Osteology MCQ's

Question 1 of 99

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Femur is a long bone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 99

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Scapula is a long bone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 99

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Sacrum is a short bone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 99

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Scaphoid is a flat bone

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 99

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Patella (knee cap) is a sesamoid bone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 99

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The clavicle possesses a rougher upper surface.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 99

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The scapula possesses an articular surface on its lateral angle.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 99

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The fibula is taking part in the formation of the knee joint.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 99

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The radius is the bone of the antebrachium that is located on the same side as the tumb.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 99

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Among the prominent markings of the scapula are the:

Select one of the following:

  • Supraspinous fossa, patellar fossa, iliac fossa

  • Superior border, medial angle, inferior border

  • Coracoid process, acromion process, scapular spine

  • Olecranon process, coronoid process, styloid process

Question 11 of 99

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The component bones of the pectoral girdle include:

Select one of the following:

  • Ilium and pubis

  • Clavicle and scapula

  • Scapula and humerus

  • Radius and ulna

Question 12 of 99

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The structures of the humerus that accept projections of the ulna in flexion and extension are:

Select one of the following:

  • Intertubercular groove, radial groove

  • Coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa

  • Medial epicondyle, lateral epicondyle

  • Adial fossa, trochlear notch

Question 13 of 99

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The growth in length of a bone is at the:

Select one of the following:

  • Articular cartilage

  • Center of the shaft

  • Diaphyseal line

  • Epiphyseal plate

Question 14 of 99

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A structural feature of a typical cervical vertebra is:

Select one of the following:

  • A transverse foramen

  • A dens

  • A long spinous process

  • A fovea

Question 15 of 99

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The head of the femur articulates with the:

Select one of the following:

  • Glenoid cavity

  • Acetabulum

  • Obturator foramen

  • Patella

Question 16 of 99

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Among the prominent bone markings of the tibia are the:

Select one of the following:

  • Interochanteric line, interochanteric crest, patellar surface

  • Anterior crest, tibial tuberosity, medial malleolus

  • Lateral malleolus, anterior crest, interosseous crest

  • Medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, tibial crest

Question 17 of 99

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The two proximal carpals that articulate with the radius in making the wrist joints are the:

Select one of the following:

  • Scaphoid and lunate

  • Triangular (triquetrum) and pisiform.

  • Lunate and pisiform

Question 18 of 99

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The medial malleolus is a process on the:

Select one of the following:

  • Tibia

  • Calcaneus

  • Fibula

  • Talus

Question 19 of 99

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The roughened vertical ridge on the posterior surface of the femoral shaft is the:

Select one of the following:

  • Greater trochanter

  • Linea aspera

  • Patellar surface

  • Fovea capitis

Question 20 of 99

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Which portion of the sternum attaches to the greatest number of ribs?

Select one of the following:

  • Manubrium

  • Body

  • Xiphoid process

  • All attach to the same number

Question 21 of 99

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Sulcus nervi ulnaris is placed:

Select one of the following:

  • On the shaft (body) of the humerus

  • Behind the lateral epicondyle of humerus

  • On the shaft (body) of the ulna

  • Behind the medial epicondyle of humerus

Question 22 of 99

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What are the names of the bones in the human thumb?

Select one of the following:

  • Condyle and meniscus

  • Middle and distal phalanges

  • Proximal and distal phalanges

  • Trapezoid and hamate

Question 23 of 99

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Where in the body can the pisiform bone be found?

Select one of the following:

  • Ankle

  • Wrist

  • Coccyx

  • Spine

Question 24 of 99

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What is the more familiar name for the thoracic cage?

Select one of the following:

  • Rib cage

  • Hands

  • Ankles

  • Skull

Question 25 of 99

Medal-premium 1

Where in the human body would you find the cuneiform bones?

Select one of the following:

  • Throat

  • Hand

  • Pelvis

  • Foot

Question 26 of 99

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What is the coxal bone also known as:

Select one of the following:

  • Elbow

  • Hip bone

  • Knuckle

  • Shin

Question 27 of 99

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Where in the human body can sesamoid bones be found?

Select one of the following:

  • Heart

  • Muscles

  • Tendons

  • Shoulder

Question 28 of 99

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How many bones are there in the human body?

Select one of the following:

  • 39

  • 94

  • 206

  • 215

Question 29 of 99

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What type of bone are the pisiform and the patella?

Select one of the following:

  • Cortical

  • Cancellous

  • Spongy

  • Sesamoid

Question 30 of 99

Medal-premium 1

A vitamin D deficiency can cause:

Select one of the following:

  • Enamel hypoplasia

  • Rickets

  • Lack of sunlight

  • Scurvy

Question 31 of 99

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How many cervical vertebrae are there?

