Biology Ch. 1 Test

Question 1 of 25

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Which of the following is NOT a goal of science?

Select one of the following:

  • to investigate and understand the natural world

  • to explain events in the natural world

  • to establish a collection of unchanging truths

  • to use derived explainations to make useful predictions

Question 2 of 25

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Based on your observations, you suggest that the presence of water could accelerate the growth of bread mold. This is

Select one of the following:

  • a conclusion.

  • a hypotheses.

  • an experiment.

  • an analysis.

Question 3 of 25

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Information gathered from observing a plant grow 3cm over a two-week period is called

Select one of the following:

  • inferences.

  • variables.

  • hypotheses.

  • data.

Question 4 of 25

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Science is best described as a

Select one of the following:

  • set of facts.

  • way of knowing.

  • collection of beliefs.

  • list of rules.

Question 5 of 25

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The work of scientists usually begins with

Select one of the following:

  • testing a hypothesis.

  • careful observations.

  • creating experiments.

  • drawing conclusions.

Question 6 of 25

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A scientific hupothesis

Select one of the following:

  • can be based on personal beliefs or opinions.

  • can be tested by experiments or observations.

  • does not have to be tested to be accepted as correct.

  • is a proven fact with much evidence to support it.

Question 7 of 25

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Science differs from other disciplines, such as history and the arts, because d\science relies on

Select one of the following:

  • facts.

  • testing explanations.

  • observations.

  • theories.

Question 8 of 25

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A theory

Select one of the following:

  • is always true.

  • is the opening statement of an experiment.

  • may be revised or replaced.

  • is a problem to be solved.

Question 9 of 25

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How does sharing ideas through peer-reviewed articles help advance science?

Select one of the following:

  • Peer-reviewed articles are published only when the ideas they contain have been accepted by most scientists.

  • Experiments in peer-reviewed articles do not need to be repeated.

  • Scientists reading the articles may come up with new questions to study.

  • Ideas in the articles always support and strengthen dominant theories.

Question 10 of 25

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How does studying science help you be a better member of society?

Select one of the following:

  • Learning the biases of science will help you know what is right or wrong.

  • Understanding how science works will help you make better decisions.

  • Memorizing science facts will help you become more intelligent.

  • Knowing science will help you live without the aid of technology.

Question 11 of 25

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A well-tested explanation that is accepted as the dominant belief is

Select one of the following:

  • a hypothesis.

  • an inference.

  • a theory.

  • a controlled experiment.

Question 12 of 25

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Which of the following characteristics of living things best explains why some North American birds fly south for the winter?

Select one of the following:

  • Living things respond to their environment.

  • Living things maintain internal balance.

  • Living things are made up of units called calls.

  • Living things are based on a universal genetic code.

Question 13 of 25

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A personal preference or point of view is

Select one of the following:

  • a bias.

  • a theory.

  • a hypothesis

  • an inference.

Question 14 of 25

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The process by which organisms keep everything balanced inside their bodies, within certain limits, is called

Select one of the following:

  • homeostasis.

  • evolution.

  • metabolism.

  • photosynthesis.

Question 15 of 25

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The basic unit of length in the metric system is the

Select one of the following:

  • foot.

  • mile.

  • yard.

  • meter.

Question 16 of 25

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Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all living things?

Select one of the following:

  • growth and development

  • ability to run

  • response to the enviroment

  • ability to reproduce

Question 17 of 25

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Which of the following is NOT a way that science influences society?

Select one of the following:

  • Science provides answers to some of society's practical problems.

  • Science gives society answers to difficult ethical issues.

  • Science advances technology that is useful to society.

  • Science increases society's understanding of how people affect the environment.

Question 18 of 25

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What are the smallest living objects that biologist study?

Select one of the following:

  • cells

  • body organs

  • atoms

  • organisms

Question 19 of 25

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A scientist discovers an important breakthrough in cancer treatment. The scientist thinks the information could save thousands of lives and immediately announces the results on national television, skipping peer-review. How might other scientists react to this news?

Select one of the following:

  • They will be skeptical because the report was not peer-reviewed.

  • They will quickly start to use the new treatment on their patients.

  • They will congratulate the scientist for the discovery.

  • They will denounce the work and call the scientist a fraud.

Question 20 of 25

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During a controlled experiment, a scientist isolates and tests

Select one of the following:

  • a conclusion.

  • a mass of information.

  • a control group.

  • a single variable.

Question 21 of 25

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Using a universal system of measurement is MOST important during which part of the scientific method?

Select one of the following:

  • Asking questions.

  • Forming a hypothesis.

  • Collecting data.

  • Drawing conclusions.

Question 22 of 25

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Suppose that a scientist proposes a hypothesis about how a newly discovered virus affects humans. Other virus researchers would likely

Select one of the following:

  • reject the hypothesis right away.

  • change the hypothesis to fit their own findings.

  • design new experiments to test the proposed hypothesis.

  • assume that the hypothesis is true for all viruses.

Question 23 of 25

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The standard or English system of measurement uses units such as yards, miles, quarts, and gallons. The metric system uses units such as meter, kilometers, milliliters, and liters. Why is the metric system easier to use than the English system?

Select one of the following:

  • Metric units are easier to measure than English units.

  • The metric system is based on multiples of 10.

  • The metric system is used by everyone in the world.

  • Metric units are smaller than English units.

Question 24 of 25

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Why is creativity considered a scientific attitude?

Select one of the following:

  • Scientists need creativity to make good posters.

  • Creativity helps scientists come up with new and interesting experiments.

  • Creative scientists imagine the results of experiments without doing them.

  • Scientists who are creative are better at handling and training animals.

Question 25 of 25

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Which of the following is a question that can be answered by science?

Select one of the following:

  • What is beauty?

  • Is it ethical to do experiments on animals?

  • What type of water will allow for the most plant growth?

  • Do people watch too much television?

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Biology Ch. 1 Test

paigetegge
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

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Created by paigetegge over 1 year ago
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