Which of the following is true of institutional discrimination?
It refers to the efforts and programs that suggest special treatment of women or racial minorities.
It imposes more hindrances on certain racial and ethnic groups than it does to others.
It discriminates against members of the dominant group.
It is the inability of racial minorities to move laterally in organizations.
__________ refers to the efforts to ensure that hazardous substances are controlled so that all communities receive protection regardless of race or social-economic circumstance.
What is reverse discrimination?
The charge that women are discriminated against in employment practices.
The charge that affirmative action discriminates against dominant-group members.
The charge that law enforcement officers belonging to majority groups discriminate against others.
The charge that employees in senior management positions exploit those in lower levels of the organizational hierarchy.
The motivation for the bias in most hate crimes is __________.
Which of the following is true of earning members of different groups?
The median income of Asian American men is lesser than that of White males.
Women with a Master's Degree earn more than men with a Bachelor's Degree.
Men earn a higher annual income than women, regardless of race or ethnicity.
The median incomes of Hispanic men and White men are the same.
Redlining refers to the pattern of __________.
racial profiling by law enforcement agencies
racial groups to be employed in different occupations from each other
IQ tests favoring middle-class children, especially the White and Hispanic middle class
discrimination against those trying to buy homes in racially changing localities
Which of the following refers to the barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified worker because of gender or minority membership?
the glass ceiling
the second shift
de jure segregation
The Chinese Exclusion Act, passed by the Congress in 1882, _______________.
excluded the Chinese population from exercising their voting rights
outlawed Chinese immigration for 10 years
prevented the Chinese from seeking jobs as physicians but allowed them to become nurses
ensured that the Chinese population were paid less than their non-Asian counterparts
By the end of the nineteenth century, more and more immigrants to the United States were ______________.
neither English-speaking nor Protestant
English-speaking and Catholic
experienced in democratic political practices
native English-speaking White population
Which of the following terms refers to the immigration to the United States of skilled workers, professionals, and technicians who are desperately need by their home countries?
Which of the following is true of illegal immigrants in the United States?
a majority of them pay taxes and do not claim benefits
a majority of them acquire the most highly paid jobs
a majority of them set up industries across the country
a majority of them are responsible for inflow of money into the country
Which of the following is true of the economic impact of immigration?
Immigration can increase the availability of natural resources to a community.
Immigration creates new job opportunities for the natives.
Immigration can revitalize a local economy.
Immigration improves wages for the natives living in the community.
Despite the poor working conditions often experienced by illegal immigrants in the United States, they continue to migrate because ____________.
they are unable to pursue higher education in their home countries
they are unable to find wage labor in their home countries
they think they can make a significant contribution to the economy of the United States
they know the border enforcement is nonexistent in the United States