Many people join Interest Groups for several reasons. One reason may be
to write off money spent on group activities
to save time and money by letting someone else choose who to vote for
to join in a cause they truly believe in
to become influential enough, so in the future, one may run for political office
An interest group tries to persuade people to
find ways to cooperate privately
nominate certain members for public office
respond to its members' shared activities
join a political party
All of the following are propaganda techniques EXCEPT
presenting only one side of an issue
using glittering generalities
supporting a government policy change
the bandwagon approach
Flast v Cohen was a case brought about by an interest group. Which of the following most accurately explains the outcome of the principle the Interest Group was trying to show?
Religion and State matters must always be separate
Economic benefits to states cannot be negotiated by those states
Some cases are lost, while some are won
The Supreme Court is ultimately responsible for all matters that concern Interest Groups
Single-interest groups try to affect elections based on
which party is in power at the time
each candidate's stand, in regard to the groups' interests.
the candidate's party affiliation
the broad views of all the candidates
Which is the best reason to explain why interest groups are so prominent in the US political culture?
Most countries in Europe have laws against such groups
Their traditional viewpoint is to participate through sanctioned parties, thus they use the multiparty system
With our parties growing weaker, people look for other ways to participate
Madison believed that this was a natural way to keep Democracy active
Unlike the major political parties, interest groups
do not dominate candidates for office
do not attempt to influence the policies of government
try to influence public opinion
are accountable to the public as a whole
Many critics explain that Interest Groups pose many problems in American society. Which of the following is NOT a reason they cite?
They can actually undermine some of the intent of the government
Interest Groups do not always represent who they claim to
The cost of funding these groups is growing more and more
The influence they show may be disproportional to their membership
All of the following are goals of interest groups EXCEPT
supplying the public with information they believe the people should have
building a positive image for their group
promoting a particular public policy
being chiefly interested in winning elections and controlling government
Interest groups operate
only at the national level of government
at the State and local levels
only within the legislative branch
at all levels of government
Madison believed that associations could possibly
overthrow the government, militarily
divide the government so badly that nothing could get done
cause political parties to disappear completely
spread throughout the world, creating a global economy
Membership-based Interest Groups represent all of these types of people EXCEPT
those that pay a membership due
those that cannot represent themselves
those that work in a similar profession
those that work to change legislation
Which of the following statements best reflects the trends you saw as you did your Interest Group Research?
All Interest Groups are basically the same
Interest Groups vary in size, success, and purpose
Most Interest Groups seem to gravitate towards one of the two major parties
Interest Groups serve little to no purpose
A purposive reason to join an Interest Group would be
that the person feels passionate about the group's goal(s)
that the person receive a benefit from their membership
that the person feels a "kinship" with other members
that the Interest Group heavily supports the persons political party
Which tactic would an Interest Group most likely NOT use to promote their cause with an undecided legislator?
Supply the legislator with credible information
Supply PAC money for a cause, group, or person that the legislator supports
Supply the general public with information with regards to their goal and the legislator's position
Supply support to a candidate who shares their beliefs
The ACLU would be an example of a(n)
group that promotes a cause
group that promotes a cause for its members
Can an Interest Group give money DIRECTLY to a legislator?
Which of the following is NOT a shortcoming of current scientific polls?
They have difficulty measuring the relevance of opinions to the people who hold them
They cannot accurately measure the intensity of opinions
They have difficulty measuring stability of opinions
They cannot accurately measure political references
The most reliable measure of public opinion is
If a pollster insists on a stratified sample, they
want only people who will corroborate their opinion
want a close, proportional number of people, statistically, in each group contacted
want those people who have never been called on before
want a divergent group of people, so the poll results will reflect a better cross-section
In order for a question to be reliable, it must
be asked in a certain manner, so the respondent will not answer in a way that pleases the researchers
be answered truthfully by the respondent
be mathematically corrected for the margin of error
be questioning what the researcher wants it to question, time and time again
Which of the following is a weakness of straw votes?
They are only used for entertainment purposes, such as the show American Idol
You cannot control or construct the sample you are seeking to evaluate
They are not reliable since the sample changes too quickly
In actuality, this is the most scientific of all polls discussed in class
Which of the following traits shows intensity?
The response can be measured to show how strongly a person feels about a topic
The response, if performed time and time again, would yield very similar results
The response shows similar opinions over time
The response shows the questioner what they really want to measure
Which of the following traits show stability?
