Essentials of Strength End Chapters Practice Exam

Question 1 of 65

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Which of the following is the ultimate source of energy for a muscular contraction?

Select one of the following:

  • NADH

  • Oxygen

  • ATP

Question 2 of 65

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Which of the following substances can be metabolized anaerobically?

Select one of the following:

  • Protein

  • Fat

  • Carbs

Question 3 of 65

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The predominant energy system used during a training session depends primarily on the

Select one of the following:

  • session intensity

  • session duration

  • athlete's lean body mass

Question 4 of 65

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The production of lactic acid results from the activation of which of the following energy systems?

Select one of the following:

  • Fast glycolysis

  • Phosphagen

  • Oxidative

Question 5 of 65

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Which of the following energy systems has the highest rate of energy production?

Select one of the following:

  • Phosphagen

  • Fast glycolysis

  • Fat oxidation

Question 6 of 65

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Approximately how many ATP are produced via the oxidative energy system from the degradation of one glucose molecule?

Select one of the following:

  • 32

  • 36

  • 38

Question 7 of 65

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Which of the following energy systems is predominantly active at the initiation of all exercise?

Select one of the following:

  • phosphagen

  • oxidative

  • fast glycolysis

Question 8 of 65

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Which of the following enzymes catalyzes the rate-limiting step of glycolysis?

Select one of the following:

  • PFK

  • lactate dehydrogenase

  • phosphorylase

Question 9 of 65

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To which of the following structures do the cross-bridges attach during muscle action?

Select one of the following:

  • Actin

  • Myosin

  • M-bridge

Question 10 of 65

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Which of the following substances regulates muscle actions?

Select one of the following:

  • Troponin

  • Potassium

  • Calcium

Question 11 of 65

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Which of the following substances acts at the neuromuscular junction to excite the muscle fibers of a motor unit?

Select one of the following:

  • Acetylcholine

  • ATP

  • Creatine Phosphate

Question 12 of 65

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Which of the following muscle fibers types is the MOST beneficial for a marathon runner?

Select one of the following:

  • Type I

  • Type IIa

  • Type IIx

Question 13 of 65

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When throwing a baseball, an athlete's arm is rapidly stretched just prior to throwing the ball. Which of the following structures detects and responds to the stretch by reflexively increasing muscle activity?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Golgi tendon orga

  • Muscle Spindle

  • Extrafusal muscle

Question 14 of 65

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From which of the following is the heart's electrical impulse normally initiated?

Select one of the following:

  • AV Node

  • SA Node

  • Sympathetic nervous system

Question 15 of 65

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Which of the following occurs during the QRS complex of a typical ECG?

I. depolarization of the atrium
II. repolarization of the atrium
III. repolarization of the ventricle
IV. depolarization of the ventricle

Select one of the following:

  • I and III only

  • II and IV only

  • III and IV only

Question 16 of 65

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After a bout of resistance training, acute hormonal secretions provide all of the following information to the body EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • energy expended

  • metabolic demands of exercise

  • type of physiological stress

Question 17 of 65

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Which of the following hormones does NOT enhance muscle tissue growth?

Select one of the following:

  • Growth Hormone

  • Cortisol

  • IGF-1

Question 18 of 65

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All of the following are functions of growth hormones EXCEPT?

Select one of the following:

  • Increase lipolysis

  • decrease collagen synthesis

  • increase amino acid transport

Question 19 of 65

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Which of the following hormones has the greatest influence on neural changes?

Select one of the following:

  • Growth Hormone

  • Testosterone

  • IGF

Question 20 of 65

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Which of the following hormone levels is higher in women than men at rest

Select one of the following:

  • Insulin

  • Testosterone

  • Growth Hormone

Question 21 of 65

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What type of resistance training workout promotes the highest growth hormone increases following the exercise session?

Select one of the following:

  • Rest: 30sec Volume: High Sets: 3

  • Rest: 30sec Volume: High Sets: 1

  • Rest: 30min Volume: High Sets: 3

Question 22 of 65

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Which of the following describes the knee joints?

Select one of the following:

  • cartilaginous

  • synovial

  • pivot

Question 23 of 65

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Which of the following is the definition of power?

Select one of the following:

  • Force x velocity

  • Mass x acceleration

  • Force x distance

Question 24 of 65

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To compare performances of Olympic weightlifters of different body weights, the classic formula divides the load lifted by the athlete's

Select one of the following:

  • lean body weight

  • body weight

  • body weight to the two-thirds power

Question 25 of 65

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During a free weight exercise, muscle force varies with the following except?

