CJ review

Question 1 of 77

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Which of these are "non-traditional courts?"

Select one or more of the following:

  • Drug Courts

  • Communal Courts

  • Mental Health Courts

Question 2 of 77

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What is a Diversion Court?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Courts that prevent defendants from having a conviction record

  • The same as a deterrence court

  • A way of treating root causes. Criminogenic behavior

Question 3 of 77

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What is criminogenic behavior?

Select one of the following:

  • Mental health issues

  • Central executive issues

  • poor education

  • behaviors that could be the reason behind crime

Question 4 of 77

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What is the "Dual Court System"?

Select one of the following:

  • The combination of higher and lower courts within our judicial system

  • The combination of the Supreme court and municipal court

  • The combination of Felony courts and misdemeanor courts

Question 5 of 77

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List, in order from bottom to top, the structure of the general court system (State and Federal)

Select one of the following:

  • courts of limited jurisdiction, courts of general jurisdiction, Courts of appellate jurisdiction

  • Courts of appellate jurisdiction, courts of general jurisdiction, courts of limited jurisdiction

  • Courts of general jurisdiction, courts of limited jurisdiction, courts of appellate jurisdiction

Question 6 of 77

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Which is a part of the "Lower of Inferior Courts" of the State court system?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Magistrate's court

  • Justice of the Peace court

  • Municipal court

  • County court

Question 7 of 77

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What courts are a part of the "Major Trial Courts" in the State Court system?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Circuit Court

  • District Court

  • Superior Court

  • Municipal Court

Question 8 of 77

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What courts are a part of the "Intermediate Appellate Courts" in the state court system?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Appeals Court

  • Superior Court

  • Court of criminal appeals

  • U.S. courts of appeals

Question 9 of 77

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Name, in order from bottom to top, the structure of State Courts. Name the Federal Courts order

Select one of the following:

  • Lower or inferior courts, Major Trial Courts, Intermediate courts, Courts of last resort.
    U.S. magistrate's courts, U.S. district courts, U.S. courts of appeals, United States Supreme court.

  • U.S. Magistrate courts, Lower or inferior courts, major trial courts, U.S. district courts.
    U.S. district courts, U.S. courts of appeals, Intermediate appellate courts, U.S. supreme Court

  • Courts of Last resort, intermediate appellate courts, major trial courts, lower or inferior courts
    U.S. magistrate's courts, U.S. courts of appeals, U.S. district courts, U.S. supreme court

Question 10 of 77

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how many courts of limited jurisdiction are there in the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • more than 12,000

  • 11,000

  • more than 13,000

  • more than 24,000

Question 11 of 77

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What are some problems with lower courts?

Select one or more of the following:

  • neglect by bar associations, higher courts, and government agencies

  • the volume and nature of their caseloads

  • trial de novo system-the system of new trials

  • Too much funding

Question 12 of 77

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What can be problematic about electing judges?

Select one or more of the following:

  • They have to run on a political party

  • They may be bias

  • government coruption

Question 13 of 77

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Courts of general jurisdiction are authorized to try what type of cases?

Select one or more of the following:

  • criminal

  • civil

  • divorce

Question 14 of 77

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Name the steps in the criminal court process for Misdemeanors and Felonies in County court?

Select one of the following:

  • Arrest, Advisement, Preliminary hearing (for serious misdemeanors, optional for felonies), Arraignment, Pretrial conference/motions, trial, Sentencing

  • Advisement, hearing, motions, arraignment, trial, sentenching

  • Arrest, screening, probably cause hearing, grand jury, arraignment, bond action, pretrial hearing, trial, sentencing

Question 15 of 77

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Name the steps in the criminal court process for Felonies going to criminal court

Select one of the following:

  • Arrest, screening, probably cause hearing, grand jury, arraignment, bond action, pretrial hearing, trial, sentencing

  • advisement, hearing, arraignment, pretrial conference, trial, sentencing

  • arrest, advisement, hearing, arraignment, motions hearing, trial, sentencing

Question 16 of 77

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what are the U.S. district courts?

