Mobility

Question 1 of 58

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What term would the nurse use to identify the strong, flexible, inelastic fibrous bands and flattened sheets of connective tissue that attach muscle to bone?

Select one of the following:

  • Tendons

  • Ligaments

  • Cartilage

  • Joints

Question 2 of 58

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Why are mechanical aids necessary for patient handling and movement?

Select one of the following:

  • Nurses do not have sufficient training using proper body mechanics to be safe.

  • Manual lifting techniques are not sufficient to protect nurses from injury.

  • They reduce the time and number of staff needed to move the patient.

  • Nurses are not as physically fit as they should be.

Question 3 of 58

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A patient performs rehabilitative exercises with resistance after a knee injury. The nurse interprets this type of exercise as which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Isotonic

  • Isokinetic

  • Isometric

  • Aerobic

Question 4 of 58

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Which of the following would the nurse expect to assess when a patient experiences a greater breakdown of protein than that which is manufactured?

Select one of the following:

  • Fluid volume excess

  • A contracture

  • Osteoporosis

  • Negative nitrogen balance

Question 5 of 58

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When explaining the cause of frequent urinary tract infections related to immobility, the nurse understands that immobility may result in which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Improved renal blood supply to the kidneys

  • Urinary stasis

  • Decreased urinary calcium

  • Acidic urine formation

Question 6 of 58

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Mr. Brown is experiencing some difficulty breathing. The nurse most appropriately assists him into which position?

Select one of the following:

  • Dorsal recumbent position

  • Lateral position

  • Fowler’s position

  • Sims’ position

Question 7 of 58

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While doing range-of-motion exercises with a patient who is bedridden, the nurse is aware of which of the following considerations?

Select one of the following:

  • Neck hyperextension should be encouraged, particularly in older people.

  • Exercises should be continued until the patient is fatigued.

  • Exercises should be done frequently to lessen pain for the patient.

  • Each joint is exercised to the point of resistance but not pain.

Question 8 of 58

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The nurse is assisting a patient with conditioning exercises to prepare for ambulation. The nurse correctly instructs the patient to do what?

Select one of the following:

  • Do full-body pushups in bed six to eight times daily

  • Breathe in and out smoothly during quadriceps drills

  • Dangle on the side of the bed for 30 to 60 minutes

  • Allow the nurse to bathe the patient completely to prevent fatigue

Question 9 of 58

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In many situations, a patient has sufficient strength to walk if he or she can do which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Lie prone for 1 hour

  • Bathe him- or herself

  • Raise the foot off the bed 1 inch

  • Sit up in bed for 1 hour

Question 10 of 58

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Mrs. Eden tells the nurse she feels faint while walking in the corridor with the nurse. What should the nurse do?

Select one of the following:

  • Instruct the patient to quicken her pace so they can return to her room

  • Leave her momentarily to find another nurse to help

  • Advise her to look down at her feet to help maintain her balance

  • Guide her to a nearby chair, easing her onto it to rest

Question 11 of 58

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When a patient is using a cane for maximal support, the nurse is aware that the patient should do which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Hold the cane on the weaker side

  • Distribute weight evenly between the feet and the cane

  • Keep the elbow that is holding the cane straight and stiff

  • Advance the weaker foot ahead of the cane

Question 12 of 58

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The use of patient care ergonomics is associated with which of the following patient outcomes?

Select one of the following:

  • Increased patient comfort, security, and dignity during lifts and transfers

  • Increased patient falls, skin tears, and abrasions

  • Decreased patient movement and independence

  • Increased friction and shearing

Question 13 of 58

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Which of the following should the nurse do when assisting the patient to ambulate?

Select one of the following:

  • Place a hand under the axilla to provide support

  • Ensure the patient walks as far as possible for as long as possible

  • Use a gait belt to provide support

  • Encourage the patient to watch their feet to ensure a steady gait

Question 14 of 58

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When working with an older patient to develop an exercise program, the nurse would recommend which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • A frequency of six times a week

  • Exercising to the point of breathlessness when trying to speak

  • Maintaining a target heart rate of 220 plus age

  • Obtaining medical clearance before beginning the program

Question 15 of 58

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A bedridden patient who is blind is admitted to a healthcare facility from his or her home with pressure ulcers on the sacral area. Which nursing diagnosis would be a priority?

Select one of the following:

  • Risk for Imbalanced Body Temperature related to stage 2 pressure ulcer

  • Impaired Skin Integrity related to immobility

  • Feeding Self-Care Deficit related to blindness

  • Activity Intolerance related to prolonged bed rest

Question 16 of 58

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During the evaluation phase of the nursing process, which finding indicates that the nursing care plan for the immobilized patient has been ineffective?

