Our Hazardous Environments: Final Exam Practice Test

Question 1 of 153

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The Wilson Cycle

Select one of the following:

  • is the process of creating, moving, and destroying tectonic plates.

  • is the process of water shifting from oceans to the land.

  • is the process of cooling liquid rock into solid rock.

  • is the process of mitigating damages from natural hazards.

Question 2 of 153

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Which of the following locations are not at risk for hurricanes?

Select one of the following:

  • Florida

  • California

  • Louisiana

  • Texas

  • All of the above

Question 3 of 153

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The Hawaiian Islands are an example of:

Select one of the following:

  • Diverging plates

  • Transform Fault Boundary

  • Two Continental plates converging

  • Two Ocean plates converging

  • Hot Spots

Question 4 of 153

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Which of the following is not one of the Geological Cycles?

Select one of the following:

  • The Biogeochemical Cycle

  • The Rock Cycle

  • The Hydrologic Cycle

  • Kreb's Cycle

  • The Tectonic Cycle

Question 5 of 153

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Which earthquake scale would be most appropriate to describe historic earthquakes where seismography records are not available?

Select one of the following:

  • The Richter Scale

  • The Warren Intensity Scale

  • The Fujita Scale

  • The Moment Magnitude Scale

  • The Modified Mercalli Scale

Question 6 of 153

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Beofre a Tsunami arrives, the sea level often drops exposing the seafloor.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 153

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Which of the following best describes a fault?

Select one of the following:

  • A place on the Earth where there is a giant chasm usually filled with magma.

  • A place on Earth where the continent meets the ocean.

  • A place on the Earth where there are caves or large holes hidden under the ground.

  • A place on Earth where there are giant gaps or canyons.

  • A place on the Earth where there is a break and both pieces are sliding against each other.

Question 8 of 153

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Which of the following constitutes a prediction rather than a forecast for a natural event?

Select one of the following:

  • Landslides are expected in the Tacoma, WA area throughout the weekend.

  • Tremors from an earthquake may cause damage to poorly built structures.

  • An 4.5 magnitude earthquake will occur in Tacoma, WA on August 15, 2006 at 2pm.

  • Four to five inches of rain may fall with the category 2 storm off the coast of Alabama.

  • There is a 50% chance of thunderstorms in the Seattle region on Saturday.

Question 9 of 153

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Which of the following hazards are not related to tsunamis?

Select one of the following:

  • Earthquakes

  • Volcanic Activity

  • Asteroids

  • Hurricanes

  • Erosion

Question 10 of 153

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The Indonesian Tsunami caused a catastrophe around the Indian Ocean because

Select one of the following:

  • Buildings were not built to withstand a tsunami

  • Tsunamis had never been recorded in that area.

  • The earthquake that produced it was very big.

  • There was no warning system to alert people to evacuate.

  • The earthquake that produced it was associated with a Subduction Zone.

Question 11 of 153

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Which of the following areas of the United States are not at risk for any natural disaster?

Select one of the following:

  • Detroit, MI

  • Miami, FL

  • New York, NY

  • San Francisco, CA

  • All areas of the United States are at risk for some kind of natural disaster

Question 12 of 153

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Malthus predicted a crisis point in societies when population outgrew what?

Select one of the following:

  • Green Spaces

  • Food Production

  • Energy Production

  • Natural Resources

Question 13 of 153

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How many earthquakes are there every year?

Select one of the following:

  • About 10

  • About 100

  • About 1,000

  • About 10,000

  • About 1,000,000

Question 14 of 153

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Which of the following would not be part of the Tectonic Cycle?

Select one of the following:

  • Hurricanes

  • Volcanoes

  • Mountain Building

  • Earthquakes

  • Continental formation

Question 15 of 153

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The Himalayas are associated with which of the following plate boundaries?

Select one of the following:

  • Divergent

  • Transform Fault

  • Continent-continent convergence

  • Ocean-continental convergence

  • Ocean-ocean convergence

Question 16 of 153

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in which of the following faults does the hanging wall move down relative to the footwall?

Select one of the following:

  • Thrust Fault

  • Blind Fault

  • Normal Fault

  • Strike Slip Fault

  • Reverse Fault

Question 17 of 153

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Earthquakes of magnitude 8 or higher are extremely rare events.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 153

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The Demographic Transition Model (presented in the discussion group) argues that countries advance when what changes?

