CHE - Connective Tissue

Question 1 of 45

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The connective tissue lines the body cavities

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 45

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Osteoclasts are multinucleated, gaint cells that are involved in the reabsorption of bone matrix

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 45

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The cartilage cells are arranged in groups that are referred to as a cell nest or isogenous group.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 45

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Mast cells are recognized to adipose connective tissue.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 45

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Macrophages are thought to arise from the monocytes

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 45

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Osteoclasts are actively dividing cells, capable of collagen precursor synthesis.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 45

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Connective tissue differs from epithelium by the presence of abundant intercellular material or matrix.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 45

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The direct (membranous) osteogenesis is peculiar to the long bones

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 45

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The elastic fibers are not arranged in bundles, they are seen as long, thing threads forming meshwork.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 45

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The hyaline cartilage could be replaced by bone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 11 of 45

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The connective tissue derives from:

Select one of the following:

  • Ectoblast

  • Endoblast

  • Mesoblast

  • Mesenchyme

Question 12 of 45

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The mast cells arise from:

Select one of the following:

  • Basophil granulocytes

  • Monocytes

  • Fat cells (Adipocytes)

  • Lymphocytes

Question 13 of 45

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Which of the following is specific for the osteoblast

Select one of the following:

  • Elaborates bone matrix

  • Destroys bone matrix

  • Produces blood cells

  • Destroys blood vessls

Question 14 of 45

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The metachromatic straining reaction of the hyaline cartilage ground substance is due to:

Select one of the following:

  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)

  • Numerous free ribesomes

  • Presence of proteoglycans

  • Presence of numerous lipid droplets

Question 15 of 45

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Which of the following is specific staining for the collagenous fibers

Select one of the following:

  • Hematoxylin-eosin

  • Silver impregnation

  • by Van Gieson method

  • Orecin

Question 16 of 45

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The nutrition of the cartilage is through

Select one of the following:

  • Blood vessels in the cartilage

  • Diffusion from blood vessels in the perichondrium

  • Blood vessels in the underlying loose connective tissue blood vessels in the blood matrix

  • Blood vessels in the blood matrix

Question 17 of 45

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The multilocular type of fat cells (Adipocytes) are found in:

Select one of the following:

  • White adipose tissue

  • Brown adipose tissue

  • Hyaline Cartilage

  • Blood tissue

Question 18 of 45

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The orecin staining is specific for visualization of the:

Select one of the following:

  • Collagenous fibers

  • Reticular fibers

  • Elastic fibers

  • Neurofibrils

Question 19 of 45

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The silver impregnation is specific for visualization of the:

Select one of the following:

  • Collagenous fibers

  • Reticular fibers

  • Elastic fibers

  • Myofibrils

Question 20 of 45

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The indirect (endochondral) type of osteogenesis is specific for:

Select one of the following:

  • Plane bones

  • Long bones

  • Dentine

  • All types of bones

Question 21 of 45

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The unilocular type of fat cells (adipocytes) are found in:

Select one of the following:

  • White adipose tissue

  • Brown adipose tissue

  • Smooth muscle tissue

  • Epithelial tissue

Question 22 of 45

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This of the following is specific for the osteoclast:

Select one of the following:

  • Elaborates bone matrix

  • Destroys bone matrix

  • Produces blood cells

  • Produces fibers

Question 23 of 45

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The osteoclast arises from

Select one of the following:

  • Osteoblast

  • Basophilic granulocytes

  • Fusion of monocytes

  • Eosinophil granulocytes

Question 24 of 45

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The metachromatic staining reaction of the mast cells is due to:

Select one of the following:

  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)

  • Numerous free ribesomes

  • Granules containing proteoglycans

  • Numerous lipid droplets

Question 25 of 45

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This of the following is specific staining for the elastic cartilage

Select one of the following:

  • Hematoxylin-eosin

  • By Azan

  • Silver impregnation

  • Orecin

Question 26 of 45

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The reaction by Van Gieson is specific for:

Select one of the following:

  • Elastic fibers

  • Adipose tissue

  • Collagenous fibers

  • Mast cells

Question 27 of 45

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In functional aspect the plasma cells are associated with:

Select one of the following:

  • Phagocytosis

  • Clotting mechanisms

  • Allergic reactions

  • Production of antibodies

Question 28 of 45

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The mast cells take part in:

Select one of the following:

