Cell functions Quick Quiz

Question 1 of 25

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The Cytoplasm consist of specialized bodies called 1. _________ suspended in a fluid matrix, the 2. __________ which consist of water and dissolved substances such as proteins and nutrients

Select one of the following:

  • 1. Organelles
    2. phospholipid bilayer

  • 1. Golgi Bodies
    2. Cystol

  • 1. Organelles
    2. Cystol

  • 1. Organelles
    2. Extracellular Fluid

Question 2 of 25

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The Fluid Mosaic Model describes the cell membrane as being what?

Select one of the following:

  • 1. The mosaic nature of scattered proteins within a flexible matrix of phospholipid molecules.

  • 2. The rigid nature of the phospholipid bilayer with a few membrane proteins to help with recognition and transportation of molecules

  • 3. The mosaic nature of scattered proteins within a solid matrix made of cellulose

Question 3 of 25

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Three types of of proteins on the cell membrane are peripheral proteins, Chained proteins, and transmembrane proteins

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 25

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Which type of transmembrane protein provides open passageways through the membrane for certain hydrophilic substances such as polar and charged molecules?

Select one of the following:

  • Aquaporins

  • Channel proteins

  • Ion channels

  • Porins

Question 5 of 25

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Ion Channels....

Select one of the following:

  • Use energy to transport materials across the membrane through a process called active transport. The Na+ - K+ pump

  • Allows the passage of ions across the membrane. In nerve and muscle cells. This also includes gated channels which open and close in response to specific chemical or electrical stimuli to allow the passage of specific ions such as Na+ and K+

  • allow passage of certain ions and small polar molecules

  • Allow only large charged molecules to transfer

Question 6 of 25

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Porins are found in the plasma membrane of certain cells and dramatically increase the passage rate of H2O molecules

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 25

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Carrier proteins bind to specific molecules, which changes shape and passes across into the cell E.g. glucose

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 25

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The difference between adhesion proteins and receptor proteins is that adhesion proteins attach to neighboring cells and provide internal filaments and tubules for stability, while receptor proteins are used as a binding site for hormones and other trigger molecules

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 25

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The function of Glycoproteins are what?

Select one of the following:

  • Used to help the ER assemble ribosomes by attaching polysaccharide groups to polypeptides

  • To add rigidity to the cell membrane of animal cells under normal temperature

  • A carbohydrate coat that covers the outer surface of the cell wall of some bacteria and the cell membrane of some animals. Provides adhesive capabilities, and a barrier to infections.

  • used to distinguish between self and foreign cells and bacteria

Question 10 of 25

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What adds rigidity to the membrane of plant cells under normal conditions?

Select one of the following:

  • Cholesterol

  • Glycocalyx

  • sterols

  • Porins

Question 11 of 25

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The rough ER is responsible for creating glycoproteins, while the smooth ER is used for creating lipids and hormones.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 25

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What is the gel like substance between organelles that makes up the streaming movement within the cell

Select one of the following:

  • Cystol

  • Extracellular fluid

  • Cytoplasm

  • Water

Question 13 of 25

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What two subunits make up Ribosomes in prokaryotes and what are they made of?

Select one of the following:

  • rRNA and Protein
    60S +30S

  • RNA and Protein
    60S+40s

  • rRNA and Protein
    50S + 30S

  • rRNA and Protein
    60S + 40S

Question 14 of 25

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The Golgi apparatus is responsible for transport of various substances in vesicles

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 15 of 25

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Peroxisomes: break down waste such as nutrients/bacteria/cell debris

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 16 of 25

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What are microtubules made of?

Select one of the following:

  • actin

  • tubulin

  • microfilaments

  • structural proteins

Question 17 of 25

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What organizes microtubules in flagella and cillia

Select one of the following:

  • MTOCs

  • MTOAs

  • MTCs

  • Centrisomes

Question 18 of 25

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Which of these provides support for maintaining cell shape

Select one of the following:

  • Microtubule

  • Microfilaments

  • Intermediate filaments

  • MTOCs

Question 19 of 25

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Contractile vacuoles are only found in prokaryotes

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 25

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Storage vacuoles are used to occupy most of the plant interior, exert turgor when fully filled to maintain rigidity. They also carry of the functions of lysosomes

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 21 of 25

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Cell Walls are only found in plants and bacteria, and are made up of cellulose, chitin, peptidoglycans, and polysaccharides.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 22 of 25

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Which of the following is an Anchoring Junction?

Select one of the following:

  • desmosomes

  • Gap junctions

  • Plasmodesmata

  • Tight junctions

Question 23 of 25

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Tight junctions do what?

Select one of the following:

  • Produces a seal that prevents the passage of materials between cells. characteristic of cells lining the digestive tract.

  • Contain narrow tunnels that allows the passage of ions and small molecules;

  • Are used to send chemical and electrical signals between cells

  • Provide mechanical stability and holds structures together

Question 24 of 25

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Check all of the following that Prokaryotes don't have

Select one or more of the following:

  • Nucleus

  • naked DNA

  • ribosomes

  • Cell walls

  • Plasma membrane

Question 25 of 25

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Receptor mediated endocytosis is a type of pinocytosis that uses ligands to bind to specific dissolved molecules and fold the into the plasma membrane in vesicles

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Cell functions Quick Quiz

Foster Parnell
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

Quiz made to review cliffs AP bio and Ferralis biology notes. Is not meant to be difficult but to check your knowledge

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Foster Parnell
Created by Foster Parnell over 1 year ago
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