Select one of the following:

  • The trial courts of the federal system and the District of Columbia

  • Lower courts

  • diversion courts

Question 17 of 77

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How many U.S. courts of Appeals are there?

Select one of the following:

  • 10

  • 11

  • 12

  • 13

Question 18 of 77

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What states are in Texas' judiciary Circuit (5)?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Texas

  • Louisiana

  • Mississippi

  • Alabama

Question 19 of 77

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What did Marbury v. Madison establish?

Select one of the following:

  • The supreme court claimed, exercised, and justified its authority to review and nullify acts of Congress that it found to conflict with the constitution

  • Established presidential patronage

Question 20 of 77

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What is a writ of mandamus?

Select one of the following:

  • a command to perform a certain duty

  • A request for a warrant

  • A latin word that doesn't mean anything.

Question 21 of 77

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How does the U.S. Supreme court review cases?

Select one or more of the following:

  • When a federal court has held an act of congress to be unconstitutional

  • when a U.S. court of appeals has found a state statute to be unconstitutional

  • When a state's highest court of appeals has ruled a federal law to be invalid

  • When an individual's challenge to a state statute on federal constitutional grounds has been upheld y a state supreme court

Question 22 of 77

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What is a writ of certiorari?

Select one of the following:

  • When the supreme court decides which cases it will hear

  • a writ of review issued by the court ordering a lower court to "forward up the record" of a case it has tried

Question 23 of 77

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What is the Rule of Four?

Select one of the following:

  • When for or more justices feel that a case merits consideration by the full court

  • A square will always have four sides

Question 24 of 77

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Some nontraditional courts according to the book?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Drug courts

  • Spring Break courts

  • Stadium Courts

  • College courts

Question 25 of 77

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What is the Missouri plan?

Select one of the following:

  • A hybrid plan advocated by the American Bar Association that implements appointment and election for judges. First a judge is appointed, then when the next election comes up, the people decided to keep the judge.

  • The compromise that some states can appoint judges while others would have to elect them.

Question 26 of 77

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What are the responsibilities of prosecutors?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Enforcing the law

  • Representing the government in matters of law

  • Representing the government and the people in matters of legislation and criminal justice reform.

Question 27 of 77

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What are the responsibilities of appeals judges?

Select one or more of the following:

  • determining whether the proper procedures were followed in the presentation of the appeal

  • examining the written brief, the trail record, or other materials that may have been filed

  • Presiding over any oral arguments

  • weighing the facts of the case and the nature of the appeal in order to arrive at a decision

  • negotiating a decision through vote, persuasion, or compromise in cases in which more than one judge hears the appeal

  • Preparing a written opinion that details the logic and reasons for the decision

Question 28 of 77

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What is nolle prosequi?

Select one of the following:

  • a formal statement of unwillingness to proceed further in a particular case

  • allowing defendants to plead guilty to a reduced charge or charges

  • A written or oral debate

Question 29 of 77

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What happened in United States v. Cowen?

Select one of the following:

  • Two aspects of prosecutorial discretion were involved: the nol. pros. and plea negotiation

  • Miranda rights

  • The right to an attorney

Question 30 of 77

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What happened in Brady v. United States?

Select one of the following:

  • Formally acknowledged the practice of plea negotiation

  • Gave defendants the right to an attorney

  • Expanded the scope of search warrants

Question 31 of 77

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What is a motion?

Select one of the following:

  • an application made to the court of the judge requesting an order or ruling in favor of the applicant

  • movement to adjourn

Question 32 of 77

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What is an expert witness?

Select one of the following:

  • called into court to provide technical information and opinions about matters of which the judge or jury may have no knowledge

  • a citizen bystander that witnessed everything

  • an arresting officer who has some knowledge of the acts of the case

Question 33 of 77

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Powell v. Alabama did what?

