What was the Spartacus League?
Who were the leaders of the MSPD and the Spartacus League?
What were the aims of the MSPD and Spartacus League in 1918?
Why did the Spartacus League only want workers to elect the political system?
What was the National Assembly and what was it responsible for?
What political party did the Spartacus League form when they officially broke away from the USPD?
When and how did the Spartacus League start their uprising?
How did Ebert's provisional government deal with the Spartacus Uprising?
Who were the Freikorps and how strong were they?
What other centres of revolutionary socialism did the Freikorps crush?
What were the reasons for a KPD uprising?
What were the reasons against a KPD uprising?
What was the result of the National Assembly elections in January 1919?
Why was this result not as emphatic a victory for democracy as it may appear?
When and where did the National Assembly meet?
Outline the 1919 Constitution
What were the main differences between the 1871 and 1919 Constitutions?
What similarities were there between the 1871 and 1919 Constitutions?
What were the principal strengths of the 1919 Constitution?
What were the weaknesses of the 1919 Constitution?
Who were the anti-Republic political parties of the 1920s, and on which side of the political spectrum were they?
Which parties were pro-Republic in the 1920s?
Which party came closest to gaining a majority in the Reichstag elections?
How many coalition governments were there between 1919-1930?
What was the principal threat to the survival of the Weimar Republic?
Was the anti-Republican right able to seize power?
What were the 3 main reasons as to why the far right resented the Republic?
What territory did Germany lose according to the 1919 Treaty of Versailles?
What were the military clauses of the Treaty of Versailles?
Did Germany get to keep or lose their colonies?
What was Article 231 of the Treaty?
Why were Germans hostile to the Treaty of Versailles 'Diktat'?
Why was the Polish corridor a problem for Germany?
How did Germany view the war guilt clause and reparations?
How did the peace settlement allow the far right to make a political comeback?
What and who caused the Kapp Putsch of 1920?
Was the Kapp Putsch successful?
What was inflation like before 1923?
How did the reparations affect international confidence in the German economy?
What happened as a result of Germany failing to make a reparations payment on time in 1923?
How did Germany respond to the French occupation of the Ruhr and why did they respond in this way?
Why did passive resistance contribute towards rising inflation?
What happened to the German currency (the mark) during 1923?
Give an example of how much the cost of an item in Germany rose by due to hyperinflation in 1923?
Who were the winners of hyperinflation?
Who were the temporary losers of hyperinflation?
Who were the permanent losers of hyperinflation?
How did the KPD use the hyperinflation situation to their advantage?
How did the circumstances also allow for a right-wing putsch attempt?
Describe the Munich Putsch of 1923
Why was the Republic able to survive the left and right threats in the early 1920s?
What did Gustav Stresemann do, in regards to the economy, as the Chancellor, August to November 1923?
What did Gustav Stresemann do, in regards to the political threats, as Chancellor between August and November 1923?
Why did Gustav Stresemann not succeed for long as Chancellor?
What was Stresemann's attitude as Foreign Minister, 1923-1929?
Why was 'fulfilment' opposed by the far right?
What was the Dawes Plan of 1924 and its significance?
What was the significance of the Dawes Plan?
What was the Locarno Pact of 1925?
Why was Germany's entry into the League of Nations in 1926 significant?
What was the Young Plan of 1929, and did it succeed?
How was the Young Plan viewed in Germany?
What was the overall significance of Stresemann's foreign policies?
Name some of the famous artists from Weimar culture
What was the famous architecture movement in Weimar Germany?
How popular was the cinema in Weimar Germany? Name a famous movie and some actors
What was the nightlife scene like in Weimar Germany?
How did the new culture cause divisions
Which city was the centre of new culture? How did some people view it?
How did the conservatives reply to the left-wing artists?
What was the mood of the middle-class during the later 1920s (i.e. after 1923)?
What did the trade unions succeed at doing in the 1920s?
How well did skilled craftsmen and the mittlestand (small businesses) do during the 1920s?
How did Gustav Stresemann describe Germany's economy in the 1920s?
What were the main positives of the German economy in the 1920s?
What were the main negatives of the German economy in the 1920s?
Was there political stability in the later years of Weimar Germany? What was the result of the 1928 election?
In terms of political stability, what continuing or worsening problems were there?
What were the 4 reasons for the middle-class resenting the Republic in the later 1920s?
THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC