Which of the following technologies uses multiple devices to share work?
Which of the following protocols uses an asymmetric key to open a session and then establishes a symmetric key for the remainder of the session?
Which of the following describes how Sara, an attacker, can send unwanted advertisements to a mobile device?
Pete, an employee, is terminated from the company and the legal department needs documents from his encrypted hard drive. Which of the following should be used to accomplish this task? (Select TWO).
Which of the following mitigation strategies is established to reduce risk when performing updates to business critical systems?
Which of the following can Pete, a security administrator, use to distribute the processing effort when generating hashes for a password cracking program?
Which of the following should Jane, a security administrator, perform before a hard drive is analyzed with forensics tools?
Identify user habits
Disconnect system from network
Capture system image
Jane, an administrator, needs to make sure the wireless network is not accessible from the parking area of their office. Which of the following would BEST help Jane when deploying a new access point?
Placement of antenna
Disabling the SSID
Enabling the MAC filtering
Which of the following allows Pete, a security technician, to provide the MOST secure wireless implementation?
Adjust antenna placement
Which of the following is a management control?
Written security policy
SYN attack prevention
Access Control List (ACL)
Which of the following security strategies allows a company to limit damage to internal systems and provides loss control?
Restoration and recovery strategies
In order for Sara, a client, to logon to her desktop computer, she must provide her username, password, and a four digit PIN. Which of the following authentication methods is Sara using?
Using proximity card readers instead of the traditional key punch doors would help to mitigate:
Which of the following application attacks is used to gain access to SEH?
Which of the following is an authentication service that uses UDP as a transport medium?
Which of the following can be used on a smartphone to BEST protect against sensitive data loss if the device is stolen? (Select TWO)
Screen lock PIN
Jane, a security analyst, is reviewing logs from hosts across the Internet which her company uses to gather data on new malware. Which of the following is being implemented by Jane's company?
Which of the following should Pete, a security manager, implement to reduce the risk of employees working in collusion to embezzle funds from their company?
Which of the following will allow Pete, a security analyst, to trigger a security alert because of a tracking cookie?
Network based firewall
Host based firewall
Which of the following protocols allows for secure transfer of files? (Select TWO).
Which of the following passwords is the LEAST complex?
During a penetration test from the Internet, Jane, the system administrator, was able to establish a connection to an internal router, but not successfully log in to it. Which ports and protocols are MOST likely to be open on the firewall? (Select FOUR).
Which of the following is an application security coding problem?
Error and exception handling
An IT security technician needs to establish host based security for company workstations. Which of the following will BEST meet this requirement?
Implement IIS hardening by restricting service accounts
Implement database hardening by applying vendor guidelines
Implement perimeter firewall rules to restrict access
Implement OS hardening by applying GPOs
Which of the following is the MOST specific plan for various problems that can arise within a system?
Business Continuity Plan
Continuity of Operation Plan
Disaster Recovery Plan
IT Contingency Plan
Which of the following BEST describes the weakness in WEP encryption?
The initialization vector of WEP uses a crack-able RC4 encryption algorithm. Once enough packets are captured an XOR operation can be performed and the asymmetric keys can be derived.
The WEP key is stored in plain text and split in portions across 224 packets of random data. Once enough packets are sniffed the IV portion of the packets can be removed leaving the plain text key.
The WEP key has a weak MD4 hashing algorithm used. A simple rainbow table can be used to generate key possibilities due to MD4 collisions.
The WEP key is stored with a very small pool of random numbers to make the cipher text. As the random numbers are often reused it becomes easy to derive the remaining WEP key.
Sara, the Chief Security Officer (CSO), has had four security breaches during the past two years. Each breach has cost the company $3,000. A third party vendor has offered to repair the security hole in the system for $25,000. The breached system is scheduled to be replaced in five years. Which of the following should Sara do to address the risk?
Accept the risk saving $10,000
Ignore the risk saving $5,000
Mitigate the risk saving $10,000
Transfer the risk saving $5,000
Which of the following is an authentication and accounting service that uses TCP for connecting to routers and switches?
Which of the following can BEST help prevent cross-site scripting attacks and buffer overflows on a production system?
Network intrusion detection system
Pete, an IT Administrator, needs to secure his server room. Which of the following mitigation methods would provide the MOST physical protection?
Sign in and sign out logs
Which of the following should be connected to the fire alarm system in order to help prevent the spread of a fire in a server room without data loss to assist in an FM-200 deployment?
