A review of the literature prior to formulating research questions allows the researcher to do which of the following?
To become familiar with prior research on the phenomenon of interest
To identify potential methodological problems in the research area
To develop a list of pertinent problems relative to the phenomenon of interest
All of the above
Sources of researchable problems can include:
Researchers’ own experiences
Practical issues that require solutions
Theory and past research
All of the above
It is essential that you evaluate the quality of internet resources because information obtained via the internet ranges from very poor to very good.
How much confidence should you place in a single research study?
you should completely trust a single research study.
you should trust research findings after different researchers have found the same findings
neither a nor b
both a and b
A good qualitative problem statement:
Defines the independent and dependent variables
Conveys a sense of emerging design
Specifies a research hypothesis to be tested
Specifies the relationship between variables that the researcher expects to find
The statement of purpose in a research study should:
Identify the design of the study
Identify the intent or objective of the study
Specify the type of people to be used in the study
Describe the study
Why is the statement “What are the effects of extracurricular activities on cognitive development of school age children?” not a good statement of a quantitative research question?
Because there is no connection between extracurricular activities and cognitive development
Because there are not enough school age children engaged in extracurricular activities to conduct the study
Because the study would be too difficult to do given all the different extracurricular activities
Because the statement was not specific enough to provide an understanding of the variables being investigated
A key characteristic of past research that guides researchers in new research questions is that:
Extensive research conclusively and definitively answers research questions
Studies typically generate more research questions than they answer
Ethics is the set of principles and guidelines that help us to uphold the things we value.
Which of the following is necessary in obtaining informed consent?
A description of the statistical analyses that will be carried out
A description of the purpose of the research
A description of the reliability and validity of test instruments
A list of publications that the researcher has had in the last ten years
Which of the following is true about the use of deception in research?
It should never be used
It can be used anytime
If there is deception in a study, the participants may need to be debriefed
The use of deception must be outweighed by other benefits of the study
Both c and d are true
Which of the following is not an ethical guideline for conducting research with humans?
Getting informed consent of the participant
Telling participants they must continue until the study has been completed
Keeping participants’ identity anonymous
Telling participants they are free to withdraw at any time
Ideally, the research participant's identity is not known to the researcher during data analysis. This is called:
What is it called when the participants are not revealed to any one but researcher and supervisor?
Which term refers to publishing several articles from the data collected in one large study?
None of these