Which of the following protocols operates at the HIGHEST level of the OSI model?
Joe, the system administrator, has been asked to calculate the Annual Loss Expectancy (ALE) for a $5,000 server,which often crashes. In the past year, the server has crashed 10 times, requiring a system reboot to recover with only 10% loss of data or function. Which of the following is the ALE of this server?
Which of the following should an administrator implement to research current attack methodologies?
Which of the following can be implemented in hardware or software to protect a web server from cross-site scripting attacks?
Intrusion Detection System
Flood Guard Protection
Web Application Firewall
URL Content Filter
Which of the following means of wireless authentication is easily vulnerable to spoofing?
WPA - LEAP
WPA - PEAP
The BEST methods for a web developer to prevent the website application code from being vulnerable to cross-site request forgery (XSRF) are to: (Select TWO)
permit redirection to Internet-facing web URLs
ensure all HTML tags are enclosed in angle brackets, e.g., "<" and ">"
validate and filter input on the server side and client side
use a web proxy to pass website requests between the user and the application
restrict and sanitize use of special characters in input and URLs
Jane, a security administrator, needs to implement a secure wireless authentication method that uses a remote RADIUS server for authentication. Which of the following is an authentication method Jane should use?
Computer evidence at a crime scene is documented with a tag stating who had possession of the evidence at a given time. Which of the following does this illustrate?
System image capture
Record time offset
Order of volatility
Chain of custody
A network administrator is configuring access control for the sales department which has high employee turnover. Which of the following is BEST suited when assigning user rights to individuals in the sales department?
Time of day restrictions
Group based privileges
User assigned privileges
Domain admin restrictions
Which of the following is being tested when a company's payroll server is powered off for eight hours?
Business impact document
Continuity of operations plan
Risk assessment plan
Which of the following preventative controls would be appropriate for responding to a directive to reduce the attack surface of a specific host?
Implementing an IDS
Taking a baseline configuration
Disabling unnecessary services
A security manager must remain aware of the security posture of each system. Which of the following supports this requirement?
Training staff on security policies
Establishing baseline reporting
Installing anti-malware software
Disabling unnecessary accounts/services
Deploying a wildcard certificate is one strategy to:
secure the certificate's private key.
increase the certificate's encryption key length.
extend the renewal date of the certificate.
reduce the certificate management burden.
The security administrator needs to manage traffic on a layer 3 device to support FTP from a new remote site. Which of the following would need to be implemented?
Access control lists
A network administrator has been tasked with securing the WLAN. Which of the following cryptographic products would be used to provide the MOST secure environment for the WLAN?
WPA with MAC filtering
A server with the IP address of 10.10.2.4 has been having intermittent connection issues. The logs show repeated connection attempts from the following IPs: 10.10.3.16
These attempts are overloading the server to the point that it cannot respond to traffic. Which of the following attacks is occurring?
Which of the following ciphers would be BEST used to encrypt streaming video?
A user attempting to log on to a workstation for the first time is prompted for the following information before being granted access: username, password, and a four-digit security pin that was mailed to him during account registration. This is an example of which of the following?
Single factor authentication
After analyzing and correlating activity from multiple sensors, the security administrator has determined that a group of very well organized individuals from an enemy country is responsible for various attempts to breach the company network, through the use of very sophisticated and targeted attacks. Which of the following is this an example of?
Advanced persistent threat
Malicious insider threat
Which of the following is true about input validation in a client-server architecture, when data integrity is critical to the organization?
It should be enforced on the client side only.
It must be protected by SSL encryption.
It must rely on the user's knowledge of the application.
It should be performed on the server side.
A merchant acquirer has the need to store credit card numbers in a transactional database in a high performance environment. Which of the following BEST protects the credit card data?
Database field encryption
Data loss prevention system
Full disk encryption
A bank has a fleet of aging payment terminals used by merchants for transactional processing. The terminals currently support single DES but require an upgrade in order to be compliant with security standards. Which of the following is likely to be the simplest upgrade to the aging terminals which will improve in-transit protection of transactional data?
Which of the following is BEST at blocking attacks and providing security at layer 7 of the OSI model?
Which of the following is BEST used to capture and analyze network traffic between hosts on the same network segment?
