You are deep in the woods and see a fluffy creature, which you name Sparklemuffin Pricklypants, by which the likes you have never seen before. You observe the creature for some time, and notice that every time you shift and make a small noise, the creature jumps onto the nearest tree surface and scampers up the tree. It comes back down after you have quieted down and continues to nibble on its foodstuffs. Based on your observations, what could you say about the creature's response to sudden noise?
this creature's response to sudden noise is probably a learned action pattern inherited from its parents to prevent predation.
this creature's response to sudden noise is probably a fixed action pattern inherited from its parents to prevent predation.
this creature's response to sudden noise is probably an innate behavior that the creature observed in other neighboring species.
this creature's response to sudden noise is probably a learned behavior that was obtained from its parents.
When males compete with one another for mates, ________________ selection is taking place.
If you were kidnapped by a van of gypsies and blindfolded, had all of the hair on your head shaved off, and driven out into the middle of the woods, you would probably not only be confused, but lost, and with a cold head. If you looked up into the sky and were able to tell what direction you should start walking in to get home based on the orientation of the constellations, what type of navigation would you be using?
When bees make it hot up in da bee club and perform a dance about food, what information are they conveying to others about a potential food source?
A. distance away from the hive
B. position of food source relative to the Sun
C. direction of food source away from the hive
only A and C
all of the above
When considering Hamilton's rule and the coefficient of relatedness (b/c=1/r), kin selection and altruism can occur most heavily in:
animal communities that have small litter sizes that have many parents
areas where the levels of predation are extremely high and litter sizes are large
environments where there a little sources of natural predation to act upon the animal community
animal communities that have large litter sizes with only a few parents
an example of operant conditioning would be:
ringing a bell when presenting a dog with food. the dog becomes used to this and when hearing a bell ringing, it anticipates the presence of food.
giving a child ice cream for earning good grades
training a dolphin to do tricks by blowing a whistle three times for a poorly done trick, and giving the dolphin a fish when it successfully completes a trick.
punishing a tiger for attacking its trainer by withholding food.
Optimal foraging behavior suggests that if the food distance _____________ from the animal, the animal will _______________.
A. decreases, bring back less food
B. increases, bring back more food
C. increases, attempt to locate another food source