Nutrition

Question 1 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the body or from other nutrients. Non-essential nutrients can be synthesized in the body or found in alternative sources.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Primary causes of malnutrition are related to specific diseases and conditions, such as Chron's, celiac, and cancer. Secondary causes of malnutrition are related to social and geographic factors, such as social habits, income, and stress.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Which lab value is the best indicator of nutrition?

Select one of the following:

  • Albumin

  • Transferrin

  • Hemoglobin

  • Total lymphocyte count

Question 4 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Which type of severe acute malnutrition occurs in places in the world where starchy foods are the main staple?

Select one of the following:

  • Kwashiorkor

  • Marasmus

  • Cachexia

  • Anorexia

Question 5 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Select the correct signs and symptoms of Kwashiorkor from the list below.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Decreased muscle mass

  • Swollen belly

  • Changes in skin pigment

  • Hair lightens and thins, may become red and brittle

  • Child is hyper-alert and ravenously hungry

  • Increased infections

Question 6 of 17

Medal-premium 1

What is "Russell's sign"?

Select one of the following:

  • Abrasion on the dorsal hand surface from forced vomiting

  • Parotid gland and submandibular gland enlargement due to vomiting

  • Dental erosion due to frequent vomiting

  • High cortisol and growth hormone levels due to starvation

Question 7 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following statements most accurately describes obesity?

Select one of the following:

  • Obesity is usually caused by endocrine and metabolic disturbances

  • Obesity is a generalized, excessive accumulation of fat in subcutaneous and other tissues

  • BMI and waist circumference are not very useful measurements in assessing the risk of developing health problems from being overweight. It is better to use blood lab values.

  • The priority in treating obesity is to treat vitamin deficiencies, dehydration and associated infections

Question 8 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following describes the role of Vitamin A?

Select one of the following:

  • A fat soluble vitamin that promotes vision, bone and tissue growth and is important in the immune and reproductive systems.

  • A water soluble vitamin that promotes vision, bone and tissue growth and is important in the immune and reproductive systems.

  • A fat soluble vitamin that is an antioxidant and plays an important role in the immune system.

  • A fat soluble vitamin that plays an essential role in blood clotting.

Question 9 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Which vitamin is an antioxidant, an important factor in collagen formation, important in metabolism, interacts with folic acid (B9), and assists in iron absorption?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin C

  • Vitamin D

  • Vitamin B12

  • Vitamin K

Question 10 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Deficiency of vitamin A is most directly associated with which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Chronic alcoholism

  • Kwashiorkor

  • Marasmus

  • Anorexia nervosa

Question 11 of 17

Medal-premium 1

A client diagnosed with anemia who is being treated with iron replacement therapy is not responding to clinical treatment. The client reports tingling and parathesias of the extremities. Which of the following might account for this poor response to therapy?

Select one of the following:

  • Client compliance with iron replacement therapy

  • Underlying medical condition of diabetes that is complicating course of treatment

  • Client may also have vitamin B12 deficiency that may account for presentation of neuropathy symptoms

  • Client may be taking vitamin C supplements that may account for presentation of neuropathy symptoms

Question 12 of 17

Medal-premium 1

A client who abuses alcohol presents with significant mental status changes and loss of balance. Which vitamin deficiency would you suspect as the possible cause of this presentation?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin C

  • Thiamin (B1)

  • Riboflavin (B2)

  • Niacin (B3)

Question 13 of 17

Medal-premium 1

The nurse suspects which clinical nutrient deficiency in a client who has developed osteoporosis?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin E

  • Vitamin D

  • Phosphorous

  • Calcium

Question 14 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following consequences would the nurse anticipate noting in a client who has had prolonged carbohydrate deficiency?

Select one of the following:

  • Breakdown of proteins, leading to ketosis and metabolic acidosis

  • Anemia, weight loss, and edema

  • Skin lesions and weight loss

  • Dental caries and obesity

Question 15 of 17

Medal-premium 1

How would you explain to a client why vitamins are needed for the metabolism of nutrients?

Select one of the following:

  • "Vitamins are needed because they provide additional energy sources."

  • "Vitamins are needed because they participate as enzymes in metabolic processes."

  • "Vitamins are needed to supply additional calories."

  • "Vitamins are needed in large quantities in order to prevent oxidation of vital nutrients."

Question 16 of 17

Medal-premium 1

A client suffered major trauma in an auto accident and has been having difficulty healing wounds. A deficiency of which of the following micronutrients is the most likely cause?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin C

  • Vitamin B1

  • Vitamin B12

  • Vitamin K

Question 17 of 17

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following statements is true about cancer cachexia?

Select one of the following:

  • It is no different than simple starvation because the metabolic rate declines in response to tumour growth.

  • It occurs as a result of chemotherapy but not radiation.

  • It occurs as a result of tumour-induced changes

  • It is only seen in clients who have limited caloric intake.

Icon_fullscreen
Ashling Ligate
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

Quiz on nutrition.

Eye 205
Pin 3
Balloon-left 0
Tags
Ashling Ligate
Created by Ashling Ligate over 1 year ago
Close