Anatomy & Physiology Quiz 1

Question 1 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT ANATOMICAL TERM PERTAINS TO THE LOWER END OF THE BODY?

Select one or more of the following:

  • PROXIMAL

  • DISTAL

  • INFERIOR

  • CAUDAL

Question 2 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE PROCESS OF ABSORPTION, STORAGE AND USE OF FOODS FOR BODY GROWTH, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR?

Select one or more of the following:

  • HOMEOSTASIS

  • METABOLISM

  • DIGESTION

  • ALL OF THE ABOVE

Question 3 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHICH OF THE BELOW IS NOT TRUE CONCERNING THE SMALLEST UNIT OF LIFE, THE CELL?

Select one or more of the following:

  • IS MADE UP OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE, A NUCLEUS AND THE CYTOPLASM

  • IT CONTAINS 46 CHROMOSOMES

  • IT IS COMPOSED LARGELY OF A GEL-LIKE SUBSTANCE, CALLED CYTOPLASM

  • THE PROTOPLASM IS CONTAINED BY THE PLASMA MEMBRANE AND SURROUNDS THE NUCLEUS

Question 4 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT TYPE TISSUE ACTS AS A RESERVOIR FOR ENERGY-PRODUCING FOODS, HELPS TO REDUCE BODY HEAT LOSS BECAUSE OF ITS POOR HEAT CONDUCTIVITY, AND SERVES AS SUPPORT FOR VARIOUS ORGANS AND FRAGILE STRUCTURES SUCH AS THE KIDNEYS, BLOOD VESSELS, AND NERVES?

Select one or more of the following:

  • ADIPOSE

  • OSSEOUS

  • AREOLAR

  • EPITHELIAL

Question 5 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT SUBSTANCE CONTAINED IN THE BONE PROVIDES FOR IT'S STRENGTH AND HARDNESS?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CALCIUM

  • PROTEIN

  • OSSEIN

  • ALL OF THE ABOVE

Question 6 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE PELVIC BONES (BY THEIR SHAPE) WOULD BE CLASSIFIED AS WHAT TYPE OF BONES?

Select one or more of the following:

  • LONG

  • SHORT

  • FLAT

  • IRREGULAR

Question 7 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BONES IS LOCATED IN THE NOSE?

Select one or more of the following:

  • LACRIMAL

  • PALATINE

  • VOMER

  • MALAR

Question 8 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT BONE FORMS THE FOREHEAD, CONTAINS THE FRONTAL SINUSES AND HELPS FORM THE EYE SOCKET AND NASAL CAVITY?

Select one or more of the following:

  • TEMPORAL

  • FRONTAL

  • OCCIPITAL

  • ETHMOID

Question 9 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE FIRST CERVICAL VERTEBRAE WHICH SUPPORTS THE HEAD?

Select one or more of the following:

  • ATLAS

  • AXIS

  • FORAMEN MAGNUM

  • ZYGOMATIC PROCESS

Question 10 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE THREE INNOMINATE BONES ARE FIRMLY UNITED INTO ONE BONE TO FORM A CUP-LIKE STRUCTURE CALLED THE:

Select one or more of the following:

  • SYMPHYSIS

  • ACETABULUM

  • OBTURATOR FORAMEN

  • ILIUM

Question 11 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE PROMINENCE AT THE DISTAL END OF THE FIBULA FORMS THE OUTER ANKLE AND IS CALLED

Select one or more of the following:

  • LATERAL CONDYLES

  • MEDIAL CONDYLES

  • LATERAL MALLEOLUS

  • MEDIAL MALLEOLUS

Question 12 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHICH OF THE BELOW IS NOT TRUE CONCERNING JOINT MOVEMENT?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CIRCUMDUCTION INVOLVES THE HIPS AND SHOULDERS

  • ABDUCTION IS MOVING AN EXTREMITY AWAY FROM THE BODY

  • GLIDING IS ONE SURFACE MOVING OVER ANOTHER WITHOUT ANY ROTARY OR ANGULAR
    MOTION

  • ANGULAR MOTION IS THE SIMPLEST TYPE

Question 13 of 55

Medal-premium 1

TURNING OUTWARD AS IN TURNING THE SOLE OF THE FOOT TO THE OUTSIDE WOULD BE TERMED?