Water base sprinkler system
Matt, a security consultant, has been tasked with increasing server fault tolerance and has been given no budget to accomplish his task. Which of the following can Matt implement to ensure servers will withstand hardware failure?
Hardware load balancing
A cold site
A host standby
Which of the following fire suppression systems is MOST likely used in a datacenter?
A security administrator has installed a new KDC for the corporate environment. Which of the following authentication protocols is the security administrator planning to implement across the organization?
While opening an email attachment, Pete, a customer, receives an error that the application has encountered an unexpected issue and must be shut down. This could be an example of which of the following attacks?
Jane has recently implemented a new network design at her organization and wishes to passively identify security issues with the new network. Which of the following should Jane perform?
Black box testing
White box testing
A security technician is working with the network firewall team to implement access controls at the company's demarc as part of the initiation of configuration management processes. One of the network technicians asks the security technician to explain the access control type found in a firewall. With which of the following should the security technician respond?
Rule based access control
Role based access control
Discretionary access control
Mandatory access control
Jane, a security administrator, has been tasked with explaining authentication services to the company's management team. The company runs an active directory infrastructure. Which of the following solutions BEST relates to the host authentication protocol within the company's environment?
Pete, the compliance manager, wants to meet regulations. Pete would like certain ports blocked only on all computers that do credit card transactions. Which of the following should Pete implement to BEST achieve this goal?
A host-based intrusion prevention system
A host-based firewall
Antivirus update system
A network-based intrusion detection system
Pete, the system administrator, wants to restrict access to advertisements, games, and gambling web sites. Which of the following devices would BEST achieve this goal?
URL content filter
Pete, the system administrator, wishes to monitor and limit users' access to external websites. Which of the following would BEST address this?
Block all traffic on port 80
Use server load balancers
Install a proxy server
Sara, the security administrator, must configure the corporate firewall to allow all public IP addresses on the internal interface of the firewall to be translated to one public IP address on the external interface of the same firewall. Which of the following should Sara configure?
Matt, a security analyst, needs to select an asymmetric encryption method that allows for the same level of encryption strength with a lower key length than is typically necessary. Which of the following encryption methods offers this capability?
Sara, a security analyst, is trying to prove to management what costs they could incur if their customer database was breached. This database contains 250 records with PII. Studies show that the cost per record for a breach is $300. The likelihood that their database would be breached in the next year is only 5%. Which of the following is the ALE that Sara should report to management for a security breach?
Methods to test the responses of software and web applications to unusual or unexpected inputs is known as:
Pete needs to open ports on the firewall to allow for secure transmission of files. Which of the following ports should be opened on the firewall?
Sara, a security architect, has developed a framework in which several authentication servers work together to increase processing power for an application. Which of the following does this represent?
Which statement is TRUE about the operation of a packet sniffer?
It can only have one interface on a management network
They are required for firewall operation and stateful inspection
The Ethernet card must be placed in promiscuous mode
It must be placed on a single virtual LAN interface
Which of the following firewall rules only denies DNS zone transfers?
deny udp any any port 53
deny ip any any
deny tcp any any port 53
deny all dns packets
Which of the following BEST explains the use of an HSM within the company servers?
Thumb drives present a significant threat which is mitigated by HSM
Software encryption can perform multiple functions required by HSM
Data loss by removable media can be prevented with DLP
Hardware encryption is faster than software encryption
Which of the following technologies can store multi-tenant data with different security requirements?
Data loss prevention
Trusted platform module
Hard drive encryption
Matt, a security analyst, needs to implement encryption for company data and also prevent theft of company data. Where and how should Matt meet this requirement?
Matt should implement access control lists and turn on EFS
Matt should implement DLP and encrypt the company database
Matt should install Truecrypt and encrypt the company server
Matt should install TPMs and encrypt the company database
Which of the following types of encryption will help in protecting files on a PED?
Mobile device encryption
Transport layer encryption
Encrypted hidden container
Which of the following does full disk encryption prevent?
Client side attacks
Clear text access
Pete, a security analyst, has been informed that the development team has plans to develop an application which does not meet the company's password policy. Which of the following should Pete do NEXT?
Contact the Chief Information Officer and ask them to change the company password policy so that the application is made compliant
Tell the application development manager to code the application to adhere to the company's password policy
Ask the application development manager to submit a risk acceptance memo so that the issue can be documented
Inform the Chief Information Officer of non-adherence to the security policy so that the developers can be reprimanded
Sara, a security manager, has decided to force expiration of all company passwords by the close of business day. Which of the following BEST supports this reasoning?
