The fire service uses an organizational structure based on rank
Staff personnel deliver emergency services directly to external customers
Guide to decision making in an organization
Set of principles developed through consensus
Detailed plan of step-by step action for conducting policy
Collection of rules enacted by law in a particular jurisdiction
Which of the following fire services trends of change means that fire departments must provide some type of first responder care?
Which cultural strength within the fire service means a firefighter's behavior should involve right or just behavior with an emphasis on trust?
Many fire departments take the ______ approach by providing a variety of services to their communities?
The layers in the fire service organizational pyramid are composed of what
What is the primary duty of firefighter 1 level personnel?
Which position in the fire service is responsible for supervising a fire company?
What is the first step to locating information in your departments regulations?
Which of the following organizations that interact with the fire service can be helpful in alerting the public in large-scale evacuations?
The risk management model developed by the Pheonix (AZ) fire department is focused on behaviors that support a safety first mindset
Effective safety and health programs depend only on participation from department administrators
Firefighters should never stand on or in a moving apparatus, no exceptions
One way to help minimize risk at an emergency is to work individually as each firefighter sees fit.
Which of the following is an individuals responsibility in the prevention of respiratory diseases?
Which of the following is the most comprehensive standard relating to fire fighter safety and health?
Occupational safety and health administration (OSHA) regulations relate to
Which of the following typically causes back injuries and strains associated with fire stations and facilities?
Which of the following is the best way to practice safety with tools and equipment?
When is a collapse zone established?
Which of the following personnel accountability systems requires the accountability officer to record an expected exit time?
The public answering point (PSAP) is a category of?
What percentage of the US has access to the 911 system?
The public information officer (PIO) is the contact person for?
Which of the following is a responsibility when monitoring a fire stations watch room or booth?
Assigned units should confirm receipt of dispatch information according to local protocol after:
internal communications involve transmissions between incident commander and:
Which of the following best describes the part of a mobile radio system usually located in the cab within reach of the driver/operator
Most fire departments have a _____ assigned for dispatching
Which of the following best describes what first happens when a radio is turned on in a trunked radio system?
Which of the following is a feature that sends an alert signal to an agency's dispatch center?
Vehicle engines, electric motors, and computers all fall into which category of radio limitations?
When using a microphone, good practice is to:
Size and moisture content affect how wood reacts to fire
Heated gypsum may crack and shatter when struck by a cold fire stream
Buildings are composed of the same components, all of which can prevent or contribute to fire growth.
Which of the following common building materials performs well under fire conditions but can lose strength through spalling?
Which of the folloing construction types is considered to be the most collapse resistant
Atmosphere-supplying respirators (ASRs) only filter particulates out of ambient air
Air-Purifying respirators (APRs) are classified in three categories of filter degradation: N, R and P
SCBA checks should be performed only once a week
The inspection period for protective breathing apparatus is established by NFPA 1852
Empty SCBA cylinders should be kept with full sylinders
SCBA air supply duration depends only on physical condition
Which of the following types of protective clothing is designed to prevent heat transfer from fire to the body?
Which of the types of special protective clothing may be dual certified for emergency medical use?
Which of the NFPA definied types of cleaning does not require removal from service?
Which of the following respiratory hazards is most commonly caused by combustion
Which of the following respiratory hazards targets the heart and the brain?
Which of the following wearer limitations for respiratory protection requires the user to have the ability to overcome stress and fear?
Which of the following equipment limitations of respiratory protection can result in minor leaks?
Which of the following safety precautions taken when refilling SCBA prevents it from overheating?
Which of the following is a non emergency exit indicator
Which of the following is an emergency exit indicator?
Which of the following non emergency exit techniques requires using the same path to exit an IDLH environment as to enter?
there is no standard that regulates requirements for life safety rope
Synthetic rope is resistant to mildew, mold and rotting
ONly life safety rope must be inspected after each use?
There are two parts of rope used when tying a knot
Which of the following types of rope construction is used for life safety rope?
Which of the following BEST describes what could happen id a rope is subjected to a sustained load for more than two days?