Select one of the following:

  • The patient instructs the nurses how to do his care.

  • The patient exhibits a negative Homan sign and bilaterally equal calf measurements.

  • The patient exhibits decreased breath sounds in the bases and adventitious sounds are present on expiration in the lower lobes.

  • During passive ROM, the patient's ankle will perform eversion, inversion, dorsiflexion and plantar flexion.

Question 17 of 58

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The nurse is preparing to assist an adult patient to move from the bed to the chair. To increase balance and stabililty, the nurse should:

Select one of the following:

  • Use minor muscle groups to their fullest advantage.

  • Increase the base of support and lower the center of gravity.

  • Rock forward and help push the client to the chair.

  • Alter the client's center of gravity by raising his arms.

Question 18 of 58

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A patient has been on bedrest in cervical traction for 2 weeks. The traction is discontinued and the patient is to ambulate. Prior to getting the patient out of bed, it is imperative for the nurse to do which of the following initially?

Select one of the following:

  • Get a neck brace for the patient.

  • Provide the patient with a cane.

  • Raise the head of the bed slowly.

  • Assess lower leg muscle strength.

  • Remove elastic stockings (TED) hose to improve circulation to the legs.

Question 19 of 58

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A physiologic risk associated with immobility is:

Select one of the following:

  • Increased cardiac workload

  • Decreased serum calcium level.

  • Increased peristalsis

  • Increased fibrinolysis

Question 20 of 58

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Which assessment of the immobilized patient would prompt the nurse to take further action?

Select one of the following:

  • Patient complains of fatigue.

  • Urinary output of 50 ml an hour.

  • Whilte blood cell count of 9.5

  • Absence of bowel sounds

Question 21 of 58

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When caring for a patient on prolonged bedrest, the nurse can help prevent the formation of kidney stones (renal calculi) by:

Select one of the following:

  • Decreasing calcium intake.

  • Making the urine more alkaline.

  • Monitoring intake and output.

  • Encouraging Kegel's exercises.

Question 22 of 58

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The patient tells the nurse she feel faint while walking in the hall with the nurse. The nurse

Select one of the following:

  • Instructs the patient to quicken her pace so they can return her to her room.

  • Leaves her momentarily to find another nurse to help.

  • Advises her to look down at her feet to help maintain her balance.

  • Guides her to a chair in the hall and eases her onto the chair.

Question 23 of 58

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If you are working alone, the best way to support an unstable patient when assisting with ambulation is which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Stand behind the patient.

  • Hold the patient's hand.

  • Stand on the patient's weak side.

  • Use a transfer belt with both hands at the patient's waist.

Question 24 of 58

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The physician orders that a patient with one-sided weakness (hemiparesis) be transferred out of bed to a chair twice a day. The nurse plans to:

Select one of the following:

  • Pivot the patient on the unaffected leg.

  • Stand next to the patient's affected side.

  • Stand next to the patient's strong side.

  • Keep the patient's feet together.

Question 25 of 58

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Immobility impacts the cardiovascular system by:

Select one of the following:

  • Decreasing the cardiac response to activity.

  • Improving venous return.

  • Increasing cardiac output.

  • Increasing cardiac efficiency.

Question 26 of 58

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Passive range of motion for the immobilized older patient:

Select one of the following:

  • Replaces the need for ambulation.

  • Decreases the risk of falls and skin breakdown.

  • Maintains joint flexibility and delays muscle wasting.

  • Increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis.

Question 27 of 58

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Ankylosis is a fixation or immobilization of a joint.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 28 of 58

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Atrophy is an increase in the size of a body structure.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 29 of 58

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Contracture is a permanently contracted state of a muscle.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 30 of 58

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Flaccidity is decreased muscle tone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 58

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Isokinetic exercise involves muscle contractions with resistance varying at a constant rate.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 32 of 58

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Isometric exercise is when muscle tension occurs without a significant change in muscle length.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 33 of 58

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Isotonic exercise is when muscles shorten and move.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 34 of 58

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Cartilage is tough fibrous bands that bind joints together and connect bones.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 35 of 58

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Ligaments are hard nonvascular connective tissue found in the joints as well as in the nose, ear, thorax, trachea, and larynx.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 36 of 58

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Negative nitrogen balance is a condition resulting in muscle wasting and decreased physical energy for movement and work (e.g., anorexia nervosa and certain cancers).

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 37 of 58

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Passive exercise is manual or mechanical means of moving the joints.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 38 of 58

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Spasticity is decreased muscle tone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 39 of 58

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Tendons are strong, flexible, inelastic fibrous bands that attach muscle to bone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 40 of 58

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Effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Increased cardiac output.

