ECON20332

Question 1 of 50

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Compared to the developed countries, the LDCs have

Select one of the following:

  • A. higher birth rates and lower death rates

  • B. higher birth rates and higher death rates

  • C. lower birth rates and lower death rates

  • D. lower birth rates and higher death rates

Question 2 of 50

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The Gini coefficient provides a measure of:

Select one of the following:

  • A. the level of poverty

  • B. the level of relative inequality

  • C. disguised unemployment

  • D. the rate of growth

Question 3 of 50

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According to the Harrod-Domar model, an increase in growth rates depends on

Select one of the following:

  • A. Increase in capital-output ratio

  • B. Decrease in capital-output ratio;

  • C. Increase in marginal propensity to consume;

  • D. None of the above

Question 4 of 50

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If the birth rate is 6% and the death rate is 2%, the natural rate of population increase is:

Select one of the following:

  • A. 0 .3%

  • B. 3.0%

  • C. 4.0%

  • D. 8.0%

Question 5 of 50

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The LDCs want foreign capital in the form of

Select one of the following:

  • A. loans when they want to retain control of domestic industry

  • B. equity when they want to share risks with foreign investors

  • C. long-term loans for long-term infrastructure projects

  • D. all of the above

Question 6 of 50

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The Solow model emphasizes the role of which of the following factors of production?

Select one of the following:

  • A. Land

  • B. Land

  • C. Capital

  • D. Natural resources

Question 7 of 50

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In an exogenous growth model, growth is caused by

Select one of the following:

  • A. capital accumulation.

  • B. government policies.

  • C. human capital accumulation

  • D. forces that are not explained by the model itself.

Question 8 of 50

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Suppose that two countries share identical levels of total factor productivity, identical labor force growth rates and identical savings rates. According to the Solow model

Select one of the following:

  • A. the country with the greater initial level of output per worker will grow more rapidly than the country with the smaller initial level of output per worker.

  • B. the country with the smaller initial level of output per worker will grow more rapidly than the country with the greater initial level of output per worker.

  • C. both countries will have the same growth rates of output per worker, even if they start out with different levels of output per worker.

  • D. if both countries start out with different levels of income per worker, both countries may have different growth rates of output per worker, but we cannot be certain which country will have the higher growth rate of output per worker

Question 9 of 50

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In the endogenous growth model, an increase in a worker’s level of human capital

Select one of the following:

  • A. increases the amount of additional human capital she can produce, but does not increase the amount of output she can produce.

  • B. increases the amount of additional output she can produce, but does not increase the amount of human capital she can produce.

  • C. increases both the amount of additional human capital she can produce and the amount of output she can produce.

  • D. increases neither the amount of additional human capital she can produce nor the amount of output she can produce.

Question 10 of 50

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According to Alesina and Dollar (2000) donor countries tend to allocate more aid to:

Select one of the following:

  • A. recipient countries with a low level of Human Development Index,

  • B. recipient countries that used to be former colonies of the donor and that are not necessarily poor,

  • C. recipient countries with a high level of population

  • D. none of the previous answers

Question 11 of 50

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Burnside and Dollar (2000) state that foreign aid can be effective if allocated where good policies are in place. How do they empirically measure the good policies?

Select one of the following:

  • A. controlling for the level of democracy inside the recipient country

  • B. using a variable that accounts for the type of fiscal policy implemented by the recipient government,

  • C. using a composite index that accounts for the fiscal, monetary and foreign policy

  • D. controlling for the level of corruption inside the recipient country.

Question 12 of 50

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If a war destroys a large portion of a country's capital stock but the saving rate is unchanged, the Solow model predicts output will grow and that the new steady state will approach:

Select one of the following:

  • A. a higher output level than before.

  • B. the same output level as before.

  • C. a lower output level than before.

  • D. the Golden Rule output level.

Question 13 of 50

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What conclusion can be reached from the following data on income shares?

