Antibiotics

Question 1 of 19

Medal-premium 1

The nurse is caring for a client who is taking an aminoglycoside should monitor the client for which adverse effects of this medication? Select all that apply.

Select one or more of the following:

  • seizures

  • ototoxicity

  • renal toxicity

  • dysrhythmias

  • hepatotoxicity

Question 2 of 19

Medal-premium 1

The nurse is caring for a client who has been taking a sulfonamide and should monitor for signs/symptoms of which side/adverse effects of the medication? select all that apply

Select one or more of the following:

  • ototoxicity

  • palpitations

  • nephrotoxicity

  • hemolytic anemia

  • GI effects

  • increased WBC count

Question 3 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Antibiotic prophylaxis is appropriate for which of the following? Select all that apply.

Select one or more of the following:

  • orthopedic surgery

  • bacterial endocarditis

  • hemophilia

  • HIV -

Question 4 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Antibiotics should be avoided for fever of unknown origin (FUO) if host is immunocompromised.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 19

Medal-premium 1

B-lactams are a large class of drugs that include which of the following? Select all the apply

Select one or more of the following:

  • cephalosporins

  • B-lactamases

  • penicillins

  • carbapenems

  • clindamycin

  • vancomycin

Question 6 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Beta-lactamase is a drug used to kill Gram negative bacteria.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which class of penicillins is most effective at killing "difficult" Gram negatives?

Select one of the following:

  • antipseudomonal penicillins

  • penicillinase-resistant

  • natural penicillins

  • aminopenicillins

Question 8 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which penicillin class is used to treat uncomplicated skin and soft tissue infections?

Select one of the following:

  • aminopenicillins

  • penicillinase-resistant

  • natural penicillins

  • antipseudomonal penicillins

Question 9 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following is NOT an adverse effect of B-lactams?

Select one of the following:

  • nephrotoxicity

  • Gi effects

  • seizures

  • thrombophlebitis

  • allergic reactions

Question 10 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following does NOT describe the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC)?

Select one of the following:

  • Lowest concentration of antibiotic required to kill bacteria in vitro.

  • Correlates to dosage regimen or amount of antibiotics required for clinical efficacy.

  • Need serum and tissue concentration to exceed the MIC to be effective.

  • For a patient with renal dysfunction, do not reduce dose but instead extend the dosing interval.

Question 11 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Fever is always a sign and symptom of infection.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 19

Medal-premium 1

What renal effects are seen in signs and symptoms of infection? Select all that apply.

Select one or more of the following:

  • proteinuria

  • dehydration

  • increased BP

  • decreased urine output

  • decreased renal perfusion

Question 13 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following antibiotics is NOT bacteriostatic?

Select one of the following:

  • macrolides

  • aminoglycosides

  • clindamycin

  • sulfonamides

Question 14 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Many people are allergic to penicillins. Which antibiotics are most appropriate as an alternative therapy? Select all that apply.

Select one or more of the following:

  • clindamycin

  • sulfonamides

  • vancomycin

  • macrolides

Question 15 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following has an adverse effect of toxic epidermal necrolysis (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)?

Select one of the following:

  • sulfonamides

  • clindamycin

  • penicillins

  • vancomycin

  • metronidazole

Question 16 of 19

Medal-premium 1

C. Difficile infections can occur as a result of misuse of antibiotics. Which TWO antibiotics are safe to use when treating a C. Diff infection?

Select one or more of the following:

  • sulfonamides

  • metronidazole

  • vancomycin

  • penicillinase-resistant penicillins

Question 17 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following antibiotics is MOST effective against anaerobic microbes?

Select one or more of the following:

  • vancomycin

  • aminopenicillins

  • fluoroquinolones

  • metronidazole

Question 18 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which two antibiotic drugs do NOT require dose adjustment for renal impairment?

Select one or more of the following:

  • clindamycin

  • natural penicillins

  • metronidazole

  • vancomycin

  • aminopenicillins

Question 19 of 19

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following antibiotics does NOT decrease the efficacy of oral contraceptives?

Select one of the following:

  • vancomycin

  • ampicillin

  • amoxicillin

  • tetracycline

  • metronidazole

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Antibiotics

nkgenton
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

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Created by nkgenton over 1 year ago
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