Select one of the following:

  • Extended the sixth amendment; right to counsel, but only to defendants who were indigent, who were facing the death penalty, illiterate, or other handicap

  • Expanded search and seizure procedures

  • Established firm 8th amendment protocols

Question 34 of 77

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What is in forma pauperis

Select one of the following:

  • in the form of a poor man; in the character of a poor person

  • A informal letter or paper

Question 35 of 77

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Argersinger v. Hamlin did what?

Select one of the following:

  • Supreme court ruled that the right to counsel applies not only to state defendants charged with felonies but in all trials of persons for offenses serious enough to warrant a jail sentence

  • Supreme court ruled that police officers can do a plain feel search

Question 36 of 77

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What does a withhold of adjudication mean?

Select one of the following:

  • If the court withholds the adjudication of guilt the court has not convicted you

  • You have waived your right to counsel

Question 37 of 77

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What does Bail mean?

Select one of the following:

  • a form of security guaranteeing that a defendant in a criminal proceeding will appear and be present in court at all times as required

  • When you flake out on plans

Question 38 of 77

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What is the term for a third party that posts bond of an accused person

Select one of the following:

  • surety

  • bondsperson

Question 39 of 77

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What did Stack v. Boyle do?

Select one or more of the following:

  • address issues of excessive bail

  • set a limit to the amount of bail that can be given to a person

  • Made it clear that the purpose of bail is to assure the defendant's attendance in court when his presence is required.

Question 40 of 77

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What way(s) can an individual meet bail?

Select one or more of the following:

  • The accused may post the full amount of the bond in cash

  • Many jurisdictions allow a defendant (or family and friends) to put up property as collateral)

  • Use the services of a bond agent

  • Issue a personal check

Question 41 of 77

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What are some criticisms of the Bail System?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Bail tends to discriminate against the poor

  • Bail setting is totally discretionary on the part of the judge

  • the court has little time to investigate the background of the accused and, hence, cannot adequately determine the degree of risk

  • As a means of protecting the community against offenders who are viewed as risks to social welfare and safety, bail is set so high that it can rarely be met

Question 42 of 77

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What is a bench warrant?

Select one or more of the following:

  • A capias

  • When the defendant fails to appear in court as required. A bench warrant is authorized for their arrest

  • When a judge needs a new bench

Question 43 of 77

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What is a ROR?

Select one of the following:

  • The fraternity that Mike and Sully wanted to get into in Monster's University

  • Release on recognizance; defendants are released in the custody of contacts without paying anything

Question 44 of 77

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is an information a document filed by the prosecutor that states the formal charges, the statutes that have been violated, and the evidence supporting the charges?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 45 of 77

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What is a presentment?

Select one of the following:

  • a formal charging document issued by a grand jury on the basis of evidence presented to it by the prosecutor

  • A written notice of accusation issued by the grand jury. Comes from the initiative of the grand jury, based on its own knowledge and observation.

Question 46 of 77

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Did Hurtado v. California rule that the grand jury was merely a form of procedure that the states could abolish at will?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 47 of 77

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United States v. Calandra address the role of the exclusionary rule in grand jury proceedings

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 48 of 77

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What is transactional immunity?

Select one of the following:

  • a witness is granted immunity against prosecution in return for testifying

  • People from other countries that commit a crime in U.S. soil have immunity

  • A person is put into witness protection

Question 49 of 77

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"Use immunity" is a limited immunity that prohibits the government only from using the witness's compelled testimony in a subsequent criminal proceeding?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 50 of 77

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What does nolo contendere mean?

Select one of the following:

  • no contest

  • guilty plea

  • new contest

Question 51 of 77

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What is double jeopardy?

