Femur is a long bone.
Scapula is a long bone.
Sacrum is a short bone.
Scaphoid is a flat bone
Patella (knee cap) is a sesamoid bone.
The clavicle possesses a rougher upper surface.
The scapula possesses an articular surface on its lateral angle.
The fibula is taking part in the formation of the knee joint.
The radius is the bone of the antebrachium that is located on the same side as the tumb.
Among the prominent markings of the scapula are the:
Supraspinous fossa, patellar fossa, iliac fossa
Superior border, medial angle, inferior border
Coracoid process, acromion process, scapular spine
Olecranon process, coronoid process, styloid process
The component bones of the pectoral girdle include:
Ilium and pubis
Clavicle and scapula
Scapula and humerus
Radius and ulna
The structures of the humerus that accept projections of the ulna in flexion and extension are:
Intertubercular groove, radial groove
Coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa
Medial epicondyle, lateral epicondyle
Adial fossa, trochlear notch
The growth in length of a bone is at the:
Center of the shaft
A structural feature of a typical cervical vertebra is:
A transverse foramen
A long spinous process
The head of the femur articulates with the:
Among the prominent bone markings of the tibia are the:
Interochanteric line, interochanteric crest, patellar surface
Anterior crest, tibial tuberosity, medial malleolus
Lateral malleolus, anterior crest, interosseous crest
Medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, tibial crest
The two proximal carpals that articulate with the radius in making the wrist joints are the:
Scaphoid and lunate
Triangular (triquetrum) and pisiform.
Lunate and pisiform
The medial malleolus is a process on the:
The roughened vertical ridge on the posterior surface of the femoral shaft is the:
Which portion of the sternum attaches to the greatest number of ribs?
All attach to the same number
Sulcus nervi ulnaris is placed:
On the shaft (body) of the humerus
Behind the lateral epicondyle of humerus
On the shaft (body) of the ulna
Behind the medial epicondyle of humerus
What are the names of the bones in the human thumb?
Condyle and meniscus
Middle and distal phalanges
Proximal and distal phalanges
Trapezoid and hamate
Where in the body can the pisiform bone be found?
What is the more familiar name for the thoracic cage?
Where in the human body would you find the cuneiform bones?
What is the coxal bone also known as:
Where in the human body can sesamoid bones be found?
How many bones are there in the human body?
What type of bone are the pisiform and the patella?
A vitamin D deficiency can cause:
Lack of sunlight
How many cervical vertebrae are there?
How many thoracic vertebrae are there?
How many lumbar vertebrae are there?
How many sacral vertebrae are there?
How many coccygeal vertebrae are there?
Choose the surface feature that represents a depression in a bone.
The medullary cavity of a long bone is lined with a thin layer of connective tissue the ...................... .
..................... are the type of bone cell that tears down bone during the building and remodeling process.
Bone lining cells
Cervical vertebrae differ from lumbar vertebrae in all of these aspects except ........................ .
Bifid spinous process
Presence of transverse foramina
Presence of transverse processes
What portion of the scapula articulates with clavicle?
What location on the humerus is the site of frequent fractures?
The ............... of the humerus receives a process by the same name that comprises the outer elbow bone.
What portion of the radius articulates with the capitulum of the humerus?
Tuberosity of radius
Which carpal bone articulates with the first metacarpal?
How many phalanges are present in each hand?
At which location do the three bones of the ossa coxae ossify?
Through which point of the pelvic girdle does the sciatic nerve pass to the leg?
Greater sciatic notch
Anterior sacral foramen
What is the point of attachment for the patellar ligament on the tibia?
What process makes up the outer ankle "bone"?
Medial malleolus of tibia
Lateral malleolus of fibula
Lateral epicondyle of tibia
Head of fibula
Which tarsal bone articulates with the first metatarsal bone of the foot?
During the healing of a bone fracture, what is the final step in the healing process?
Remodeling of the bony callus
Formation of bony callus
Bones that form in tendons in response to stress are called
Which of the following is (are) not a part of the axial skeleton?
both B and C
Which of the following is not a part of the appendicular skeleton?