Which of the following traits shows validity?
The response can be measured to show how strongly a person feels about a topic
The response shows the questioner what they really want to meaure
Which of the following traits shows the margin of error?
"Universe" is a term used to describe
a politician's constituency
the entire group of persons sampled in a given poll
the entire group of persons whose opinions a poll seeks to measure
the group that supports the activities of an interest groups
What is the speaker probably going to talk about?
one person's problems
a new law
an interest group's issue
Who, most likely, is the speaker shown in the cartoon?
an ordinary citizen
a labor leader
an interest group leader
a government official
The main topic of the cartoon is
how Congress works
abuses by the media
The Supreme Court has struck down attempts to give government this power
equal time doctrine
This refers to Web sites that provide government services online.
This president was known for his "fireside chats" on the radio
John F. Kennedy
Franklin D. Roosevelt
False, harmful written statements intended to damage a person's reputation constitute
the shield laws
This required stations to guarantee airtime to both sides of a controversial issue
This includes all the means for communicating information to the general public
This upheld freedom of speech on the Internet
Communications Decency Act
Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union
United States v. American Library Association
These generate automated e-mail notifications that provide subscribers with current information on a topic
electronic mailing lists
A ready-made story prepared by government officials for the press is called a
Government officials make announcements during
The release of secret information by an anonymous government official is called
"An informed public depends upon accurate and effective reporting by the news media. No individual can obtain for himself the information needed for the intelligent discharge of his political responsibilities. For most citizens the prospect of personal familiarity with newsworthy events is hopelessly unrealistic. In seeking out the news the press therefore acts as an agent of the public at large. It is the means by which the people receive that free flow of information and ideas essential to intelligent self-government."
-Lewis F. Powell, 1974
Which of the following summarizes Powell's overall opinion of the relationship between the mass media and a democratic society.
Citizens should not depend on the media for their information
The information provided by the press is inaccurate.
The relationship between between people and the press promotes intelligent self-government
Citizens feel a personal connection to all newsworthy events
The impact of the mass media on the public agenda can best be described as its ability to
tell people whom to vote for
focus the public's attention on specific issues
tell people what opinions to have about those issues
focus the public's attention on how to vote
The powerful influence of television changed presidential campaigns, Congressional issues, and politics in general. What television network was created specifically to broadcast the floor proceedings of the House and Senate?
"This type of content based regulation by the Federal Government is, in my judgement, antagonistic to the freedom of expression guaranteed by the First Amendment."
Which FCC rule was President Reagan referring to?
Telecommunications Act of 1996
limiting the amount of advertising
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 brought many changes to the broadcast industry. Which of the following was one of the more important changes?
created new rate regulation for cable systems
relaxed limits on media ownership
increased the amount of television stations one company could own to 55 percent
amended the federal criminal code to apply obscenity laws to Internet users
Politicians want to have accurate information about public opinion because they can
plan better campaigns if they know what is important to the people
work to discredit public opinion that differs from the views of their political party
evaluate whether public opinion on an issue is right or wrong
withdraw from a race rather than face defeat for holding an unpopular opinion
In recent years the relationship between the media and government officials has become
more mutually supportive
William Randolph Hearst used his newspapers to push the United States into a war against
Compared with local journalists, reporters and editors for the national media are more
restricted in what they can write
likely to act as gatekeepers and less likely to act as scorekeepers
What is the most common, negative effect of the advances in technology, in regards to the mass media?
There are simply too many sources to gain information from, so many people "tune out" all news
There is a greater likelihood of restrictions, to journalists, because of the ability for people to fact-check the news stories
Since there are now more sources, the media outlets must now compete with each other in a shrinking field. As a result, sensationalism has become very common
Even non-professionals can have their views spread to the public, thus making it harder for people to know what is true and accurate
Which of the following is NOT a trait seen in the relationship of forming the public agenda?
the public responding to the actions of the government, and the government taking action from those responses
the media focusing attention on a situation, thus causing the government to take appropriate action
the public responding both to the media focuses on
the government responding both to the media and the public to appease all those involved in a policy debate
Which events changed the focus of the media from simply reporting the news to investigative journalism?
FDR hiding the fact that he was in a wheel chair
Vietnam and Watergate
The Iran-Contra Affair under Reagan
Why would a beat release a trial balloon?
