Psychology 306 Practice Final Quiz

Question 1 of 30

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The differences between ordinary and major depression depend on:

Select one of the following:

  • geographic location and gender.

  • intensity and duration.

  • when they occur in one's lifetime.

  • society and diet.

Question 2 of 30

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On the average, those with the short form of the ________ transporter gene and a history of stressful experiences reported more than average symptoms of depression.

Select one of the following:

  • dopamine

  • calcium

  • serotonin

  • acetylcholine

Question 3 of 30

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In contrast to tricyclics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):

Select one of the following:

  • increase action potential velocity.

  • act on the left hemisphere while tricyclics act on the right.

  • block the reuptake of only serotonin.

  • block reuptake of both catecholamines and serotonin.

Question 4 of 30

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An example of a "negative symptom" of schizophrenia is:

Select one of the following:

  • poor emotional expression.

  • thought disorder.

  • hallucinations.

  • delusions.

Question 5 of 30

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Brain damage common to schizophrenia includes:

Select one of the following:

  • loss of axons between the substantia nigra and the basal ganglia

  • a heavier forebrain.

  • larger than normal cerebral ventricles.

  • a proliferation of glial cells.

Question 6 of 30

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A serious side effect that develops in some people after prolonged use of neuroleptic drugs is:

Select one of the following:

  • attention deficit disorder.

  • saccadic eye movements.

  • tardive dyskinesia.

  • seasonal affective disorder.

Question 7 of 30

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In most humans, control of language is centered in the:

Select one of the following:

  • right hemisphere.

  • corpus callosum.

  • left hemisphere

  • cerebellum

Question 8 of 30

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One way to test the hypothesis that people are biologically adapted to learn best during a critical period is to:

Select one of the following:

  • determine whether people learn a second language better than a first language.

  • compare the grammar use of children and adults.

  • determine whether people learn a second language if they start at various ages.

  • compare the vocabularies of children and adults.

Question 9 of 30

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More typical of dyslexic people than of other people is:

Select one of the following:

  • a bilaterally symmetrical cerebral cortex.

  • a planum temporale that is larger in the left hemisphere than the right hemisphere.

  • an overresponsive magnocellular pathway in the visual system.

  • damage to the posterior portion of the corpus callosum.

Question 10 of 30

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In many instances, spatial neglect appears to be linked to ________ problems.

Select one of the following:

  • Motor

  • Cognitive

  • Sensory

  • Attention

Question 11 of 30

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A symptom of right-hemisphere parietal lobe damage is the tendency to ignore the:

Select one of the following:

  • ventral areas of the body.

  • dorsal areas of the body.

  • contralateral side of the body and world.

  • ipsilateral side of the body and world.

Question 12 of 30

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A person with anomia would have the most difficulty with:

Select one of the following:

  • reaching out to touch objects.

  • speaking rapidly and fluently.

  • remembering the names of objects.

  • understanding written, as opposed to spoken, language.

Question 13 of 30

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Control of the emotional content of speech depends on

Select one of the following:

  • both hemispheres equally.

  • the right hemisphere.

  • the left hemisphere.

  • the corpus callosum.

Question 14 of 30

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In Pavlov's experiments he presented a sound followed by meat. Gradually the sound came to elicit salivation. The meat in this experiment was the:

Select one of the following:

  • conditioned stimulus.

  • conditioned response.

  • unconditioned stimulus.

  • unconditioned response.

Question 15 of 30

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Preventing learning is to ________ as suppressing a response is to ________.

Select one of the following:

  • the red nucleus; the lateral interpositus nucleus

  • the lateral interpositus nucleus; the red nucleus

  • classical conditioning; operant conditioning

  • operant conditioning; classical conditioning

Question 16 of 30

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HM was able to learn and remember:

Select one of the following:

  • how to find his way to a new residence.

  • events in recent history.

  • people's names.

  • skills like mazes and puzzles.

Question 17 of 30

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What might prevent many cases of Korsakoff's syndrome?

Select one of the following:

  • Alcoholic beverages fortified with thiamine.

  • Prohibition of the use of herbicides.

  • Warning labels on cigarettes.

  • Prohibition of the use of aluminum in cooking pots and pans.

Question 18 of 30

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Alzheimer's is associated with brain damage as a result of:

Select one of the following:

  • loss of cell bodies in the dorsomedial thalamus.

  • loss of the fibers connecting the substantia nigra to the basal ganglia.

  • tangles and plaques in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus.

  • an epileptic focus in the temporal lobe of the cortex.

Question 19 of 30

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Which of the following is an example of habituation?

Select one of the following:

  • After a tone is repeatedly paired with a shock, a person responds more strongly to the tone.

  • After repeated shocks, a person responds more strongly to the shock.

  • After a tone occurs many times, a person stops responding to it.

  • After repeated shocks, a person stops responding to other stimuli.

Question 20 of 30

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Blocking NMDA synapses has what effect, if any, on LTP?

Select one of the following:

  • There is no effect on LTP.

  • It prevents the establishment of LTP.

  • It enhances the establishment of LTP.

  • In prevents the maintenance of previously established LTP.

Question 21 of 30

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Psychologists typically define emotion in terms of the following three components:

Select one of the following:

  • actions, cognitions, and emotions.

  • feelings, actions, and emotions.

  • cognitions, feelings, and actions.

  • cognitions, actions, and emotions.

Question 22 of 30

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Which evidence is most detrimental to the James-Lange theory?

Select one of the following:

  • Changes in arousal are reported as changes in emotions.

  • Patients with pure autonomic failure experience emotions.

  • Some people feel stronger emotions than others do.

  • Sometimes people have trouble reporting what they are feeling.

Question 23 of 30

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Impulsive behavior and poor decisions are common symptoms of:

Select one of the following:

  • temporal damage.

  • parietal damage.

  • occipital damage.

  • prefrontal damage.

Question 24 of 30

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The concentration of 5-HIAA in the blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or urine provides an estimate of:

Select one of the following:

  • dopamine turnover.

  • serotonin turnover.

  • serotonin stores.

  • dopamine stores.

Question 25 of 30

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Suppose you want to DECREASE the aggressive behavior of an animal, and all you are allowed to use is a nutritional supplement. Which might be a good choice?

Select one of the following:

  • increase tryptophan

  • decrease lecithin

  • increase phenylalanine

  • decrease thiamine

Question 26 of 30

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A startle reflex occurs in response to:

Select one of the following:

  • depression.

  • anxiety.

  • grief.

  • an unexpected loud noise.

Question 27 of 30

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A combination of benzodiazepines and alcohol should be avoided because:

Select one of the following:

  • the combination produces excessive anxiety.

  • each magnifies the effects of the other.

  • they react with each other chemically to form a new compound.

  • each cancels the effects of the other.

Question 28 of 30

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Among identical twins, if one of them has PTSD, then the other is also likely to have a:

Select one of the following:

  • small hippocampus.

  • small adrenal gland.

  • large adrenal gland.

  • large hippocampus.

Question 29 of 30

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The ________, which is so important for emotional processing, is essential for the extreme emotional impact that produces PTSD.

Select one of the following:

  • thalamus

  • hippocampus

  • amygdala

  • cingulate

Question 30 of 30

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Are you ready for the Final?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Psychology 306 Practice Final Quiz

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Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

A practice quiz for Final.

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Created by pnguyen540 over 1 year ago
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