What percentage of people live with their family (most with a spouse)?
What period of life do people tend to have a larger number of close relationships?
Middle adulthood phase of family life is often referred to as....
There is an increase in launch-return-relaunch patterns for many middle-aged parents. What is the reason for this pattern?
Which age group has the highest average annual income: 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, or
True/False: Baby Boomers are better off than previous midlife generations.
What is a strong predictor of midlife psychological well-being?
The divorce rate for 50-65 year old adults has increased over the past 2 decades. By how much has it increased?
Men and women re-evaluate what they consider important in healthy relationships. What increases in importance over passionate love?
For women, marital breakup (especially when repeated) reduces standard of living, which means that it is a strong contributor to the....
True/False: Low SES and cultural traditions of extended-family living allow children to leave home early.
Middle adulthood parents continue to give more assistance to children than they receive, especially if ....
Middle-aged parents tend to play the role of the kin-keeper. Who is more likely: Mother or Father?
What is the role of the kin-keeper in the family?
What is the average age of becoming a grandparent for women? Men?
How much of an adult's lifespan is in the role of grandparent?
How do middle-aged adults rate the role of grandparenthood?
What are the 4 gratifications of grandparenthood?
What 2 factors affect grandparent styles of relating to grandchild?
True/False: As grandchildren get older, quality of relationships is more important than distance.
Out of the 4 grandparents, which one has more frequent visits with grandchildren?
True/False: Grandparents tend to have closer relationships with grandchildren of the opposite sex.
In low-income families and in some cultures, what happens to the role of the grandparents?
The percentage of middle-aged children living with a parent has increased from 10% in 1900 to what percentage between 2000 and 2010?
What proportion of older adults live close to at least one of their children?
What is the meaning of "Proximity increases with age"?
What age group do people become more appreciative of their parents: young adulthood, middle adulthood, or late adulthood?
Are men or women more likely to form close and supportive relationships with aging parents? What is happening to this trend?
True/False: Emotionally distant parent-child relationships show that adult children will offer more support as parents age, out of a sense of altruism and family duty.
What is Resource Expansion, which occurs in midlife?
What percentage of adult children provide unpaid care to aging adults?
What is the Sandwich generation?
In all ethnic groups, on which children does the responsibility for providing care to aging parents fall?
What proportions of Baby Boomer female workers are caregivers?
True/False: As adults move from early to later middle age, the sex differences in parental caregiving declines.
What percentage of caregivers share a household with ill parents?
(Experience the most stress)
What is the greatest source of stress for caregivers of parents who have deteriorated mental capacities?
True/False: Parental caregiving often has emotional, physical, and financial consequences.
Parental caregiving leads to role overload, high job absenteeism, exhaustion, inability to concentrate, feelings of hostility and anxiety about aging, and high rates of depression. What sex do these affect more frequently?
What are 4 ways to relieve stress of caregiving?
True/False: Large samples of Americans show that sibling contact and support decline after puberty, rebounding only after age 50 for those in close proximity.
True/False: In industrialized nations, sibling relationships are voluntary, whereas in village societies, they are generally involuntary.
True/False: At all ages, men's friendships are less intimate than women's friendships.
When does the number of friends decline for both sexes?
Do men or women report a greater number of close friends?
For older adults, what purpose do family relationships serve? What about friendships?
What are the 3 negative stereotypes of aging hinder older workers in the workplace?
True/False: Job satisfaction increase in midlife and is stronger for women than for men.
Why do work experience a weaker sense of job satisfaction than men?
True/False: Intrinsic satisfaction with work rises in middle adulthood due to improved capacity to cope effectively with difficult situations and broader time perspective.
True/False: Extrinsic satisfaction - contentment with supervision, pay, and promotions - changes drastically in middle adulthood.
Burnout is a condition in which long-term job stress cause mental exhaustion, sense of loss of personal control, and feeling of reduced accomplishment. What type of jobs more likely cause burnout?
Where is burnout more likely to occur: Western Europe or America?
True/False: Older employees depend more on coworker and supervisor encouragement for vocational development.
What type of work environment can allow mature employees to participate more in further education, and have higher self-efficacy?
True/False: Inequalities in promotions between men and women, whites and blacks become more pronounced over time.
What percentage of CEOs at larger organizations are white men?
What is the Glass Ceiling?
What is the current age of retirement? When are the Baby Boomers expected to retire relative to the age of retirement?
Which has a greater impact on happiness after retirement: plans for an active life or financial planning?
True/False: Women do less retirement planning because they rely on their husbands.
What proportion of ethnic minorities live in cities in US? Caucasians?
True/False: Inner-city folks are better off in public transit, health, income, and proximity of social services and cultural activities than the 1/5 of rural and small town older adults.
True/False: Both urban and rural older adults report greater life satisfaction when many senior citizens reside in close proximity.
What is seniors' housing preference?
What percentage of older adults remain in or near their old home in US? Relocate to other communities?
Which theory explains that as the home is the site of memorable life events, it strengthens continuity with the past, sustaining a sense of identity in the face of physical declines and social losses?
What percentage of US older adults live alone? How about those age 85+?
What percentage of seniors who live alone are poverty-stricken? What percentage are widowed women?
True/False: Poverty among lone aging women is deeper in the US due to lower wages and less jobs.
What is the difference between homes in residential communities and ordinary homes?