To "create" a news story so they can gauge public reaction
So that their station can get better ratings
They were bribed to do so
They would not do this, since they would be fired
When a news editor or reporter is trying to define what is newsworthy, they must consider many things. Which of the following is NOT one of their considerations?
Who does the news appeal to?
What will be the political reaction?
Will our sponsors still pay us?
What is the best way to "grab" the attention of people?
Under the original US Constitution, members of the Senate, unlike members of the House were selected by
In Great Britain's parliamentary system, candidates for Parliament are selected by
Other members of Parliament, as in a private club
the people, through primary elections
delegates to the party conventions
In the Senate, the greatest power is in the hands of the
President pro tempore
One reason why members of Congress tend to support the policy positions of their party is that
they often look to party leadership on matters about which they have little information and no opinion
congressional rules require party support on all partisan issues
support for the party position is essential in the eyes of most voters
the party pays most of their campaign expenses
Of the following, the Framers were most committed to creating a
Congress that could police itself
Congress that would not be corrupted
Members of Congress tend to support the policy positions of their party for all of the following reasons except
they often lack information on which to base a decision on the issues
those positions often coincide with their own ideology
such support helps their advancement within the party
The ______ requires members to be 25 while the ________ requires the age of 30
There is no age requirement
There is an age requirement, but the two ages listed are not accurate
As politicos, Congress
enacts laws that serve their party
tries to win elections by serving their constituency
balances several factors when deciding how to act
searches for their own, true stance on an issue
Which of the following is an example of the investigatory powers of Congress?
accepting a treaty made by the President
the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations
the power to lay and collect taxes
gathering information useful in making legislative decisions
The British House of Commons differs most obviously from Congress in the role played in it by
The general trend in power distribution and decision making throughout evolution of Congress has been toward
centralization more power for individual members.
centralization more power for leadership.
decentralization more power for leadership
decentralization more power for individual members.
According the the Constitution, who has the sole power to impeach the President?
The House of Representatives
the Vice President
the Supreme Court
Which of the following non-legislative powers may be exercised solely by the Senate?
the power to propose constitutional amendments
the power to elect a President if the electoral college fails to do so
the power to approve or reject major presidential appointments
the power to investigate the activities of public officials
Why did the Framers include the Necessary and Proper Clause in the Constitution?
to empower Congress to pass laws needed to carry out the expressed powers
to limit congressional powers to those expressly stated in the Constitution
to define the scope of the inherent powers of Congress
to set forth those powers considered necessary to the States
Under the Constitution, Congress has the sole power to
act as commander in chief
meet with foreign leaders
none of the above
All of the following war powers are granted to Congress EXCEPT the power to
call forth the militia
raise and support a navy
appoint a commander in chief
Which of the following is NOT a duty of a Congressional Committee?
Gather information, from experts, to help make new laws
Discuss and gather information to check on the function of an agency or on the function of some part of federal law
Decide how much money a political campaign should receive
Negotiate and compromise with other committees to ensure passage of a new law
With a(n) __________ rule, Congress can not add any any amendments to a bill, with a(n) __________ rule, Congress can add amendments to a bill only if those amendments deal with the issue at hand, and a(n) __________ rule allows any amendment to be added to any bill.
closed, open, restrictive
open, restrictive, closed
closed, restrictive, open
restrictive, open, closed
The Speaker of the House has many duties. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
Set the agenda for the House
Decide on the bill calendar
Preside over open sessions
Propose all legislation
What would you say is the most likely of reasons Presidential power became equal to Congressional power in the early/mid 20th century?
There was a need for decisive action on the President's part; Congress cannot offer that type of reaction.
There were a series of weak Speakers, therefore the President was looked upon for a new role
New rules came to be which caused the Speaker to lose all power
The Supreme Court expanded the President's power in cases like Korematsu v US
It is up to Majority and Minority Whips to
propose all legislation in the House
gain support for their party's initiatives
choose which bills go to committee and which ones die
conference all Senate and House versions of bills
Which of the following is a reason committees are used in Congress?
The framers wanted the power of Congress split, so this is one of the many ways they accomplished this goal
Presidents will not sign bills into law unless there has been committee action
Congress needs to gather information and deliberate on legislation carefully; this enables them to do so
Public outcry has made this part of the process more commonplace
Which of the following is NOT allowed to be done, according to the Constitution?
