The two divisions of the central nervous system are the:
Autonomic nervous system and somatic nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system
Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
What are the two parts of the Autonomic Nervous System?
Central nervous system and somatic nervous system
Cerebrum and cerebellum
Which division of the peripheral nervous system consists of neurons sending messages out to the voluntary muscles of the body?
Which plane shows brain structures as they would be seen from the side?
If you were looking up at the bottom surface of a brain, where the cranial nerves are visible, which surface would you be viewing?
If one structure is on the left side of the body and another is on the same side, they are said to be ___________ to each other.
The pituitary gland would be positioned ___________ relative to the hypothalamus?
Which of the following is decreased by activity in the sympathetic nervous system?
When the parasympathetic nervous system is active, which of the following is true?
Pupils in the eye dilate
Pupils in the eye constrict
Which neurotransmitter is used by the post-ganglionic neuron of the sympathetic nervous system?
Which of the following is correct about the autonomic nervous system?
The sympathetic nervous system uses short postganglionic fibers
The parasympathetic nervous system uses long pre-ganglionic fibers
The sympathetic nervous system uses long pre-ganglionic fibers
The sympathetic nervous system comes from the top and bottom of the spinal cord (cervical and sacral regions)
What is a valley or groove on the surface of the brain called?
Which of the following hindbrain structures is involved in regulating balance and the sequencing of timed motor behaviors?
The hindbrain includes which of the following?
Telencephalon and diencephalon
Metencephalon and myelencephalon
Mesencephalon and diencephalon
Myelencephalonn and telencephalon
The neurons in the medulla have a number of functions, including:
Maintaining heart rate
Relaying visual information
Balance and sequencing of movement
The reticular activating system serves the primary function of:
Arousing the brain
Which of the following cranial nerves receives sensory information from the digestive tract and regulates heart rate?
Spinal accessory (XI)
Which cranial nerve is used to receive sensory information for the sense of smell?
The enervation of the lower face is from cranial nerve number:
The enervation of the upper face by the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) is:
Which of the following would not be found in the midbrain?
The limbic system is important for:
Visual and auditory pathways
Emotion and memory
Perceiving three-dimensional objects
Which of the following limbic system structures would be most involved in the regulation of emotional responses involving dominance and submission?
Which of the following neural structures use the neurotransmitter serotonin?
The Diencephalon includes which two major structures?
Hippocampus and amygdala
Superior and inferior colliculi
Thalamus and hypothalamus
Caudate nucleus and putamen
Which brain structure is involved in the process of eating, drinking, temperature regulation, and sexual behavior?
Which of the following structures are involved specifically in the regulation of eating behaviors?
Lateral and ventromedial hypothalamus
Pulvinar and putamen
Hippocampus and parahippocampus
Which structure is not part of the basal ganglia?
Which of the following structures would be found in the hypothalamus (and used to regulate sleep-wake cycles)?
Lateral geniculate nucleus
Medial geniculate nucleus
The basal ganglia is the most involved in the process of:
Memory and emotion
Which of the following brain structures is involved in most of the sensory pathways, before they reach cortex?
What is the primary lobe of the cerebral cortex used for auditory sensations?
Which of the following Is the largest of the connections between the hemispheres?
Which of the following is the correct pairing of neurotransmitter and anatomical structure which are lost in Parkinson’s disease?
Cerebral gray-endogenous opiates
What process involves the conversion of physical energy from some external stimulus into an electrochemical pattern in the neurons?
The center of vision at the back of the eye is the:
The majority of the eye’s refractory power to focus light before reaching the retina, the person would have which of the following?
If the optics of the eye are too strong and focus light before reaching the retina, the person would have the following?
Myopia and hyperopia oftentimes are due to:
Buildup of pressure in the eye
Loss of elasticity of the lens with age
Deterioration of the retina
A misshaping of the eyeball
The sclerosis of the lens from aging
A symptom of glaucoma
Due to a misshapen cornea
Due to having a concave lens
The lens relies on the _______ for its source of nourishment.
Which of the following cell types is not found in the retina?
You’re looking right at some particular visual target. You’re looking at it with your:
If someone says that you have blue eyes, what they really mean is that you have blue:
In the human eye you would find the greatest concentration of rods:
In the center of the fovea
Near the far periphery of the retina
At the optic disk
10-15 degrees away from the fovea
Cones are primarily located:
In the periphery of the retina
In the pupils
What is the correct order of cells straight through the retina, after information has been transduced?
Receptor cells, then ganglion cells, then bipolar cells
Ganglion cells, then receptor cells, then bipolar cells
Bipolar cells, then receptor cells, then ganglion cells
Receptor cells, then bipolar cells, then ganglion cells
Which kind of cell would be most involved in conveying information laterally across the retina?
Rods and cones
In comparison to the rods, what is true about the cones?
They are more common toward the periphery of the retina.
They are more sensitive to specific wavelength information
They are more sensitive to dim light
They are more common in rodents and other nocturnal animals
A protanope would be missing the:
S cone type
M cone type
L cone type
Which of the following is least associated with the opponent-process theory of color vision?
LGN “red/green” cells
Having 3 types of cones
Which of the following would be one of the visual systems color channels?
If a human had a single cone type that was maximally sensitive to wavelengths in the ultraviolet frequency ranges (say less than 400 nm), with no overlapping spectral sensitivities compared to the other cone types, what “color” would a light in the region of the spectrum appear to be?
In which are of the brain is color most likely to be processed:
Area MT and MST