Revision MCQ [Globalization of CW]

Question 1 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What was the impact of the "fall" of China?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Containment had failed despite American aid to Chiang and his KMT

  • The US decided to give up on the Asian continent and let USSR take over

  • The entire Asian containment was not potentially vulnerable to the communist menace

  • It potentially allowed the US to negotiate from position of strength, and served to offset Soviet superiority in conventional forces in Europe

Question 2 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What happened during the Era of McCarthyism?

Select one of the following:

  • THe people hailed McCarthy as the next President and supported his efforts to eradicate all the communists int he world

  • The US was in a mess as McCarthy pointed out all the communists in the US government and decided to work with them to overthrow Truman

  • There was a climate of certainty as McCarthy pointed out all the communists and after the communists were purged from government, people were more reassured

  • There was a climate of uncertainty as McCarthy accused the Democrats of not being firm enough in containing communism and alleged that there were actually communists in the US State Depeartment

Question 3 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What was the significance of NSC-68?

Select one or more of the following:

  • A response to America's loss of its atomic monopoly as well as the communist takeover in China

  • Continuity: Reaffirming the objectives of containment

  • It brought about a change in US mindset as they decided to shift from containment to eradicating the USSR

  • Change: a departure from previous strategies and shift towards military buildup

  • Emergence as the controversial blueprint of global containment

Question 4 of 20

Medal-premium 1

How did decolonization set the stage for the Cold War to expand beyond Europe?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Because of decolonization, the countries decided not to follow communism or democracy and formed their own non-aligned movement

  • Decolonization set the stage for the expansion of the Cold War by introducing new venues for nuclear warfare to be conducted

  • Conflict in Europe had stalemated, and it was evidently dangerous for competition to take place in a region where superpower forces were in close proximity

  • The contest of ideas/value systems as well as quest for dominance could thus be conveniently carried out in other regions where proxy wars could be means of indirect competition

Question 5 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What were the initial roots of the Korean War?

Select one of the following:

  • The initial roots of the war lay in the superpower conflict as the US and USSR simply used Korea as a proxy to further their own agendas

  • The Korean War was initially a regional conflict between China and the US and the USSR simply interfered in this conflict

  • The Korean War was initially a regional conflict between China and the USSR

  • The initial stages of the conflict can be explained bu the clash of opposing nationalist visions and this was evident in the violence existing before the superpowers entered the scene

Question 6 of 20

Medal-premium 1

The full outbreak of the Korean War can be explained by external intervention:

Select one of the following:

  • Stalin sent troops to invade Korea when war broke out

  • Stalin's abetting of the North Korean invasion

  • US sent over their nuclear weapons to aid South Korea in their fight for independence

  • America's military intervention through the leadership of a UN coalition

  • China's disgust at the extent of North Korean losses and eventual intervention

Question 7 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What were Kim Il Sung's aims?

Select one of the following:

  • Kim was a nationalist who wanted to unify the Korean peninsula under communist rule

  • Kim wanted USSR to take over Korea and turn unified Korea into a satellite state in Asia

  • Kim wanted China to offer protection and aid to Korea when the US invaded Korea

  • Kim wanted reunification of the Korean peninsula and to rule Korea together with Syngman Rhee

Question 8 of 20

Medal-premium 1

Why did Stalin change his mind in agreeing to Kim's invasion in 1950?

Select one or more of the following:

  • A more favourable international environment was in place by 1950 with the communist victory in China

  • Stalin changed his mind because he wanted a war with the US and Korea was the perfect opportunity

  • The Soviets had achieved nuclear parity with the US

  • Dean Acheson's Defence Perimeter Speech excluded territories on mainland Asia, this meant that South Korea was not included

  • Stalin saw that the US was determined to fight to the end for Korea and decided to take the change to eliminate its enemy

Question 9 of 20

Medal-premium 1

On 25 June 1950,

Select one of the following:

  • 5000 North Korean soldiers, battle-hardened by their experience in the Chinese civil war & spearheaded by 50 T-34 tanks, smashed through South Korea's border defenses

  • 90,000 North Korean soldiers, battle-hardened by their experience in the Chinese civil war & spearheaded by 150 T-34 tanks, smashed through South Korea's border defenses

  • 150,000 North Korean soldiers, battle-hardened by their experience in the Chinese civil war & spearheaded by 500 T-34 tanks, smashed through South Korea's border defenses

  • 90,000 North Korean soldiers, battle-hardened by their experience in the Vietnam war & spearheaded by 500 T-34 tanks, smashed through South Korea's border defenses

Question 10 of 20

Medal-premium 1

How did Truman use the domino theory to justify American intervention?

Select one of the following:

  • "If we let Korea down, the Soviets will keep right on going and swallow up one piece of Africa after another. If we were to let Korea go, the Third World would collapse and there's no telling what would happen in Europe."

  • "If we let Korea down, the Soviets will stop after they have Asia. If we were to let Asia go, the USSR would be satisfied but there's no telling what would happen in Europe."

  • "If we let Korea down, the Soviets will keep right on going and swallow up one piece of Asia after another. If we were to let Korea go, the Near East would collapse and there's no telling what would happen in Europe."

  • "If we let Korea down, the Soviets will keep right on going and swallow up one piece of Asia after another. If we were to let Korea go, Asia would be peaceful but there's no telling what would happen in Europe."