A recent security breach in which passwords were cracked
Implementation of configuration management processes
Enforcement of password complexity requirements
Implementation of account lockout procedures
Which of the following presents the STRONGEST access control?
Which of the following encompasses application patch management?
Cross-site request forgery
Sara, an application developer, implemented error and exception handling alongside input validation. Which of the following does this help prevent?
Which of the following is the LEAST volatile when performing incident response procedures?
Pete, a developer, writes an application. Jane, the security analyst, knows some things about the overall application but does not have all the details. Jane needs to review the software before it is released to production. Which of the following reviews should Jane conduct?
Gray Box Testing
Black Box Testing
Business Impact Analysis
White Box Testing
The information security team does a presentation on social media and advises the participants not to provide too much personal information on social media web sites. This advice would BEST protect people from which of the following?
Rainbow tables attacks
Brute force attacks
Cognitive passwords attacks
Pete's corporation has outsourced help desk services to a large provider. Management has published a procedure that requires all users, when receiving support, to call a special number. Users then need to enter the code provided to them by the help desk technician prior to allowing the technician to work on their PC. Which of the following does this procedure prevent?
Pete, the security engineer, would like to prevent wireless attacks on his network. Pete has implemented a security control to limit the connecting MAC addresses to a single port. Which of the following wireless attacks would this address?
Rogue access point
Which of the following can be implemented with multiple bit strength?
Pete, the system administrator, has blocked users from accessing social media web sites. In addition to protecting company information from being accidentally leaked, which additional security benefit does this provide?
No competition with the company's official social presence
Protection against malware introduced by banner ads
Increased user productivity based upon fewer distractions
Elimination of risks caused by unauthorized P2P file sharing
Pete, the system administrator, is reviewing his disaster recovery plans. He wishes to limit the downtime in the event of a disaster, but does not have the budget approval to implement or maintain an offsite location that ensures 99.99% availability. Which of the following would be Pete's BEST option?
Use hardware already at an offsite location and configure it to be quickly utilized
Move the servers and data to another part of the company's main campus from the server room
Retain data back-ups on the main campus and establish redundant servers in a virtual environment
Move the data back-ups to the offsite location, but retain the hardware on the main campus for redundancy
A network stream needs to be encrypted. Sara, the network administrator, has selected a cipher which will encrypt 8 bits at a time before sending the data across the network. Which of the following has Sara selected?
Which of the following is the BEST approach to perform risk mitigation of user access control rights?
Conduct surveys and rank the results
Perform routine user permission reviews
Implement periodic vulnerability scanning
Disable user accounts that have not been used within the last two weeks
Which of the following devices is BEST suited for servers that need to store private keys?
Hardware security module
Hardened network firewall
Solid state disk drive
Hardened host firewall
All of the following are valid cryptographic hash functions EXCEPT:
In regards to secure coding practices, why is input validation important?
It mitigates buffer overflow attacks
It makes the code more readable
It provides an application configuration baseline
It meets gray box testing standards
Which of the following would be used when a higher level of security is desired for encryption key storage?
A security administrator needs to determine which system a particular user is trying to login to at various times of the day. Which of the following log types would the administrator check?
Employee badges are encoded with a private encryption key and specific personal information. The encoding is then used to provide access to the network. Which of the following describes this access control type?
Which of the following devices would MOST likely have a DMZ interface?
Which of the following application security testing techniques is implemented when an automated system generates random input data?
Which of the following can be used by a security administrator to successfully recover a user's forgotten password on a password protected file?
A security administrator wants to check user password complexity. Which of the following is the BEST tool to use?
Certificates are used for: (Select TWO).
Access control lists
An achievement in providing worldwide Internet security was the signing of certificates associated with which of the following protocols?
A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) wants to implement two-factor authentication within the company. Which of the following would fulfill the CISO's requirements?
Username and password
Retina scan and fingerprint scan
USB token and PIN
Proximity badge and token
Which of the following can a security administrator implement on mobile devices that will help prevent unwanted people from viewing the data if the device is left unattended?
Which of the following would a security administrator implement in order to identify a problem between two systems that are not communicating properly?
Which of the following can result in significant administrative overhead from incorrect reporting?
Acceptable usage policies
A security administrator wants to perform routine tests on the network during working hours when certain applications are being accessed by the most people. Which of the following would allow the security administrator to test the lack of security controls for those applications with the least impact to the system?
Which of the following risk concepts requires an organization to determine the number of failures per year?