The vertebral column
Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system?
Which of the following is (are) not protected by the skeletal system?
Central nervous system
Bone is primarily composed of:
Both A and B
In function, the skeletal system is most closely associated with the:
Which of the following is not one of the categories of bone shape?
A facet is described as a:
Marked bony prominence
Sharp, slender process
Flattened or shallow articulating surface
Projection adjacent to a condyle
A small pit or depression on a bone is referred to as a:
Red bone marrow within certain long bones is in contact with the:
Large bone cells that enzymatically break down bone tissue and that play an important role in bone growth, remodeling, and healing are known as:
Osteocytes within compact bone tissue are located in minute capsules, or spaces, known as:
In compact bone, the matrix is laid down in concentric rings called:
........................ builds up bone, while ................ breaks down bone.
Osteoblast activity/Osteoclast activity
Calcification is the process of:
.................... is the process by which minerals are deposited in the matrix of cartilaginous bone tissue.
Spongy bone develops at the ............ ................. centers
A (n).............. .................. consists of five histological zones.
Primary ossification center
Secondary ossification center
The .................. is region of transformation from cartilage tissue to bone tissue.
None of the above
Which of the following is not one of the four curvatures of the vertebral column?
Processes that limit the twisting of the vertebral column are the:
Which of the following is (are) not considered part of the rib cage?
The three components of the sternum, listed from superior to inferior in position are:
Xiphoid process, sternal angle, costal notch
Manubrium, body, xiphoid process
Jugular notch, clavicular notch, costal notch
Body, manubrium, clavicular notch
Certain structures are common to all ribs; for example, a:
Both B and C
Osteoporosis, the disorder characterized by weakening of bones, primarily as a result of calcium loss, is most common in which group?
The most virulent type of bone cancer, which frequently metastasizes through the blood to the lungs, is:
None; bone cancer is not virulent
A fissure is defined as:
A deep pit or socket
A rounded opening through a bone
A groove that accommodates a vessel, nerve, or tendon
A narrow, slitlike opening
Which of the following is found only on the femur?
Which of the following associations is not correct?
Endosteum/Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow/Spongy bone
Which of the following secures the periosteum to the bone?
Are found in spongy bone
Give spongy bone a latticework appearance
Are found in compact bone
Which of the following is a primary curve of the vertebral column
Both C and D
Which is not a characteristic of lumbar vertebrae?
Thin, long spinous processes
Thick spinous processes
Which is not part of the appendicular skeleton?
All of the following are functions of the skeletal system?
Blood cell production
Deposit calcium into bone
Destroy bone matrix
Are a type of white blood cell
A and C are correct
A and B are correct
All of the following are bones of the thorax
The bone of the upper limb is the:
Are the bones forming the lateral thoracic wall
Are 14 pairs
Are several types described as typical or "true" ribs, "false" ribs "floating ribs"
Have many features in common: head, neck, tubercle, angle, body, costal groove.
Known as "floating" are attached to the sternum
Is fan-shaped bone that forms the lateral prominence of the pelvis
Is one of the three bones that form the os coxae
Has a body that participates in the formation of the glenoid cavity
Has an anterior superoir iliac spine at the anterior end of the iliac crest
Has arcuate line which is inferior boundary of the iliac fossa
The phalanges are:
The hip bone (os coxze) consists of:
The elements in the proximal end of the radius are
In the adult vertebral column
The primary curves are in the thoracic and sacral region
There is more flexion and extension in the lumbar region than in the thoracic region
There is more rotation about a longitudinal axis in the thoracic region than in the lumbar region
The transverse processes are posterior to the articular processes in all the vertebrae
The shape of the intervertebral discs contributes to the secondary curves
Lumbar vertebrae show the following features
They have flat articular processes
Their transverse processes become progressively longer from above downwards
The plane of the joints between the articular processes is sagittal
In thoracic vertebrae
All the spinous processes are long and point downwards
All the transverse processes have articular facets for the ribs
All the bodies have two articular facets on each side for the ribs
The transverse processes increase in length from above downwards
All the superior articular processes are more or less in the coronal (frontal) plane.