Select one of the following:

  • Two trials for one offense

  • A question on the hit tv show in which a contestant can earn more money than is usually afforded to that particular category/question

Question 52 of 77

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Which supreme court cases deal with double jeopardy?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Palko v. Connecticut

  • Benton v. Maryland

  • Downum v. United States

  • Malbury v. Madison

Question 53 of 77

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A bill of particulars is a written statement that specifies additional facts about the charges contained in the information or indictment

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 54 of 77

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A motion for severance of charges requests that each specific charge not be tried as a separate case

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 55 of 77

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The sixth amendment promises a speedy trial

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 56 of 77

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Klopfer v. North Carolina made sure that states had to ensure a speedy trial. Before, it was only at a federal level.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 57 of 77

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The Speedy Trail Act of 1974 ensured what?

Select one of the following:

  • A reduction in delays in federal trials

  • A reduction in delays in state trials

Question 58 of 77

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Duncan v. Louisiana settled the discrepancy of the right to a trial by jury "in all criminal prosecutions". It hadn't been fully binding in state trials

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 59 of 77

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Venire, or venire facias, is the writ that summons jurors.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 60 of 77

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What does voir dire mean?

Select one of the following:

  • To speak the truth

  • To not speak the truth

  • A type of food

Question 61 of 77

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Batson v. Kentucky did what?

Select one of the following:

  • Prevent juries from not having minorities. Provided a jury of one's peers.

  • Examined the 8th amendment.

  • The right to counsel was extended to minorities

Question 62 of 77

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J.E.B. v. Alabama ex rel T.B. made the exclusion of a certain gender in juries unconstitutional

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 63 of 77

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What is a sequestration?

Select one of the following:

  • the removal of the jurors (and alternates, if any) from all possible outside influence.

  • Those people that ride horses

  • A discharging of the jury without a verdict

Question 64 of 77

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Evidence in chief is the first, or direct, examination of a witness

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 65 of 77

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What is retribution?

Select one of the following:

  • An effort to make the punishment as analogous as possible to the nature of the crime. Punishment is proportional to the crime.

  • The desire to punish criminals because society gains some measure of satisfaction from seeing or knowing that they are punished

Question 66 of 77

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What is Victim impact evidence?

Select one of the following:

  • a statement of harm suffered by the victim or the victim's family as a result of the offender's actions

  • The removal of dangerous persons from the community

Question 67 of 77

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What is the difference between deterrence and rehabilitation?

Select one of the following:

  • Deterrence refers to the prevention of criminal acts by making examples of individuals convicted of a crime. Rehabilitation rests on the premise that people who commit crimes have identifiable reasons for doing so and that these can be discovered, addressed, and altered

  • There is no difference

Question 68 of 77

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Indeterminate sentencing are flat, fixed, or straight sentences, it has no set minimum or maximum but, rather, a fixed period of time.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 69 of 77

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Truth-in-sentencing law requires offenders to serve a substantial portion of their sentences.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 70 of 77

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Allocution is the right of a convicted offender to address the court personally prior to the imposition of sentence.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 71 of 77

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What was the first supreme court case that invalidated a criminal punishment on eighth amendment grounds?

Select one of the following:

  • Weems v. United States

  • Wainwright v. Illinois

  • Mapp v. Ohio

Question 72 of 77

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Witherspoon v. Illinois was the first indication that the death penalty might be in trouble

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 73 of 77

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Furman v. Georgia found the death penalty to be unconstitutional

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 74 of 77

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What was the issue in Gregg v. Georgia?

Select one of the following:

  • Georgia's new bifurcated trial structure

  • Racial prejudice in sentencing

Question 75 of 77

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Coker v. Georgia placed limitations on the imposition of capital sentences

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 76 of 77

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In Lockhart v. McCree, the court asserted that even if juries that support the death penalty are "conviction prone" this in itself does not violate any constitutional provisions

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 77 of 77

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In Tison v. Arizona, the Court held that a defendant who does not intend to commit murder and who does not actually commit murder may not be executed when he or she participated in a felony that leads to murder and is found to have exhibited "reckless indifference" for human life

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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kzk11221
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

quiz of chapters 10,11,12,13 and lectures

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Created by Celeste_Unwritten over 1 year ago
kzk11221
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