What is the idea of unconditionnal positive regard?
Incorporation of human rights in the legislation of many countries
The right to choose how to act
Human rights are applicable to everyone (even the really bad people have rights (like No to torture regardless of what they’ve done)
We should talk way more about the QUALITY of education (rather than only the access)
In the Universal Declaration of Human rights, which Article is related to health?
What underlines best the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights AND Human Right to Health
There is a states obligation to ensure a certain degree of health to all people
The need to establish platerforms where people can advocate or themselves regarding
We should target vulnerable people
We need to help people to claim their health related rights (a lot of people are not familiar about what their right are)
What is the Human Agency view of health?
In developping countries the gap in life expectancy btw men and women is generally smaller
People’s capacity and freedom to live a life they see as meaningful requires (They can chose how to act and access adequate conditions and material resources).
Making sure that people have access to the best technology, information, etc.
In achieving the right to health, what is the most desirable between progressive realization and immediate realization? and why?
Progressive realization because it reduces the fees and makes the process more inclusive
Immediate realization because the needs are urgent, they need to be address immediately and the right to health involves that we need to stop the suffering before everything else
Immediate realization because delays will worsen things and it will be harder to address in the long run
Progressive realization because it helps people maintain their help over time ; it thus encourages government to invest in health care system, etc
What best relate to the concept of "duty-bearers" ?
The need to help people to claim their health related rights (a lot of people are not familiar about what their right are)
Focus on quality, equality and not discrimation, accountability, etc.
Favour a market-oriented approach of the health sector which aims to reduce public sector expenditures
Strenghtening governments leadership and accountibility when it comes to health
What are the 4 pillars of the Right to Health?
Availability, Accessibility, Acceptability, Quantity
Affordability, Accommodating, Inclusive, Universal
Adequacy, Availability, Acceptability, Quality
Availability, Accessibility, Acceptability, Quality
What are the determinants of the human right-based approach ?
Accessibility, Quality, Availability, Acceptability
Accessibility, Quantity, Availability, Affordability
Adequacy, Quality, Affordability, Acceptability
Universality, Quality, Availability, Acceptability
Acceptability most refers to...
Care should be available in sufficient quantity, should provide a range of services and be in a reasonnable distance
Making sure that people have access to the best technology, information
Figure out the person and context and etc and make a treatment appropriate ( Sensitive care that can be incorporate in their to day life considering their cultural manners, etc.)
The health care system should not discriminate people, (user fees, etc.)
Access to information; people's participation in making decision about their health, establishment of platforms where people can advocate or themselves regarding their needs, the interventions that are useful to them, etc. Focus significantly on high-risk and vulnerable groups of people
Which approach highlights those priorities?
Human-right based capicaity development
U.N view on health approach
Universal people empowerment approach
With the globalization, the health gap between the worst & best off groups is...
We don't care!
Which statement is wrong about the impact of globalization?
It weakens the health systems and access to health in high income countries
It favours a market-oriented approach of the health sector which aims to reduce public sector expenditures
Impacts poverty and the labour force
Growing public debt impacts health care
What are the key functions of a National Health Information System?
Strengthening governments leadership and accountibility when it comes to health, encourages pubic expenditure, favours investment in education
Promoting Universal Coverage, gender equality, fair access to health care
Ensure availability, accessibility, acceptability, quality in the health system
Data generation, compilation, analysis and synthesis, and communication and use
What are the 3 types of State obligation (regarding the right to health) ?
Respect, Protect, Promote
Respect, Protect, Fulfil
Invest, Promote, Fulfil
Progressive realization, Universality, Affordability
Ensuring that private companies provide safe conditions for their employees is an example of which state obligation?
What are the steps for conducting an analysis for a Human Rights-Based Approach to health?
Assessment, Causal analysis, accountability of the environment, geographical situation
Assessment of the individual, assessment of the environment, solutions
Assessment, causal/analysis, Role/responsibility analysis, capacity analysis, implementation
Promotion, Assessment, causal/analysis, Role/responsibility analysis, capacity analysis, Investment
Check all the statements that highlights the skepticism about the human right to health
Progress has not been encouraging, and the concept of “human right to health” itself is problematic
Unclear who bears the duty to ensure the right to health
Single-issue advocacy may be damaging to health systems
Promoting Universal Coverage creates tension
Complicated by the “right to life” vs. “right to die” debates,
and “human right to health” action and lawsuits
Cost-effectivness cannot be the primary driver of health ressources allocation in a rights-based approach
Uniform fees are consider equals (in the human right based approach)
What proportion of primary school-age children are out of school?
Less than 5%
What is the net enrolment rate ? (education indicator)
All the children that are actually enrolled in primary school
Children in primary school within the age range
Ratio of girls to boys enrolled in primary school
Seriously, you should know that
Since 2012, the progress in education (enrolment wise) have...
We have no data
Where do we observe the lowest rate of school participation?
Western and Central Africa and South Asia
What are the main factors that prevent school participation?
