2.1.2 Hardware

Question 1 of 14

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The central processing unit (CPU) contains

Select one of the following:

  • the processor, main memory and the cache.

  • the processor, secondary memory and the cache.

  • the processor, main storage and the cache memory.

Question 2 of 14

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Main memory of RAM is used to...

Select one of the following:

  • store programs while they are running and the data used by these programs.

  • temporarily store programs while they are running and the files used by these programs.

  • temporarily store programs while they are running and the data used by these programs.

Question 3 of 14

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Cache is high speed memory in the CPU that is used to store a copy of frequently used instructions and data. It is
used to...

Select one of the following:

  • improve the performance of the CPU.

  • improve the performance of RAM.

  • improve the performance of ROM.

Question 4 of 14

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Clock speed is measured in hertz or cycles per second. It represents...

Select one of the following:

  • how many instructions per minute the processor can execute.

  • how many instructions per second the processor can execute.

  • how many bits of data per second the processor can execute.

Question 5 of 14

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The fetch-execute cycle: the process by which a program is...

Select one of the following:

  • run: instructions are stored in main memory, fetched by the processor one at a time, decoded and executed.

  • run: instructions are stored in main memory, fetched by the processor, decoded and executed.

  • run: instructions are stored in main memory, fetched by the processor one at a time and executed.

Question 6 of 14

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Random Access Memory (RAM) is...

Select one of the following:

  • a type of memory that is read-write and volatile. Used for main memory.

  • a type of memory that is read-only and non-volatile. Used for main memory.

  • a type of memory that is write only and volatile. Used for main memory.

Question 7 of 14

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Read Only Memory (ROM) is...

Select one of the following:

  • volatile memory that is hard-coded at the time of manufacture. Stores the start up programs, the boot strap-loader.

  • non-volatile memory that is hard-coded at the time of manufacture. Stores the start up programs, the boot strap-loader.

  • memory that is hard-coded at the time of manufacture. Stores all programs, the boot strap-loader.

Question 8 of 14

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The bootstrap loader is the...

Select one of the following:

  • first program that is loaded into main memory from ROM when a computer is switched on. This will load the
    operating system from main memory.

  • first program that is loaded into main memory from RAM when a computer is switched on. This will load the
    operating system from secondary storage.

  • first program that is loaded into main memory from ROM when a computer is switched on. This will load the
    operating system from secondary storage.

Question 9 of 14

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Volatile memory describes memory that...

Select one of the following:

  • loses its contents when the power is turned off, e.g. RAM.

  • loses its contents when the power is turned off, e.g. ROM.

  • retains its contents when the power is turned off, e.g. ROM.

Question 10 of 14

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Non-volatile memory describes memory that...

Select one of the following:

  • doesn't lose its contents when the power is turned off, e.g. hard disk.

  • does lose its contents when the power is turned off, e.g. hard disk.

  • doesn't lose its contents when the power is turned off, e.g. RAM.

Question 11 of 14

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Virtual memory is...

Select one of the following:

  • part of the hard-disk that is configured to behave like an extension to main memory (ROM).

  • part of the hard-disk that is configured to behave like an extension to main memory (RAM).

  • part of the hard-disk that is configured to replace main memory (RAM).

Question 12 of 14

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Magnetic media is secondary storage such as...

Select one of the following:

  • hard disks, tape and floppy disks.

  • hard disks, CDs and floppy disks.

  • hard disks, DVDs and floppy disks.

Question 13 of 14

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Optical media is secondary storage that is read using lasers like...

Select one of the following:

  • hard disks, CDs and floppy disks.

  • CDs & DVDs.

  • CDs, DVDs and mini-discs.

Question 14 of 14

Medal-premium 1

Solid state / flash memory are secondary storage devices that have no moving parts. It is used in...

Select one of the following:

  • CDs, DVDs & memory sticks.

  • memory sticks, cameras and phones.

  • memory sticks, cameras and DVDs.

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2.1.2 Hardware

Lavington ICT
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

Multiple choice quiz for hardware

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Lavington ICT
Created by Lavington ICT over 1 year ago
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