Who was the Head of State in Nazi Germany?
Which 2 positions came below the Head of State?
What were the 4 sections of the regime under the Deputy Fuhrer and Secretary/Chief of the Party Chancellery?
Give some examples of the government departments. Which new ones were created in 1933 and 1934?
What was the Armed Forces made up of?
What were the Supreme Reich Authorities?
What were the main Nazi Party organisations?
What happened to the 1919 Constitution?
What happened to the Weimar political institutions?
How was the early years of Nazi government technically a coalition?
Give an example of how there was no clear division between the state institutions and the Nazi institutions
What is 'administrative pluralism'? Give some examples of this in Nazi Germany
Which multiple office-holder outdid all the others?
Why was multiple office-holding a source of inefficiency in the Nazi state?
How did Hitler respond from 1937 onwards to those non-Nazi conservatives who were concerned about the pace of rearmament?
What are the two views of Hitler's role in the Nazi state?
What two quotes sum up the rival interpretations?
What policy do intentionalist historians argue that Hitler pursued?
What word is used to describe what the party was structured around from the mid-1920s?
Why were there no serious rivals to the Nazi regime?
Who said in the 1936, "Our constitution is the will of the Fuhrer"
How did defendants at the post-war Nuremberg trials support the internationalist argument?
Who was able to have the all-important close contact with Hitler? Who did not?
Which historian said, "Alone Hitler planned, alone he decided, alone he ruled"?
Historians who question the idea of a Hitler-centred state point to Hitler's 'bohemian lifestyle'. Explain
What was Hitler's view on in-fighting and empire-building?
What did one of his Gauleiter's say about his view on in-fighting and empire-building?
Hitler's 'hands-off' approach in domestic politics led to what?
What concept does Ian Kershaw say is the key to understanding Hitler's role in the Nazi state?
How does Kershaw summarise this concept?
What were the main reasons for inefficiency in the Nazi state?
Who was the most successful empire-builder in Nazi Germany?
What were 'turf battles'?
What 3 factors made turf battles inevitable?
Explain the turf battle over policing, 1933-1936
Explain the turf battle over economic policy.
Who said "Hitler was on the whole a non-interventionist dictator as far as government administration was concerned"
Why was there a lack of coordination between the different parts of the government?
Who was left as the only coordinating link between Hitler and the government agencies after the Cabinet withered away?
What was Hans Lammers' main task?
Hitler put off making decisions, but when he did, he intervened swiftly and ruthlessly. Give some examples.
Assess the Nazi state
How did Carlton Hayes describe Germany?
How do historians from the 1960s and 1970s look at Nazi Germany?
Who is Martin Broszat?
Give some quotes of Martin Broszat's work.
What do the critics of structuralist interpretations say?
Who said, "None dared carry out a policy that did not accord with Hitler's will"?
Why does Dawidowicz criticise Broszat's interpretation?
On what points do intentionalists and structuralists agree?
1/3: What is the difference in the interpretations of Hitler's ideas and intentions?
2/3: What is the difference in the interpretations of how they explain the events of the Third Reich?
3/3: What is the difference in the interpretations on the main agents of change in history?
Created by shann.w almost 2 years ago