Percentage of Income Received by
Lowest 40% Highest 20%

Bangladesh 17.3 45.3
Indonesia 14.4 49.4

Select one of the following:

  • A. absolute poverty is more widespread in Bangladesh

  • B. the size distribution of income is more unequal in Indonesia

  • C. Bangladesh has adopted a strategy of redistribution with growth

  • D. growth in Bangladesh is calculated using poverty weights rather than income weights

Question 14 of 50

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In the Harrod-Domar equation g = s/v, v is defined as

Select one of the following:

  • A. the value of the country’s capital stock

  • B. the ratio of the country’s capital stock to its output

  • C. the change in the country’s capital stock

  • D. none of the above

Question 15 of 50

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According to the Harrod-Domar model, an increase in growth rates depends on

Select one of the following:

  • A. Increase in capital-output ratio

  • B. Decrease in capital-output ratio,

  • C. Increase in marginal propensity to consume,

  • D. None of the above

Question 16 of 50

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In the Solow growth model, if investment exceeds depreciation, the capital stock will ______ and output will ______ until the steady state is attained.

Select one of the following:

  • A. increase; increase

  • B. increase; decrease

  • C. decrease; decrease

  • D. decrease; increase

Question 17 of 50

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Burnside and Dollar (2000) state that foreign aid can be effective if allocated where good policies are in place. How do they empirically measure the good policies?

Select one of the following:

  • A. controlling for the level of democracy inside the recipient country

  • B. using a variable that accounts for the type of fiscal policy implemented by the recipient government,

  • C. using a composite index that accounts for the fiscal, monetary and foreign policy

  • D. controlling for the level of corruption inside the recipient country

Question 18 of 50

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With perfect income equality the Gini coefficient in a country would be :

Select one of the following:

  • A. infinity

  • B. 1

  • C. 0.5

  • D. 0

Question 19 of 50

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The concept of Purchasing Power Parity:

Select one of the following:

  • A. is based upon the cost of hamburgers around the world

  • B. is based upon the cost of the same market basket of goods in different countries

  • C. is based upon the market exchange rate

  • D. is based upon the nominal exchange rate

Question 20 of 50

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Compared to the developed countries, the LDCs have

Select one of the following:

  • A. higher birth rates and lower death rates

  • B. higher birth rates and higher death rates

  • C. lower birth rates and lower death rates

  • D. lower birth rates and higher death rates

Question 21 of 50

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One study found that the Gini coefficient for Egypt .403 . was virtually the same as that for Australia .404. From this information one can conclude that Egypt and Australia:

Select one of the following:

  • A. had virtually the same number of households in absolute poverty.

  • B. had virtually the same percentage of households in absolute poverty.

  • C. had virtually the same Human Development Index level.

  • D. none of the above.

Question 22 of 50

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Compared to the developed countries, the LDCs have:

Select one of the following:

  • A. higher birth rates and lower death rates

  • B. higher birth rates and higher death rates

  • C. lower birth rates and lower death rates

  • D. lower birth rates and higher death rates

Question 23 of 50

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The Gini coefficient provides a measure of:

Select one of the following:

  • A. the level of poverty

  • B. the level of relative inequality

  • C. disguised unemployment

  • D. the rate of growth

Question 24 of 50

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According to the Harrod-Domar model, an increase in growth rates depends on

Select one of the following:

  • A. Increase in capital-output ratio

  • B. Decrease in capital-output ratio;

  • C. Increase in marginal propensity to consume;

  • D. None of the above

Question 25 of 50

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If the birth rate is 6% and the death rate is 2%, the natural rate of population increase is:

Select one of the following:

  • A. 0 .3%

  • B. 3.0%

  • C. 4.0%

  • D. 8.0%

Question 26 of 50

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The LDCs want foreign capital in the form of

Select one of the following:

  • A. loans when they want to retain control of domestic industry

  • B. equity when they want to share risks with foreign investors

  • C. long-term loans for long-term infrastructure projects

  • D. all of the above

Question 27 of 50

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Which of the following statement is incorrect in the microeconomic household model for demand for children?

