What is the name of the battle that took place between the French and English in 1759 that left the Canadiens fearful of being expelled by the English?
Battle of Waterloo
Battle on the plains of Abraham
Battle of the Frontiers
Battle of Amiens
In the 1960s, the name of the man who governed Quebec provincial government and had the vision for Quebec as "Masters in Their Own House".
The "Impatient Generation" were the?
Separatists who believed in the self determination of Quebec
Group of well educated Quebecois who had few opportunities in the economy of Quebec
The loyalists who fled from the US to Canada which increased English population of British colony
French Acadians expelled from Nova Scotia by the English
When was the province of Manitoba established?
1914 at the start of the World War I
1870 after the Red River Rebellion
1774 because of the Quebec Act
1968 as a result of the decision made by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau
What was the general attitude towards conscription in World War I?
It was widely accepted throughout Canada because of the citizens' nationalism and patriotism for their country.
Unlike French Canadians, English Canadians were unwilling to join the war.
A large number of French Canadians refused to obey and did not join the army, much to the dismay of English Canadians.
Both the French and English generally opposed the participation of Canada in the war.
As a result of the transfer payments enforced throughout Canada, who did it give a disadvantage to?
Quebec, the disputes between other provinces required them to pay more to Canada compared to others.
The people of Canada, they were given a economic disadvantage due to the power imbalance of the provinces.
Alberta, because of their oil, they gave more to less provinces than they received.
No one, transfer payments gave advantages to all citizens of Canada.
Which of these is an example of an internal force that affects Canada's unity?
The "Idle No More" Campaign
9/11 Terrorist Attack
The Suez Crisis
The Gulf War
How did Pierre Trudeau's vision of Canada differ from Rene Levesque's?
Pierre Trudeau was a federalist and believed in a pluralist society unlike Rene Levesque who promoted Quebec independence and believed that sovereignty was the only solution.
Pierre Trudeau had a vision of Canada as separatist and was an advocate for the self determination for Quebec. Rene Levesque was Quebecois and fiercely believed in the unification of a diverse country.
As a Quebecois, Pierre Trudeau promoted the independence of Quebec and the separation of the Quebecois from the Canadians unlike Rene Levesque who wanted to promote and affirm the French language and culture of the province's Francophones.
Pierre Trudeau believed in "two official languages" of Canada as well as a multicultural society. Rene Levesque promoted pluralism of the society and believed in a whole state to achieve freedom and affirm French heritage.
What were the major details of the Manitoba Act in 1870?
Created the province of Manitoba, recognized French and English as equal, as well as provide hundreds of thousands of hectares of land to the Metis.
Created a federal dominion of Manitoba, gave their government the right to pass laws, as well as recognize French and English as equal.
Provide and give the Metis entitlement to their own land, create a federal dominion of Manitoba, as well as the formation of Manitoba.
Gave the government of Manitoba the right to pass laws, give entitlement of land to the Metis, as well as imposed taxes in immigrants in Canada.
What was the public opinion of Louis Riel in the late 1800s?
He was a villain in the Metis' eyes yet praised by the English.
Seen as a traitor by both the French and English.
He was a traitor to the English but a hero to the French.
He was given support by the French Canada but the English generally neither disliked nor liked him.
What was the Manitoba Schools crisis?
The elimination of residential schools and the enforcement of conscription.
Granted Francophones land and freedom of religion.
Metis are given the right to vote and residential schools are abolished.
Elimination of Catholic schools as well as the removal of French as an official language of Canada.
What was the name of the Radical Activists who planned and carried out terrorist activities in the name of French Canadian Nationalism?
The Impatient Generation
The Parti Quebecois
What was the Quebec Act?
Gave the French freedom of religion, promoted the role of the church, and granted Francophones land.
The formation of Quebec as a province as well as give Quebecois the right to vote.
Promoted civil law of the French and create French as an official language of Canada.
Elimination of residential schools in Quebec, grant economic opportunites for the French, and protect Francophone consumers from energy costs.
La Surviveau was the survival of French culture in 1970.
Which one of these politicians was a man who founded the Parti Quebecois, was the premier from 1976 to 1985, as well as promote the idea of an independent Quebec?