Select one of the following:

  • Food sources become safe

  • Women become educated

  • Society begins living longer

  • Children become expensive

Question 19 of 153

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Which of the following regions has the least risk from Tsunamis?

Select one of the following:

  • Atlantic Coast of United States

  • Pacific Northwest Coast of United States

  • Japan

  • Northeast Coast of the Indian Ocean

  • Hawaii

Question 20 of 153

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Why don't boats in the open ocean notice a Tsunami approaching?

Select one of the following:

  • Tsunami waves don't break and therefore won't be noticed by boats.

  • Boats will usually mistake the large waves for tidal waves and not recognize them as Tsunami.

  • The statement isn't true. Tsunami waves are always noticed by boats in the open ocean.

  • Tsunamis are too small in amplitude in the open ocean and the distance between crests is too large for boats to notice its passing.

  • Because Tsunamis are produced by earthquakes, the boats are probably still recovering from the initial tremors to notice a change in the waves.

Question 21 of 153

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Malthusian Geographers accurately predicted the collapse of primitive societies.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 22 of 153

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Which of the following is the correct order of the layers of the Earth from inside to outside?

Select one of the following:

  • inner core, outer core, crust, mantle

  • inner core, outer core, mantle, crust

  • inner core, mantle, outer core, crust

  • crust, inner core, outer core, mantel

  • mantle, inner core, crust, outer core

Question 23 of 153

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Earthquakes around the world are extremely rare events.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 24 of 153

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What would be the correct relationship between the crust and the lithosphere?

Select one of the following:

  • The lithosphere is liquid, whereas the crust is solid.

  • The lithosphere sits on top of the crust.

  • The lithosphere contains both the oceans on the continents, the crust only includes continents.

  • The crust sits on top of the lithosphere.

  • The lithosphere and the crust are the same thing.

Question 25 of 153

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The location of the actual break in the rocks that cause an earthquake is called the

Select one of the following:

  • focus.

  • rumble strip.

  • eqicenter.

  • breakaway zone.

  • Mordor.

Question 26 of 153

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Which of the following is not an effect of Earthquakes?

Select one of the following:

  • Volcanoes

  • Ground Rupture

  • Fires

  • Liquefaction

  • Disease

Question 27 of 153

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Which of the following statements is false about the magnitude of earthquakes?

Select one of the following:

  • An earthquake of magnitude 3 on the scale is only slightly bigger than a 2.

  • Magnitudes of earthquakes are based on powers of ten.

  • The Richter Scale and Moment Magnitude scales are used to describe the magnitude of an earthquake.

  • Great earthquakes can have a magnitude of 8 or higher.

  • Over a million earthquakes of magnitude 2-2.9 is felt per year.

Question 28 of 153

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The idea that Earth processes operated the same in the past as they do today is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • Uniformitarianism

  • Historicalism

  • The Principle of Nature

  • The Scientific Model

Question 29 of 153

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Which of the following is used to calculate risk?

Select one of the following:

  • Probability of event

  • Amount of damage to roads and bridges

  • Amount of property damage expected

  • Number of deaths possible

  • All of the above ore used to calculate risk

Question 30 of 153

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The crust of Earth is considered the thinnest layer of Earth.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 153

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Natural hazards are predictable to some degree.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 32 of 153

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What is the difference between the inner and outer core of the Earth?

Select one of the following:

  • The inner core is made from magma and the outer core is metal

  • The inner core is liquid and the outer core is solid

  • The inner core is cool and the outer core is hot.

  • The inner core is solid and the outer core is liquid.

  • The inner core is hot and the outer core is cool.

Question 33 of 153

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What causes earthquakes in San Francisco?

Select one of the following:

  • Dip-slip faults from Subduction

  • These are intraplate earthquakes

  • Transform faults

  • Dip-slip faults from convergent plate boundaries

  • Dip-slip faults from from divergent plate boundaries.

Question 34 of 153

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Some kind of natural disaster is possible for almost every region of the United States.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 35 of 153

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All earthquakes can cause Tsunami to form in the ocean.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 36 of 153

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Catastrophe and Disasters differ in the magnitude of the effect of the Hazard.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 37 of 153

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Why don't earthquakes on Transform Faults trigger tsunamis?