Select one of the following:

  • Perpendicular distance from the weight to the body joint

  • Joint angle

  • Movement acceleration

Question 26 of 65

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A vertical jump involves knee, hip, and shoulder movement primarily in which of the following anatomical planes?

Select one of the following:

  • Sagittal

  • Frontal

  • Transverse

Question 27 of 65

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An athlete is performing a concentric isokinetic elbow flexion and extension exercise. Which of the following type of lever does NOT occurs at the elbow during this exercise?

Select one of the following:

  • First Class

  • Second Class

  • Third Class

Question 28 of 65

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Which of the following muscle fiber types has the GREATEST potential to, when trained in a specific way, CHANGE into a more aerobic or oxidative form?

Select one of the following:

  • Type IIa

  • Type IIx

  • Type IIc

Question 29 of 65

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A weightlifter adds 30 mins of intense (>75% VO2 max) stationary bicycle riding every other day to her resistance training program. Which of the following describes the GREATEST effect this addition will have on her performance?

Select one of the following:

  • Power gains will be compromised

  • Power gains will be enhanced

  • Power gains will remain the same

Question 30 of 65

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A 50-years-old female triathlete is concerned about osteoporosis. Which of the following exercises is the MOST beneficial for improving her bone mineral density?

Select one of the following:

  • Front squat

  • Bench Press

  • Lat Pulldown

Question 31 of 65

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Which of the following muscle fiber types are "bypassed" as a result of selective recruitment that allows an Olympic weightlifter to generate maximum power during a 1RM snatch?

Select one of the following:

  • I

  • IIa

  • IIx

Question 32 of 65

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Which of the following are the MOST effective stimulants of growth hormone production from a resistance training workout?

I. larger muscle mass exercise
II. small muscle mass exercise
III. high intensity and volume

Select one of the following:

  • I and III only

  • II and III only

  • III

Question 33 of 65

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The INITIAL decrease in muscular strength caused by detraining is due to undesired changes in which of the following systems?

Select one of the following:

  • cardiovascular

  • muscular

  • nervous

Question 34 of 65

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A 17-year-old high school cross-country runner has been training aerobically for six months in preparation for the upcoming season. Which of the following adaptations will occur in the muscles during that time?

Select one of the following:

  • increased concentration of glycolytic enzymes

  • hypertrophy of Type I fiberes

  • transformation of Type I fiber to Type II fibers

Question 35 of 65

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The amount of blood ejected from the left ventricle during each beat is the

Select one of the following:

  • Cardiac Output

  • Heart Rate

  • Stroke Volume

Question 36 of 65

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All of the following normally increase during an aerobic exercise session EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • End-diastolic volume

  • Cardiac Output

  • Diastolic blood pressure

Question 37 of 65

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The mean arterial pressure is defined as the

Select one of the following:

  • Average blood pressure throughout the cardiac cycle

  • Average of the systolic and diastolic blood pressures

  • Average of blood pressure and heart rate

Question 38 of 65

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Primary training adaptations of elite aerobically trained athletes include which of the following?

I. increased maximal oxygen uptake
II. decreased blood lactate concentration
III. increased running economy

Select one of the following:

  • I and III

  • II and I

  • I, II, and III

Question 39 of 65

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Which of the following is an early adaptation to acclimatizing to high altitude?

Select one of the following:

  • increased resting cardiac output

  • increased stroke volume

  • decreased tidal volume

Question 40 of 65

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When males and females are compared relative to muscle cross-sectional area, it appears that the potential for force production is

Select one of the following:

  • Stronger in males

  • Greater in females

  • Equal in males and females

Question 41 of 65

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Which of the following is the MOST significant adaptation to chronic resistance training for an older adult?

Select one of the following:

  • Increased muscle mass

  • Increased cardiovascular fitness

  • Improved blood lipid profile

Question 42 of 65

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An eight-year-old boy dramatically increased his upper body strength after following a six month resistance training program. Which of the following is MOST likely responsible for this gain?

Select one of the following:

  • Improved neuromuscular functioning

  • Enhanced cross-sectional area

  • Increased number of muscle fibers

Question 43 of 65

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Growth cartilage in children is located at all of the following locations EXCEPT the

Select one of the following:

  • diaphysis

  • epiphyseal plate

  • joint surface

Question 44 of 65

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All of the following are likely outcomes of preadolescent resistance training EXCEPT increased

Select one of the following:

  • Strength

  • Bone Density

  • Hypertrophy

Question 45 of 65

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The condition characterized by a bone mineral density more than 2.5 SD below the young adult mean is called

Select one of the following:

  • Sarcopenia

  • Osteopenia

  • Osteoporosis

Question 46 of 65

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Which of the following should be evaluated FIRST when designing a training program for a 68-year-old competitive female tennis player?