A datacenter requires that staff be able to identify whether or not items have been removed from the facility. Which of the following controls will allow the organization to provide automated notification of item removal?
A malicious person gained access to a datacenter by ripping the proximity badge reader off the wall near the datacenter entrance. This caused the electronic locks on the datacenter door to release because the
badge reader was improperly installed
system was designed to fail open for life-safety
system was installed in a fail closed configuration
system used magnetic locks and the locks became demagnetized
The concept of rendering data passing between two points over an IP based network impervious to all but the most sophisticated advanced persistent threats is BEST categorized as which of the following?
On Monday, all company employees report being unable to connect to the corporate wireless network, which uses 802.1x with PEAP. A technician verifies that no configuration changes were made to the wireless network and its supporting infrastructure, and that there are no outages. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause for this issue?
Too many incorrect authentication attempts have caused users to be temporarily disabled
The DNS server is overwhelmed with connections and is unable to respond to queries
The company IDS detected a wireless attack and disabled the wireless network
The Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service server certificate has expired
Which of the following would BEST deter an attacker trying to brute force 4-digit PIN numbers to access an account at a bank teller machine?
Account expiration settings
Complexity of PIN
Account lockout settings
PIN history requirements
An administrator discovers that many users have used their same passwords for years even though the network requires that the passwords be changed every six weeks. Which of the following, when used together, would BEST prevent users from reusing their existing password? (Select TWO).
Length of password
Minimum password age
A recent audit has discovered that at the time of password expiration clients are able to recycle the previous credentials for authentication. Which of the following controls should be used together to prevent this from occurring? (select two)
A system administrator is configuring UNIX accounts to authenticate against an external server. The configuration file asks for the following information DC=ServerName and DC=COM. Which of the following authentication services is being used?
In Kerberos, the Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) is used for which of the following?
Which of the following network design elements allows for many internal devices to share one public IP address?
Which of the following components of an all-in-one security appliance would MOST likely be configured in order to restrict access to peer-to-peer file sharing websites?
When considering a vendor-specific vulnerability in critical industrial control systems which of the following techniques supports availability?
Deploying identical application firewalls at the border
Incorporating diversity into redundant design
Enforcing application white lists on the support workstations
Ensuring the systems' anti-virus definitions are up-to-date
During the information gathering stage of a deploying role-based access control model, which of the following information is MOST likely required?
Conditional rules under which certain systems may be accessed
Matrix of job titles with required access privileges
Clearance levels of all company personnel
Normal hours of business operation
The Chief Technical Officer (CTO) has been informed of a potential fraud committed by a database administrator performing several other job functions within the company. Which of the following is the BEST method to prevent such activities in the future?
Separation of duties
Ann would like to forward some Personal Identifiable Information to her HR department by email, but she is worried about the confidentiality of the information. Which of the following will accomplish this task securely?
A company is trying to limit the risk associated with the use of unapproved USB devices to copy documents. Which of the following would be the BEST technology control to use in this scenario?
A recently installed application update caused a vital application to crash during the middle of the workday. The application remained down until a previous version could be reinstalled on the server, and this resulted in a significant loss of data and revenue. Which of the following could BEST prevent this issue from occurring again?
Application configuration baselines
Application access controls
Application patch management
A security administrator wishes to increase the security of the wireless network. Which of the following BEST addresses this concern?
Change the encryption from TKIP-based to CCMP-based.
Set all nearby access points to operate on the same channel.
Configure the access point to use WEP instead of WPA2.
Enable all access points to broadcast their SSIDs.
The system administrator has deployed updated security controls for the network to limit risk of attack. The security manager is concerned that controls continue to function as intended to maintain appropriate security posture. Which of the following risk mitigation strategies is MOST important to the security manager?
A company is about to release a very large patch to its customers. An administrator is required to test patch installations several times prior to distributing them to customer PCs. Which of the following should the administrator use to test the patching process quickly and often?
Create an incremental backup of an unpatched PC
Create an image of a patched PC and replicate it to servers
Create a full disk image to restore after each installation
Create a virtualized sandbox and utilize snapshots
An auditing team has found that passwords do not meet best business practices. Which of the following will MOST increase the security of the passwords? (Select TWO).