Taxes cannot be exercised on exports
Taxes can be used for both personal and public use
Indirect taxes have to be levied at the same rate throughout the nation
Direct taxes have to be apportioned by the population of the state
The federal government's biggest single source of revenue is from
loans from banks
individual income taxes
When the government's spending is greater than its income, it create a
government securities risk
national taxable income
To raise revenue and pass appropriations is the power of
What happens if no presidential candidate wins a majority of Electoral College votes?
The candidate with the largest popular vote wins the election
The candidate who carries the ten largest states wins the election
The House is free to select whomever it wishes to be president
The House chooses the president from among the three leading candidates
The result of the Supreme Court's ruling in the United States v. Nixon was that
Nixon was allowed to retain the disputed tapes and papers
Nixon was forced to hand over the disputed tapes and papers
Congress was forced to impeach Nixon to gain access to the disputed tapes and papers
Congress was allowed to take custody of the disputed tapes and papers under judicial review
The president is not legally required to consult Congress in reorganizing the
White House staff
Executive Office of the President
All of the above
__________ decide(s) whether to remove the President from office following an impeachment trial.
The Supreme Court
The Joint Judiciary Committee
A President can serve no more than _________ years in office.
A formal duty assigned to the Vice President by the Constitution is to
call Cabinet meetings
choose the secretary of state
preside over the House
preside over the Senate
Under the proportional plan, which situation is most likely to occur in an average state?
The Democrats would most likely win, since most population centers are in urban setting; these have always been Democratic strongholds
The Republicans would most likely win, since there are more Republicans, statically, in the US
Minor Parties would be able to win the majority of all contests now, since there would no longer be a winner takes all system
All states would be able to adopt the exact same structure, in terms of organizing their election system
Which of the following was NOT technically a war?
World War II
The Spanish-American War
The Vietnam War
The Persian Gulf War (1990)
Under which of the following reasons can a President NOT be removed from office?
Inability and ineffectiveness of the job
Committing high crimes and misdemeanors
Most federal agencies must share their functions with
related state agencies
Over time, the number of executive departments grew in large part because
Presidents wanted more secretaries in the Cabinet
the major political parties voted to expand the number of executive departments
regional offices were closed and departments opened in Washington
the workload of the Federal Government expanded as the country grew
Which of the following areas does the bureaucracy seem to regulate the most?
Health/Safety and Economics
National Security and Economics
Environmental Concerns and Health/Safety
National Security and Environmental Concerns
Under the Weberian Model of Bureaucracy
agencies try to "sell" their services as an indication of how valuable their department is.
no other viable alternative exist, so the agency faces no real competition
power is structured to move from top to bottom
bureaucrats are safe from demeaning bosses
In what way could a bureaucrat assist both a subcommittee and a SIG at the same time?
Contribute money to causes both groups believe in
Provide information that will help with a re-election issue
Provide information that will help with a regulatory issue
There is no way to help both at the same time
This type of deal, negotiated between the president and a foreign leader, does not require approval by the Senate
The guiding strategies and goals that direct U.S. relations with other countries are its
national defense system
To halt the spread of communism, the United States adopted this policy.
The supervisor of the diplomatic activities of the United Sates is the
secretary of defense
secretary of state
consul of the United States
ambassador of the United States
The regional security pact was developed by the United States and Western Europe
When the United States withholds loans, arms, or economic aid, it is using
"I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes. . . . The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedoms. If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world--and we shall surely endanger the welfare of this nation."
-Harry S Truman, 1947
When faced with the spread of Communism during the Cold War, President Truman adopted a policy known as containment. What type of assistance did President Truman believe to be the most effective for the countries resisting communism?
It has been suggested that senators actually appoint district judges, and presidents confirm them, through the practice of
advice and consent
requiring a two-thirds majority for confirmation
The Founders expected that judicial review would be relatively passive because
judges would be constrained by the legislature
judges would be constrained by the president
judges would be empowered to award money damages only
judges would merely find and apply the existing law
In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court held that
states could tax a federal bank
state militia were subservient to the federal armed services
the federal government could pass any laws necessary and proper to the attainment of constitutional ends
the federal government was subject to the laws of the states
Until the 1930s, the Supreme Court interpreted the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment to
view civil rights very narrowly
view civil rights very broadly
expand the notion of interstate commerce
contract the notion of interstate commerce
What does the U.S. Constitution have to say about the size of the Supreme Court?