Select one of the following:

  • The earthquakes don't move fast enough

  • The earthquakes aren't strong enough

  • The earthquakes don't horizontally displace the water in the ocean

  • The earthquakes don't vertically displace the water in the ocean

  • The earthquakes aren't in the ocean

Question 38 of 153

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Which of the following is false about the shaking from earthquakes?

Select one of the following:

  • Places closer to the epicenter experience greater ground shaking

  • Seismographs very far from the epicenter can detect shaking

  • The type of soil can affect the amount of shaking that is felt during an earthquake

  • The direction to the epicenter can affect the amount of shaking

  • Deeper earthquakes cause greater ground shaking

Question 39 of 153

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During subduction, one plate sinks under another tectonic plate.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 40 of 153

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S-waves cannot move through liquids or gasses.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 41 of 153

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Which of the following cannot produce Tsunamis?

Select one of the following:

  • Subduction Zone Earthquakes

  • Volcano Collapse

  • Asteroids

  • Submarine Landslides

  • Transform Fault Earthquakes

Question 42 of 153

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Which of the following cannot produce Tsunamis?

Select one of the following:

  • Subduction Zone Earthquakes

  • Volcano Collapse

  • Asteroids

  • Submarine Landslides

  • Transform Fault Earthquakes

Question 43 of 153

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The asthenosphere layer of the Earth is liquid.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 44 of 153

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What is the importance of the notion that "hazards are repetitive"?

Select one of the following:

  • Hazards keep happening constantly in an area, so people already know how to react to them.

  • We need to look to the past events to understand what is probable for the future.

  • If something has already happened, like a volcanic eruption, then we won't need to worry about it.

  • New events will probably happen exactly like old ones, so we need to be prepared.

  • All of the above

Question 45 of 153

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Does human activity affect the magnitude of tsunamis?

Select one of the following:

  • No. Human activity does not increase or decrease the wave amplitude.

  • Yes. Human structures on the shoreline increase the wave amplitude.

  • Yes. Global warming is causing an increase in frequency and magnitude of tsunamis.

  • Yes. Human use of the water decreases the wave amplitude.

  • Yes. Human use of the water increases the wave amplitude.

Question 46 of 153

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How quickly do faults slip?

Select one of the following:

  • Millimeters per year.

  • Millimeters per minute.

  • Millimeters per second.

  • Millimeters per day.

  • Faults don't ever slip.

Question 47 of 153

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Which of the following places in the United States do not see earthquake hazards?

Select one of the following:

  • Las Vegas, NV

  • Los Angeles, CA

  • St. Louis, MO

  • Seattle, WA

  • Minneapolis, MN

Question 48 of 153

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The amount of shaking that is felt from an earthquake depends on what?

Select one of the following:

  • Depth of focus.

  • Direction of the epicenter.

  • Location with respect to the epicenter.

  • Earth materials through which the waves move.

  • All of the above.

Question 49 of 153

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Natural Hazards differ from Disasters in that

Select one of the following:

  • natural hazards have the potential to impact human life.

  • naturals disasters refer to the effects of a hazard on a particular area at a particular time.

  • disasters mostly refer to hazards created by people.

  • natural hazards only refer to earthquakes and volcanoes.

Question 50 of 153

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The inside of the Earth is composed of layers that have different properties.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 51 of 153

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Why do many demographers argue that an increased human population will help with natural hazards?

Select one of the following:

  • A higher population decreases the density of people living in hazardous environments.

  • A higher population increases the amount of money spent researching the problems.

  • A higher population decrease the probability of being hit by a natural disaster.

  • A higher population increase the number of people working to solve the problems.

Question 52 of 153

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If you live on the 100 year floodplan, it means that you will only have a flood once every 100 years.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 53 of 153

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Where is Krakatoa?

Select one of the following:

  • Indonesia

  • Iceland

  • Italy

  • The Philippines

Question 54 of 153

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What is the term for the location in which a river ends?

Select one of the following:

  • Head

  • Finger

  • Mouth

  • Foot

Question 55 of 153

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Which of the following volcano types are found in the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • Shield volcanoes

  • Composite Cones

  • Calderas

  • Cinder cones

  • All of the above are found in the United States

Question 56 of 153

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Which is not a location where volcanoes are found?