Gender, poverty, malnutrition
Transport, gouvernement policies, low quality education
Violence, slum areas, child labour
Gendre, rural areas and conflict zones
The gender gap in education is DECLINING in developed countries
What proportion of children entering primary school in developing is likely to drop out?
More than 1/4
The completion rate are actually high
What proportion of the 58 millions out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict affected areas?
Out of the 58 millions out of school children, what is the proportion of girls? (2012)
53% (more than half)
If you don't know that, please be one of them and drop ASAP !
What agency is the leader in the Education for All movement?
Universal BASIC education best refers to...
broader in scope, includes a full range of education activities that can happen in formal and informal settings giving people basic learning needs
Elementary education, and al children (boys girls from all age) learning literacy, mathematics, etc.
There is no such a thing my friend
Synonym of primary education
What are the 3 focuses of the Human Rights-Based Approach to Education ?
Right to access to education, right to quality education and right to respect in the learning environment
Right to access to education, right to free education and right to private education
Right to access, right to secondary education and right to safe transport to the learning environment
I'm tired, I don't want to be educated anymore.
Equality of opportunity falls under which pillar Human Rights-Based Approach to Education ?
Right to access to education
Right to quality education
Right to respect in the learning environment
Universal primary school education for all
Uniform, transportation, field trips, school supplies, food, etc. engenders....
bigger gender gap
Out of pocket expenses
Private primary education have...
It doesn't exist...
How do we define absolute poverty?
Severe deprivation of the basic material necessities of life, including access to services
When people are able to meet basic needs, but only just
Being much poorer than most people in a given society
You will end up poor if you can't answer this
"The minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living” is the definition of...
Human Development Index (HDI)
Financial poverty indicator
Povertyr Line / Threshold
How many people live in extreme poverty (less than 1$/day) ?
The HDI is based on...
Health (Infection disease prevalence), Education attainment (adult literacy), level of consumption
Life expectancy at birth, Education attainment (adult literacy), GDP per capita (PPP to buy commodities for meeting basic needs)
Shelter situation, Education attainment (adult literacy), GDP per capita
Number of people living under the poverty line
What is the most used measure of poverty in Canada?
The poverty threshold
The Low-Income Cut-Off
The Low-Income measure
The Market-Based measure
What is the low-income measure?
Low income, as being much worst off than the average, calculated at one-half of the median income of an equivalent household.
Income level at which a family may be in straitened circumstances because it has to spend a greater proportion of its income on necessities than the average family of similar size.
Amount of income needed by a housed to meet its needs, not just in bare subsistence terms, but also in terms of what's need to approach a creditable community norms.
No money sorry
What are the five countries sharing most of the burden of extreme poverty?
India, China, Nigeria, Palestine, Congo
China, India, Somalia, Bangladesh, Congo
India, China, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Congo
India, Haiti, China, Congo, Angola
Men deal more with vulnerable employment that women
The global productivity has increased in the last years
Aid in education has declined in middle-income countries?
Check the characteristics of the PRSP
Globally, what proportion of children under the age of 5 are underweight?
Representation of women on the job market is an exemple of gender equity and gender equality?
What terms describe the absence of discrimination on the basis of a person’s sex in opportunities, allocation of resources or benefits, and access to services.”
Fairness of opportunity
Men tend to report their health poorer than women
Women are a larger portion of the extremely poors
Check all the statements applying to women
More likely to engage in preventative activies, open about their health, and they are more on medication.
More engage in occupations that are consider high risk
More likely to die in conflict
More likely to abuse alccool , smoking, drugs, etc
More likely to consume high fat diets
More likely to experience stress which they don’t talk about
More likely to die from suicide
More likely to attempt suicide
In developed country the gap in life expectancy btw men and women is generally smaller
Who is more likely to be diagnosed with mental illness?
Which disease is more likely to affect women than men?
What can explain the decline in the mortality rate around the world?
Better pregnancy care
The decrease in malnutrition
Effective birth control
How many women die annually in childbirth?
1 out of 5
What proportion of women around the globe has experienced sexual and other abuse in her lifetime?
What proportion of countries have reached gender parity in primary education?
Less than 1/2
More than 1/3
Where in the world are gender disparities persisting?
Sex-selective abortion refers to which phase of the life-course perpective on violence against women?
Honour killings refer to which phase of the life-course perpective on violence against women?
Genital mutilation refers to which phase of the life-course perpective on violence against women?
Female infanticide: intentional killing of a child under the age of 5 year (often a baby girl) due to the “lower” status associated with the birth of females and a preference for male babies;
Where in the world are sex-selective abortions the most common?
Education is a human right
What is specially good about girl's education (that does not apply to boys)
It empowers them
It has an inter-generational effect
good for the economy
Male-female enrolment gaps are getting smaller (from 6% to 2%)
What is the tendance rate of disability?
decreasing in richer regions of the world
What does the notion of romanticizing disability refer to?
Media show people with disabilities who achieve great things (and the average disabled get forgotten)
Media show people with disabilities who get married
We have to make the environment as user-friendly as possible for disabled people
Appealing to emotions to tempt donations
Check all the conditions falling under the notion of disability
impairment (miss a leg)
What is impairment?