  • Process of phagocytosis

  • Formation of adipose tissue

  • Allergic reactions

  • Collagen production

Question 29 of 45

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The multilocular type of fat cells (adipocytes) are found in:

Select one of the following:

  • White adipose tissue

  • Brown adipose tissue

  • Loose connective tissue

  • Bones

Question 30 of 45

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This of the following is found in the immature bone matrix:

Select one of the following:

  • Lamellae of collagenous fibers

  • Collagenous fibers arranged in meshwork

  • Osteones

  • Cells arranged in isogenous groups

Question 31 of 45

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Which are the most specific features of the mast cells:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)

  • Granules with metachromatic staining reaction

  • Arise from the basophil granulocytes

  • Their cytoplasm is filled with lipid droplets

  • Contain histamine, serotonin, heparin-like substance

Question 32 of 45

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Which are the most specific features of the plasma cells:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER) with arranged in concentric manner cisternae

  • Scanty cytoplasm

  • Eccentric nucleus with heterochromatic having a "cartwheel" appearance

  • Well developed Golgi apparatus

  • Granules with histamine, serotonin, heparin-like substance

Question 33 of 45

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What of the following is specific for the hyaline cartilage:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Metachromatic stained intercellular matrix

  • Isogenous groups of 1 - 2 chondrocytes

  • Replacing by bone

  • Numerous elastic fibers

  • Isogenous groups of great number of chrondrocytes

Question 34 of 45

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Which are the most specific features of the fibroblasts:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)

  • Basophilic stained cytoplasm

  • Eccentric nucleus with hetrochromatin having a "cartwheel" appearence

  • Spindle or star-shaped

  • Granules with histamine, serotonin and heparin-like substance

Question 35 of 45

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What of the following staining are specific for the elastic fibers:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Hematoxylin-eosin

  • Silver impregnation

  • Orcein

  • By Azan

  • By Van Gieson

Question 36 of 45

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The hyaline cartilage is found in:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Respiratory system

  • Articular cartilage

  • Rips

  • External ear

  • Larynx

Question 37 of 45

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Which of the following cells are specific for the loose connective tissue

Select one or more of the following:

  • Fibroblast

  • Fibroclasts

  • Chondrocytes

  • Myoepithelial cells

  • Macrophages

Question 38 of 45

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This of the following is specific for the osteoblasts

Select one or more of the following:

  • Elaborate bone matrix

  • Destroy bone matrix (osteolysis)

  • Basophilic stained cytoplasm

  • Arise from mesenchyme

  • Participate in osteone formation

Question 39 of 45

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Which of the following types of connective tissue posses rigid inter-cellular substance

Select one or more of the following:

  • Osseous tissue (bones)

  • Cartilage

  • Loose connective tissue

  • Dentin

  • Mucous connective tissue

Question 40 of 45

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The osteone consists of:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Osteoblasts

  • Osteocytes

  • Bone lamella

  • Osteoclasts

  • Isogenous groups of chondrocytes

Question 41 of 45

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This of the following is specific for the elastic cartilage:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Metachromatic staining of the inter-cellular substance

  • Isogenous groups of 1 - 2 chondrocytes

  • Numerous collagenous fibers

  • Numerous elastic fibers

  • Specific staining with orcein

Question 42 of 45

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This of the following is specific for the osteoclast

Select one or more of the following:

  • Elaborates bone matrix

  • Destroys bone matrix (osteolysis)

  • Contains neurofilaments

  • Arises by fusion of monocytes

  • Contains numerous lysosomes

Question 43 of 45

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What of the following is specific for the unilocular fat cells (adipocytes)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Are component of the white adipose tissue

  • Are component of the brown adipose tissue

  • Contain numerous lipid droplets

  • Contain a single lipid droplet

  • Contain thin rim of cytoplasm with flattened eccentric nucleus

Question 44 of 45

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This of the following is specific for the reticular connective tissue:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Presence of osteocytes

  • Presence of reticular cells

  • Replacing by bone

  • Presence of reticular fibers

  • Is found in the lymphoid organs

Question 45 of 45

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This of the following is specific for the loose connective tissue:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Is found as packing between the body structures

  • Is very rich of blood capillaries and nerve fibers

  • Develops from the ectoderm

  • Presence of abundant intercellular material (matrix)

  • Its cells are arranged in layers

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CHE - Connective Tissue

Sole C
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CHE Plovdiv Exam

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