Research Methods MCQ 1

Question 1 of 20

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What are the five key objectives of science in Empiricism?

Select one of the following:

  • prediction, summary, conclusion, explanation, description

  • influence, prediction, questions, exploration, answers

  • exploration, description, explanation, prediction, influence

  • questions, answers, prediction, explanation, summary

Question 2 of 20

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Which form of reasoning is the process of drawing a specific conclusion from a set of premises?

Select one of the following:

  • Rationalistic reasoning

  • Deductive reasoning

  • Probabilistic reasoning

  • Inductive reasoning

Question 3 of 20

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Which “scientific method” follows these steps: 1) observation/data, 2) patterns, 3) theory?

Select one of the following:

  • Inductive

  • Deductive

  • Implosion

  • Top down

Question 4 of 20

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All of the following are common characteristics of experimental research except:

Select one of the following:

  • it relies primarily on the collection of numerical data

  • it can produce important knowledge about cause and effect

  • it uses the deductive scientific method

  • it rarely is conducted in a controlled setting or environment

Question 5 of 20

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The Aim or Statement of Purpose in a research study should:

Select one of the following:

  • Identify the design of the study

  • Identify the intent or objective of the study

  • Specify the type of people to be used in the study

  • Describe the study

Question 6 of 20

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One step that is not included in planning a research study is:

Select one of the following:

  • Identifying a researchable problem

  • Developing a research plan

  • Statement of the research question

  • Conducting a meta-analysis of the research

  • A review of current research

Question 7 of 20

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Systematic error is associated with:

Select one of the following:

  • Validity

  • Reliability

Question 8 of 20

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An ordinal scale is used to rank order people, objects, or characteristics.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 20

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What is a research design?

Select one of the following:

  • A framework for every stage of the collection and analysis of data

  • The style in which you present your research findings, e.g. a graph

  • A way of conducting research that is not grounded in theory

  • The choice between using qualitative or quantitative methods

Question 10 of 20

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A research plan _____.

Select one of the following:

  • Should be given to others for review and comments

  • Sets out the rationale for a research study

  • Should be detailed

  • All of the above

Question 11 of 20

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A formal statement of the research question or “purpose of research study” generally ______.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Is made after the literature review

  • Will help guide the research process

  • Is made prior to the literature review

  • All of the above

Question 12 of 20

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Qualitative research is often exploratory and has all of the following characteristics except:

Select one of the following:

  • it is typically used when a great deal is already known about the topic of interest

  • it relies on the collection of non-numerical data such as words and pictures

  • it is used to generate hypotheses and develop theory about phenomena in the world

  • it uses the inductive scientific method

Question 13 of 20

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Which scientific method focuses on testing hypotheses developed from theories?

Select one of the following:

  • Deductive method

  • Inductive method

  • Hypothesis method

  • Pattern method

Question 14 of 20

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Which scientific method often focuses on generating new hypotheses and theories?

Select one of the following:

  • Deductive method

  • Inductive method

  • Hypothesis method

  • Pattern method

Question 15 of 20

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If a study is "reliable", this means that:

Select one of the following:

  • The measures devised for concepts are stable on different occasions

  • It was conducted by a reputable researcher who can be trusted

  • The findings can be generalised to other social settings/ populations

  • The methods are stated clearly enough for the research to be replicated

Question 16 of 20

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Reliability is most simply known as which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Consistency or stability

  • Appropriateness of interpretations on the basis of test scores

  • Ways in which people are the same

  • A rank order of participants on some characteristic

Question 17 of 20

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When each member of a population has an equally likely chance of being selected, this is called:

Select one of the following:

  • A non-random sampling method

  • A quota sample

  • A snowball sample

  • A random probability selection method

Question 18 of 20

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Which of the following statements are true?

Select one of the following:

  • The larger the sample size, the greater the sampling error

  • The more categories or breakdowns you want to make in your data analysis, the larger the sample needed

  • The fewer categories or breakdowns you want to make in your data analysis, the larger the sample needed

  • As sample size decreases, so does the size of the confidence interval

Question 19 of 20

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Sampling in qualitative research is generally not:

Select one of the following:

  • Simple random sampling

  • Systematic sampling

  • Quota sampling

  • Purposive sampling

Question 20 of 20

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Which of the following is not a form of non-random sampling?

Select one of the following:

  • Convenience sampling

  • Quota sampling

  • Purposive sampling

  • Snowball sampling

  • They are all forms of non-random sampling

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Research Methods MCQ 1

lmukandatsama
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

Research methods

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lmukandatsama
Created by lmukandatsama over 1 year ago
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