Select one of the following:

  • Pacific Northwest United States

  • Alaska

  • Yellowstone National Park

  • Hawaii

  • Central United States

Question 57 of 153

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On which of the following plate boundaries are volcanoes not typically found?

Select one of the following:

  • Continental Rifts

  • Subduction Zones

  • Transform Faults

  • Volcanoes are found on all plate boundaries

  • Mid-ocean ridges.

Question 58 of 153

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What is the difference between magma and lava?

Select one of the following:

  • Magma is found below the surface, Lava is found on the surface.

  • Magma is found on the ocean floor, lava is found on land surface.

  • There is no difference between magma and lava.

  • Magma is molten rock, Lava is hot rock and water.

  • Magma is black, Lava is red.

Question 59 of 153

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Which river would have the highest gradient?

Select one of the following:

  • Rivers near their floodplains.

  • Rivers moving down mountains.

  • Rivers in gentle valleys.

  • Rivers flowing into dams.

  • Rivers near the ocean.

Question 60 of 153

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Caves form in places where giant bubbles were present in the lava that formed the earth's crust.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 61 of 153

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A Karst environment is typically classified by which type of bedrock?

Select one of the following:

  • Coal

  • Sandstone

  • Granite

  • Basalt

  • Limestone

Question 62 of 153

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Which US economy has the largest economy and, thus, the greatest ability to recover from a disaster?

Select one of the following:

  • Florida

  • California

  • Hawaii

  • New York

Question 63 of 153

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Which of the following loads would make a river appear murky or dirty?

Select one of the following:

  • Bed Load

  • Dissolved Load

  • Structural Load

  • Buoyant Load

  • Suspended Load

Question 64 of 153

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Which of the following statements about sinkholes is not true?

Select one of the following:

  • Sinkholes are common in Florida.

  • Sinkholes are usually found in remote and swampy areas.

  • Sinkholes are a widespread and costly hazard in the US.

  • Sinkholes can cause damage to roads and bridges.

  • Sinkholes can reveal themselves during times of drought.

Question 65 of 153

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If you see a steep cliff with piles of rocks at the bottom, what kind of mass wasting do you think has occured?

Select one of the following:

  • Debris Flow

  • Fall

  • Slump

  • Creep

  • Avalanche

Question 66 of 153

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What is mass wasting?

Select one of the following:

  • Loss of mass during chemical weathering.

  • Recycling of materials to make slopes

  • Movement of sediment downshore due to currents

  • Land lost to volcanic eruptions

  • Downslope movement of rock

Question 67 of 153

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Would adding mass to the top of a slope in the form of houses or buildings make the mass or less likely to slide?

Select one of the following:

  • It would make it less likely to slide because the houses make the slope less steep.

  • It would make it more likely to slide because the houses add weight to the slope making it more unstable.

  • It would not make a difference either way.

  • it would make it less likely to slide because the houses would add pressure on the slope keeping it stable.

  • It would make it more likely to slide because the houses would make the slope more steep.

Question 68 of 153

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Which of the following locations are not at risk from floods?

Select one of the following:

  • Texas

  • Pennsylvania

  • Washington

  • North Dakota

  • All of the U.S. have some risk of floods.

Question 69 of 153

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All slopes have potential for mass wasting of some type.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 70 of 153

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Which of the following was not a hazard associated with the explosion of Mt. St. Helens?

Select one of the following:

  • Landslide

  • Pyroclastic Flow

  • Ash Fall

  • Mudslide

  • All of the above were associated with Mt. St. Helens.

Question 71 of 153

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Rivers make excellent borders because they provide stability.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 72 of 153

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Slumps tend to slide along clay-rich layers.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 73 of 153

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Living near a dam is very safe because you will never have to worry about flooding.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 74 of 153

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Which of the following loads are most likely to consist of heavy rocks and boulders?

Select one of the following:

  • Buoyant Load

  • Suspended Load

  • Bed Load

  • Structural Load

  • Dissolved Load

Question 75 of 153

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Shield volcanoes are most dangerous volcanoes because they are so big.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 76 of 153

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What is the best description of the "10-year flood"?

Select one of the following:

  • a flood that has a 10% chance of occurring each year.

  • a flood that can occur only once every 10 years.

  • a flood that lasts for approximately 10 years.

  • a flood that occurred within the last 10 years.

Question 77 of 153

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Which of the following is the most rapid form of mass wasting?

