Federation means when the states of Australia separated and became colonies.
Federation occurred in 1801
One of the advantages of the Federation was that every state would have the same size railway tracks.
One of the disadvantages of the Federation was that each state now needed to form their own Olympics team
The ‘father of federation’ was Sir Edmund Barton.
The layout of Australia’s states gradually changed over many years before federation.
The Australian flag was designed and chosen by Australia’s first Prime Minister, Sir Edmund Barton.
New Zealand was originally part of the Federation, but decided to become their own country instead.
Everyone in Australia agreed that the Federation would be great for Australia.
Until 1911, the Northern Territory had been part of South Australia.