Globalisation is the human condition, always been happening
Globalisation is the human condition with cultural hybridity
(1 Wave Globalist)
GBL is New Condition -> The end of nation state due to
integrated global economy
(2nd Wave - Skeptic)
Realist: Powerful states, military, USA!
(2nd Wave - Skeptic)
World economy = Triadization, not Globalisation!
(3rd Wave, transformationalist)
MAJOR transform: combined forces of modernity
(3 Wave Transfor)
spacial relations stretched -> time and space distortion from local to global
(3rd Wave Transfor)
The phenomenal world accelerated due to time & space compression
(Westphalian World Order)
outsiders uncivilized, justified imperialism
(othering, society of states)
International Anarchy, English School of IR.
states are ultimate sovereignty
leading 18th liberalism thinker: liberty, justice, order
leading 17th century
liberalism thinker: liberty, justice, order
Sparta vs Athens = US vs USSR
(Decline of State)
US power decline since 70s, from
unipolar to multipolar
Decline of States due to complex interdependence, power shift to economics bringing new threats
end of history, liberal capitalist democracy wins in
post cold war
pre-modern (3W), modern (status quo - USA - foreign policy), postmodern (EU, cooperation)
No one seems to be in control.
Kashmir conflict = biggest threat of nuclear weapons
Primordialist, NS is an instinctive behavior, an extension of kinship
Modernist, national identity arose due to print capitalism, in which N.identity is a recent product
rise nationalism due to the industrial society requiring a certain polity and culture to function
modern nations have ethnic origins,
ethnicity is a pre-requisite to NS
NS is Changing:
Universal personhood is coming to replace nationhood'!
Tribalism offers reassurance of roots in the face of Globalization's complex threats. This threatens the NS.
Persistence of National Cultures because they have roots, memory, and
substance. Global flows are ephemeral
Accelerated cultural mixing defines today globalization. Cultures are syncretic, not discrete (hybridity)
Rise of Market State
maximizing opportunity to indiv by privatising ->
neoliberalism, enabling state
life, liberty, property
World Food Crisis
Problem is not population, it is with distribution
More than 100 million women missing'
sons, dowry, abortion, infanticide
Population growth cant be sustained by 'moral restraint'
- control: famine, misery, plague, war
late c21: decline, ageing pop, fall of fertility
Grameen Bank. Credit as human right, nobel prize
MFIs = success! Extension of finance = development
throwing 'sands in the wheels of international finance'
TT needs surveillance, control… paradoxically
TT $ increases state autonomy
difference from TT = global weighed taxation
anti 'neoliberal orthodoxy'
opposes 'madness' which could cost 500,000 UK jobs
TT is feasible
SC = US civic decline; SC -> economic development
social solidarity, local participation
WB uses SC to obscure class relations and power
depoliticising poor, no redistribution