What type of webbing is best suited for use as a part of a search line system
A tighter bend in a knot leads to
which type of knot is used as a safety measure when tying other knots?
the load ability of a rope
Which of the following is BEST to use when creating a mechanical advantage for hoisting?
Fire fighters use knowledge of building floor plan to conduct effective structural searches
Ultimate responsibility for size-up rests with the first arriving officer on-scene?
If there is a possibility of extreme fire behavior, a Fire fighter should not attempt entry until coordinated fire control and ventilation is implemented
To exit a building, turn in the same direction you entered a room
Before entryinto an immediately dangerous to life and health area, fire fighters should be aware of alternate means of egress
During the primary search, firefighters check both known and likely locations of victims and fire conditions
Most occupants will need assistance when evacuating a structure
Escape is the best option when a firefighter has completely exhausted air supply?
After a MAYDAY transmission, the rescue intervention team (RIC) should first gather needed equipment
After locating the downed firefighter, the first priority of the RIC team is usually stabilize injuries
Which of the following situational awareness clues alert firefighters to the possibility a building may be occupied?
Which of the following is the BEST way to perform a quick visual survey of conditions while on the fire floor
Which of the following victim removal methods is common in both hospitals and correctional facilities
Which of the following is the most important survival technique for firefighters?
Which of the following MAYDAY situations is most common when a structure has been on fire for an extended period of time or while it is under construction?
Which of the following survival actions is best used in order to buy more time to escape?
Vehicle mounted generators produce more power than portable units
Fixed lights are used to light remote areas of the incident
Only junction boxes and adapters are required to be waterproof; other auxiliary electrical equipment may not need to be
Which of the following is the most common power source used by emergency services personnel
Which of the following best describes the limitations of electrical cables and extension cords?
Security barriers block escape routes for both fire fighters and occupants
Non traditional types of locks provide a higher level of security
The pumping mechanism for hydraulic prying tools can only be powered
No single forcible entry tool handles all situations
Cutting around a lock is another way to open a resisting door
Interior pocket doors can be forced with the same technique used for sliding doors
The best entry point into a burning building is to force entry through windows.
Interior walls are more difficult to breach than exterior walls
Gates should be pried or cut when forcing entry to cause less damage
Which of the following may have a key pad, card reader, or fingerprint activated screen?
which of the following should be done to prevent injury when using a saw?
Which of the following is most accurate about the care and maintenance of forcible entry tools?
When performing forcible entry to open a door begin with
which of the following is the term used for two boards connected with long carriage bolts?
Which of the following makes faster, rougher cuts when breaching a floor?
A barbed wired fence should be cut with a (an)
To ensure safety, an axe or prying tool should be carried with the blade, pointed or sharp edges ____ from the body
Carry a pike pole or hook with the tool head ____ to ensure safety when outside a structure
When carrying a striking tool, keep the head of the tool ____ to the ground
To ensure safety, carry a power tool with blade forward and ____ the ground
The halyard and pulleys are components of an extension ladder
The ladder tip is secured and the foot anchored only during training, when the ladder may be used for repeated exercises
An easy way to determine the proper distance between the ladder butt and the building is to divide the working length of the ladder by four
To climb a ladder smoothly, the right hand and foot move together then the left hand and foot
Ladders constructed of ____ retain strength when exposed to heat and have better resistance to bouncing when climbed
What is the purpose of the ladder positioning label?
Which is the best procedure to follow when an inspection reveals possible deterioration of components
what is the max number of firefighters that can use a ladder without overloading?
Which of the following best describes means of escape required when personnel are working on a roof or upper story
to prevent personal injuries, ladders should be lifted and lowered using which group of muscles
How many firefighters should be used to raise ladders of 35ft or longer
heeling and tying in are two methods of
Which of the following can secure a firefighter to the ladder while performing work?
Which of the following is the best placement for a ladder intended to be used for rescue through a narrow window.
Tactical ventilation should only be performed when the fire attack hoselines and teams are in place and ready to advance toward the fire.
