A comma (,) is used to do what?
Indicate a pause
Separate items on a list
Allow the writer to use more than one adjective or adverb
In front of certain connectives to link independent clauses
To finish a sentence
'Jenny had learned to study by herself, even though she didn't enjoy it'
This is an example of the correct way to use the comma to separate clauses in a sentence.
The semi-colon (;) is used to:
Indicate there is a list to follow
Join two sentences with related ideas together instead of using a connective.
End a sentence
To separate items on a long list
The colon (:) is used to
Indicate a list
Join two parts of a sentence with linked meanings to give an example or explain the first part of the sentence.
For a heading or title
For each of the sentences below choose either a colon or semi-colon from the drop-down menu to correctly punctuate the sentences.
1) We have one rule in this school:
;( :, ; ) treat others as you would like them to treat you.
2) There is a choice of three main courses:
;( :, ; ) beef in ale;
:( ;, : ) spaghetti bolognese or fish and chips.
3) Mum could not find her car keys;
:( ;, : ) we had to walk to school.
4) There are four teams left in the World Cup:
;( :, ; )
5) The clock would not work;
:( ;, : ) it needed a battery.
6) We tried three ways to save money:
;( :, ; ) turning down the heating;
:( ;, : ) cycling to work;
:( ;, : ) holidaying in this country.
The apostrophe(') is used to:
Separate items in a list
Join clauses in sentences
To show when a letter has been missed out of a word to make it shorter
For each of the examples of apostrophe us in the image, choose from the drop-down menus either 'omission' if the apostrophe is being used to indicate a missing letter or 'possession' if it is being used to indicate ownership.
Full stops(.) are only used
To end a sentence
To indicate there is a list to follow
To separate clauses in sentences
To indicate a pause
What does an exclamation mark (!) do?
Replace a full stop at the end of a sentence
Ask a question
Turns statements into imperatives
Indicate the end of a sentence
Indicate emotions such as fear, anger or shock etc
The question (?) mark does what?
Turns sentences into questions
Replaces a full stop
Indicates the end of a sentence
The passage below has had all of the punctuation marks removed. Choose from the drop-down menus to replace these and correctly punctuation the passage so that it makes sense.
Yaqoob and Iqbal were nervous of hanging around a volatile situation.
;( ., :, ; ) They agreed to find out for me what was happening,
.( ,, ;, . ) ordering me to stay inside the car as they were swallowed up by the crowd.
!( ., ;, ! ) They emerged sometime later.
;( ., !, ; ) 'It' omission
,( ' omission, ' possession, , )s still not resolved,' said Iqbal, 'but it' omission
;( ' omission, ' possession, ; )s starting to get nasty. I think we should leave'.
!( ., ;, ! ) As we drove away,
.( ,, ;, . ) Yaqoob reflected on his driving skills.
;( ., :, ; ) 'I really enjoyed that,
;( ,, !, ; )' he said as we drove off at a more sedate pace.
:( ., ;, : ) 'But I don' omission
;( ' omission, ' possession, ; )t even have my licence yet because I' omission
,( ' omission, ' possession, , )m underage!
:( !, ., : )'.
They both found this hilarious,
!( ,, ;, ! ) but I was glad he hadn't told me before;
:( ;, ., : ) an inexperienced,
:( ,, ;, : ) underage driver causing a massive pile-up in the middle of the high-stakes donkey race could have caused problems.
?( ., !, ? )