True/False: The percentage of older adults in residential communities decreases with age from 22% age 65+ to 7% age 85+.
What type of housing provides a variety of support services, including meals in a common dining room along with watchful oversight of residents with physical and mental disabilities?
What are the communities that offer a range of housing alternatives from independent or congregate housing to full nursing home care?
How do residential communities have positive effects on physical and mental health of seniors?
True/False: Shared values and goals among residents with similar backgrounds enhance life satisfaction in residential communities.
What percentage of Americans age 65+ in nursing homes experience the most extreme restriction of autonomy and social integration?
What is the common adaptive response to overcrowded, hospital-like settings of nursing homes?
True/False: Nursing home residents with physical, but not mental impairments are far less likely to be depressed, anxious, and lonely than seniors in communities.
What is the model for a nursing home in Mississippi involved 10 small houses with 10 or less residents with their own private bed-bath suites and a family-style communal space?
An influential model of changes in our social networks as we move through life.
What proportion of first marriages are expected to last at least 50 years?
When does marital satisfaction reach its peak?
True/False: Married seniors generally have larger social networks of both family members and friends, which provide for social engagement and support and are linked to higher psychological well-being.
Most older gay and lesbians in long-term partnerships report happy and highly fulfilling relationships. What is the most important source of social support?
True/False: Less than 5% of all US divorces are couple in late adulthood, but the divorce rate among people 65+ has increased over the past 3 decades.
What proportion of older adults' dissolving marriage are of less tan 10 years duration? How many are lengthy (30+ years)?
True/False: Similar to middle adulthood, aging men are more likely than women to initiate divorce.
What is the general trend for remarriage rates with age? What trend does the divorce rate follow for remarriages?
True/False: Rather than remarrying, seniors in a new relationship are increasingly choosing cohabitation as an alternative to marriage.
True/False: The role of spouse is potentially one of the most pervasive, intense, intimate, and personal roles.
What are percentages of women who are widows and men who are widowed age 65+ in US?
What aspect of aging adults allow them to more favourably adjust to widowhood?
Men show more physical and mental health problems, and greater risk of mortality than women. What are the 3 reasons?
Women's kin-keeper and ability to form close friendships may lead to....
True/False: Non-married seniors speak of extended family and younger people in their social networks as being central.
Are never-married, childless men or women more likely to feel lonely and depressed?
Nearly 80% of Americans age 65+ have at least one living sibling. Which sibling do both men and women describe having closer bonds with?
What is an especially strong predictor of mental health among seniors?
What are the 4 functions of late-life friendships?
True/False: Seniors report that their closest friends are those who live in the same community, but as they grow older, they report having more intergenerational friend?
Which sex is more likely to have intimate friends?
What are secondary friends?
True/False: As parents enter middle adulthood, parent-to-child help declines and child-to-parent assistance increases.
Is quantity or quality of interactions with children more important for older adults' life satisfaction?
Which circumstance contradicts the stereotype that older adults are 'burdens' on younger generations?
What form is aid from adult children usually?
Why do older people usually not seek their children's practical assistance?
What percentage of US seniors report that they were targets of elder maltreatment in the past month?
Why is elder maltreatment rare in Asian, Hispanic, and Native-American groups?
Elder maltreatment: Intentional infliction of pain, discomfort, or injury through hitting, cutting, burning, physical force, restraint, sexual assault, and other acts.
Elder maltreatment: Intentional or unintentional failure to fulfill caregiving obligations, resulting in lack of food, medication, or health services or in the older person being left alone or isolated.
Elder maltreatment: Verbal assaults, humiliation, and intimidations.
Elder maltreatment: Unwanted sexual contact of any kind.
Illegal or improper exploitation of the aging person's property or financial reserves through theft or use without consent.
What are the 3 most frequently reported types of elder maltreatment?
Who is the likely source of elder maltreatment?
What percentage of caregivers admit to having committed at least one act of elder maltreatment in the past year?
What is 'Granny dumping'?
What are the 5 risk factors for elder maltreatment?
What offers the best protection when elder abuse is extreme?
Majority of Baby Boomers want to work longer. What percentage of US adults age 65-69 and those in their seventies are still working in some capacity?
True/False: The majority of US older adults with career jobs retire gradually by cutting down their hours and responsibilities.
What are bridge jobs?
What is usually the first consideration in the decision to retire?
True/False: Many pre-retirees decide to let go of a steady work life in favour of alternative, personally meaningful work, leisure, or volunteer activities.
What percentage of retirees mention some adjustment difficulties?
What is a good predictor of stress following retirement?
What is strongly linked to retirement satisfaction?
Who is more likely to adjust favourably to retirement?
What promotes adjustment to retirement and is allowed greater freedom in retirement?
True/False: Volunteer service is related to better physical and mental health and reduced mortality.
What proportion of 60-70 year olds in industrialized nations report volunteering? How many hours per year do over half of these people volunteer?
What theory is in accordance with older adults eventually narrowed their volunteering to fewer roles, focusing on one or two that meant the most to them?
When do people age optimally?
True/False: Uncontrollable factors far outweighed the factors people could control to some degree in predicting a happy, active old age.
What are the physical milestones of 65-80 year olds?
What are the cognitive milestones of 65-80 year olds?
What are the emotional/social milestones of 65-80 year olds?
What are the physical milestones for 80 year olds?
What are the cognitive milestones for 80 years olds?
What are the emotional/social milestones for 80 year olds?