Select one or more of the following:

  • EVERSION

  • INVERSION

  • SUPINATION

  • PRONATION

Question 14 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT GIVES MUSCLES A CERTAIN FIRMNESS, OR A CONTINUED STATE OF PARTIAL CONTRACTION?

Select one or more of the following:

  • ISOMETRIC

  • TONICITY

  • CONTRACTABILITY

  • EXTENSIBILITY

Question 15 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE LONGEST MUSCLE IN THE BODY?

Select one or more of the following:

  • BICEPS FEMORIS

  • TIBIALIS ANTERIOR

  • GASTROCNEMIUS AND SOLEUS

  • SARTORIUS

Question 16 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT MUSCLE IS THE SITE OF CHOICE FOR MASSIVE INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTIONS?

Select one or more of the following:

  • QUADRICEPS

  • BICEPS BRACHII

  • GLUTEUS MAXIMUS

  • DELTOID

Question 17 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE CLEAR, PALE, YELLOW, LIQUID PORTION OF BLOOD AFTER COAGULATION?

Select one or more of the following:

  • BLOOD SERUM

  • HEMOGLOBIN

  • PLASMA

  • ERYTHROCYTES

Question 18 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHICH OF THE BELOW IS NOT TRUE CONCERNING RED BLOOD CELLS (ERYTHROCYTES)?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CARBON DIOXIDE IS PICKED UP BY THE RBC'S AND DISCHARGED VIA THE LUNGS

  • NORMAL RBC COUNT IS HIGHER IN WOMEN THAN IN MEN

  • THE RBC WILL LIVE ABOUT 100-120 DAYS IN THE BODY

  • THE SPLEEN IS THE "GRAVE YARD" FOR OLD, WORN RBC'S

Question 19 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE NORMAL WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT PER CUBIC MILLIMETER OF BLOOD?

Select one or more of the following:

  • 4,800 to 10,800

  • 15,000 TO 20,000

  • 250,000

  • 6000 TO 8000

Question 20 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE HEART IS ENCLOSED IN A MEMBRANOUS SAC CALLED THE

Select one or more of the following:

  • EPICARDIUM

  • MYOCARDIUM

  • PERICARDIUM

  • ENDOCARDIUM

Question 21 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT PART OF THE HEART RECEIVES DEOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE BODY VIA THE SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR VENAE CAVAE?

Select one or more of the following:

  • LEFT ATRIUM

  • RIGHT ATRIUM

  • LEFT VENTRICLE

  • RIGHT VENTRICLE

Question 22 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE RELAXATION OF THE HEART, PHASE OF THE BLOOD PRESSURE IS CALLED?

Select one or more of the following:

  • DIASTOLE

  • SYSTOLE

  • BLOOD PRESSURE

  • DIASYSTOLE

Question 23 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT VENOUS SYSTEM IS THE ONLY VEINS IN THE BODY THAT CARRY FRESHLY OXYGENATED BLOOD?

Select one or more of the following:

  • HEPATIC

  • SYSTEMIC

  • PORTAL

  • PULMONARY

Question 24 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT VEIN IS MOST COMMONLY USED FOR IV INJECTIONS AND INFUSIONS?

Select one or more of the following:

  • MEDIAN CUBITAL

  • GREAT SAPHENOUS

  • CEPHALIC

  • BRACHIAL

Question 25 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE VOICE BOX?

Select one or more of the following:

  • EPIGLOTTIS

  • TRACHEA

  • PHARYNX

  • LARYNX

Question 26 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS DOME-SHAPED AND SEPARATES THE THORACIC AND ABDOMINAL CAVITIES?

Select one or more of the following:

  • MEDIASTINUM

  • INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES

  • DIAPHRAGM

  • LUNGS

Question 27 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE AMOUNT OF AIR LEFT IN THE LUNGS AFTER FORCED EXPIRATION IS ABOUT 1200 ML AND IS KNOWN AS

Select one or more of the following:

  • INHALED AIR

  • EXHALED AIR

  • TIDAL AIR

  • RESIDUAL AIR

Question 28 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT TYPE OF RESPIRATION INCREASES WITH FORCE AND FREQUENCY UP TO A CERTAIN POINT, THEN DECREASES UNTIL THEY CEASE ALTOGETHER?