Three of the primary security control types that can be implemented are:
supervisory, subordinate, and peer
personal, procedural, and legal
operational, technical, and management
mandatory, discretionary, and permanent
The helpdesk reports increased calls from clients reporting spikes in malware infections on their systems. Which of the following phases of incident response is MOST appropriate as a FIRST response?
A company is trying to implement physical deterrent controls to improve the overall security posture of their data center. Which of the following BEST meets their goal?
A company's employees were victims of a spear phishing campaign impersonating the CEO. The company would now like to implement a solution to improve the overall security posture by assuring their employees that email originated from the CEO. Which of the following controls could they implement to BEST meet this goal?
A security technician is attempting to improve the overall security posture of an internal mail server. Which of the following actions would BEST accomplish this goal?
Monitoring event logs daily
Disabling unnecessary services
Deploying a content filter on the network
Deploy an IDS on the network
A bank has recently deployed mobile tablets to all loan officers for use at customer sites. Which of the following would BEST prevent the disclosure of customer data in the event that a tablet is lost or stolen?
Which of the following is the primary security concern when deploying a mobile device on a network?
Cloud storage technique
Which of the following technical controls is BEST used to define which applications a user can install and run on a company issued mobile device?
Acceptable use policy
After a company has standardized to a single operating system, not all servers are immune to a well-known OS vulnerability. Which of the following solutions would mitigate this issue?
Initial baseline configurations
Patch management system
A security administrator discovers an image file that has several plain text documents hidden in the file. Which of the following security goals is met by camouflaging data inside of other files?
A company determines a need for additional protection from rogue devices plugging into physical ports around the building. Which of the following provides the highest degree of protection from unauthorized wired network access?
Intrusion Prevention Systems
A company is preparing to decommission an offline, non-networked root certificate server. Before sending the server's drives to be destroyed by a contracted company, the Chief Security Officer (CSO) wants to be certain that the data will not be accessed. Which of the following, if implemented, would BEST reassure the CSO? (Select TWO)
Disk hashing procedures
Full disk encryption
Data retention policies
Disk wiping procedures
Removable media encryption
During the analysis of a PCAP file, a security analyst noticed several communications with a remote server on port 53. Which of the following protocol types is observed in this traffic?
A compromised workstation utilized in a Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) attack has been removed from the network and an image of the hard drive has been created. However, the system administrator stated that the system was left unattended for several hours before the image was created. In the event of a court case, which of the following is likely to be an issue with this incident?
Data Analysis of the hard drive
Chain of custody
During which of the following phases of the Incident Response process should a security administrator define and implement general defense against malware?
Due to hardware limitation, a technician must implement a wireless encryption algorithm that uses the RC4 protocol. Which of the following is a wireless encryption solution that the technician should implement while ensuring the STRONGEST level of security?
Joe, a user, wants to send an encrypted email to Ann. Which of the following will Ann need to use to verify that the email came from Joe and decrypt it? (Select TWO).
The CA's public key
Ann's public key
Joe's private key
Ann's private key
The CA's private key
Joe's public key
Joe, a user, wants to send an encrypted email to Ann. Which of the following will Ann need to use to verify the validity's of Joe's certificate? (Select TWO).
A technician wants to implement a dual factor authentication system that will enable the organization to authorize access to sensitive systems on a need-to-know basis. Which of the following should be implemented during the authorization stage?
Role-based access control
A security researcher wants to reverse engineer an executable file to determine if it is malicious. The file was found on an underused server and appears to contain a zero-day exploit. Which of the following can the researcher do to determine if the file is malicious in nature?
TCP/IP socket design review
Executable code review
OS Baseline comparison
Software architecture review
A recent spike in virus detections has been attributed to end-users visiting www.compnay.com. The business has an established relationship with an organization using the URL of www.company.com but not with the site that has been causing the infections. Which of the following would BEST describe this type of attack?
A company has proprietary mission critical devices connected to their network which are configured remotely by both employees and approved customers. The administrator wants to monitor device security without changing their baseline configuration. Which of the following should be implemented to secure the devices without risking availability?
An administrator has a network subnet dedicated to a group of users. Due to concerns regarding data and network security, the administrator desires to provide network access for this group only. Which of the following would BEST address this desire?
Install a proxy server between the users' computers and the switch to filter inbound network traffic.
Block commonly used ports and forward them to higher and unused port numbers.
Configure the switch to allow only traffic from computers based upon their physical address.
Install host-based intrusion detection software to monitor incoming DHCP Discover requests.