Chronic Final Exam Questions: unit 4

Question 1 of 24

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Transformation of a benign tumor to a neoplasm and malignancy occurs during what stage of cancer development?

Select one of the following:

  • Initiation

  • Promotion

  • Progression

  • Metastasis

Question 2 of 24

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Which of the following are medical disorders associated with constipation (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Colorectal tumor

  • IBS: Crohns & Ulcerative colitis

  • Hemorrhoids

  • Parkinson's Disease

  • Chronic Kidney Disease

Question 3 of 24

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African Americans are at highest risk of which of the following (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Cancer

  • Constipation

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease

  • Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Infertility

Question 4 of 24

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Invasive undifferentiated cells that gain access to blood and lymph channels to metastasize to other areas of the body is an example of a:

Select one of the following:

  • Benign neoplasm

  • Malignant neoplasm

  • Oncogenes

  • Carcinoma in situ (CIS)

Question 5 of 24

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Neuropathic pain is spontaneous and has no useful purpose.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 24

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What describes a perceived increase in pain intensity over time when a non-painful stimulus is repeatedly delivered?

Select one or more of the following:

  • pain wind up

  • allodyna

  • hyperalgesia

  • fibromyalgia

Question 7 of 24

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Which of the following describes dysplasia (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • uncontrolled growth

  • unusual growth

  • normal appearance, but too many cells

  • additional genetic changes in hyper-plastic cells

  • cells and tissue may become disorganized

  • wrong number of chromosomes

Question 8 of 24

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BRCA1 and BRCA2 are naturally occurring tumor suppressor genes.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 24

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Which of the following are external (modifiable) causes of cancer?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Smoking (smokey treats)

  • mutated tumor supressor genes

  • hormones (estrogen levels)

  • radiation exposure (sun, radiation therapy)

  • virus exposure (CMV, HVP, hepatitis)

  • immune system

Question 10 of 24

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During what stage does permanent genetic changes occur in daughter cells from the division of mutated cells which will also carry on the mutation?

Select one of the following:

  • Initiation

  • Promotion

  • Progression

  • Development

Question 11 of 24

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Infertility factors for women include which of the following (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Hispanic

  • Weight

  • DM

  • PID

  • HIV

  • Oocyte quality

Question 12 of 24

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Treatment for infertility primarily focuses on assistive reproductive technology (ART) for men.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 24

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Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 24

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What type of infertility occurs when a couple has already had one successful pregnancy?

Select one of the following:

  • Primary infertility

  • Secondary infertility

  • Subfertility

  • Tertiary infertility

Question 15 of 24

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What medications are used to treat IBS: Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis?

Select one or more of the following:

  • chlorpromazine

  • azathioprine

  • sulfasalazine

  • misoprostol

Question 16 of 24

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What medication is not used to treat constipation?

Select one of the following:

  • psyllium

  • diphenoxylate

  • docusate sodium

  • bisacodyl

Question 17 of 24

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What are some clinical manifestations of chronic kidney disease? (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • osteodystrophy

  • red skin tone

  • pruritus

  • foamy urine

Question 18 of 24

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What are some ways to prevent CKD? (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Management of chronic conditions

  • DASH diet

  • > 2L water intake per day

  • walk your dog to the mail box

  • limit smoking

Question 19 of 24

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Which of the following medications are often contributors to constipation? (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • zafirlukast

  • keflex

  • iron supplement

  • diuretics

  • analgesics

Question 20 of 24

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Iatrogenic constipation results from treatment such as surgery.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 21 of 24

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Fatigue of fibromyalgia is linked to which neurotransmitter?

Select one of the following:

  • dopamine

  • GABA

  • serotonin

  • Substance P

Question 22 of 24

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Substance P (a neuropeptide) is elevated in which clients? (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Cancer

  • Chronic Pain

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Infertile male

Question 23 of 24

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A patient presents with incontinence. He has depression and has limited mobility. What type of incontinence does he have?

Select one of the following:

  • Stress

  • Urge

  • Reflex

  • Overflow

  • Functional

Question 24 of 24

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A patient with poorly filtered urine> 400ml/day has ______________

Select one of the following:

  • Polyuria

  • nonoliguria

  • oliguria

  • anuria

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Chronic Final Exam Questions: unit 4

LizaSAHM
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Chronic Final Exam for Nursing care and pathophysiology

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