Select one of the following:

  • Earthflow

  • Slump

  • Rock Slide

  • Avalanche

  • Rock Fall

Question 78 of 153

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What type of river channel is characterized by multiple channels and gravel bars?

Select one of the following:

  • Pooling

  • Braided

  • Meandering

  • Rifling

Question 79 of 153

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What is Karst Topography?

Select one of the following:

  • A type of landscape that is mostly frozen and snow covered.

  • A type of landscape characterized by glacial deposits.

  • A flat surface used mostly for farming.

  • A ragged surface characterized by caves and sinkholes.

  • A type of landscape characterized by marshes and wetlands.

Question 80 of 153

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Which of the following human activities can decrease the incidence of mass wasting?

Select one of the following:

  • Improving drainage from the slope

  • Grading surfaces to increase the slope

  • Cutting in to the base of slopes in order to build houses

  • Road construction on the slope

  • Removing vegetation such as trees and grass from the slope.

Question 81 of 153

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Mid-ocean volcanism produces what type of rock?

Select one of the following:

  • Tephra

  • Basalt

  • Andesite

  • Rhyotlite

Question 82 of 153

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Based on hegemonic theory, how is global peace achieved?

Select one of the following:

  • When two countries dominate.

  • When multiple countries debate policies.

  • When one country dominates.

  • When more than two countries dominate.

Question 83 of 153

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Appalachian mining does not cause subsidence.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 84 of 153

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Which of the following natural hazards is the number 1 disaster in the United States in the past century?

Select one of the following:

  • Volcanoes

  • Hurricanes

  • Floods

  • Lightning

  • Earthquakes

Question 85 of 153

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Where are the majority of the active volcanoes in the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • Washington, Oregon and California

  • Alaska

  • Wyoming and Idaho

  • Hawaii

  • There are NO active volcanoes in the United States

Question 86 of 153

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Mauna Loa in Hawaii is an example of which type of volcano?

Select one of the following:

  • Cinder Cone

  • Composite Volcano

  • Volcanic Dome

  • Shield Volcano

  • Stratovolcano

Question 87 of 153

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What is subsidence?

Select one of the following:

  • A swelling of the ground surface

  • A drop in groundwater level prior to an earthquake

  • A sinking of the ground surface

  • A slumping of the ground surface

  • An increase air pressure at high elevations

Question 88 of 153

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Where does a meandering river run the fastest?

Select one of the following:

  • Near the point bars

  • Along the floodplain

  • At the mouth of the river

  • On the outside of a bend

  • On the inside of a bend

Question 89 of 153

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What should you do during a flood?

Select one of the following:

  • Drive your car through water to get to safety.

  • Swim across water to a safer location.

  • Go to a bridge and watch the water rise.

  • Move to higher ground away from the river.

  • Wade into the water to see how deep it really is.

Question 90 of 153

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Which of the following statements are not true of avalanches?

Select one of the following:

  • Avalanches can be caused by vibrations.

  • The incidence of avalanches depends on the temperature of the snow.

  • Incidences of avalanches depends on the shape of the snow.

  • Avalanches tend to follow the same paths.

  • Avalanches are very rare.

Question 91 of 153

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What is the role of a drainage basin?

Select one of the following:

  • Soil in a drainage basin is very permeable and flood waters can drain into them instead of going into larger rivers.

  • Soil in a drainage basin is very impermeable and water is held there to evaporate instead of going into larger rivers.

  • Drainage basins contain an intricate series of underground tunnels that drain water into the ocean.

  • Water from rivers or streams drain into the basin.

  • Water from the basin drains into the rivers or streams.

Question 92 of 153

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Why is Los Angeles so massive?

Select one of the following:

  • The pleasant climate brought in too many people too quickly.

  • Earthquake codes prevent tall buildings.

  • The residents are wealthier and require more space.

  • Poor city planning.

Question 93 of 153

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What is the name of the most active volcano in the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • Mt. Etna

  • Kilauea

  • Yellowstone

  • Mt. St. Helens

Question 94 of 153

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What is the most important element that tends to drive mass wasting events?

Select one of the following:

  • Human Activity

  • Heat

  • Water

  • Climate

  • Carbon Dioxide

Question 95 of 153

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What is the most important element that tends to drive mass wasting events?