  • Increased resting heart rate.

  • Increased heart efficiency/ improved myocardial contraction.

  • Increased fibrinolysin- removes small clots

  • Decreased venous return-decreased return to the heart.

Question 41 of 58

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Effects of exercise on the respiratory system (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Increased rate and depth followed by quicker return to resting rate

  • Decreased gas exchange

  • Increased work of breathing

  • Improved diaphragmatic excursion

  • Quicker return to resting rate

Question 42 of 58

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Effects of immobility on the respiratory system:

Select one of the following:

  • Hypostatic Pneumonia: pulmonary congestion due to the stagnation of blood in the dependent portions of the lungs in old persons or in those who are ill and lie in the same position for long periods

  • Atelectasis: complete or partial collapse of the lungs

  • Decreased lung expansion

  • Generalized respiratory muscle weakness

  • Stasis of secretions

  • All of the above

Question 43 of 58

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Effects on immobility on the cardiovascular system (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Increased cardiac workload

  • Orthostatic hypertension

  • Decrease in thrombus formation

Question 44 of 58

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Increased metabolic rate, triglyceride breakdown increased, gastric motility, and increased production of body heat are effects of exercise on the metabolic process.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 45 of 58

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Effects of immobility on the metabolic process (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Muscle wasting

  • Increased appetite

  • Fluid and Electrolyte balance

  • GI disturbances

Question 46 of 58

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Effects of exercise on the gastrointestinal system (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Decreased tone and motility

  • Decreases digestion

  • Improves elimination

  • Strengthens abdominals

Question 47 of 58

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Effects of immobility on the gastrointestinal system are:

Select one of the following:

  • Disturbances in appetite, decreased food intake, altered protein metabolism, and poor digestion and utilization of food.

  • Weight gain, if food intake increases and energy expenditure decreases

  • Normal muscular activity in the GI tract also slows down resulting in: constipation, poor defecation reflexes, and inability to expel feces and gas adequately

  • Weak muscles, decreased peristalsis, decreased defecation stimulus, postponed defecation, lack of dietary fiber, dehydration

  • All of the above

Question 48 of 58

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Effects of exercise on the musculoskeletal system (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Increases muscle mass, tone, and strength

  • Improves coordination

  • Prevents osteoporosis

  • Prevents contractures

  • Improves joint flexibility

  • Increases fatigue

Question 49 of 58

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Immobility to the musculoskeletal system can cause (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Osteoporosis

  • Contractures

  • Improved muscle coordination

  • Muscle weakness and atrophy

Question 50 of 58

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Effects of exercise on the integument system can cause a decrease in circulation to the skin and causes prolonged pressure to part.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 51 of 58

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Decubitus ulcers are pressure from bed or chair, decreased blood flow to skin, less oxygen and nutrients to skin=ischemia, decreased intake of nutrients.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 52 of 58

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Effects of exercise on the urinary system improves flow to the kidneys and decreases efficiency of waste excretions.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 53 of 58

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For a cardiovascular intervention, you would teach the patient to (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Put pillows under your knees

  • Massage the calves

  • No tight knee high socks

  • Isometric exercises and ankle circles

  • Cross your legs for comfort

Question 54 of 58

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Interventions to Prevent/Manage Postural Hypotension are apply graduated compression stockings and Pneumatic Compression Devices, move patient slowly out of bed: allow to sit on side of bed, then slowly stand, and the first time the person is up, have a second person available for support.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 55 of 58

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Musculoskeletal changes in aging patients (select all that apply):

Select one or more of the following:

  • Decline in muscle strength

  • Decreased respiratory vital capacity

  • Increase in transport of oxygenated blood of tissue

  • Decreased range of motion

  • Increase stability of gait

Question 56 of 58

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Gastrointestinal Interventions:
1) Collaborate with nutritionist to provide high fiber foods
2) Consult physician about bulk laxative, stool softener, or stimulant laxative if needed
3) Help to bathroom, use bedside commode, put bedpan on chair
4) Encourage fluid intake
5) Early mobility

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 57 of 58

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Respiratory Interventions:
1) Turn q2h to inflate lungs and move secretions
2) Dry air
3) Provide 500 ml of fluids daily
4) Instruct patient in use of incentive spirometer
5) Suction machine at bedside if patient is weak

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 58 of 58

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Differentiate the roles of the RN and the LPN in the care of patients with altered mobility:

Select one of the following:

  • RN will perform the patient goals and LPN will determine what the patients goals are.

  • RN will determine what the patients goals are and the LPN will perform the patient goals.

  • RN will determine what the patient goals are and perform them, the LPN will observe.

  • LPN will determine what the patient goals are and perform them, the RN will observe.

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