Select one or more of the following:

  • EUPNEA

  • CHEYNE-STOKES

  • RALES

  • DYSPNEA

Question 29 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE GELATINOUS SUBSTANCE SURROUNDING THE NUCLEUS?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CYTOPLASM

  • NUCLEOPLASM

  • DENDRITE

  • NEURON

Question 30 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE INFERIOR PORTION OF THE BRAIN, THE LAST DIVISION BEFORE THE BEGINNING OF THE SPINAL CORD IS THE

Select one or more of the following:

  • PONS

  • MEDULLA OBLONGATA

  • CEREBRUM

  • CEREBELLUM

Question 31 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT PART OF THE BRAIN IS CHIEFLY CONCERNED WITH BRINGING BALANCE, HARMONY, AND COORDINATION TO THE BODY?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CEREBRUM

  • CEREBELLUM

  • PONS

  • MEDULLA OBLONGATA

Question 32 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT NERVOUS SYSTEM INCREASES THE ACTIVITY OF THE BODY TO ENABLE IT TO MEET DANGER OR UNDERGO STRENUOUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, IT HAS BEEN CALLED THE “FIGHT OR FLIGHT” NERVOUS SYSTEM

Select one or more of the following:

  • SYMPATHETIC

  • AUTONOMIC

  • PARASYMPATHETIC

  • PERIPHERAL

Question 33 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT NERVE CONTROLS THE MUSCLES THAT TURN THE EYEBALL DOWN AND TO THE SIDE?

Select one or more of the following:

  • OPTIC

  • ACCESSORY

  • TROCHLEAR

  • FACIAL

Question 34 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT NERVE GOVERNS SENSATION OF THE FOREHEAD AND FACE AND THE CLENCHING OF THE JAW?

Select one or more of the following:

  • GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL

  • VAGUS

  • TRIGEMINAL

  • OCULOMOTOR

Question 35 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE PIGMENTED MUSCULAR STRUCTURE THAT GIVES COLOR TO THE EYE?

Select one or more of the following:

  • AQUEOUS HUMOR

  • SCLERA

  • CHOROID

  • IRIS

Question 36 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT HAS THE MOST BEARING FOR THE ABILITY OF A PERSON TO SEE DURING THE DAYTIME?

Select one or more of the following:

  • VITREOUS HUMOR

  • CHOROID

  • RODS

  • CONES

Question 37 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT EAR OSSICLE IS ATTACHED TO THE INNER SURFACE OF THE EARDRUM AND CONNECTS WITH THE INCUS?

Select one or more of the following:

  • INCUS (ANVIL)

  • MALLEUS (HAMMER)

  • STAPES (STIRRUP)

  • MALLEOLUS (MEDIAL)

Question 38 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT ENDOCRINE GLAND IS OFTEN CALLED THE MASTER GLAND OF THE BODY, BECAUSE IT INFLUENCES MOST OTHER ENDOCRINE GLANDS?

Select one or more of the following:

  • PITUITARY

  • THYROID

  • PARATHYROID

  • ADRENAL

Question 39 of 55

Medal-premium 1

AN OVER PRODUCTION OF WHICH HORMONE CAUSES ACROMEGALY, WHICH IS CHARACTERIZED BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABNORMALLY LARGE HANDS, FEET AND JAW?

Select one or more of the following:

  • SOMATOTROPIN

  • THYROTROPIN

  • OXYTOCIN

  • GONADOTROPIN

Question 40 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT CONDITION IS CAUSED BY LACK OF ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE (ADH)?

Select one or more of the following:

  • SUGAR DIABETES

  • DIABETES MELLITUS

  • DIABETES INSIPIDUS

  • HYPOTHYROIDISM

Question 41 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT HORMONE REGULATES THE CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS CONTENT OF BLOOD AND BONES?

Select one or more of the following:

  • TESTOSTERONE

  • PARATHORMONE

  • ANDROGENS

  • PROGESTERONE

Question 42 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS SOMETIMES CALLED SALT AND WATER HORMONES BECAUSE THEY REGULATE THE EXCRETION AND ABSORPTION OF SODIUM CHLORIDE, POTASSIUM AND WATER?

Select one or more of the following:

  • ESTROGENS

  • THYROXIN

  • GLUCOCORTICOIDS

  • MINERALOCORTICOIDS

Question 43 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE ISLANDS OF LANGERHANS (LOCATED IN THE PANCREAS) CONTAINS WHAT CELL THAT SECRETES INSULIN, WHICH IS ESSENTIAL FOR CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM?