Select one of the following:

  • Human Activity

  • Heat

  • Water

  • Climate

  • Carbon Dioxide

Question 96 of 153

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Currently, who is the global hegemon?

Select one of the following:

  • Russia

  • The United States

  • The United Kingdom

  • Iran

Question 97 of 153

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Snow avalanche usually move down chutes that have previously produced avalanches, making it easier to predict where an avalanche will occur.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 98 of 153

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What is the floodplain?

Select one of the following:

  • A flat area adjacent to the river carved out by rivers.

  • The steep sides of the river that holds in the water.

  • Earthen mounds that run parallel to the river and hold the water in during floods.

  • A flat area that rivers move to when they come down from a steep mountain.

  • The area around the river that is the limit to how far it will ever flood.

Question 99 of 153

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What is the floodplain?

Select one of the following:

  • A flat area adjacent to the river carved out by rivers.

  • The steep sides of the river that holds in the water.

  • Earthen mounds that run parallel to the river and hold the water in during floods.

  • A flat area that rivers move to when they come down from a steep mountain.

  • The area around the river that is the limit to how far it will ever flood.

Question 100 of 153

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Which of the following is the slowest mass wasting process?

Select one of the following:

  • Avalanche

  • Earth flow

  • Creep

  • Slump

  • Fall

Question 101 of 153

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Which of the following is the slowest mass wasting process?

Select one of the following:

  • Avalanche

  • Earth flow

  • Creep

  • Slump

  • Fall

Question 102 of 153

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Volcanoes contribute to global warming.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 103 of 153

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Why are composite volcanoes dangerous?

Select one of the following:

  • They are associated with higher viscosity magma

  • They produce a lot of pyroclastic materials

  • They erupt gasses and ash into the atmosphere

  • They have dormant periods between eruptions

  • All of the above are reasons why composite volcanoes are dangerous

Question 104 of 153

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Which describes how geyser erupts?

Select one of the following:

  • Before volcanoes erupt, magma pushes groundwater out and up through openings in the ground.

  • The air becomes cool at night and hot ground water is pulled into the cool air.

  • Gas in magma is released and pushes groundwater up through a volcano vent.

  • Hot rocks heat groundwater, it boils, expands and pushes through openings in the ground.

  • Groundwater heats underground rocks, it cools, expands and pushes through openings in the ground.

Question 105 of 153

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Social sciences are just like hard sciences in that concrete laws are created.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 106 of 153

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Which of the following is not a coastal hazard?

Select one of the following:

  • Coastline erosion

  • Earthquakes

  • Storm surge

  • Tsunamis

  • Strong coastal currents

Question 107 of 153

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Which of the following is not a coastal hazard?

Select one of the following:

  • Coastline erosion

  • Earthquakes

  • Storm surge

  • Tsunamis

  • Strong coastal currents

Question 108 of 153

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What is the primary difference between a Tropical Depression and a Tropical Storm?

Select one of the following:

  • Storm surge amount

  • Cloud height

  • Amount of rain

  • Amount of spin

  • Wind speed

Question 109 of 153

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Which of the following statements is true about coastlines?

Select one of the following:

  • Coastlines are the place where the continental crust meets the ocean crust.

  • Coastlines are constantly changing in shape and length.

  • Coastlines shape and length always stays the same.

  • Coastlines are always wide and sandy.

  • Coastlines are at the boundaries of different plates.

Question 110 of 153

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Which of the following statements is true about coastlines?

Select one of the following:

  • Coastlines are the place where the continental crust meets the ocean crust.

  • Coastlines are constantly changing in shape and length.

  • Coastlines shape and length always stays the same.

  • Coastlines are always wide and sandy.

  • Coastlines are at the boundaries of different plates.

Question 111 of 153

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Cyclone is a word used to describe storms that are particularly intense.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 112 of 153

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What are clouds made from?

Select one of the following:

  • Oxygen gas

  • Hydrogen gas

  • Exhaust from power plants

  • Smoke and other particles

  • Water, vapor, and ice.

Question 113 of 153

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Why does Europe have a more moderate winter than the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • Europe's winter air mass is tropical

  • Europe's winter air mass is continental

  • Europe's winter air mass is polar

  • Europe's winter air mass is maritime

Question 114 of 153

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Why does Europe have a more moderate winter than the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • Europe's winter air mass is tropical

  • Europe's winter air mass is continental

  • Europe's winter air mass is polar

  • Europe's winter air mass is maritime

Question 115 of 153

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What does the Fujita Scale use to classify tornadoes?