A vulnerability scan is reporting that patches are missing on a server. After a review, it is determined that the application requiring the patch does not exist on the operating system. Which of the following describes this cause?
Baseline code review
Company A submitted a bid on a contract to do work for Company B via email. Company B was insistent that the bid did not come from Company A. Which of the following would have assured that the bid was submitted by Company A?
Ann, a sales manager, successfully connected her company-issued smartphone to the wireless network in her office without supplying a username/password combination. Upon disconnecting from the wireless network, she attempted to connect her personal tablet computer to the same wireless network and could not connect. Which of the following is MOST likely the reason?
The company wireless is using a MAC filter.
The company wireless has SSID broadcast disabled.
The company wireless is using WEP.
The company wireless is using WPA2.
A network technician is on the phone with the system administration team. Power to the server room was lost and servers need to be restarted. The DNS services must be the first to be restarted. Several machines are powered off. Assuming each server only provides one service, which of the following should be powered on FIRST to establish DNS services?
A security administrator is reviewing the company's continuity plan. The plan specifies an RTO of six hours and RPO of two days. Which of the following is the plan describing?
Systems should be restored within six hours and no later than two days after the incident.
Systems should be restored within two days and should remain operational for at least six hours.
Systems should be restored within six hours with a minimum of two days worth of data.
Systems should be restored within two days with a minimum of six hours worth of data.
The incident response team has received the following email message.
From: firstname.lastname@example.org To: email@example.com Subject: Copyright infringement A copyright infringement alert was triggered by IP address 18.104.22.168 at 09: 50: 01 GMT.
After reviewing the following web logs for IP 22.214.171.124, the team is unable to correlate and identify the incident.
09: 45: 33 126.96.36.199 http: //remote.site.com/login.asp?user=john 09: 50: 22 188.8.131.52 http: //remote.site.com/logout.asp?user=anne 10: 50: 01 184.108.40.206 http: //remote.site.com/access.asp?file=movie.mov 11: 02: 45 220.127.116.11 http: //remote.site.com/download.asp?movie.mov=ok
Which of the following is the MOST likely reason why the incident response team is unable to identify and correlate the incident?
The logs are corrupt and no longer forensically sound.
Traffic logs for the incident are unavailable.
Chain of custody was not properly maintained.
Incident time offsets were not accounted for.
A server dedicated to the storage and processing of sensitive information was compromised with a rootkit and sensitive data was exfiltrated. Which of the following incident response procedures is best suited to restore the server?
Wipe the storage, reinstall the OS from original media and restore the data from the last known good backup
Keep the data partition, restore the OS from the most current backup and run a full system antivirus scan
Format the storage and reinstall both the OS and the data from the most current backup
Erase the storage, reinstall the OS from most current backup and only restore the data that was not compromised
Which of the following describes a type of malware which is difficult to reverse engineer in a virtual lab?
Using a heuristic system to detect an anomaly in a computer's baseline, a system administrator was able to detect an attack even though the company signature based IDS and antivirus did not detect it. Further analysis revealed that the attacker had downloaded an executable file onto the company PC from the USB port, and executed it to trigger a privilege escalation flaw. Which of the following attacks has MOST likely occurred?
After copying a sensitive document from his desktop to a flash drive, Joe, a user, realizes that the document is no longer encrypted, Which of the following can a security technician implement to ensure that documents stored on Joe's desktop remain encrypted when moved to external media or other network based storage?
Whole disk encryption
Removable disk encryption
Database record level encryption
File level encryption
A security administrator must implement a system to allow clients to securely negotiate encryption keys with the company's server over a public unencrypted communication channel. Which of the following implements the required secure key negotiation? (Select TWO).
Acme Corp has selectively outsourced proprietary business processes to ABC Services. Due to some technical issues, ABC services wants to send some of Acme Corp's debug data to a third party vendor for problem resolution. Which of the following MUST be considered prior to sending data to a third party?
The data should be encrypted prior to transport
This would not constitute unauthorized data sharing
This may violate data ownership and non-disclosure agreements
Acme Corp should send the data to ABC Services' vendor instead
An organization has introduced token-based authentication to system administrators due to risk of password compromise. The tokens have a set of numbers that automatically change every 30 seconds. Which of the following type of authentication mechanism is this?