The two general types of tactical ventilation used for structure fires are horizontal and vertical
The triangle cut ventilation hole provides the least reliable information of conditions beneath the roof
A trench cut is used to create a fire break that increases the spread of fire in a common attic structures or large structures
Restoring the HVAC system to operation after a fire is the responsibility of the building engineer or maintenance superintendent
Smoke control systems usually have a system diagram in the same location as the control panel, indicating where the alarm originated
Air flow is the movement of air toward burning fuel and
For vertical ventilation to be effective, a horizontal inlet opening at or below the level of the fire is needed to provide a flow path for:
mechanical ventilation methods using fans, blowers, and smoke ejectors can be applied to horizontal and vertical ventilation, but is most often used for
when conditions are appropriate, natural horizontal ventilation operations should work with existing atmospheric conditions, taking advantage of
which mechanical ventilation methods uses higher pressure inside a building to force smoke through opening to the lower pressure area outside?
Positive pressure ventilation is applied to a building at ground level through the use of one or more
Which of the following actions should firefighters do to determine the difference in feel of supported areas of a roof
roofs that may fail early in a fire and are extremely dangerous to work under roofs supported by
HVAC equipment in windowless buildings may cause spread of smoke, heat and fire unless specifically
two or more primary feeders should run from the source of the water supply to high risk and industrial districts along separate routes
fire hydrant locations are generally determined by fire personnel
Dry Barrel hydrants are designed to have water inside them at all times.
Isolation and control valves are usually constructed of
Which of the following is a hydrant that receives water from only one direction
Standard three way fire hydrants require a ___-inch (mm) valve opening
Floating strainers can draft water from sources as shallow as
Hose size refers to the external diameter of the hose
A hose clamp should be applied approximately 5 ft (1.5m) from the coupling on the supply side.
NFPA 1901 lists the minimum quantity of hose to be carried on a standard pumper or engine
In a forward lay, the first coupling off the hose bed should be male
When advancing hose up and down a stairway, the hose should be uncharged when conditions allow
which type of hose requires the most care in cleaning
Which of the following items allow the number of hoselines operating on the fire ground to be increased or decreased
Which of the following statements is an advantage of the accordion load?
Which preconnected hose load is designed to be pulled by one person and must be completely removed from the bed before deploying the nozzle end
Which type of hose lay is the most expedient if the apparatus must stay at the water source
When deploying preconnected hoselines, which load should result in the hoseline deploying with fewer kinks and bends
The primary way water extinguishes fire is by excluding oxygen from the fuel
to prevent water hammer, valves, nozzles and hydrants should be closed slowly
Rotary control valves control both the water flow and the discharge pattern of a fire stream
Nozzles should be stored with the control valve bale in the open position
The energy required to change a liquid into a vapor is
which of the following statements about fire streams is most accurate?
Friction loss may be overcome by
which of the following fire streams is upplied by 1.5 and 3in (38mm to 77mm) hose, and discharges from 40 to 350 gpm
Which of the following fire stream patterns has the ability to reach areas other streams might not reach
Which of the following statements about fog streams is most accurate
Which type of nozzle can be adjusted, resulting in different patterns
Which type of nozzle can be used to effectively control fires in concealed spaces
The type of nozzle control valve that seats a movable cylinder against a shaped cone to turn off the flow of water is the:
When operating a handline, a firefighter should open the control valve slowly to
The philosophy of loss control describes activities performed before, during, and after a fire incident to minimize losses to property
Allowing carbon and ash stains to dry on canvas salvage covers may cause the canvas to rot
Synthetic salvage covers require as much maintenance as canvas covers
Overhaul procedures typically begin in the area of least severe fire involvement
The only way to ensure fires are extinguished in baled items such as rags, cotton or hay is to break them apart
Large smoldering items should be left inside the fire incident structure for thorough extinguishment
which of the following best describes the results of forcible entry, ventilation, and fire extinguishment operations during loss control?
which of the following best describes the results of forcible entry, ventilation, and fire extinguishment operations during loss control?