Select one or more of the following:

  • BETA

  • ALPHA

  • GAMMA

  • GLUCAGON

Question 44 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT ARE THE THREE PARTS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE IN THEIR NATURAL ORDER?

Select one or more of the following:

  • JEJUNUM, ILEUM AND DUODENUM

  • DUODENUM, ILEUM AND JEJUNUM

  • LEUM, JEJUNUM AND DUODENUM

  • DUODENUM, JEJUNUM AND ILEUM

Question 45 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE SEROUS MEMBRANE THAT LINES THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY IS KNOWN AS THE:

Select one or more of the following:

  • CECUM

  • MESENTERY

  • PERITONEUM

  • PERIOSTEUM

Question 46 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE MUSCULAR RING AT THE DUODENAL END OF THE STOMACH, WHICH PREVENTS IT’S CONTENTS FROM ESCAPING?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CARDIAC SPHINCTER

  • PYLORIC SPHINCTER

  • ESOPHAGUS

  • APPENDIX

Question 47 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE PEAR SHAPED SAC USUALLY STAINED DARK GREEN BY THE BILE IT CONTAINS IS THE:

Select one or more of the following:

  • GALLBLADDER

  • LIVER

  • APPENDIX

  • COLON

Question 48 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE NORMAL DAILY URINE VOLUME FOR ADULTS?

Select one or more of the following:

  • 250 TO 600 ML (400 AVERAGE)

  • 500 TO 1200 ML (800 AVERAGE)

  • 550 TO 1850 ML (1,250 AVERAGE)

  • 600 TO 2,000 (1,500 AVERAGE)

Question 49 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT ORGAN REMOVES EXCESS SUBSTANCES FROM BLOOD TO FORM URINE?

Select one or more of the following:

  • KIDNEYS

  • URETERS

  • URETHRA

  • MEDULLA

Question 50 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF THE KIDNEY IS CALLED A

Select one or more of the following:

  • NEPHRON

  • MEDULLARY SUBSTANCE

  • MALPIGHIAN BODY

  • LOOP OF HENLE

Question 51 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHICH OF THE BELOW IS NOT TRUE CONCERNING THE KIDNEY?

Select one or more of the following:

  • THEY ARE EFFECTIVE BLOOD PURIFIERS AND FLUID BALANCE REGULATORS

  • UREMIA IS CAUSED WHEN THE KIDNEYS FAIL TO REMOVE WASTE PRODUCTS FROM THE BLOOD

  • AN ESTIMATED 5,000 GALLONS OF BLOOD PASS THROUGH THE KIDNEYS IN A 24 HOURS

  • REMOVAL OF NITROGENOUS WASTE PRODUCTS FROM BLOOD IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF THE KIDNEY

Question 52 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT IS THE SMALL TUBE THAT CONNECTS THE EPIDIDYMIS AND THE EJACULATORY DUCT?

Select one or more of the following:

  • SEMINAL VESICLES

  • VAS DEFERENS

  • EPIDIDYMIS

  • SPERMATIC CORD

Question 53 of 55

Medal-premium 1

THE CHESTNUT-SHAPED GLAND THAT SECRETES A SLIGHTLY ACIDIC FLUID TO KEEP THE SPERM MOBILE IS CALLED:

Select one or more of the following:

  • BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS

  • DUCTUS DEFERENS

  • COWPER’S GLAND

  • PROSTATE GLAND

Question 54 of 55

Medal-premium 1

FERTILIZATION OF AN OVUM NORMALLY TAKE PLACE IN THE:

Select one or more of the following:

  • VAGINA

  • OVARIES

  • FALLOPIAN TUBES

  • UTERUS

Question 55 of 55

Medal-premium 1

WHAT PART OF THE UTERUS (WOMB) IS THE LOWER ONE-THIRD PORTION THAT PROJECTS INTO THE UPPER PART OF THE VAGINA?

Select one or more of the following:

  • CERVIX

  • BODY

  • EXTERNAL ORIFICE

  • VULVA

Icon_fullscreen

Anatomy & Physiology Quiz 1

Greg Rothfuss
Quiz by , created almost 2 years ago

Questions taken from Corpsman manual assignments for use at CorpsmanAcademy.com

Eye 126
Pin 1
Balloon-left 0
Greg Rothfuss
Created by Greg Rothfuss almost 2 years ago
Close