A security technician at a small business is worried about the Layer 2 switches in the network suffering from a DoS style attack caused by staff incorrectly cabling network connections between switches. Which of the following will BEST mitigate the risk if implemented on the switches?
An administrator wants to establish a WiFi network using a high gain directional antenna with a narrow radiation pattern to connect two buildings separated by a very long distance. Which of the following antennas would be BEST for this situation?
An attacker used an undocumented and unknown application exploit to gain access to a file server. Which of the following BEST describes this type of attack?
Which of the following is an XML based open standard used in the exchange of authentication and authorization information between different parties?
Which of the following ports and protocol types must be opened on a host with a host- based firewall to allow incoming SFTP connections?
A user, Ann, is reporting to the company IT support group that her workstation screen is blank other than a window with a message requesting payment or else her hard drive will be formatted. Which of the following types of malware is on Ann's workstation?
Which of the following controls can be implemented together to prevent data loss in the event of theft of a mobile device storing sensitive information? (Select TWO).
Full device encryption
A way to assure data at-rest is secure even in the event of loss or theft is to use
full device encryption
special permissions on the file system
Trusted Platform Module integration
Access Control Lists
A security audit identifies a number of large email messages being sent by a specific user from their company email account to another address external to the company. These messages were sent prior to a company data breach, which prompted the security audit. The user was one of a few people who had access to the leaked data. Review of the suspect's emails show they consist mostly of pictures of the user at various locations during a recent vacation. No suspicious activities from other users who have access to the data were discovered. Which of the following is occurring?
The user is encrypting the data in the outgoing messages.
The user is using steganography.
The user is spamming to obfuscate the activity.
The user is using hashing to embed data in the emails.
A security analyst is reviewing firewall logs while investigating a compromised web server. The following ports appear in the log.
22, 25, 445, 1433, 3128, 3389, 6667
An organization does not want the wireless network name to be easily discovered. Which of the following software features should be configured on the access points?
A computer is suspected of being compromised by malware. The security analyst examines the computer and finds that a service called Telnet is running and connecting to an external website over port 443. This Telnet service was found by comparing the system's services to the list of standard services on the company's system image. This review process depends on:
rogue machine detection
A software developer wants to prevent stored passwords from being easily decrypted. When the password is stored by the application, additional text is added to each password before the password is hashed. This technique is known as:
private key cryptography
In which of the following steps of incident response does a team analyze the incident and determine steps to prevent a future occurrence?
A security technician has been asked to recommend an authentication mechanism that will allow users to authenticate using a password that will only be valid for a predefined time interval. Which of the following should the security technician recommend?
A security administrator must implement a wireless encryption system to secure mobile devices' communication. Some users have mobile devices which only support 56-bit encryption. Which of the following wireless encryption methods should be implemented?
After a security incident involving a physical asset, which of the following should be done at the beginning?
Record every person who was in possession of assets, continuing post-incident
Create working images of data in the following order: hard drive then RAM
Back up storage devices so work can be performed on the devices immediately
Write a report detailing the incident and mitigation suggestions
Which of the following is the GREATEST security risk of two or more companies working together under a Memorandum of Understanding?
Budgetary considerations may not have been written into the MOU, leaving an entity to absorb more cost than intended at signing
MOUs have strict policies in place for services performed between the entities and the penalties for compromising a partner are high
MOUs are generally loose agreements and therefore may not have strict guidelines in place to protect sensitive data between the two entities
MOUs between two companies working together cannot be held to the same legal standards as SLAs
Joe, a user, reports to the system administrator that he is receiving an error stating his certificate has been revoked. Which of the following is the name of the database repository for these certificates?
A software company has completed a security assessment. The assessment states that the company should implement fencing and lighting around the property. Additionally, the assessment states that production releases of their software should be digitally signed. Given the recommendations, the company was deficient in which of the following core security areas? (Select TWO)
A user was reissued a smart card after the previous smart card had expired. The user is able to log into the domain but is now unable to send digitally signed or encrypted email. Which of the following would the user need to perform?
Remove all previous smart card certificates from the local certificate store
Publish the new certificates to the global address list
Make the certificates available to the operating system
Recover the previous smart card certificates
Users are encouraged to click on a link in an email to obtain exclusive access to the newest version of a popular Smartphone. This is an example of
Which of the following types of attacks involves interception of authentication traffic in an attempt to gain unauthorized access to a wireless network?