It specifically sets the number of justices at six, later amended to nine
It specifically sets the number of justices at nine
It suggest but does not mandate a Court of nine justices
It does not indicate how large the Court should be
The chief judicial weapon in the government's system of checks and balances is known as
A judicial activist is a judge who holds
that courts should make as well as interpret law
a liberal ideology
that courts should make but not interpret law
a conservative ideology
Fee shifting refers to the practice of
dividing attorney's fees among all participants in a class-action suit
getting the loser to pay court costs
getting the government to pay the fees of all parties
having attorneys adjust their fees according to their experience and the damages awards
The rules regarding standing to bring a case to federal court involve all of the following except
the existence of a controversy between adversaries
the probability of reaching a satisfactory solution
evidence that actual harm has occurred
a stake in the outcome beyond that of being a taxpayer
The majority of cases heard by federal courts begin in
A writ of certiorari is issued by
a lower court, usually a district court
the defendant in a federal case
the plaintiff in a federal case
Two common ways for a plaintiff to lower the costs of an appeal are by filing and being heard as a pauper (in forma pauperis) and by
finding an interest group to support the case
finding a writ of certiorari
asking the courts to rule in absentia
suing under the principle of sovereign immunity
California is suing Arizona over the use of the Colorado River. The case will be heard by
a federal court
the Supreme Court of Arizona
the U.S. Supreme Court
The court that first hears a case is said to have
Which of the following could be the subject of a criminal case tried in federal court?
Which of the following is a TRUE statement about a writ of certiorari?
Only a defendant can petition for it
Only a plaintiff can petition for it
The Supreme Court must grant cert for all requests
The Supreme Court grants cert in a limited numbers of instances
Which of the following federal courts exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction?
court of appeals
the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
Which of the following statements about federal judges is TRUE?
They must have had previous service as State court judges or attorneys.
They serve a fixed term of office, set by Congress.
They are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
All of the above are true.
Most importantly, the Supreme Court is called the High Court because it is the
best court in the country
only court established by the Constitution
first court in which most of the important federal cases are heard
last court in which federal questions can be decided
The term of office for constitutional court judges is determined by
the Department of Justices
Which statement about differences between constitutional courts and special courts is TRUE?
Constitutional courts do not exercise broad judicial power
Only constitutional courts hear cases arising out of expressed congressional powers
Special courts have special powers granted under Article III
Special courts hear a much narrower range of cases
Jurisdiction DIRECTLY limits
when a case may be heard
which court may decide a case
how many witnesses may be called by the defendant
the number of times a case may be appealed
Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes once said that the Constitution "means what the judges say it means." He was defining the Supreme Court's
power of judicial review
right to use the writ of certiorari
The power of judicial review is held
exclusively by the Supreme Court
only by federal courts
by most federal and state courts
only by courts with appellate jurisdiction
Which of the following statements about the Supreme Court is FALSE
The Supreme Court exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction
Cases can reach the Supreme Court by certificate and writ of certiorari
The Supreme Court only reads briefs; it does not hear oral arguments
All of the above statements are false
Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over all of the following types of cases EXCEPT cases involving
a foreign government official
a person accused of a federal crime
citizens of different States
the infringement of a copyright
The independence of the judicial branch is ensured by the
manner in which federal judges are chosen
terms federal judges serve
salaries of federal judges
all of the above
As impartial as the court system tries to be, they are still impacted (in their decisions) by which of the following?
The Federal Budget
Court Rulings from other countries
Which of the following statements about civil rights is NOT true?
Each person's rights are relative to the rights of others
Rights sometimes conflict with one another
Some rights may be limited in wartime
Rights are extended only to citizens
The Free Exercise Clause gives people the right to
assemble and express their views on public matters
hold meetings and parades on public streets without permits
believe whatever they choose to believe in matters of religion
exercise anywhere they choose
Which of the following statements about prior restraint is TRUE?
Prior restraint are usually upheld by the Supreme Court
The Constitution guarantees the right of prior restraint
This action is not constitutional in our nation.
Prior restraints are necessary to prevent censorship
Government has the right to make reasonable rules regulating assemblies
to uphold its limits on free speech
to protect against the inciting of violence or the endangerment of life
in situations that may involve protest against government policies
if rules are applied individually regarding content
Why can vulgar language be used on HBO, Showtime, and Sirius Radio?