Select one of the following:

  • A. The higher the household income, the greater the demand for children

  • B. The higher the prices of all other goods relative to children, the smaller the quantity of children demanded

  • C. The higher the prices of all other goods relative to children, the greater the quantity of children demanded

  • D. The greater the strength of tastes for goods relative to children, the fewer children demanded

Question 28 of 50

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Griffin (1970) argues that:

Select one of the following:

  • A. Total foreign aid the country receives is positively correlated with total national savings

  • B. Aid-to-income ratio is positively correlated with national savings ratio

  • C. Total foreign aid the country receives is negatively correlated with total national savings

  • D. Aid-to-income ratio is negatively correlated with national savings ratio

Question 29 of 50

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Which was not the reason that the capital account of many less developed countries turned negative in 1984?

Select one of the following:

  • A. Rising debt service obligations

  • B. Protectionism in developed countries

  • C. Declines in lending by international banks

  • D. Capital flight

Question 30 of 50

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Which factor is not related to the Asian Financial Crisis in 1997?

Select one of the following:

  • A. Foreign investors’ optimism foreseeing little exchange rate risk.

  • B. Capital flight preceding the Crisis

  • C. Over-valued fixed exchange rate

  • D. Asset and real estate bubbles

Question 31 of 50

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In the two-gap model, which of the following gaps, when binding, leads to foreign aid having the largest impact on GNP?

Select one of the following:

  • A. Fiscal gap

  • B. Savings gap

  • C. Foreign exchange gap

  • D. None of the above.

Question 32 of 50

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Consider two countries A and B which produce wine and cheese. The per unit labour requirement for country A to produce wine and cheese is 6 and 3 respectively. For country B, the per unit labour requirement to produce wine and cheese is 3 and 4 respectively. Which of the following statements is true?

Select one of the following:

  • A. country A has a comparative advantage in producing wine

  • B. country A has an absolute advantage in producing wine

  • C. country B has an comparative advantage in producing cheese

  • D. country B has an absolute advantage in producing wine

Question 33 of 50

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Consider two countries A and B which produce wine and cheese. The per unit labour requirement for country A to produce wine and cheese is 6 and 3 respectively. For country B, the per unit labour requirement for wine and cheese is 1 and 2 respectively. Which of the following statements is true?

Select one of the following:

  • A. country A has a comparative advantage in producing wine

  • B. country A has an absolute advantage in producing wine

  • C. country B has an comparative advantage in producing cheese

  • D. country B has an comparative advantage in producing wine

Question 34 of 50

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An implication for trade policy of a country following Import Substituting Industrialisation is that

Select one of the following:

  • A. tariffs and taxes on imports will be reduced

  • B. subsidies to exports will be increased

  • C. taxes and tariffs on imports be increased

  • D. taxes and tariffs will remain unchanged

Question 35 of 50

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According to Prebisch-Singer theory less developed countries should not rely on agriculture for export earnings because

Select one of the following:

  • A. the price elasticity of demand for agricultural goods is low

  • B. the income elasticity of demand for agricultural goods is low

  • C. the price elasticity of demand for agricultural goods is high

  • D. the income elasticity of demand for agricultural goods is high

Question 36 of 50

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When the terms of trade of a country decreases, it implies

Select one of the following:

  • A. the price of exports relative to the price of imports have decreased

  • B. the price of exports relative to the price of imports have increased

  • C. the price of exports relative to the price of imports have remain unchanged

  • D. the price of exports have increased and the price of imports have decreased

Question 37 of 50

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According to the Harrod-Domar model, an increase in growth rates depends on:

Select one of the following:

  • A. Increase in capital-output ratio

  • B. Decrease in capital-output ratio,

  • C. Increase in marginal propensity to consume,

  • D. None of the above

Question 38 of 50

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Without adjusting for "purchasing power parity", Real GDP tends to understate income in developing economies by

Select one of the following:

