Honors Biology RNA/Protien Synthesis Product Quiz

Question 1 of 19

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Josephine has a test and she doesn't understand how DNA and RNA are different. How is DNA different from RNA?

Select one of the following:

  • RNA sugar is ribose instead of dexyribose

  • RNA is double stranded and DNA is single stranded

  • DNA has uracil, RNA does not

Question 2 of 19

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Josephine has to answer a question on her homework about why RNA is important, so she first needs to know what exactly RNA is. What is RNA?

Select one of the following:

  • a type of nucleic acid

  • helps build the nucleus

  • a type of phosphate

Question 3 of 19

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RNA is necessary to protein synthesis. However, a question on Josephine's homework asks what RNA stands for. What does RNA stand for?

Select one of the following:

  • rough nucleic acid

  • ribosomal nucleotide array

  • ribonucleic acid

Question 4 of 19

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Transcription is a part of the process of RNA Protein Synthesis, also a concept that Josephine is struggling with and needs to know on her test. What is the correct description of transcription?

Select one of the following:

  • a process that carries amino acids

  • segments of DNA act as templates for production of complementary RNA molecules

  • segments of RNA act as templates for production of complementary DNA molecules

Question 5 of 19

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Josephine knows what RNA is and what it stands for, and that it has a vital role in Protein Synthesis, but she is still not sure about what the main function is of RNA. What is RNA's main function?

Select one of the following:

  • complete protein synthesis

  • creates DNA

  • Neither

Question 6 of 19

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Josephine has learned more about RNA, but there is another concept she needs to know on the test. What is genetic code?

Select one of the following:

  • a type of polypeptide

  • "language" of genetics

  • a special secret code created only for super genius scientists

Question 7 of 19

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Josephine knows about transcription and translation, but they sound the same, and also seem to have some of the same jobs. What is the difference between transcription and translation?

Select one of the following:

  • no difference

  • transcription decodes and translation is protein synthesis

  • transcription is protein synthesis and translation decodes

Question 8 of 19

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Josephine has a hard time remembering order in processes, and one of her homework questions asks about the order in which proteins are made. Which is true about the order of the process of how are proteins made?

Select one of the following:

  • DNA, Translation, Protein, Transcription, RNA

  • RNA, Transcription, Protein, Translation, DNA

  • DNA, Transcription, RNA, Translation, Protein

Question 9 of 19

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Josephine is worried about what happens when mistakes are made and DNA is altered. What happens when cell DNA is altered?

Select one of the following:

  • mistakes are made that affect the health of the new cell

  • nothing

  • a new type of cell is created

Question 10 of 19

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Josephine is very worried about the results of altered DNA. She worries about what could happen to her if the DNA is damaged What can happen when a cell's DNA is altered?

Select one of the following:

  • deletion

  • duplication

  • both A and B

Question 11 of 19

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Josephine has a hard time remembering vocabulary, and on her test she needs to know the difference between mRNA and tRNA What is mRNA?

Select one of the following:

  • neither answer is correct

  • a type of RNA that carries copies of instructions from DNA to the rest of the cell

  • a type of RNA that sends signals to the nucleus, similar to nerves

Question 12 of 19

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Josephine knows that rRNA and tRNA are different, but she doesn't remember how. What is one difference between rRNA and tRNA?

Select one of the following:

  • rRNA "reads" (hence the r) mRNA's message, while tRNA holds everything together

  • tRNA "reads" mRNA's message, while rRNA holds everything together

  • neither answer is correct

Question 13 of 19

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Josephine is not sure what RNA Polymerase is, as she has not heard that term before and it is on her homework. She already knows that "poly" means multiple, and what RNA is, but she is not sure what them put together exactly is. Define RNA Polymerase.

Select one of the following:

  • an enzyme that links the chain of RNA nucleotides

  • an enzyme that links the chain of DNA nucleotides

  • an enzyme that breaks down extra nucleotides

Question 14 of 19

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Josephine knows the difference of translation, but now she needs to know what happens during translation exactly. What is the order of the process of translation?

Select one of the following:

  • mRNA, tRNA, "assembly line", stop codon

  • tRNA, mRNA, "assembly line", stop codon

  • mRNA, "assembly line", stop codon

Question 15 of 19

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Josephine, previously thinking that a codon was something to do with computer coding, is now learning that a codon is something in genetics. What is the real definition of a codon?

Select one of the following:

  • A nucleotide base located in mRNA

  • Three nucleotide bases located in mRNA that decide which acid goes in which protein

  • Three nucleotide bases located in rRNA that decide which acid goes in which protein

Question 16 of 19

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Josephine had to look up what dogma means, but know that she knows what a dogma is, she must learn what the central dogma of Protein Synthesis is. What is the central dogma of Protein Synthesis?

Select one of the following:

  • Polymerase > transcription >RNA

  • DNA > RNA > Protein

  • RNA > DNA > Protein

Question 17 of 19

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Josephine feels worried about what the worst thing that could happen to her DNA is, and wanting to learn if there is a way to prevent it, needs to know what the worst thing is. Which is worse, deletion, subscription, or neither are bad?

Select one of the following:

  • Neither are bad

  • Substitution

  • Deletion

Question 18 of 19

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Josephine now knows what a codon is, but she is not sure what an anti-codon is, or what it does. First she needs to know what an anti-codon is. What is an anti-codon?

Select one of the following:

  • three paired bases

  • three unpaired bases

  • nucleotide base

Question 19 of 19

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Josephine knows what both codons and anti-codons are now, but she wants to make a list of some of the differences. What is the difference between codons and anti-codons?

Select one of the following:

  • there is no difference

  • anti-codon is with mRNA, codons are with tRNA

  • codon is with mRNA, anti-codon is tRNA

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Honors Biology RNA/Protien Synthesis Product Quiz

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Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

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