Final Diabetes

Question 1 of 30

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What test is used to determine the average blood glucose in the last 2-3 month period?

Select one of the following:

  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

  • Fast Blood Glucose Test (FBG)

  • Average Glucose Test (AGT)

  • Hemoglobin A1C

Question 2 of 30

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What is considered the safe blood Glucose range?

Select one of the following:

  • 60-90 mg/dL

  • 70-120 mg/dL

  • 70-140 mg/dL

  • 60-130 mg/dL

Question 3 of 30

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What test is used to determine gestational diabetes.

Select one of the following:

  • Hemoglobin A1c

  • Creatinine Clearance

  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

  • Urine test

Question 4 of 30

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What is the normal range for sodium?

Select one of the following:

  • 125-135 mEq

  • 145-155 mEq

  • 135-145 mEq

  • 90-120 mEq

Question 5 of 30

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What is considered a safe level of potassium in the body?

Select one of the following:

  • 6.2 mEq

  • 2 mEq

  • 3.3 mEq

  • 4 mEq

Question 6 of 30

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If a patient is diagnosed with hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS), they have type 1 DM.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 30

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A patient with Diabetic ketoacidosis has a BG of what?

Select one of the following:

  • 250

  • 250-299

  • >300

Question 8 of 30

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If a patient has hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS), there blood ph is abnormal.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 30

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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is found only in patients with type 1 DM

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 30

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Which types of insulin are rapid acting? (select all)

Select one or more of the following:

  • determir

  • aspart

  • glulisine

  • lispro

  • glargine

Question 11 of 30

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What types of insulin are intermediate (select all)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Humulin N

  • Novolin R

  • NPH

  • Novolin N

Question 12 of 30

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What types of insulin are long acting? Select all

Select one or more of the following:

  • glargine

  • glulisine

  • determir

  • aspart

  • lispro

Question 13 of 30

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Long acting insulin can be mixed with short acting insulin

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 30

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When properly instructing a patient on how to give themselves insulin, what are important teachings. (SATA)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Rotate the vial in the the hand for long acting insulins

  • Rotate the vial in the hand for intermediate acting insulins

  • Give the injection IM

  • Inject air into the vial before removing the insulin from the vial

  • Rotate injection sites

  • Draw up cloudy solutions before clear solutions

  • Draw up clear solutions before cloudy solutions

  • It is okay to mix rapid acting insulin with intermediate acting insulin

Question 15 of 30

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What are the common risk factors for diabetes?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Eating lots of carbohydrates

  • Obesity

  • Giving birth to a baby over 9 pounds

  • Being African American

  • Being Caucasian

  • Being Asian American

  • Living in the United States

  • Metabolic Syndrome

Question 16 of 30

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What part of the body does not require insulin?

Select one of the following:

  • brain

  • heart

  • muscles

  • visceral organs

Question 17 of 30

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Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of hypoglycemia resulting from defects in the insulin secretion, insulin action, or both, leaden to abnormalities in carb, protein, and fat metabolism.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 30

Medal-premium 1

What are the risk factors of metabolic syndrome?

Select one or more of the following:

  • waist circumference of greater than 40 inches

  • hypertension

  • HDL greater than 35

  • Triglycerides below 150

Question 19 of 30

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Hypoglycemia is when the blood glucose falls below 70.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 30

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Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. (select all)

Select one or more of the following:

  • sweating

  • tremors

  • bradycardia

  • tachycardia

  • mood changes

  • hunger

  • blurred vision

Question 21 of 30

Medal-premium 1

If a person is suffering from hypoglycemia, they need glucose quickly. What are the adequate amounts of glucose that can be given? (select all)

Select one or more of the following:

  • 15-20 grams of carbs

  • 4-6 ounces of fruit juice

  • 75- 100 cc of 50% dextrose solution IV

  • 25-50 cc of 50% dextrose solution IV

  • 5 mg of glucagon injection IM

  • 1 mg of glucagon injection IM

  • 3-4 glucose tablets

Question 22 of 30

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Diabets is the leading cause of non-traumatic amputations, blindness, and end-stage renal disease in the united states.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 23 of 30

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Some of the long term macrovascular complications of DM include what? (select all)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Stroke (CVA)

  • Peripheral vascular disease (PVD)

  • Neuropathy

  • Retinopathy

  • Myocardial infarction (MI)

  • Nephropathy

Question 24 of 30

Medal-premium 1

Cataracts, glaucoma and night blindness are all complications of DM

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 25 of 30

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The first sign of liver failure is albumin in the urine

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 26 of 30

Medal-premium 1

Insulin and glucagon have opposite effects.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 27 of 30

Medal-premium 1

What are the three common manifestations of DM? (select all)

Select one or more of the following:

  • polyuria

  • polydipsia

  • polyglucosuria

  • polyphagia

Question 28 of 30

Medal-premium 1

The A1C range for diagnosing diabetes is less than or equal to 6.5%

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 29 of 30

Medal-premium 1

GLP1 inhibits insulin release as well as stimulates glucagon release.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 30 of 30

Medal-premium 1

A sick day diabetic therapy involves eating every 3- 4 hours and consuming a total of 150-200 grams of carbohydrates.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Final Diabetes

Leah Hall
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

Study prep for DM

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Leah Hall
Created by Leah Hall over 1 year ago
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