Select one of the following:

  • Wind Speed

  • Hail size

  • Amount of damage

  • Funnel diameter

  • Temperature of the core

Question 116 of 153

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Scientifically speaking, what causes thunder?

Select one of the following:

  • A bolt of lightening creating a void in the air

  • A fast updraft of air from frontal movement

  • Air masses colliding at high elevations

  • Thor

Question 117 of 153

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Which of the following air masses is the coldest on Earth?

Select one of the following:

  • mP

  • cA

  • cAA

  • cP

Question 118 of 153

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Where is the calmest part of the storm?

Select one of the following:

  • Eye

  • Eye walls

  • Rain bands

  • Just outside the rain bands

  • In the northwest corner of the storm

Question 119 of 153

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Who said religion is the opium of society

Select one of the following:

  • Darwin

  • Newton

  • Marx

  • Aristotle

Question 120 of 153

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Which way do winds around a Low Pressure in the Northern Hemisphere blow?

Select one of the following:

  • Northwest

  • Landward

  • Clockwise

  • Counter-clockwise

  • Northeast

Question 121 of 153

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Which way do winds around a Low Pressure in the Northern Hemisphere blow?

Select one of the following:

  • Northwest

  • Landward

  • Clockwise

  • Counter-clockwise

  • Northeast

Question 122 of 153

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Hurricanes in the tropical Atlantic Ocean tend to originate as

Select one of the following:

  • minor perturbations of the jet stream

  • typhoons off the Iberian Peninsula

  • major pressure lows over the equatorial ocean

  • thunder storms in the sahara

Question 123 of 153

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You notice the tree leaves flipping over from the sudden rising of the air in your backyard. What should you expect?

Select one of the following:

  • Hail

  • Rain

  • Cold Winds

  • Warm Winds

Question 124 of 153

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What is the difference between Eustatic and Relative sea level?

Select one of the following:

  • Eustatic refers to the global sea level; Relative refers to local sea level near land

  • Eustatic refers to sea levels that are advantageous for shipping; Relative sea level refers to high and low tides

  • There is no difference between them

  • Eustatic refers to sea levels that don't change; Relative refers to local sea level

  • Eustatic refers to global sea level; Relative refers to sea levels with respect to mid-ocean ridges.

Question 125 of 153

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Race characteristics so not matter in the United States and allows for rational discussions.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 126 of 153

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Which organization is a staunch advocate for animals and against animal testing, in all forms?

Select one of the following:

  • NCAA

  • PETA

  • WILDAid

  • WWF

Question 127 of 153

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Water moving paralell to the shore is called

Select one of the following:

  • Sand drift

  • Longshore drift

  • Longshore current

  • Rip current

  • Beach drift

Question 128 of 153

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Air moves from high pressure to low pressure, creating winds.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 129 of 153

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What drives the movement of wind?

Select one of the following:

  • Friction

  • Gravity

  • Earth's internal heat

  • Pressure differences

  • The Coriolis force

Question 130 of 153

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Which of the following places has the lowest risk for hurricanes

Select one of the following:

  • Florida

  • South Carolina

  • California

  • New Jersey

  • Louisiana

Question 131 of 153

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The size of waves depends on which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Wind speed

  • Length of time the wind blows

  • Distance the wind blows over surface

  • Fetch

  • All of the above

Question 132 of 153

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What does the Saffir-Simpson Scale us to classify hurricanes?

Select one of the following:

  • Rain amount

  • Duration of rain

  • Storm Surge

  • Central core temperature

Question 133 of 153

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What is a tropical Typhoon?

Select one of the following:

  • A tropical cyclone in the Northern Atlantic

  • A tropical cyclone in Western Pacific (Japan)

  • A tornado with hail

  • A name for a hurricane once it makes landfall

  • An extratropical cyclone that moves up a coastline

Question 134 of 153

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Native Americans (Cree and Seminole) used what to determine if a hurricane as on the horizon and when the hurricane as over?

Select one of the following:

  • Clouds

  • Tidal differences

  • An ibis bird

  • treee leaves

Question 135 of 153

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What type of front invovlves fast moving thunderstorms and severe weather?