Near field communication
Which of the following is a BEST practice when dealing with user accounts that will only need to be active for a limited time period?
When creating the account, set the account to not remember password history
When creating the account, set an expiration date on the account
When creating the account, set a password expiration date on the account
When creating the account, set the account to have time of day restrictions
Which of the following types of authentication packages user credentials in a ticket?
Which of the following is required to allow multiple servers to exist on one physical server?
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
Several employees submit the same phishing email to the administrator. The administrator finds that the links in the email are not being blocked by the company's security device. Which of the following might the administrator do in the short term to prevent the emails from being received?
Configure an ACL
Implement a URL filter
Add the domain to a block list
Enable TLS on the mail server
A company has several conference rooms with wired network jacks that are used by both employees and guests. Employees need access to internal resources and guests only need access to the Internet. Which of the following combinations is BEST to meet the requirements?
NAT and DMZ
VPN and IPSec
Switches and a firewall
802.1x and VLANs
LDAP and Kerberos are commonly used for which of the following?
To perform queries on a directory service
To store usernames and passwords for Federated Identity
To sign SSL wildcard certificates for subdomains
To utilize single sign-on capabilities
An administrator needs to renew a certificate for a web server. Which of the following should be submitted to a CA?
An administrator needs to submit a new CSR to a CA. Which of the following is a valid FIRST step?
Generate a new private key based on AES
Generate a new public key based on RSA
Generate a new public key based on AES
Generate a new private key based on RSA
The security team would like to gather intelligence about the types of attacks being launched against the organization. Which of the following would provide them with the MOST information?
Implement a honeynet
Perform a penetration test
Examine firewall logs
Deploy an IDS
After recovering from a data breach in which customer data was lost, the legal team meets with the Chief Security Officer (CSO) to discuss ways to better protect the privacy of customer data. Which of the following controls support this goal?
Encryption and stronger access control
Hashing and non-repudiation
Redundancy and fault tolerance
A security engineer, Joe, has been asked to create a secure connection between his mail server and the mail server of a business partner. Which of the following protocol would be MOST appropriate?
A new network administrator is setting up a new file server for the company. Which of the following would be the BEST way to manage folder security?
Assign users manually and perform regular user access reviews
Allow read only access to all folders and require users to request permission
Assign data owners to each folder and allow them to add individual users to each folder
Create security groups for each folder and assign appropriate users to each group
A recent vulnerability scan found that Telnet is enabled on all network devices. Which of the following protocols should be used instead of Telnet?
A network engineer is setting up a network for a company. There is a BYOD policy for the employees so that they can connect their laptops and mobile devices. Which of the following technologies should be employed to separate the administrative network from the network in which all of the employees' devices are connected?
A network administrator is asked to send a large file containing PII to a business associate. Which of the following protocols is the BEST choice to use?
When performing the daily review of the system vulnerability scans of the network Joe, the administrator, noticed several security related vulnerabilities with an assigned vulnerability identification number. Joe researches the assigned vulnerability identification number from the vendor website. Joe proceeds with applying the recommended solution for identified vulnerability. Which of the following is the type of vulnerability described?
A malicious individual is attempting to write too much data to an application's memory. Which of the following describes this type of attack?
Ann, a security administrator, wishes to replace their RADIUS authentication with a more secure protocol, which can utilize EAP. Which of the following would BEST fit her objective?
Ann, a security administrator, has concerns regarding her company's wireless network. The network is open and available for visiting prospective clients in the conference room, but she notices that many more devices are connecting to the network than should be. Which of the following would BEST alleviate Ann's concerns with minimum disturbance of current functionality for clients?
Enable MAC filtering on the wireless access point
Configure WPA2 encryption on the wireless access point
Lower the antenna's broadcasting power
Disable SSID broadcasting
Which of the following is a security concern regarding users bringing personally-owned devices that they connect to the corporate network?
Cross-platform compatibility issues between personal devices and server-based applications
Lack of controls in place to ensure that the devices have the latest system patches and signature files
Non-corporate devices are more difficult to locate when a user is terminated
Non-purchased or leased equipment may cause failure during the audits of company- owned assets
Due to issues with building keys being duplicated and distributed, a security administrator wishes to change to a different security control regarding a restricted area. The goal is to provide access based upon facial recognition. Which of the following will address this requirement?