  • A. Underestimating saving

  • B. Ignoring government deficit spending

  • C. Omitting non-market transactions

  • D. All of the above

Question 39 of 50

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The Solow Growth Model predicts that

Select one of the following:

  • A. Rich nations will grow faster than poor nations

  • B. The rich will get richer and the poor will get poorer

  • C. The rich will get poorer and the poor will get richer

  • D. Poor nations will grow faster than rich nations

Question 40 of 50

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If the central prediction of the Solow Growth Model is valid,

Select one of the following:

  • A. Per capita Real GDP differences among nations will increase

  • B. Per capita Real GDP differences among nations will diminish

  • C. Economic freedom as measured by the Heritage Foundation Index will decrease

  • D. Population growth rates in rich countries will increase

Question 41 of 50

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What conclusion can be reached from the following data on income shares?

Percentage of Income Received by
Lowest 40% Highest 20%

Bangladesh 17.3 45.3
Indonesia 14.4 49.4

Select one of the following:

  • A. absolute poverty is more widespread in Bangladesh

  • B. the size distribution of income is more unequal in Indonesia

  • C. Bangladesh has adopted a strategy of redistribution with growth

  • D. growth in Bangladesh is calculated using poverty weights rather than income weights

Question 42 of 50

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The new growth theory attempts to explain

Select one of the following:

  • A. the rate of population growth within a country.

  • B. the rate of capital accumulation within a country.

  • C. the factors that determine the size of the Solow residual.

  • D. why there are diminishing returns to capital.

Question 43 of 50

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Lack of investment in strong education and health care systems:

Select one of the following:

  • A. Causes a deterioration in human capital and a decline in labor productivity;

  • B. Causes a deterioration in human capital and an increase in physical capital;

  • C. Increases human capital and a cause a decline in labor productivity;

  • D. Causes a decline in physical capital and a decline in labour productivity

Question 44 of 50

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According to Burnside and Dollar (2000):

Select one of the following:

  • A. Foreign aid has always a positive impact on growth but with diminishing returns;

  • B. Foreign aid has a positive impact on growth if associated with sound policies but with diminishing returns;

  • C. Foreignaiddoesnothaveapositiveimpactongrowthbutwithincreasingreturns;

  • D. Foreign aid has a positive impact on growth if associated with sound policies but with increasing returns.

Question 45 of 50

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Per Capita GDP is a good proxy for the growth of a country because:

Select one of the following:

  • A. is negatively correlated with Life expectancy;

  • B. is negatively correlated with Adult Literacy;

  • C. is positively correlated with Infant Mortality;

  • D. none of the above

Question 46 of 50

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According to Galor and Zeira (1993):

Select one of the following:

  • A. Individuals who inherit less than f work as unskilled but their descendants in future generations will work as skilled workers;

  • B. Individuals who inherit less than f work as unskilled and so are their descendants in future generations;

  • C. Individuals who inherit more than f invest in human capital and all their descendants will remain in the skilled labour sector in future generations;

  • D. Individuals who inherit less than g may invest in human capital but after some generations their descendants become skilled workers;

Question 47 of 50

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Rural interest rates are likely to be:

Select one of the following:

  • A. Higher than in the organized credit market;

  • B. Same as in the organized credit market;

  • C. Lower than in the organized credit market;

  • D. None of the above

Question 48 of 50

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The relationship between Per Capita Income and Infant Mortality is:

Select one of the following:

  • A. Negatively correlated

  • B. Positively correlated

  • C. Non correlated

  • D. None of the above

Question 49 of 50

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In a share cropping contract, risk is:

Select one of the following:

  • A. Borne by the tenant,

  • B. Borne by the landlord,

  • C. Shared between landlord and tenant,

  • D. None of the above.

Question 50 of 50

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The Lewis model of the dual economy makes the following assumption(s)

Select one of the following:

  • A. The rural wage initially remains constant

  • B. Industry makes a profit by employing cheap labor

  • C. Rural wage will rise when industry expands sufficiently

  • D. All of the above

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Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

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