Representation by population: the idea that the higher the population of a province, the smaller the number of seats allocated to that province will be in order to increase the voices of the minority.
Quebec, Ontario, Alberta, and Manitoba form the dominion of Canada by the BNA Act.
Canada as a nation state, was founded by two nations.
Put these events which lead to Canada's independence from Britain, in chronological order.
1. The role of the Governor General in Canada's government is changed to represent solely the British monarch
2. Canada's constitution is removed from British parliament and passed as an act of Canada's parliament.
3. Canada's first seating at the signing of the Treaty of Versailles as the first international recognition of Canada as its own country.
4. BNA Act is passed, creating the "Dominion of Canada"
4, 2, 3, 1
4, 3, 1, 2
3, 4, 1, 2
3, 2, 1, 4
In the October Crisis, Federal governments declared which act?
War Measures Act - Gave powers to the Canadian government to maintain security and order during war or insurrection
Criminal Code Act - Granted the right to carry out activities in support of the fulfillment of the mandate of a United Nations operation
Civil Service Act - Federal law established that decided that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit.
Manitoba Act - Gives no imposition of taxes by the legislature for municipal or other local purposes.
Lord Durham was a politician in the 1830s who:
believed in the idea of a federalist but believed that French minority could be assimilated into Canadian society
founded the Bloc Quebecois, a federal party wanting a sovereign Quebec and was a prominent member in Mulroney's government
ignored the issue of Quebec separatism and believed the Quebecois did not want to separate if the Federal government provided programs and help
had the idea of multiculturalism and integration of all cultures in Canadian society
As a result of the BNA Act, power was divided between the federal and provincial governments in attempt to end French fears of assimilation and English control.
In late 1800s, the Manitoba Act ended a political stalemate between upper and lower Canada.
What was Western alienation?
The belief that the central provinces were alienated in order to push for more voices from the Western provinces.
The Western provinces were discluded from political and economical affairs in favour for the central provinces.
Quebec and its neighbours were disadvantaged politically and economically due to the increasing power of the Western provinces, namely Alberta.
The need for Canada to have more control of their vital industries in the maritimes.
In the 1940s, many Francophones ended up in well paying jobs while Anglophones had low paying, labour jobs due to the fact that Francophones were more preferred due to their bilinguality.
Who was Lionel Grouix?
founder of the Bloc Quebecois
forefather of the Quebec Nationalists
led the FLQ against Quebec federalists
led the Metis in fighting for their French rights
As a result of the "Quiet Revolution", the Quebec provincial governments achieved which goals?
Nationalization of private businesses and change of the education system
Abolishment of residential schools and economization of government owned businesses
Introduction of official bilingualism in Canada and including more economic opportunities in Quebec
Promotion of a greater degree of energy self sufficieny and equalizing the pace of oil across the nation
Which of the following was reason for Pierre Trudeau to have more control of Canada's vital industries?
95% of the oil industry was dominated by foreigners.
The terrorism of radical activists which resulted in the October crisis.
The lack of economic opportunities for the new generation.
The nationalization of locally owned businesses in Quebec.
Truth and Revelation commission states that Canada's residential schools were cultural genocide.
As a result of the formation of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, the commissioners found that:
Most Francophones voices were heard in numerous political affairs and opportunities for academy increased for the Quebecois.
Federal services were unavailable to be provided in both official languages and there was an affirmation of equal status between the English and French.
The language barrier prevented many Francophones from finding government jobs and they were not heard in economic and decision making power.
There was an increase in availability for French-language education as well as the creation of the federal department of multiculturalism.
By 2006, an estimate of 1 out of 6 Canadians are a visible minority.
What is asymmetrical federalism?
All provinces and territories would not share power with the federal governments in the same way.
A belief, doctrine, or policy that embraces the idea of ethnic or cultural diversity and promotes a culturally pluralistic society.
Agreements between two countries to work towards resolving issues that concern both countries.
The policy of a country responding to events on its own without agreements with, or support from, other countries.
Who was the first Francophone minister of Canada?
The League of Haudenosaunee was the Iroquois, also known as the Four Nations Confederacy.
The word that is defined by revenues from federal taxes that are paid by the Canadian government to less prosperous provinces to ensure that public services are more or less equally available to all Canadians.