Set up mantraps to avoid tailgating of approved users
Place a guard at the entrance to approve access
Install a fingerprint scanner at the entrance
Implement proximity readers to scan users' badges
A security administrator has concerns regarding employees saving data on company provided mobile devices. Which of the following would BEST address the administrator's concerns?
Install a mobile application that tracks read and write functions on the device
Create a company policy prohibiting the use of mobile devices for personal use
Enable GPS functionality to track the location of the mobile devices
Configure the devices so that removable media use is disabled
Identifying residual risk is MOST important to which of the following concepts?
The information security technician wants to ensure security controls are deployed and functioning as intended to be able to maintain an appropriate security posture. Which of the following security techniques is MOST appropriate to do this?
Continuous security monitoring
A small company can only afford to buy an all-in-one wireless router/switch. The company has 3 wireless BYOD users and 2 web servers without wireless access. Which of the following should the company configure to protect the servers from the user devices? (Select TWO).
Deny incoming connections to the outside router interface
Change the default HTTP port
Implement EAP-TLS to establish mutual authentication
Disable the physical switch ports
Create a server VLAN
Create an ACL to access the server
Users can authenticate to a company's web applications using their credentials from a popular social media site. Which of the following poses the greatest risk with this integration?
Malicious users can exploit local corporate credentials with their social media credentials
Changes to passwords on the social media site can be delayed from replicating to the company
Data loss from the corporate servers can create legal liabilities with the social media site
Password breaches to the social media site affect the company application as well
A security team has established a security awareness program. Which of the following would BEST prove the success of the program?
A company needs to receive data that contains personally identifiable information. The company requires both the transmission and data at rest to be encrypted. Which of the following achieves this goal? (Select TWO).
An organization does not have adequate resources to administer its large infrastructure. A security administrator wishes to combine the security controls of some of the network devices in the organization. Which of the following methods would BEST accomplish this goal?
Unified Threat Management
Virtual Private Network
Single sign on
Which of the following would allow the organization to divide a Class C IP address range into several ranges?
The security administrator is currently unaware of an incident that occurred a week ago. Which of the following will ensure the administrator is notified in a timely manner in the future?
User permissions reviews
Incident response team
An access point has been configured for AES encryption but a client is unable to connect to it. Which of the following should be configured on the client to fix this issue?
The system administrator is tasked with changing the administrator password across all 2000 computers in the organization. Which of the following should the system administrator implement to accomplish this task?
A security group
A group policy
A network administrator wants to block both DNS requests and zone transfers coming from outside IP addresses. The company uses a firewall which implements an implicit allow and is currently configured with the following ACL applied to its external interfacE.
PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 80
PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 443
Which of the following rules would accomplish this task? (Select TWO).
Change the firewall default settings so that it implements an implicit deny
Apply the current ACL to all interfaces of the firewall
Remove the current ACL
Add the following ACL at the top of the current ACLDENY TCP ANY ANY 53
Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACLDENY ICMP ANY ANY 53
Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACLDENY IP ANY ANY 53
Which of the following attacks would cause all mobile devices to lose their association with corporate access points while the attack is underway?
An administrator wants to ensure that the reclaimed space of a hard drive has been sanitized while the computer is in use. Which of the following can be implemented?
Cluster tip wiping
Individual file encryption
A company is looking to improve their security posture by addressing risks uncovered by a recent penetration test. Which of the following risks is MOST likely to affect the business on a day-to-day basis?
Insufficient encryption methods
Large scale natural disasters
Lack of antivirus software
Ann, an employee, is cleaning out her desk and disposes of paperwork containing confidential customer information in a recycle bin without shredding it first. This is MOST likely to increase the risk of loss from which of the following attacks?
After a number of highly publicized and embarrassing customer data leaks as a result of social engineering attacks by phone, the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has decided user training will reduce the risk of another data leak. Which of the following would be MOST effective in reducing data leaks in this situation?
Information Security Awareness
Social Media and BYOD
Data Handling and Disposal
Acceptable Use of IT Systems