Salvage operations may be conducted while suppression activities are underway if the situation permits and
Which of the following are designed to be driven into walls or wooden framing to provide strong points to hang objects
Which of the following is typically the most convenient method used to carry a folded salvage cover for a two-firefighter spread
SCBA should be worn even if the air after a fire incident appears to be without smoke to protect firefighters from
Which of the following statements about hoselines during overhaul operations is most accurate
Firefighters must be especially aware of checking the attic and basement for fire extension in structures using
Which type of following construction offers the appearance of Type 3 construction?
Non Combustible construction as defined by the National Code of Canada achieves fire safety by:
What building component supports only its weight and may divide two areas within a structure?
What part of a traditional wood-joisted roof tends to lose strength gradually when exposed to fire?
A physical change causes a change to both chemically and in appearance
All energy can change from one type to another
In ambient temperatures (about 68 degrees) materials can ignite at oxygen concentrations as low as 14 percent
The incipient stage is when the fire begins to influence the compartment environment.
Which of the following is not actively part of the combustion reaction represented by the fire tetrahedron?
What is the most common source of heat in combustion reactions?
Which of the following best describes how understanding heat transfer can help fire fighters?
Sufficient heat during flaming combustion causes fuel and oxygen to form:
What fire behavior is the result of an increase in low-level ventilation prior to upper level ventilation?
Which of the following is the most commonly used fire-suppression method?
Portable fire extinguishers are only classified by the type of extinguishing agent used
Types of portable fire extinguishers are organized by the type of agent and method used to expel contents
Portable fire extinguisher ratings are classified according to the types of fire for which they are intended
Most portable fire extinguishers are operated in very different ways
Maintenance for both fire department and privately owned portable fire extinguishers is based on NFPA 10
A nozzle tip is too small will not deliver the volume of water required to extinguish the fire
Elevators must not be used to transport fire crews to the fire floor
Fires in electrical transformers are extremely rare
The goal at a fire involving stacked and piled materials is to confine the fire to the pile or building of origin
Standard structural turnout is appropriate for fighting ground cover fires
What strategy is typically selected when property is not salvageable
What type of fire attack produces large quantities of steam and must be coordinated with ventiliation
Which of the following is a form of exterior exposure protection?
When should water flow from a sprinkler be stopped
Class D fires:
A vehicle should be attacked from a ___ Angle
What type of ground cover fire is most common type and consumes low-lying grass, shrubs, and other vegetation?
Ground cover fires are dangerous because which two elements of the fire triangle are always present?
Which part of a ground cover fire are the sides, roughly parallel to the main direction of fire spread?
Which method used to attack ground cover fires is generally used against fires that are very hot, very big, and very fast?
When conducting a search after a structure fire, start inside the burned portion of the structure
The area of origin may display unburned materials
Searching for the area of origin and cause of a structure fire is similar to vehicle fires?
The perimeter for explosions should be established at two times the distance from farthest piece of debris found.
Overhaul operations can be detrimental to the fire investigation
The general location where a fire began is called the:
Which of the following typically stores materials, debris, trash and rubbish
Which of the following is a fire cause classification that may refer to a situation in which each component of the ignition sequence is not specifically identified?
Ovens, cook tops, and electrical appliances are all examples of?
Which of the following may indicate use of accelerants of intentionally disconnected gas lines?
Which of the following is a responsibility of all fire officers and fire fighters at a fire scene?
One of the goals of a fire and life safety initiatives program is to encourage and empower civilians to act in a safe manner to reduce the potential fore fires, accidents, and injuries
A fire fighter must be able to answer questions on fire and life safety topics not traditionally covered under the title of fire prevention?
Company level preincident surveys are generally conducted on occupied private residences
Codes are only enforceable when the suthority having jurisdiction adopts them
Which fire and life safety program component includes investigating the cause of fires, documenting results, and providing law enforcement agencies with findings?
Three categories of hazards that can benefit from the fire and life safety education are unsafe behaviors, unsafe conditions and
Which fire and life safety audience should be positively informed what to do rather than being focused on what not to do?
Which of the following topics is most appropriate for high school students?
Which of the following is one step a firefighter 1 can take to help locate children at risk of becoming juvenile firesetters?
What is the term for a set of requirements similar to a standard, developed by a consensus group, and used as a starting point for the code adoption process?