Select one of the following:

  • 2

  • 5

  • 7

  • 10

Question 32 of 99

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How many thoracic vertebrae are there?

Select one of the following:

  • 7

  • 10

  • 12

  • 15

Question 33 of 99

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How many lumbar vertebrae are there?

Select one of the following:

  • 2 fused

  • 3

  • 5

  • 7

Question 34 of 99

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How many sacral vertebrae are there?

Select one of the following:

  • 2 fused

  • 5 unfused

  • 5 fused

  • 7 fused

Question 35 of 99

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How many coccygeal vertebrae are there?

Select one of the following:

  • 2 fused

  • 4 fused

  • 7 fused

  • 2 unfused

Question 36 of 99

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Choose the surface feature that represents a depression in a bone.

Select one of the following:

  • Fossa

  • Process

  • Facet

  • Condyle

Question 37 of 99

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The medullary cavity of a long bone is lined with a thin layer of connective tissue the ...................... .

Select one of the following:

  • Diaphysis

  • Endosteum

  • Periosteum

  • Epiphysis

Question 38 of 99

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..................... are the type of bone cell that tears down bone during the building and remodeling process.

Select one of the following:

  • Osteocytes

  • Osteoblasts

  • Osteoclasts

  • Bone lining cells

Question 39 of 99

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Cervical vertebrae differ from lumbar vertebrae in all of these aspects except ........................ .

Select one of the following:

  • Size

  • Bifid spinous process

  • Presence of transverse foramina

  • Presence of transverse processes

Question 40 of 99

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What portion of the scapula articulates with clavicle?

Select one of the following:

  • Acromion

  • Glenoid cavity

  • Spine

  • Scapular notch

Question 41 of 99

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What location on the humerus is the site of frequent fractures?

Select one of the following:

  • Anatomical neck

  • Surgical neck

  • Intertubercular

  • Deltoid tuberosity

Question 42 of 99

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The ............... of the humerus receives a process by the same name that comprises the outer elbow bone.

Select one of the following:

  • Coronoid fossa

  • Deltoid tuberosity

  • Trochlea

  • Olecranon fossa

Question 43 of 99

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What portion of the radius articulates with the capitulum of the humerus?

Select one of the following:

  • Styloid process

  • Tuberosity of radius

  • Head

  • Ulnar notch

Question 44 of 99

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Which carpal bone articulates with the first metacarpal?

Select one of the following:

  • Capitate

  • Hamate

  • Trapezoid

  • Trapezium

Question 45 of 99

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How many phalanges are present in each hand?

Select one of the following:

  • 28

  • 14

  • 15

  • 30

Question 46 of 99

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At which location do the three bones of the ossa coxae ossify?

Select one of the following:

  • Greater pelvis

  • Acetabulum

  • Pelvic brim

  • Pelvic inlet

Question 47 of 99

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Through which point of the pelvic girdle does the sciatic nerve pass to the leg?

Select one of the following:

  • Greater sciatic notch

  • Anterior sacral foramen

  • Obturator foramen

  • Acetabular notch

Question 48 of 99

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What is the point of attachment for the patellar ligament on the tibia?

Select one of the following:

  • Intercondylar eminence

  • Medial condyle

  • Tibial tuberosity

  • Anterior crest

Question 49 of 99

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What process makes up the outer ankle "bone"?

Select one of the following:

  • Medial malleolus of tibia

  • Lateral malleolus of fibula

  • Lateral epicondyle of tibia

  • Head of fibula

Question 50 of 99

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Which tarsal bone articulates with the first metatarsal bone of the foot?

Select one of the following:

  • Cuboid

  • Lateral cuneiform

  • Medial cuneiform

  • Intermediate cuneiform

Question 51 of 99

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During the healing of a bone fracture, what is the final step in the healing process?

Select one of the following:

  • Hematoma

  • Remodeling of the bony callus

  • Phagocyte activity

  • Formation of bony callus

Question 52 of 99

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Bones that form in tendons in response to stress are called

Select one of the following:

  • Cartilaginous bones

  • Sesamoid bones

  • Latent bones

  • Spongy bones

Question 53 of 99

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Which of the following is (are) not a part of the axial skeleton?

Select one of the following:

  • Skull

  • Ribs

  • Os coxae

  • both B and C

Question 54 of 99

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Which of the following is not a part of the appendicular skeleton?

Select one of the following:

  • The vertebral column

  • The patella

  • The clavicle

  • The femur

Question 55 of 99

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Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system?

Select one of the following:

  • Support

  • Hemopoiesis

  • Mineral storage

  • Coordination

Question 56 of 99

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Which of the following is (are) not protected by the skeletal system?