Select one of the following:

  • Stationary front

  • Warm front

  • Occluded Front

  • Cold front

  • None of the above

Question 136 of 153

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Which of the following are true bout thunderstorms?

Select one of the following:

  • Thunderstorms are common in the late afternoon during summer

  • Thunderstorms are frequent in Florida and the Midwest United States

  • Thunderstorms are associated with lightning

  • Thunderstorms are usually associated with Cold Fronts

  • All of the above are true of thunderstorms

Question 137 of 153

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Which of the following hard stabilizations are built parallel to shore on land to protect cliffs or bluffs?

Select one of the following:

  • Breakwaters

  • Beach norishment

  • Seawalls

  • Jetties

  • Groins

Question 138 of 153

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Which of the following coastlines are at risk from Coastal Hazards?

Select one of the following:

  • The Oregon coastlines on the Pacific Ocean

  • The Louisiana coastlines on the Gulf of Mexico

  • The Ohio coastlines on Lake Erie

  • The Florida coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean

  • All of the above are at risk of some coastal hazard

Question 139 of 153

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What type of air mass is associated ith the great deserts of the world (Sahara, Outback, etc.)?

Select one of the following:

  • mT

  • cT

  • mE

  • cE

Question 140 of 153

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What type of front has cold air moving into warm air?

Select one of the following:

  • Cold front

  • Warm front

  • Occluded front

  • Stationary front

  • All of the above

Question 141 of 153

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Temperature inversion are so dangerous because

Select one of the following:

  • they destabalize the air, causing flight problems.

  • they allow for pollution to become trapped next to the earth.

  • they aid in tornado formations

  • they create unstable weather

Question 142 of 153

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Hurricanes receive their energy from what?

Select one of the following:

  • the Sahara desert

  • warm summer winds

  • warm ocean water

  • arm solar radiation

Question 143 of 153

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What is a storm surge?

Select one of the following:

  • A large amount of rainfall

  • A large amount of wind

  • A large increase in sea level

  • A sudden increase in wind

  • A sudden increase in rainfall

Question 144 of 153

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The law states researchers must do what in order to use animals test subjects?

Select one of the following:

  • get approval from their local jurisdiction

  • provide documentation about the need of the study

  • minimize discomfort

  • Only select certain types of animals

Question 145 of 153

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From our discussion group presentations, irrational behaviors and thoughts often occur when people practice which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • nationalism

  • wealth

  • religion

  • sports

Question 146 of 153

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Which of the following is an anticyclone?

Select one of the following:

  • A Nor'Easter

  • High pressure system

  • Low pressure system

  • A hurricane

Question 147 of 153

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What is the correct order of Tropical Cyclone development (least to most developed)?

Select one of the following:

  • Hurricane, Tropical Depression, Tropical Disturbance

  • Tropical Depression, Tropical Disturbance, Tropical Storm, Hurricane

  • Tropical Storm, Tropical Depression, Tropical Disturbance, Hurricane

  • Hurricane, Tropical Storm, Tropical Disturbance, Tropical Depression.

  • Tropical Disturbance, Tropical Depression, Tropical Storm, Hurricane

Question 148 of 153

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Which of the following hard stabilization is built in an effort to protect boats in the harbor?

Select one of the following:

  • Breakwaters

  • Groins

  • Beach Nourishment

  • Seawalls

  • Jetties

Question 149 of 153

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Religious institutions are more restrictive than public institutions when it comes to animal testing.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 150 of 153

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Which type of mass brings bitterly cold air in the United States during the winter months?

Select one of the following:

  • mP

  • cP

  • cA

  • mA

Question 151 of 153

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At exactly what latitude would one find polar air?

Select one of the following:

  • 0 degrees

  • 66 degrees

  • 90 degrees

  • 23 degrees

Question 152 of 153

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Which type of air mass dominates Georgia's summer months?

Select one of the following:

  • cT

  • mE

  • mT

  • cE

Question 153 of 153

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Which part of the atmosphere are the clouds found?

Select one of the following:

  • Mesosphere

  • Troposphere

  • Stratosphere

  • Thermosphere

  • Asthenosphere

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Our Hazardous Environments: Final Exam Practice Test

Matt Wilson
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

Quiz on Our Hazardous Environments: Final Exam Practice Test, created by Matt Wilson on 30/03/2015.

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