Transformation of a benign tumor to a neoplasm and malignancy occurs during what stage of cancer development?
Which of the following are medical disorders associated with constipation (SATA)
IBS: Crohns & Ulcerative colitis
Chronic Kidney Disease
African Americans are at highest risk of which of the following (SATA)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Chronic Kidney Disease
Invasive undifferentiated cells that gain access to blood and lymph channels to metastasize to other areas of the body is an example of a:
Carcinoma in situ (CIS)
Neuropathic pain is spontaneous and has no useful purpose.
What describes a perceived increase in pain intensity over time when a non-painful stimulus is repeatedly delivered?
pain wind up
Which of the following describes dysplasia (SATA)
normal appearance, but too many cells
additional genetic changes in hyper-plastic cells
cells and tissue may become disorganized
wrong number of chromosomes
BRCA1 and BRCA2 are naturally occurring tumor suppressor genes.
Which of the following are external (modifiable) causes of cancer?
Smoking (smokey treats)
mutated tumor supressor genes
hormones (estrogen levels)
radiation exposure (sun, radiation therapy)
virus exposure (CMV, HVP, hepatitis)
During what stage does permanent genetic changes occur in daughter cells from the division of mutated cells which will also carry on the mutation?
Infertility factors for women include which of the following (SATA)
Treatment for infertility primarily focuses on assistive reproductive technology (ART) for men.
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse.
What type of infertility occurs when a couple has already had one successful pregnancy?
What medications are used to treat IBS: Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis?
What medication is not used to treat constipation?
What are some clinical manifestations of chronic kidney disease? (SATA)
red skin tone
What are some ways to prevent CKD? (SATA)
Management of chronic conditions
> 2L water intake per day
walk your dog to the mail box
Which of the following medications are often contributors to constipation? (SATA)
Iatrogenic constipation results from treatment such as surgery.
Fatigue of fibromyalgia is linked to which neurotransmitter?
Substance P (a neuropeptide) is elevated in which clients? (SATA)
A patient presents with incontinence. He has depression and has limited mobility. What type of incontinence does he have?
A patient with poorly filtered urine> 400ml/day has ______________