Question 11 of 20

Medal-premium 1

Why did the USSR not veto the 27 June 1950 UNSC resolution calling for military action against North Korea?

Select one of the following:

  • USSR was boycotting meetings of the Security Council to protest against American refusal to accept newly communist China as a permanent member of the Council

  • USSR was boycotting meetings of the Security Council to protest against American refusal to accept newly communist North Korea as a permanent member of the Council

  • USSR was boycotting meetings of the Security Council to protest against American refusal to accept newly communist Africa as a permanent member of the Council

  • USSR was boycotting meetings of the Security Council to protest against American refusal to accept newly communist Germany as a permanent member of the Council

Question 12 of 20

Medal-premium 1

Why were the Chinese willing to intervene on the side of the Koreans?

Select one or more of the following:

  • The Chinese felt that they could pressure USSR to send troops to Korea

  • Chinese national security was threatened

  • The Chinese were also concerned that Chiang and the KMT might launch a counter-revolution within China with the support of the US forces in Korea

  • Mao saw this as an opportunity to invade Korea and take control over the peninsula

  • Mao saw this intervention as his responsibility to promote international revolution

Question 13 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What consequences did the Korean War bring for development of the Cold War?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Implementation of NSC-68 - militarisation of containment

  • Strengthening regional alliances

  • It led to the Cuban missile Crisis

  • Strengthening key bastions of containment

  • Globalisation of containment: Renewed focus on Asia

Question 14 of 20

Medal-premium 1

Why did the CIA launch the By of Pigs invasion instead of just invading Cuba?

Select one of the following:

  • US did not have enough troops to send to Cuba as they already sent too many to Korea/Vietnam

  • This was to be done without direct US involvement as the US could not be seen to be intervening in the domestic sovereignty of an independent state

  • US did not have enough money to carry out a war in Cuba

  • The CIA operatives should be enough to squash a puny bug like Castro

Question 15 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What was the objective of Operation Mongoose?

Select one of the following:

  • To ally with Castro secretly and turn the tables on the USSR

  • The ending of the conflict by signing a pact with Castro to make him promise not to be friendly with Khrushchev anymore

  • To scare Castro so that he would quietly return under the control of the US

  • The destabilisation of Castro's communist regime by a programme of covert action, economic and diplomatic isolation, and military pressure

Question 16 of 20

Medal-premium 1

By late 1962, the USSR had already:

Select one of the following:

  • Placed 42, 000 Russian troops on Cuba, equipped with short-range tactical nuclear weapons

  • Placed 100.000 Russian troops on Cuban soil and was all ready to invade the US

  • Placed 1000,000 ballistic missiles on Cuba and was ready to launch them

  • Placed 42,000 tanks on Cuba and was ready to fight their way to the US

Question 17 of 20

Medal-premium 1

Why did Khrushchev place MRBMs and IRBMs on Cuba?

Select one or more of the following:

  • He was desperate after the Berlin Crisis of 1961 which was widely perceived as an indicator of Soviet weakness

  • Khrushchev wanted to eliminate the US and start nuclear war

  • USSR's inability to match the US in strategic nuclear arsenals meant that he had to find a way to gain an advantage

  • The Chinese were increasingly harping on alleged Soviet weakness and hardliners in USSR were constantly pressing Khrushchev to stand up to the US in a more aggressive manner

Question 18 of 20

Medal-premium 1

On 22 October, Kennedy went on national teleision to explain the American position on the CMC in public:

Select one or more of the following:

  • He told them that everything was fine and they had nothing to worry about

  • He ordered a strict quarantine of Cuban waters, since technically a naval blockade was a declaration of war

  • He warned China not to interfere with the Cuban Missile Crisis

  • He warned Khrushchev that the US would regard any nuclear missile launched on Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviets on the US

  • He demanded the removal of Soviet offensive weapons from Cuba

Question 19 of 20

Medal-premium 1

What was the difference between Khrushchev's first and second telegram?

Select one of the following:

  • The first telegram was more polite and friendly

  • The second telegram wanted the US to withdraw American Jupiter missiles from Turkey and give them to the USSR

  • The second telegram wanted the US not only to agree to a non-invasion pledge , but also to remove tAmerican Jupiter missiles from Greece

  • The second telegram wanted the US not only to agree to a non-invasion pledge , but also to remove tAmerican Jupiter missiles from Turkey

Question 20 of 20

Medal-premium 1

Did the CMC massively escalate the strategic nuclear threat to the US?

Select one of the following:

  • Yes, Soviet actions of placing nuclear warheads 90 miles off the coast of Florida escalated the strategic nuclear threat to the US

  • Yes, Soviet nuclear warheads had never been within striking range before the CMC

  • No, the Soviets already possessed more nuclear missiles than the US and this incident did not significantly alter or add to the existing Soviet nuclear threat

  • No, the Soviets already possessed missiles of striking range even before placing missiles in Cuba and did not significantly alter or add to the existing Soviet nuclear threat

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Revision MCQ [Globalization of CW]

Pcanjjaxdcd
Quiz by , created about 3 years ago

A-Levels History IH (2 CW Globalization) Quiz on Revision MCQ [Globalization of CW], created by Pcanjjaxdcd on 30/09/2013.

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