Name 3 contributors to energy input
Name 4 contributors to energy output
what is nutritional balance
intake > losses = ?
Intake < losses = ?
Name 4 non-degradable nutrients
Name 4 degradable nutrients
The time it takes to measure balance is dependent on ______
Name 5 forms of energy
heat + kinetic + potential = ?
When is chemical energy released?
What are the units of energy?
1 calorie = ? J
Approximately how many calories does an average adult use per 24 hours?
What are the atwater values for the macronutrients?
How does a bomb calorimeter work?
What is digestible energy (including equation) ?
What is Metabolizable energy (including equation) ?
What is Net Metabolizable Energy?
What is Respiratory Quotient and its equation?
What are the Respiratory Quotients for the macronutrients?
If a person eats a high fat / low CHO intake will the RQ be high or low?
Total Energy Expenditure = ?
What is basal metabolic rate?
What conditions does a person have to be in to measure BMR?
What proportion of TEE is BMR?
what are the other names for BMR? Why might these be used instead of BMR?
What biological components contribute?
Put in order of which contribute
more - less of % BMR
skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, vital organs
What influences BMR?
What is Dietary induced thermogenesis?
What proportion of TEE is DIT?
What are other names for DIT?
What contributes to DIT?
What influences DIT?
If quantity of intake increases will DIT increase or decrease?
If the ratio of CHO : fat increases will DIT increase or decrease?
What is the maximum response time to measure DIT?
What is the definition for physical activity?
What proportion of TEE is PA?
What are other names for PA?
What contributes to PA?
What influences PA?
What influences actiivity?
What influences the subject?
What is the equation for Physical Activity Ratio?
Give 3 examples of PAR values
What are other components of Energy expenditure?
What is non- exercise activity thermogenesis? include an example
What are other names for adaptive thermogenesis?
What is adaptive thermogenesis?
Explain the effect of psychological thermogenesis on energy expenditure.
What are the 2 components of Cold-induced thermogenesis?
Give two examples of drugs which contribute to drug induced thermogenesis
Measuring energy expended as heat = ?
Calculating EE from other measurements that relate to heat production = ?
What are prediction equations?
Explain how direct calorimetry is measured
What are the different types of direct calorimetry?
Name 3 advantages of direct calorimetry
Name 3 disadvantages of direct calorimetry
What is indirect calorimetry based on?
What is collected in indirect calorimetry?
What are the types of indirect calorimetry?
Explain what is involved in the room calorimeter/ ventilated chamber
What are the advantages of the ventilated chamber?
What are the disadvantages of the Ventilated chamber?
What is the metabolic cart?
What are the advantages of the metabolic cart?
What are the disadvantages of the metabolic cart?
What does portable respiratory require?
What are the advantages of portable respirometry?
What are the disadvantages of portable respirometry?
What is the technique of doubly labelled water?
What are the advantages of doubly labelled water?
What are the disadvantages of doubly labelled water?
Explain the theory behind using a heart rate monitor
What are the advantages of the heart rate monitor?
What are the disadvantages of the heart rate monitor?
What are pedometers and accelerometers?
How do pedometers and accelerometers work?
Name the 3 prediction equations for BMR
What are the advantages of prediction equations?
What are the disadvantages of Prediction equations?