus on basic elements of the mind?

Select one of the following:

  • Wilhelm Wundt

  • William James

  • John Watson

  • René Descartes

Question 16 of 20

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When his parents put him in his car seat and start up the truck, 2-year-old Mark almost immediately goes to sleep. The sound of the truck engine is a:

Select one of the following:

  • response.

  • stimulus.

  • reinforcement.

  • reactionary agent.

Question 17 of 20

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All of the following were cognitive psychologists EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • Sir Frederic Bartlett.

  • Jean Piaget.

  • Kurt Lewin.

  • William James.

Question 18 of 20

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All of the following contributed to the rise of cognitive neuroscience EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • the development of noninvasive brain-scanning techniques.

  • increased use of introspection techniques.

  • the advent of PET scans.

  • the use of MRI scanners.

Question 19 of 20

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Dr. Coblentz believes that most women prefer to choose young, physically healthy men for their life partners because this boosts their chances for producing healthy offspring. This outlook illustrates the perspective.

Select one of the following:

  • cultural

  • evolutionary

  • behavioral

  • developmental

Question 20 of 20

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What kind of psychologist is most likely to be working in a prison environment?

Select one of the following:

  • educational

  • health

  • forensic

  • occupational

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vladimir.spach
Quiz by , created almost 2 years ago

Quiz on thedansandbruce-Chap1, created by vladimir.spach on 29/01/2015.

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vladimir.spach
Created by vladimir.spach almost 2 years ago
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