Select one of the following:

  • Cardiovascular fitness

  • Balance and agility

  • Medical history

Question 47 of 65

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Deconditioned female college athletes who participate in sports such as basketball and soccer appear to be at increased risk of developing injuries to the

Select one of the following:

  • Back

  • Knee

  • Neck

Question 48 of 65

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During the closing seconds of a basketball game, an athlete's team is down by one point and he has been awarded two free throw shots. The player is apprehensive about the outcome of the game. Which of the following best describes the athlete's situation?

Select one of the following:

  • He is experiencing state anxiey

  • He is in control of his arousal

  • His anxiety will improve his performance

Question 49 of 65

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An Olympic weightlifter attempting a personal record is able to ignore the audience to concentrate solely on her performance. Which of the following abilities is this athlete most likely using to perform exercise?

Select one of the following:

  • Selective attention

  • Dissociation

  • Somatic anxiety

Question 50 of 65

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Prior to performing the long jump, an athlete reviews and concentrates on the technique required to jump as far as possible. Which of the following strategies is the athlete using to prepare for the jump?

Select one of the following:

  • Focus on task-relevant cues

  • Trait anxiety

  • Reliance on experience

Question 51 of 65

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Which of the following is MOST important to achieve the ideal performance state?

Select one of the following:

  • Personal Control

  • Fear of failure

  • Broad focus on the activity and the enviroment

Question 52 of 65

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An athlete's desire to perform to his or her potential is an example of

Select one of the following:

  • Motive to avoid failure

  • Intrinsic motivation

  • Achievement motivation

Question 53 of 65

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For a high school American football team, if any player squats two times his body weight, his name is placed on the wall. This is an example of

Select one of the following:

  • Negative reinforcement

  • Positive punishment

  • Positive reinforcement

Question 54 of 65

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How does an athlete's optimal level of arousal change with limited skill and ability to perform the activity?

Select one of the following:

  • It Increases

  • It decreases

  • It is not related to the activity

Question 55 of 65

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All of the following are ingredients that qualify as dietary supplements in the US EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Milk

  • Iodine

  • Vitamin C

Question 56 of 65

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All of the following describes caffeine's role in improving athletic performance EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Decreased urine production

  • Increased fat oxidation

  • Increased power production

Question 57 of 65

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Which of the following are the MOST closely linked in logarithmic relationship?

I. Intake of anabolic steroids
II. Intake of androstenedione
III. Increase in endogenous androgen

Select one of the following:

  • I and III only

  • I and II only

  • II and III only

Question 58 of 65

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Which of the following substances has been shown by multiple research studies to improve strength performance?

Select one of the following:

  • Creatine

  • Androstenedione

  • L-carnitine

Question 59 of 65

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Which of the following is the BEST reason for aerobic endurance athletes to avoid erythropoietin use?

Select one of the following:

  • It may cause an unregulated increase in RBC production

  • Resistance to infectious disease may be impaired

  • It may reduce the ability of blood to carry oxygen

Question 60 of 65

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Which of the following proteins has an amino acid profile MOST similar to the body's needs?

Select one of the following:

  • egg

  • soy

  • rice

Question 61 of 65

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Which of the following BEST explains the requirements for increased protein intake by athletes?

Select one of the following:

  • Increased need for tissue repair

  • The quality of protein consumed

  • Restriction of calories to lose weight

Question 62 of 65

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Which of the following has the GREATEST influence on an athlete's dietary carbohydrate requirement?

Select one of the following:

  • Current average daily fat intake

  • Body size and body fat percentage

  • Type, duration, and frequency of exercise

Question 63 of 65

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Which of the following BEST describes dietary fat consumption?

Select one of the following:

  • Its restriction can be harmful to health and performance

  • It should never be higher than 40% of total calories

  • It should be less than 15% of total calories for healthy athletes

Question 64 of 65

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Which of the following is characteristic of anorexia nervosa?

Select one of the following:

  • Preoccupation with food

  • Very low dietary fat intake

  • Secretive eating

Question 65 of 65

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When an eating disorder is suspected, the strength and conditioning professional should

Select one of the following:

  • Require frequent weigh ins

  • Provide nutritional information

  • Encourage further assessment by an eating disorder specialist

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Essentials of Strength End Chapters Practice Exam

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Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

These questions are from chapters in the book.

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Created by grayere over 1 year ago
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