They are limited by the time and place they broadcast these shows
The 1st Amendment covers ALL speech
Since someone pays for the service, they assume responsibility for the content
Technically, they cannot. This is why they are fined so many times
As this is the last test of the year, which of the following statements is most accurate?
Meikle.... That's all I can say
Our government is complex, yet strangely interesting
I wish Meikle knew how smart, funny, good-looking, and humble he truly is
I still think Ohio State has a good chance this year in the Big Ten, despite the sanctions and suspensions imposed by the grossly unfair and biased NCAA
Why type of jurisdiction do Nevada Municipal and Justice Courts have?
Which President helped NV become a state?
Who changes the NV constitution?
Chamber of Commerce
How much of a majority is needed to pass a tax increase?
Which of the following State Officials are appointed?
None of the above
What is the Nevada state senate term limit?
What are the requirements for Governor?
25 years old, 2 year residency
30 years old, 4 year residency
28 years old, 2 years residency
35 years old, 4 year residency
How many days does a Governor have to sign a bill before it becomes a law?
The Lieutenant Governor has two jobs. What are those two jobs?
State Senate President
He advises the president
A & B
A & C
When Gerald Ford pardoned Richard Nixon for his role in Watergate, it meant that Nixon
was innocent of any crime he may have committed while in office
would have to admit to any wrongdoing while in office
could be impeached but not convicted for any crime he may have committed while in office
could not be prosecuted under federal law for any crime he may have committed while in office
The cabinet officers consist of the heads of
the major executive departments
the major governmental agencies and commissions
independent agencies and commissions
the major and minor governmental agencies
According to the Constitution, the President must
be a man who owns property
be at least 35 years of age
have held one major public office
have lived in the U.S. for at least 20 years
Which of the following statements is NOT an argument against the Electoral College system?
A candidate who loses the popular vote may still be elected President
An elector may vote for someone other than the voter-selected candidate
A strong third-party effort might throw the election into the House
The results depend upon how State congressional districts are drawn
As the Chief of State, the President
represents their political party
is responsible for all military action
is the head of our country
directs all actions of the federal government
What is the best reason to say that Congress reemerged to power after President Jackson?
There were no powerful personalities that came into power
The Office of President remained unable to deal with the social issues of the day
The Electoral College caused so much confusion that the House selected the President, this making them a figurehead
President Jackson did so much to destroy the integrity of the Office, that no one wanted it
Which of the following is NOT a Presidential Power, according to Article II?
Power to make treaties
Power to grant pardons
Power to veto Acts of Congress
Power to nominate all cabinet officials
The military and foreign relations powers of the President are viewed as being his sole responsibility. Which of the following statements is NOT a reason we view the office in this way?
As events occur, we need timely and quick action in cases of emergency
The Constitution gives the President much of the power in these areas
History has shown that Presidents have made better military leaders, since military experience is a requirement for the office
As the physical face of the nation, the perception of the President has evolved into that of the Chief Citizen and the Chief of State
Some independent agencies are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in that they
discuss rules and regulations for public policy with Congress and the courts
must enforce laws and decisions made by Congress and the courts
have certain powers, given to them by Congress, to make laws and rule on conflicts
tell Congress which laws to pass in regard to their functions
Which of the following is NOT a reason bureaucratic implementation may break down?
The lack of resources to carry out implementation
Unclear and unfocused laws
Unpopular and low public support
Faulty design and concept of the plan
Bureaucracies as __________ means that they check and ensure program performance, bureaucracies as __________ means that a program is thought out and created, and bureaucracies as __________ means that the program is being executed and adapted
Implementers, administrators, regulators
Regulators, implementers, administrators
Administrators, implementers, regulators
Regulators, administrators, implementers
A major difference between the Independent Agencies and the other areas of the bureaucracy (Cabinet, Executive Office, White House Staff) is that
Independent Agencies are always much larger than any other department
the other parts of the bureaucracy are more political than the Independent Agencies
their funding is discretionary, only
their tasks are for specific functions of the government, only
Each state determines how to cast its electoral vote. Today, the system adopted by all states is
the use of national party conventions
a vote by members of Congress from that state
According to class discussion, the greatest source of presidential power lies in the realm of
the U.S. Constitution
politics and public opinion
the execution of laws