Loss or lack of a body part
Loss or abnormality in the body (psychological, physical or physiological)
The idea that people with disabilities often require more resources to achieve the same outcomes as non-disabled people refers to...
Need a coffee
What proportion of people disability (out of the billion worldwide) live in developing countries?
Why is the prevalence of disability increasing?
Medical advancement (we live older and survive more but it comes with a cost)
Lack of pregnancy care
Lack of healthcare
What is the notion of decolonizing disability? (check all those that applies)
Dominance of the Global North in writing about and universalizing disability
The production of “impaired people” or persons continue as a result of the power/control of the Global North (EX. DRUG DUMPING' SWEATSHOPS' etc.)
Most of disabled people live in developing countries (80%)
Universal design is required to give access to services to disabled people
Developing countries report a higher disability rate
There are different degrees of disabilities. What is the average prevalence rate of disability for adults with very significant difficulties?
What is the rate of disability in Canada
Which MDG first explicitly mentioned disability (2010) ?
#8 (global partnership and development)
#2 (achieve universal primary education)
#1 (eradicate poverty and hunger)
It has never been explicitly mentioned
What are the 3 most prevalent disability
Chronic (ex. asthma)
What is the main aim of the IFC (international classification of functioning disability and Health) ?
It provides a standard language and framework for describing/understanding disabilities (+ health, health related states, health outcomes, and determinants of health)
It gave and an umbrella term for impairments (of body structures and functions), activity limitations, or participation restrictions.
It is a statical report on the state of disability globally
It is related to education
What is the umbrella term for body structures and functions, activities, and participation?
Activity participation level
What model presents Disability viewed as an illness, impairment or a medical problem
Which model is diagnosis and treatment focus?
They all are
The medical model is disempowering
Which model aims to modify the environment to make it more inclusive and accommodating?
Which model of disability favours decentralization (home rather than hospital)
Which model presents the most holistic view
Which models states this : Disability reflects the interaction between the person and societal attitudes/behaviours and the physical, economic and political environments that hinder the equal participation of persons with disability?
The pilantropic model...
presents disability viewed as a tragedy.
Emphasizes the interaction between the environment and the person with disability.
aim to restore equality in employment, education, and business for those who suffer from discrimination
Highlights the role of society, especially the social environment, and the broader environment in the disabling process.
Which model presents disability viewed as a deviation from accepted social norms about appearance and function
In the IEP, according a student extra time for a test would be consider as...
It would not be part of the IEP
In the IEP, teaching a student how to read brail would be consider as...
In the IEP, according the charge of work for a student would be consider as...
About how many students in Ontario require an IEP ?
In the right-based approach to disability, The Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms would fall under which aspect
Constitutional guarantees of equality
Specific entitlement programs and social safety nets
Voluntary social/public commitment and involvement
Check the 3 characteristics of community
What are the factors that impact the sense of community
Division in politics
Difference in culture, religion, language
Changing demographie (ex. aging pop)
What is the main aim of community development?
Strengthening the sense of community
Self-sufficiency for the community
Equality among the community
A program/development that arise within the community and taken in charge by local people best refer to
A community-oriented initiative
A community-initiated initiative
Community-based initiative favours a top-down approach
Community program would foster ownership, participation and empowerment
Which of the following is true
the private sector to deliver health services is growing.
the public sector to deliver health services is growing
Civil society is not seen as an agency for a participatory and empowering form of development.
The blending or bridging of two or more communities to foster social inclusion refers to
International collaboration for community development
According to the World Health Organization, there is a shortage of nearly 7.2 million health workers.
9.3 million health workers.
7.2 million health workers.
7.2 thousands health workers.
1 million health workers.
Globally, nearly 2 billion people , particularly in the most remote villages, live without ever seeing a health worker.
What are the steps to prepare community workers?
Imposing program on people, lack of community ownership, unpaid work and funding issues pose barriers to community-based initiative
moral systems of a group or culture refers to
Acts are judged morally right based on how well they conform to some set of principles best refers to...
Teleological Ethics defines
acts are judged morally right based on how well they conform to some set of principles
act to bring about the best result or the maximum good; acts are judged morally right based on their consequences
a moral systems of a group or culture
a moral system that people can use to make moral decisions
what supports global institutions that mitigate and limit the power of individual nations and states?
cosmopolitanism states that all human beings belong to a shared community and have a moral duty to assist those in need regardless of nationality or proximity
An informed consent is an example of which ethical standard?
identifying and addressing global wrongs related to health falls under which interpretation of Global Health Ethics?
The humanitarian model recognize power and wealth disparities between Northern and Southern countries
The humanitarian model encourages humbleness
the political model is thinking-driven while the humanitarian model is emotionally driven
It is better for a new in the field of development to be closer the ethical paralysis rather tha righteous seizure
What are the 4 sources of social capital
Social network and social support
Reciprocity and trust
Democraty is an example of social partition
A patient-centered approach fall under which perspective of the global health care?