Select one of the following:

  • Liver

  • Heart

  • Muscles

  • Central nervous system

Question 57 of 99

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Bone is primarily composed of:

Select one of the following:

  • Phosphorous

  • Calcium

  • Magnesium

  • Both A and B

Question 58 of 99

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In function, the skeletal system is most closely associated with the:

Select one of the following:

  • Muscular system

  • Mineral system

  • Nervous system

  • Urinary system

Question 59 of 99

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Which of the following is not one of the categories of bone shape?

Select one of the following:

  • Long bones

  • Flat bones

  • Thick bones

  • Short bones

  • Sesamoid bone

Question 60 of 99

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A facet is described as a:

Select one of the following:

  • Marked bony prominence

  • Sharp, slender process

  • Flattened or shallow articulating surface

  • Projection adjacent to a condyle

Question 61 of 99

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A small pit or depression on a bone is referred to as a:

Select one of the following:

  • Fossa

  • Fissure

  • Fovea

  • Meatus

Question 62 of 99

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Red bone marrow within certain long bones is in contact with the:

Select one of the following:

  • Articular cartilage

  • Endosteum

  • Epiphyseal plate

  • Periosteum

Question 63 of 99

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Large bone cells that enzymatically break down bone tissue and that play an important role in bone growth, remodeling, and healing are known as:

Select one of the following:

  • Osteogenic cells

  • Osteoblasts

  • Osteocytes

  • Osteoclasts

  • Bone-lining cells

Question 64 of 99

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Osteocytes within compact bone tissue are located in minute capsules, or spaces, known as:

Select one of the following:

  • Lacunae

  • Osteons

  • Lamellae

  • Trabeculae

  • Sinuses

Question 65 of 99

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In compact bone, the matrix is laid down in concentric rings called:

Select one of the following:

  • Osteons

  • Lamellae

  • Canaliculi

  • Trabeculae

Question 66 of 99

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........................ builds up bone, while ................ breaks down bone.

Select one of the following:

  • Meatus/marrow

  • Osteoblast activity/Osteoclast activity

  • Epiphysis/diaphysis

  • Diaphysis/epiphysis

Question 67 of 99

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Calcification is the process of:

Select one of the following:

  • Ossification

  • Osteoporosis

  • Growth

  • Mitosis

Question 68 of 99

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.................... is the process by which minerals are deposited in the matrix of cartilaginous bone tissue.

Select one of the following:

  • Ossification

  • Hardening

  • Calcification

  • Deposition

Question 69 of 99

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Spongy bone develops at the ............ ................. centers

Select one of the following:

  • Bone marrow

  • Histological zone

  • Primary ossification

  • Secondary ossification

Question 70 of 99

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A (n).............. .................. consists of five histological zones.

Select one of the following:

  • Epiphyseal plate

  • Primary ossification center

  • Secondary ossification center

  • Cartilage rings

Question 71 of 99

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The .................. is region of transformation from cartilage tissue to bone tissue.

Select one of the following:

  • Ossification zone

  • Calcification zone

  • Cartilage ring

  • None of the above

Question 72 of 99

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Which of the following is not one of the four curvatures of the vertebral column?

Select one of the following:

  • Brachial curve

  • Thoracic curve

  • Cervical curve

  • Lumbar curve

Question 73 of 99

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Processes that limit the twisting of the vertebral column are the:

Select one of the following:

  • Spinous processes

  • Transverse processes

  • Lateral processes

  • Articular processes

Question 74 of 99

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Which of the following is (are) not considered part of the rib cage?

Select one of the following:

  • Clavicles

  • False ribs

  • Sternum

  • Costal cartilages

Question 75 of 99

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The three components of the sternum, listed from superior to inferior in position are:

Select one of the following:

  • Xiphoid process, sternal angle, costal notch

  • Manubrium, body, xiphoid process

  • Jugular notch, clavicular notch, costal notch

  • Body, manubrium, clavicular notch

Question 76 of 99

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Certain structures are common to all ribs; for example, a:

Select one of the following:

  • Tubercle

  • Head

  • Neck

  • Both B and C

Question 77 of 99

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Osteoporosis, the disorder characterized by weakening of bones, primarily as a result of calcium loss, is most common in which group?

Select one of the following:

  • Postmenopausal women

  • Elderly men

  • Children

  • All adults

Question 78 of 99

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The most virulent type of bone cancer, which frequently metastasizes through the blood to the lungs, is:

Select one of the following:

  • Osteoid osteomas

  • Osteoma

  • Osteogenic sarcoma

  • None; bone cancer is not virulent

Question 79 of 99

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A fissure is defined as:

Select one of the following:

  • A deep pit or socket

  • A rounded opening through a bone

  • A groove that accommodates a vessel, nerve, or tendon

  • A narrow, slitlike opening

Question 80 of 99

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Which of the following is found only on the femur?

