Chronic Final Exam Questions: unit 1, 2, 3

Question 1 of 20

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What describes replacement by another cell type?

Select one of the following:

  • metaplasia

  • dysplasia

  • atrophy

  • hypertrophy

  • hyperplasia

Question 2 of 20

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The thyroid functions to increase which of the following? (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • BMR

  • CO

  • sexual function

  • need for other hormones

Question 3 of 20

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Which patient is at greatest risk of hyperthyroidism?

Select one of the following:

  • 37 year old female on a high sodium diet with a BMI of 20

  • 22 year old female with a genetic predisposition and BMI of 18

  • 55 year old female with goiter with BMI of 27

  • 32 year old male with history of neck surgery with a BMI of 19

Question 4 of 20

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Which disease is autoimmune destruction of the thyroid tissue forming hormone secreting nodules?

Select one of the following:

  • Toxic multi-nodular goiter

  • Graves Disease

  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

  • Thyroid storm

Question 5 of 20

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Puffy eyes are a manifestations of which disorders? (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • CKD

  • hypothyroidism

  • hyperthyroidism

  • DM

Question 6 of 20

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What is the abnormal tissue which leads to scar formation resulting in joint immobility in Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Select one of the following:

  • Osteophyte

  • Bouchard nodes

  • Herberden Nodes

  • Pannus formation

Question 7 of 20

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Excess circulation of thyroid hormone is result from which of the following? SATA

Select one or more of the following:

  • auto-immune destruction of the thyroid

  • hoshimotos thyroiditis

  • over secretion of TSH from the pituitary gland

  • viral infection

Question 8 of 20

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The alpha cells of the pancreas produces what

Select one of the following:

  • glucagon

  • somatostatin

  • insulin

  • pancreatic polypeptides

Question 9 of 20

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All of the following are manifestations of diabetes except

Select one of the following:

  • Polyuria

  • Polydipsia

  • Polynomial

  • Polyphagia

Question 10 of 20

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What are the hormones released by the gut upon food reaching the duodenum altering the blood glucose levels?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Glycogen

  • Amylin

  • Incretins

  • Insulin

Question 11 of 20

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Which of the following diabetes drugs acts by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver?

Select one of the following:

  • Sulfonylureas

  • Meglitinides

  • Biguanides

  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

Question 12 of 20

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The female athlete triad may be a contributing factor in all of the following except?

Select one of the following:

  • osteoarthritis

  • osteoporosis

  • lethargy

  • infertility

Question 13 of 20

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C-reactive protein is (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • at equal levels to the erythrocyte sedimentation rate

  • a definitive diagnostic

  • antibody strongly associated with RA

  • indicative of inflammation

Question 14 of 20

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The sutures of a wound rupture. This is an example of

Select one of the following:

  • Hemorrhage

  • Hernia

  • Evisceration

  • Dehiscence

Question 15 of 20

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Abnormally elevated venous pressure stems from the legs inability to adequately drain blood

Select one of the following:

  • from the heart toward the leg

  • from the kidneys through the veins

  • from the leg toward the heart

  • through the arteries

Question 16 of 20

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A patient presents to the ER with a burn blister when she touched a hot cast-iron pan while making cornbread. What type of exudate is likely to appear?

Select one of the following:

  • serosanguinous

  • serous

  • sanguienous

  • purosanguinous

Question 17 of 20

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A patient presents with a healing wound 4 weeks after injury. The nurse would expect the would do be in what phase of healing?

Select one of the following:

  • temporary tissue reconstruction is replaced with organized collagen

  • vasoconstriction of cut vessels, scaffolding for structural repair

  • release of neutrophils and monocytes, increased blood supply to wound

  • granulation tissue forms, angiogenesis, epithelialization

Question 18 of 20

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Which of the following initiates the coagulation cascade?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin K

  • Platelets

  • Tissue factor

  • thrombin

Question 19 of 20

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What disease is failure of the valves or vein blockage results in pooling of blood and stagnation in lower extremities? (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • PAD (peripheral arterial disease)

  • PVD (peripheral venous disease)

  • PVD (peripheral vascular disease)

  • CVI (chronic venous insufficiency)

Question 20 of 20

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Extrinsic factors of poor wound healing in the feet diabetics includes trauma that has been rendered insensitive due to neuropathy.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Chronic Final Exam Questions: unit 1, 2, 3

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