What does it mean to be a cosmopolitan society?
A society driven by supply and demand. Economically powered by the consumer and producer cycle.
Borrowing, adopting, and adapting values from many cultures.
The idea of a sovereignty and independent society.
A policy by which countries agree to abide by the decisions of an international organization.
Because of the devastating event in 1971, the new Canadian government was influenced to distribute powers through provincial and federal or territorial governments. What were they determined to prevent?
Economically disadvantaged provinces in the country which would result in province inequality.
Minorities shut out of positions of economic and decision-making power.
A fragile Canadian unity.
A political power struggle which might result in a similar conflict in Canada.
Which Act do these principles belong to?
- affirmation of equal status of French and English
- guarantee that federal services are available in both languages
- ensure that Anglophones and Francophones have equal economic opportunities
Official Languages Act
British North America Act
When citizens believe that they are treated fairly and equally, they are more likely to feel a sense of belonging.
Which of these provinces did not receive equalization payments?
Newfoundland and Labrador
What has the Francophone population in Quebec always sought?
A greater self determination.
Equalization between provinces.
Less alienation within Canada.
A pluralistic society.
Many institutions try to influence policy development. Which of these is NOT a way for them to achieve their goals?
What is the definition of national identity?
An inclusive approach that is characterized by respect for diversity.
Co-existence of diverse cultures, where culture includes racial, religious, or cultural groups.
The distinguishing character or personality of an individual.
In general, a collective or group identity that is based on economical, social, and political understandings of the nation.
How does Thomas D'Arcy McGee's words reflect the makeup of Canada in 1867?
Assimilation of the French minority into the English population in the past.
Canada's diversity in that current past influenced the push for separatism of Quebec from Canada.
He believed in living as one with minorities due to the abundance of minorities in Canada at the time.
The negative view of multiculturalism at the time displays the monoculturalism of Canada.
Which document sets out the kind of country Canadians want to live in and the values and beliefs that bind them together?
The Declaration of Independence
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Bill of Rights
The Proclamation Paper
Which French philosopher said that a nation is "a group of people united by a mistaken view about the past and a hatred of their neighbours?
Which of these is not what national identity is based of off?
Which of these is not a myth used to promote Canadian national identity?
Early voyageurs canoeing westward
Building of the Canadian Pacific Railway
War of 1812
Ernest Renan believes that shared memories of the past and its people's consent in the present unites a nation.
Which of these do not operate institutions that provide services?
Which of these promotes Canadian identity by broadcasting and regulating programs that all Canadians can listen to, see, and share?
Canada Border Services Agency
What were some of the actions taken by the Canadian government to discourage Chinese and Black immigration to Canada?
Claimed their land and did not recognize them as citizens of Canada.
Imposing taxes on their immigration as well as disallowing their ability to vote.
Prohibited immigration of all Chinese labourers in 1932.
All of the above
As a result of the declaration of the Indian Act in court, the Supreme Court ruled that:
The Aboriginal community were entitled to their own land despite what the government says.
The Aboriginal community were forced to adjust to new custom and traditions in Canada.
Distribution of land towards the European immigrants and Aboriginal community were equalized.
Freedom of autonomy as well as sovereignty were granted towards the Aboriginals.
People in various regions of Canada have differing ______ that are often dictated by the ______ of the area.
What was the purpose of the Royal Commission on Biculturalism and Bilingualism?
Explore and recommend ways of maintaining national unity
Promote Quebecois sovereignty and influence political affairs
A government ploy to force citizens to learn French
Divert attention from social and economic problems
The intensity of the sense of national unity can be influenced by both ______ and _______ forces.
Part of the Manitoba Act was to guarantee that both Anglophones and Francophones have equal economic opportunities.
One of the first institutions to achieve the goals of peace, order, and good government was the:
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Canadian War Museum
Canada Customs and Revenue
Some people are opposed to the symbols such as the Governor General because they regard them as remnants of colonialism.
Which of these is not an economic program used to promote national identity?
Handing out flags and maple leaf pins to constituents.
Sponsoring athletes and celebrating their achievements.
Placing stickers of the flag on Canadian footballers' helmets.
Promoting international programs to Canadians.