Select one of the following:

  • Tubercle

  • Trochanter

  • Tuberosity

  • Head

Question 81 of 99

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Which of the following associations is not correct?

Select one of the following:

  • Endosteum/Yellow bone marrow

  • Medullary cavity/Endosteum

  • Medullary cavity/Periosteum

  • Red bone marrow/Spongy bone

Question 82 of 99

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Which of the following secures the periosteum to the bone?

Select one of the following:

  • Perforating fibers

  • Epiphyseal plate

  • Endosteum

  • diploe

Question 83 of 99

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Trabeculae

Select one of the following:

  • Are found in spongy bone

  • Give spongy bone a latticework appearance

  • Are found in compact bone

  • Both A and B

Question 84 of 99

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Which of the following is a primary curve of the vertebral column

Select one of the following:

  • Cervical

  • Lumbar

  • Thoracic

  • Pelvic

  • Both C and D

Question 85 of 99

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Which is not a characteristic of lumbar vertebrae?

Select one of the following:

  • Thin, long spinous processes

  • Transverse foramina

  • Large bodies

  • Thick spinous processes

  • Both A and B

Question 86 of 99

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Which is not part of the appendicular skeleton?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Vertebral column

  • Patella

  • Clavicle

  • Os coxae

  • Skull

Question 87 of 99

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All of the following are functions of the skeletal system?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Support

  • Blood cell production

  • Calcium storage

  • Excretion

  • Respiration

Question 88 of 99

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Osteoclasts

Select one or more of the following:

  • Deposit calcium into bone

  • Destroy bone matrix

  • Are a type of white blood cell

  • A and C are correct

  • A and B are correct

Question 89 of 99

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All of the following are bones of the thorax

Select one or more of the following:

  • Clavicle

  • Sternum

  • True ribs

  • False ribs

  • Sacrum

Question 90 of 99

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The bone of the upper limb is the:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Radius

  • Ulna

  • Humerus

  • Femur

  • Talus

Question 91 of 99

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The bone of the upper limb is the:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Radius

  • Ulna

  • Humerus

  • Femur

  • Lunate

Question 92 of 99

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The ribs

Select one or more of the following:

  • Are the bones forming the lateral thoracic wall

  • Are 14 pairs

  • Are several types described as typical or "true" ribs, "false" ribs "floating ribs"

  • Have many features in common: head, neck, tubercle, angle, body, costal groove.

  • Known as "floating" are attached to the sternum

Question 93 of 99

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Ilium

Select one or more of the following:

  • Is fan-shaped bone that forms the lateral prominence of the pelvis

  • Is one of the three bones that form the os coxae

  • Has a body that participates in the formation of the glenoid cavity

  • Has an anterior superoir iliac spine at the anterior end of the iliac crest

  • Has arcuate line which is inferior boundary of the iliac fossa

Question 94 of 99

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The phalanges are:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Long bones

  • Short bones

  • are 13

  • are 14

  • are 15

Question 95 of 99

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The hip bone (os coxze) consists of:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Os coccygis

  • Os pubis

  • Os ischii

  • Os sacrum

  • Os ilium

Question 96 of 99

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The elements in the proximal end of the radius are

Select one or more of the following:

  • Processus styloideus

  • Circumferentia articularis

  • Incisura radialis

  • Tuberositas radii

  • Fovea articularis

Question 97 of 99

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In the adult vertebral column

Select one or more of the following:

  • The primary curves are in the thoracic and sacral region

  • There is more flexion and extension in the lumbar region than in the thoracic region

  • There is more rotation about a longitudinal axis in the thoracic region than in the lumbar region

  • The transverse processes are posterior to the articular processes in all the vertebrae

  • The shape of the intervertebral discs contributes to the secondary curves

Question 98 of 99

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Lumbar vertebrae show the following features

Select one or more of the following:

  • They have flat articular processes

  • Their transverse processes become progressively longer from above downwards

  • The plane of the joints between the articular processes is sagittal

Question 99 of 99

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In thoracic vertebrae

Select one or more of the following:

  • All the spinous processes are long and point downwards

  • All the transverse processes have articular facets for the ribs

  • All the bodies have two articular facets on each side for the ribs

  • The transverse processes increase in length from above downwards

  • All the superior articular processes are more or less in the coronal (frontal) plane.

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Osteology MCQ's

Sole C
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PMU MCQ's 1st Year/ 1st Collo

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